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Locale::Country(3)	       User Contributed Perl Documentation	       Locale::Country(3)

NAME
       Locale::Country - standard codes for country identification

SYNOPSIS
	  use Locale::Country;

	  $country = code2country('jp' [,CODESET]);	   # $country gets 'Japan'
	  $code    = country2code('Norway' [,CODESET]);    # $code gets 'no'

	  @codes   = all_country_codes( [CODESET]);
	  @names   = all_country_names();

	  # semi-private routines
	  Locale::Country::alias_code('uk' => 'gb');
	  Locale::Country::rename_country('gb' => 'Great Britain');

DESCRIPTION
       The "Locale::Country" module provides access to several code sets that can be used for
       identifying countries, such as those defined in ISO 3166-1.

       Most of the routines take an optional additional argument which specifies the code set to
       use. If not specified, the default ISO 3166-1 two-letter codes will be used.

SUPPORTED CODE SETS
       There are several different code sets you can use for identifying countries. A code set
       may be specified using either a name, or a constant that is automatically exported by this
       module.

       For example, the two are equivalent:

	  $country = code2country('jp','alpha-2');
	  $country = code2country('jp',LOCALE_CODE_ALPHA_2);

       The codesets currently supported are:

       alpha-2, LOCALE_CODE_ALPHA_2
	   This is the set of two-letter (lowercase) codes from ISO 3166-1, such as 'tv' for
	   Tuvalu.

	   This is the default code set.

       alpha-3, LOCALE_CODE_ALPHA_3
	   This is the set of three-letter (lowercase) codes from ISO 3166-1, such as 'brb' for
	   Barbados. These codes are actually defined and maintained by the U.N. Statistics
	   division.

       numeric, LOCALE_CODE_NUMERIC
	   This is the set of three-digit numeric codes from ISO 3166-1, such as 064 for Bhutan.
	   These codes are actually defined and maintained by the U.N. Statistics division.

	   If a 2-digit code is entered, it is converted to 3 digits by prepending a 0.

       fips-10, LOCALE_CODE_FIPS
	   The FIPS 10 data are two-letter (uppercase) codes assigned by the National Geospatial-
	   Intelligence Agency.

	   NOTE: The FIPS-10 document is being withdrawn.  It was deprecated in 2008, and is
	   being updated now only until all the agencies that use it have switched to something
	   else.

	   I will continue to support the FIPS-10 codeset as long as it is available, but at the
	   point it is no longer available, support will be withdrawn immediately.  If an
	   official end-of-life date is announced, I will include a notice here.  Otherwise,
	   support for the codeset will be discontinued when the document is withdrawn.

	   You are encouraged to no longer use the FIPS-10 codeset.

       dom, LOCALE_CODE_DOM
	   The IANA is responsible for delegating management of the top level country domains.
	   The country domains are the two-letter (lowercase) codes from ISO 3166 with a few
	   other additions.

ROUTINES
       code2country ( CODE [,CODESET] )
       country2code ( NAME [,CODESET] )
       country_code2code ( CODE ,CODESET ,CODESET2 )
       all_country_codes ( [CODESET] )
       all_country_names ( [CODESET] )
       Locale::Country::rename_country	( CODE ,NEW_NAME [,CODESET] )
       Locale::Country::add_country  ( CODE ,NAME [,CODESET] )
       Locale::Country::delete_country	( CODE [,CODESET] )
       Locale::Country::add_country_alias  ( NAME ,NEW_NAME )
       Locale::Country::delete_country_alias  ( NAME )
       Locale::Country::rename_country_code  ( CODE ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET] )
       Locale::Country::add_country_code_alias	( CODE ,NEW_CODE [,CODESET] )
       Locale::Country::delete_country_code_alias  ( CODE [,CODESET] )
	   These routines are all documented in the Locale::Codes::API man page.

       alias_code ( ALIAS, CODE [,CODESET] )
	   Version 2.07 included 2 functions for modifying the internal data: rename_country and
	   alias_code. Both of these could be used only to modify the internal data for country
	   codes.

	   As of 3.10, the internal data for all types of codes can be modified.

	   The alias_code function is preserved for backwards compatibility, but the following
	   two are identical:

	      alias_code(ALIAS,CODE [,CODESET]);
	      rename_country_code(CODE,ALIAS [,CODESET]);

	   and the latter should be used for consistency.

	   The alias_code function is deprecated and will be removed at some point in the future.

	   Note: this function was previously called _alias_code, but the leading underscore has
	   been dropped. The old name was supported for all 2.X releases, but has been dropped as
	   of 3.00.

SEE ALSO
       Locale::Codes
	   The Locale-Codes distribution.

       Locale::Codes::API
	   The list of functions supported by this module.

       Locale::SubCountry
	   ISO codes for country sub-divisions (states, counties, provinces, etc), as defined in
	   ISO 3166-2.	This module is not part of the Locale-Codes distribution, but is
	   available from CPAN in CPAN/modules/by-module/Locale/

       http://www.iso.org/iso/country_codes
	   Official home page for the ISO 3166 maintenance agency.

	   Unfortunately, they do not make the actual ISO available for free, so I cannot check
	   the alpha-3 and numerical codes here.

       http://www.iso.org/iso/list-en1-semic-3.txt
       http://www.iso.org/iso/home/standards/country_codes/iso-3166-1_decoding_table.htm
	   The source of ISO 3166-1 two-letter codes used by this module.

       http://unstats.un.org/unsd/methods/m49/m49alpha.htm
	   The source of the official ISO 3166-1 three-letter codes and three-digit codes.

	   For some reason, this table is incomplete! Several countries are missing from it, and
	   I cannot find them anywhere on the UN site.	I get as much of the data from here as I
	   can.

       http://earth-info.nga.mil/gns/html/gazetteers2.html
	   The official list of the FIPS 10 codes.

       http://www.iana.org/domains/
	   Official source of the top-level domain names.

       https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/appendix/print_appendix-d.html
	   The World Factbook maintained by the CIA is a potential source of the data.
	   Unfortunately, it adds/preserves non-standard codes, so it is no longer used as a
	   source of data.

       http://www.statoids.com/wab.html
	   Another unofficial source of data. Currently, it is not used to get data, but the
	   notes and explanatory material were very useful for understanding discrepancies
	   between the sources.

AUTHOR
       See Locale::Codes for full author history.

       Currently maintained by Sullivan Beck (sbeck@cpan.org).

COPYRIGHT
	  Copyright (c) 1997-2001 Canon Research Centre Europe (CRE).
	  Copyright (c) 2001-2010 Neil Bowers
	  Copyright (c) 2010-2013 Sullivan Beck

       This module is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same
       terms as Perl itself.

perl v5.16.3				    2013-06-03			       Locale::Country(3)
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