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Mail::DKIM::Signer(3)	       User Contributed Perl Documentation	    Mail::DKIM::Signer(3)

NAME
       Mail::DKIM::Signer - generates a DKIM signature for a message

SYNOPSIS
	 use Mail::DKIM::Signer;
	 use Mail::DKIM::TextWrap;  #recommended

	 # create a signer object
	 my $dkim = Mail::DKIM::Signer->new(
			 Algorithm => "rsa-sha1",
			 Method => "relaxed",
			 Domain => "example.org",
			 Selector => "selector1",
			 KeyFile => "private.key",
		    );

	 # read an email from a file handle
	 $dkim->load(*STDIN);

	 # or read an email and pass it into the signer, one line at a time
	 while (<STDIN>)
	 {
	     # remove local line terminators
	     chomp;
	     s/\015$//;

	     # use SMTP line terminators
	     $dkim->PRINT("$_\015\012");
	 }
	 $dkim->CLOSE;

	 # what is the signature result?
	 my $signature = $dkim->signature;
	 print $signature->as_string;

DESCRIPTION
       This class is the part of Mail::DKIM responsible for generating signatures for a given
       message. You create an object of this class, specifying the parameters of the signature
       you wish to create, or specifying a callback function so that the signature parameters can
       be determined later. Next, you feed it the entire message using "PRINT()", completing with
       "CLOSE()". Finally, use the "signatures()" method to access the generated signatures.

   Pretty Signatures
       Mail::DKIM includes a signature-wrapping module (which inserts linebreaks into the
       generated signature so that it looks nicer in the resulting message. To enable this
       module, simply call

	 use Mail::DKIM::TextWrap;

       in your program before generating the signature.

CONSTRUCTOR
   new()
       Construct an object-oriented signer.

	 # create a signer using the default policy
	 my $dkim = Mail::DKIM::Signer->new(
			 Algorithm => "rsa-sha1",
			 Method => "relaxed",
			 Domain => "example.org",
			 Selector => "selector1",
			 KeyFile => "private.key",
		    );

	 # create a signer using a custom policy
	 my $dkim = Mail::DKIM::Signer->new(
			 Policy => $policyfn,
		    );

       The "default policy" is to create a DKIM signature using the specified parameters, but
       only if the message's sender matches the domain.  The following parameters can be passed
       to this new() method to influence the resulting signature: Algorithm, Method, Domain,
       Selector, KeyFile, Identity, Timestamp.

       If you want different behavior, you can provide a "signer policy" instead. A signer policy
       is a subroutine or class that determines signature parameters after the message's headers
       have been parsed.  See the section "SIGNER POLICIES" below for more information.

       See Mail::DKIM::SignerPolicy for more information about policy objects.

       In addition to the parameters demonstrated above, the following are recognized:

       Key rather than using "KeyFile", use "Key" to use an already-loaded Mail::DKIM::PrivateKey
	   object.

METHODS
   PRINT()
       Feed part of the message to the signer.

	 $dkim->PRINT("a line of the message\015\012");

       Feeds content of the message being signed into the signer.  The API is designed this way
       so that the entire message does NOT need to be read into memory at once.

       Please note that although the PRINT() method expects you to use SMTP-style line
       termination characters, you should NOT use the SMTP-style dot-stuffing technique described
       in RFC 2821 section 4.5.2.  Nor should you use a <CR><LF>.<CR><LF> sequence to terminate
       the message.

   CLOSE()
       Call this when finished feeding in the message.

	 $dkim->CLOSE;

       This method finishes the canonicalization process, computes a hash, and generates a
       signature.

   add_signature()
       Used by signer policy to create a new signature.

	 $dkim->add_signature(new Mail::DKIM::Signature(...));

       Signer policies can use this method to specify complete parameters for the signature to
       add, including what type of signature. For more information, see Mail::DKIM::SignerPolicy.

   algorithm()
       Get or set the selected algorithm.

	 $alg = $dkim->algorithm;

	 $dkim->algorithm("rsa-sha1");

   domain()
       Get or set the selected domain.

	 $alg = $dkim->domain;

	 $dkim->domain("example.org");

   load()
       Load the entire message from a file handle.

	 $dkim->load($file_handle);

       Reads a complete message from the designated file handle, feeding it into the signer.  The
       message must use <CRLF> line terminators (same as the SMTP protocol).

   headers()
       Determine which headers to put in signature.

	 my $headers = $dkim->headers;

       This is a string containing the names of the header fields that will be signed, separated
       by colons.

   key()
       Get or set the private key object.

	 my $key = $dkim->key;

	 $dkim->key(Mail::DKIM::PrivateKey->load(File => "private.key"));

       The key object can be any object that implements the sign_digest() method.  (Providing
       your own object can be useful if your actual keys are stored out-of-process.)

       If you use this method to specify a private key, do not use "key_file()".

   key_file()
       Get or set the filename containing the private key.

	 my $filename = $dkim->key_file;

	 $dkim->key_file("private.key");

       If you use this method to specify a private key file, do not use "key()".

   method()
       Get or set the selected canonicalization method.

	 $alg = $dkim->method;

	 $dkim->method("relaxed");

   message_originator()
       Access the "From" header.

	 my $address = $dkim->message_originator;

       Returns the "originator address" found in the message, as a Mail::Address object.  This is
       typically the (first) name and email address found in the From: header. If there is no
       From: header, then an empty Mail::Address object is returned.

       To get just the email address part, do:

	 my $email = $dkim->message_originator->address;

       See also "message_sender()".

   message_sender()
       Access the "From" or "Sender" header.

	 my $address = $dkim->message_sender;

       Returns the "sender" found in the message, as a Mail::Address object.  This is typically
       the (first) name and email address found in the Sender: header. If there is no Sender:
       header, it is the first name and email address in the From: header. If neither header is
       present, then an empty Mail::Address object is returned.

       To get just the email address part, do:

	 my $email = $dkim->message_sender->address;

       The "sender" is the mailbox of the agent responsible for the actual transmission of the
       message. For example, if a secretary were to send a message for another person, the
       "sender" would be the secretary and the "originator" would be the actual author.

   selector()
       Get or set the current key selector.

	 $alg = $dkim->selector;

	 $dkim->selector("alpha");

   signature()
       Access the generated signature object.

	 my $signature = $dkim->signature;

       Returns the generated signature. The signature is an object of type Mail::DKIM::Signature.
       If multiple signatures were generated, this method returns the last one.

       The signature (as text) should be prepended to the message to make the resulting message.
       At the very least, it should precede any headers that were signed.

   signatures()
       Access list of generated signature objects.

	 my @signatures = $dkim->signatures;

       Returns all generated signatures, as a list.

SIGNER POLICIES
       The new() constructor takes an optional Policy argument. This can be a Perl object or
       class with an apply() method, or just a simple subroutine reference. The method/subroutine
       will be called with the signer object as an argument. The policy is responsible for
       checking the message and specifying signature parameters. The policy must return a nonzero
       value to create the signature, otherwise no signature will be created. E.g.,

	 my $policyfn = sub {
	     my $dkim = shift;

	     # specify signature parameters
	     $dkim->algorithm("rsa-sha1");
	     $dkim->method("relaxed");
	     $dkim->domain("example.org");
	     $dkim->selector("mx1");

	     # return true value to create the signature
	     return 1;
	 };

       Or the policy object can actually create the signature, using the add_signature method
       within the policy object.  If you add a signature, you do not need to return a nonzero
       value.  This mechanism can be utilized to create multiple signatures, or to create the
       older DomainKey-style signatures.

	 my $policyfn = sub {
	     my $dkim = shift;
	     $dkim->add_signature(
		     new Mail::DKIM::Signature(
			     Algorithm => "rsa-sha1",
			     Method => "relaxed",
			     Headers => $dkim->headers,
			     Domain => "example.org",
			     Selector => "mx1",
		     ));
	     $dkim->add_signature(
		     new Mail::DKIM::DkSignature(
			     Algorithm => "rsa-sha1",
			     Method => "nofws",
			     Headers => $dkim->headers,
			     Domain => "example.org",
			     Selector => "mx1",
		     ));
	     return;
	 };

       If no policy is specified, the default policy is used. The default policy signs every
       message using the domain, algorithm, method, and selector specified in the new()
       constructor.

SEE ALSO
       Mail::DKIM::SignerPolicy

AUTHOR
       Jason Long, <jlong@messiah.edu>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
       Copyright (C) 2006-2007 by Messiah College

       This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same
       terms as Perl itself, either Perl version 5.8.6 or, at your option, any later version of
       Perl 5 you may have available.

perl v5.16.3				    2010-11-14			    Mail::DKIM::Signer(3)
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