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Package::Stash(3)	       User Contributed Perl Documentation		Package::Stash(3)

NAME
       Package::Stash - routines for manipulating stashes

VERSION
       version 0.34

SYNOPSIS
	 my $stash = Package::Stash->new('Foo');
	 $stash->add_symbol('%foo', {bar => 1});
	 # $Foo::foo{bar} == 1
	 $stash->has_symbol('$foo') # false
	 my $namespace = $stash->namespace;
	 *{ $namespace->{foo} }{HASH} # {bar => 1}

DESCRIPTION
       Manipulating stashes (Perl's symbol tables) is occasionally necessary, but incredibly
       messy, and easy to get wrong. This module hides all of that behind a simple API.

       NOTE: Most methods in this class require a variable specification that includes a sigil.
       If this sigil is absent, it is assumed to represent the IO slot.

       Due to limitations in the typeglob API available to perl code, and to typeglob
       manipulation in perl being quite slow, this module provides two implementations - one in
       pure perl, and one using XS. The XS implementation is to be preferred for most usages; the
       pure perl one is provided for cases where XS modules are not a possibility. The current
       implementation in use can be set by setting $ENV{PACKAGE_STASH_IMPLEMENTATION} or
       $Package::Stash::IMPLEMENTATION before loading Package::Stash (with the environment
       variable taking precedence), otherwise, it will use the XS implementation if possible,
       falling back to the pure perl one.

METHODS
   new $package_name
       Creates a new "Package::Stash" object, for the package given as the only argument.

   name
       Returns the name of the package that this object represents.

   namespace
       Returns the raw stash itself.

   add_symbol $variable $value %opts
       Adds a new package symbol, for the symbol given as $variable, and optionally gives it an
       initial value of $value. $variable should be the name of variable including the sigil, so

	 Package::Stash->new('Foo')->add_symbol('%foo')

       will create %Foo::foo.

       Valid options (all optional) are "filename", "first_line_num", and "last_line_num".

       $opts{filename}, $opts{first_line_num}, and $opts{last_line_num} can be used to indicate
       where the symbol should be regarded as having been defined.  Currently these values are
       only used if the symbol is a subroutine ('"&"' sigil) and only if "$^P & 0x10" is true, in
       which case the special %DB::sub hash is updated to record the values of "filename",
       "first_line_num", and "last_line_num" for the subroutine. If these are not passed, their
       values are inferred (as much as possible) from "caller" information.

       This is especially useful for debuggers and profilers, which use %DB::sub to determine
       where the source code for a subroutine can be found.  See
       <http://perldoc.perl.org/perldebguts.html#Debugger-Internals> for more information about
       %DB::sub.

   remove_glob $name
       Removes all package variables with the given name, regardless of sigil.

   has_symbol $variable
       Returns whether or not the given package variable (including sigil) exists.

   get_symbol $variable
       Returns the value of the given package variable (including sigil).

   get_or_add_symbol $variable
       Like "get_symbol", except that it will return an empty hashref or arrayref if the variable
       doesn't exist.

   remove_symbol $variable
       Removes the package variable described by $variable (which includes the sigil); other
       variables with the same name but different sigils will be untouched.

   list_all_symbols $type_filter
       Returns a list of package variable names in the package, without sigils. If a
       "type_filter" is passed, it is used to select package variables of a given type, where
       valid types are the slots of a typeglob ('SCALAR', 'CODE', 'HASH', etc). Note that if the
       package contained any "BEGIN" blocks, perl will leave an empty typeglob in the "BEGIN"
       slot, so this will show up if no filter is used (and similarly for "INIT", "END", etc).

   get_all_symbols $type_filter
       Returns a hashref, keyed by the variable names in the package. If $type_filter is passed,
       the hash will contain every variable of that type in the package as values, otherwise, it
       will contain the typeglobs corresponding to the variable names (basically, a clone of the
       stash).

BUGS / CAVEATS
       o   Prior to perl 5.10, scalar slots are only considered to exist if they are defined

	   This is due to a shortcoming within perl itself. See "Making References" in perlref
	   point 7 for more information.

       o   GLOB and FORMAT variables are not (yet) accessible through this module.

       o   Also, see the BUGS section for the specific backends (Package::Stash::XS and
	   Package::Stash::PP)

       Please report any bugs through RT: email "bug-package-stash at rt.cpan.org", or browse to
       <http://rt.cpan.org/NoAuth/ReportBug.html?Queue=Package-Stash>.

SEE ALSO
       o   Class::MOP::Package

	   This module is a factoring out of code that used to live here

SUPPORT
       You can find this documentation for this module with the perldoc command.

	   perldoc Package::Stash

       You can also look for information at:

       o   AnnoCPAN: Annotated CPAN documentation

	   <http://annocpan.org/dist/Package-Stash>

       o   CPAN Ratings

	   <http://cpanratings.perl.org/d/Package-Stash>

       o   RT: CPAN's request tracker

	   <http://rt.cpan.org/NoAuth/Bugs.html?Dist=Package-Stash>

       o   Search CPAN

	   <http://search.cpan.org/dist/Package-Stash>

AUTHOR
       Jesse Luehrs <doy at tozt dot net>

       Based on code from Class::MOP::Package, by Stevan Little and the Moose Cabal.

AUTHOR
       Jesse Luehrs <doy at tozt dot net>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
       This software is copyright (c) 2013 by Jesse Luehrs.

       This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as
       the Perl 5 programming language system itself.

perl v5.16.3				    2013-01-04				Package::Stash(3)
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