Mail::Field(3) User Contributed Perl Documentation Mail::Field(3)
Mail::Field - Base class for manipulation of mail header fields
Mail::Field is extended by
my $field = Mail::Field->new('Subject', 'some subject text');
my $field = Mail::Field->new(Subject => 'some subject text');
print $field->tag,": ",$field->stringify,"\n";
my $field = Mail::Field->subject('some subject text');
"Mail::Field" creates and manipulates fields in MIME headers, collected within a
Mail::Header object. Different field types have their own sub-class (extension), defining
additional useful accessors to the field content.
People are invited to merge their implementation to special fields into MailTools, to
maintain a consistent set of packages and documentation.
Mail::Field (and it's sub-classes) define several methods which return new objects. These
can all be categorized as constructor.
Take a LIST of "Mail::Field" objects (which should all be of the same sub-class) and
create a new object in that same class.
Mail::Field->extract(TAG, HEAD [, INDEX ])
Takes as arguments the tag name, a "Mail::Head" object and optionally an index.
If the index argument is given then "extract" will retrieve the given tag from the
"Mail::Head" object and create a new "Mail::Field" based object. undef will be
returned in the field does not exist.
If the index argument is not given the the result depends on the context in which
"extract" is called. If called in a scalar context the result will be as if "extract"
was called with an index value of zero. If called in an array context then all tags
will be retrieved and a list of "Mail::Field" objects will be returned.
Mail::Field->new(TAG [, STRING | OPTIONS])
Create an object in the class which defines the field specified by the TAG argument.
This constructor is used internally with preprocessed field information. When called
on an existing object, its original content will get replaced.
Parse a field line.
Change the settings (the content, but then smart) of this field.
Returns the field as a string.
Return the tag (in the correct case) for this item. Well, actually any casing is OK,
because the field tags are treated case-insentitive; however people have some
Without arguments, the field is returned as stringify() does. Otherwise, the STRING
is parsed with parse() to replace the object's content.
It is more clear to call either stringify() or parse() directly, because this method
does not add additional processing.
SUB-CLASS PACKAGE NAMES
All sub-classes should be called Mail::Field::name where name is derived from the tag
using these rules.
o Consider a tag as being made up of elements separated by '-'
o Convert all characters to lowercase except the first in each element, which should be
o name is then created from these elements by using the first N characters from each
o N is calculated by using the formula :-
int((7 + #elements) / #elements)
o name is then limited to a maximum of 8 characters, keeping the first 8 characters.
For an example of this take a look at the definition of the "_header_pkg_name()"
subroutine in "Mail::Field"
Error: Undefined subroutine <method> called
Mail::Field objects use autoloading to compile new functionality. Apparently, the
mehod called is not implemented for the specific class of the field object.
This module is part of the MailTools distribution, http://perl.overmeer.net/mailtools/.
The MailTools bundle was developed by Graham Barr. Later, Mark Overmeer took over
maintenance without commitment to further development.
Mail::Cap by Gisle Aas <firstname.lastname@example.org>. Mail::Field::AddrList by Peter Orbaek
<email@example.com>. Mail::Mailer and Mail::Send by Tim Bunce <Tim.Bunce@ig.co.uk>. For other
contributors see ChangeLog.
Copyrights 1995-2000 Graham Barr <firstname.lastname@example.org> and 2001-2007 Mark Overmeer
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same
terms as Perl itself. See http://www.perl.com/perl/misc/Artistic.html
perl v5.16.3 2012-12-21 Mail::Field(3)