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Module::Build::Bundling(3)     User Contributed Perl Documentation     Module::Build::Bundling(3)

NAME
       Module::Build::Bundling - How to bundle Module::Build with a distribution

SYNOPSIS
	 # Build.PL
	 use inc::latest 'Module::Build';

	 Module::Build->new(
	   module_name => 'Foo::Bar',
	   license => 'perl',
	 )->create_build_script;

DESCRIPTION
       WARNING -- THIS IS AN EXPERIMENTAL FEATURE

       In order to install a distribution using Module::Build, users must have Module::Build
       available on their systems.  There are two ways to do this.  The first way is to include
       Module::Build in the "configure_requires" metadata field.  This field is supported by
       recent versions CPAN and CPANPLUS and is a standard feature in the Perl core as of Perl
       5.10.1.	Module::Build now adds itself to "configure_requires" by default.

       The second way supports older Perls that have not upgraded CPAN or CPANPLUS and involves
       bundling an entire copy of Module::Build into the distribution's "inc/" directory.  This
       is the same approach used by Module::Install, a modern wrapper around ExtUtils::MakeMaker
       for Makefile.PL based distributions.

       The "trick" to making this work for Module::Build is making sure the highest version
       Module::Build is used, whether this is in "inc/" or already installed on the user's
       system.	This ensures that all necessary features are available as well as any new bug
       fixes.  This is done using the new inc::latest module.

       A "normal" Build.PL looks like this (with only the minimum required fields):

	 use Module::Build;

	 Module::Build->new(
	   module_name => 'Foo::Bar',
	   license     => 'perl',
	 )->create_build_script;

       A "bundling" Build.PL replaces the initial "use" line with a nearly transparent
       replacement:

	 use inc::latest 'Module::Build';

	 Module::Build->new(
	   module_name => 'Foo::Bar',
	   license => 'perl',
	 )->create_build_script;

       For authors, when "Build dist" is run, Module::Build will be automatically bundled into
       "inc" according to the rules for inc::latest.

       For users, inc::latest will load the latest Module::Build, whether installed or bundled in
       "inc/".

BUNDLING OTHER CONFIGURATION DEPENDENCIES
       The same approach works for other configuration dependencies -- modules that must be
       available for Build.PL to run.  All other dependencies can be specified as usual in the
       Build.PL and CPAN or CPANPLUS will install them after Build.PL finishes.

       For example, to bundle the Devel::AssertOS::Unix module (which ensures a "Unix-like"
       operating system), one could do this:

	 use inc::latest 'Devel::AssertOS::Unix';
	 use inc::latest 'Module::Build';

	 Module::Build->new(
	   module_name => 'Foo::Bar',
	   license => 'perl',
	 )->create_build_script;

       The "inc::latest" module creates bundled directories based on the packlist file of an
       installed distribution.	Even though "inc::latest" takes module name arguments, it is
       better to think of it as bundling and making available entire distributions.  When a
       module is loaded through "inc::latest", it looks in all bundled distributions in "inc/"
       for a newer module than can be found in the existing @INC array.

       Thus, the module-name provided should usually be the "top-level" module name of a
       distribution, though this is not strictly required.  For example, Module::Build has a
       number of heuristics to map module names to packlists, allowing users to do things like
       this:

	 use inc::latest 'Devel::AssertOS::Unix';

       even though Devel::AssertOS::Unix is contained within the Devel-CheckOS distribution.

       At the current time, packlists are required.  Thus, bundling dual-core modules, including
       Module::Build, may require a 'forced install' over versions in the latest version of perl
       in order to create the necessary packlist for bundling.	This limitation will hopefully be
       addressed in a future version of Module::Build.

   WARNING -- How to Manage Dependency Chains
       Before bundling a distribution you must ensure that all prerequisites are also bundled and
       load in the correct order.  For Module::Build itself, this should not be necessary, but it
       is necessary for any other distribution.  (A future release of Module::Build will
       hopefully address this deficiency.)

       For example, if you need "Wibble", but "Wibble" depends on "Wobble", your Build.PL might
       look like this:

	 use inc::latest 'Wobble';
	 use inc::latest 'Wibble';
	 use inc::latest 'Module::Build';

	 Module::Build->new(
	   module_name => 'Foo::Bar',
	   license => 'perl',
	 )->create_build_script;

       Authors are strongly suggested to limit the bundling of additional dependencies if at all
       possible and to carefully test their distribution tarballs on older versions of Perl
       before uploading to CPAN.

AUTHOR
       David Golden <dagolden@cpan.org>

       Development questions, bug reports, and patches should be sent to the Module-Build mailing
       list at <module-build@perl.org>.

       Bug reports are also welcome at <http://rt.cpan.org/NoAuth/Bugs.html?Dist=Module-Build>.

SEE ALSO
       perl(1), inc::latest, Module::Build(3), Module::Build::API(3), Module::Build::Cookbook(3),

perl v5.16.3				    2014-06-10		       Module::Build::Bundling(3)
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