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Perl::Critic::Policy::InputOutpUserRContribPerl::Critic::Policy::InputOutput::RequireBriefOpen(3)

NAME
       Perl::Critic::Policy::InputOutput::RequireBriefOpen - Close filehandles as soon as
       possible after opening them.

AFFILIATION
       This Policy is part of the core Perl::Critic distribution.

DESCRIPTION
       One way that production systems fail unexpectedly is by running out of filehandles.
       Filehandles are a finite resource on every operating system that I'm aware of, and running
       out of them is virtually impossible to recover from.  The solution is to not run out in
       the first place.  What causes programs to run out of filehandles?  Usually, it's leaks:
       you open a filehandle and forget to close it, or just wait a really long time before
       closing it.

       This problem is rarely exposed by test systems, because the tests rarely run long enough
       or have enough load to hit the filehandle limit.  So, the best way to avoid the problem is
       1) always close all filehandles that you open and 2) close them as soon as is practical.

       This policy takes note of calls to "open()" where there is no matching "close()" call
       within "N" lines of code.  If you really need to do a lot of processing on an open
       filehandle, then you can move that processing to another method like this:

	   sub process_data_file {
	       my ($self, $filename) = @_;
	       open my $fh, '<', $filename
		   or croak 'Failed to read datafile ' .  $filename . '; ' . $OS_ERROR;
	       $self->_parse_input_data($fh);
	       close $fh;
	       return;
	   }
	   sub _parse_input_data {
	       my ($self, $fh) = @_;
	       while (my $line = <$fh>) {
		   ...
	       }
	       return;
	   }

       As a special case, this policy also allows code to return the filehandle after the "open"
       instead of closing it.  Just like the close, however, that "return" has to be within the
       right number of lines.  From there, you're on your own to figure out whether the code is
       promptly closing the filehandle.

       The STDIN, STDOUT, and STDERR handles are exempt from this policy.

CONFIGURATION
       This policy allows "close()" invocations to be up to "N" lines after their corresponding
       "open()" calls, where "N" defaults to 9.  You can override this to set it to a different
       number with the "lines" setting.  To do this, put entries in a .perlcriticrc file like
       this:

	 [InputOutput::RequireBriefOpen]
	 lines = 5

CAVEATS
   "IO::File->new"
       This policy only looks for explicit "open" calls.  It does not detect calls to
       "CORE::open" or "IO::File->new" or the like.

   Is it the right lexical?
       We don't currently check for redeclared filehandles.  So the following code is false
       negative, for example, because the outer scoped filehandle is not closed:

	   open my $fh, '<', $file1 or croak;
	   if (open my $fh, '<', $file2) {
	       print <$fh>;
	       close $fh;
	   }

       This is a contrived example, but it isn't uncommon for people to use $fh for the name of
       the filehandle every time.  Perhaps it's time to think of better variable names...

CREDITS
       Initial development of this policy was supported by a grant from the Perl Foundation.

AUTHOR
       Chris Dolan <cdolan@cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright (c) 2007-2011 Chris Dolan.  Many rights reserved.

       This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same
       terms as Perl itself.  The full text of this license can be found in the LICENSE file
       included with this module

perl v5.16.3				   Perl::Critic::Policy::InputOutput::RequireBriefOpen(3)
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