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CentOS 7.0 - man page for io::scalararray (centos section 3)

IO::ScalarArray(3)	       User Contributed Perl Documentation	       IO::ScalarArray(3)

NAME
       IO::ScalarArray - IO:: interface for reading/writing an array of scalars

SYNOPSIS
       Perform I/O on strings, using the basic OO interface...

	   use IO::ScalarArray;
	   @data = ("My mes", "sage:\n");

	   ### Open a handle on an array, and append to it:
	   $AH = new IO::ScalarArray \@data;
	   $AH->print("Hello");
	   $AH->print(", world!\nBye now!\n");
	   print "The array is now: ", @data, "\n";

	   ### Open a handle on an array, read it line-by-line, then close it:
	   $AH = new IO::ScalarArray \@data;
	   while (defined($_ = $AH->getline)) {
	       print "Got line: $_";
	   }
	   $AH->close;

	   ### Open a handle on an array, and slurp in all the lines:
	   $AH = new IO::ScalarArray \@data;
	   print "All lines:\n", $AH->getlines;

	   ### Get the current position (either of two ways):
	   $pos = $AH->getpos;
	   $offset = $AH->tell;

	   ### Set the current position (either of two ways):
	   $AH->setpos($pos);
	   $AH->seek($offset, 0);

	   ### Open an anonymous temporary array:
	   $AH = new IO::ScalarArray;
	   $AH->print("Hi there!");
	   print "I printed: ", @{$AH->aref}, "\n";	 ### get at value

       Don't like OO for your I/O?  No problem.  Thanks to the magic of an invisible tie(), the
       following now works out of the box, just as it does with IO::Handle:

	   use IO::ScalarArray;
	   @data = ("My mes", "sage:\n");

	   ### Open a handle on an array, and append to it:
	   $AH = new IO::ScalarArray \@data;
	   print $AH "Hello";
	   print $AH ", world!\nBye now!\n";
	   print "The array is now: ", @data, "\n";

	   ### Open a handle on a string, read it line-by-line, then close it:
	   $AH = new IO::ScalarArray \@data;
	   while (<$AH>) {
	       print "Got line: $_";
	   }
	   close $AH;

	   ### Open a handle on a string, and slurp in all the lines:
	   $AH = new IO::ScalarArray \@data;
	   print "All lines:\n", <$AH>;

	   ### Get the current position (WARNING: requires 5.6):
	   $offset = tell $AH;

	   ### Set the current position (WARNING: requires 5.6):
	   seek $AH, $offset, 0;

	   ### Open an anonymous temporary scalar:
	   $AH = new IO::ScalarArray;
	   print $AH "Hi there!";
	   print "I printed: ", @{$AH->aref}, "\n";	 ### get at value

       And for you folks with 1.x code out there: the old tie() style still works, though this is
       unnecessary and deprecated:

	   use IO::ScalarArray;

	   ### Writing to a scalar...
	   my @a;
	   tie *OUT, 'IO::ScalarArray', \@a;
	   print OUT "line 1\nline 2\n", "line 3\n";
	   print "Array is now: ", @a, "\n"

	   ### Reading and writing an anonymous scalar...
	   tie *OUT, 'IO::ScalarArray';
	   print OUT "line 1\nline 2\n", "line 3\n";
	   tied(OUT)->seek(0,0);
	   while (<OUT>) {
	       print "Got line: ", $_;
	   }

DESCRIPTION
       This class is part of the IO::Stringy distribution; see IO::Stringy for change log and
       general information.

       The IO::ScalarArray class implements objects which behave just like IO::Handle (or
       FileHandle) objects, except that you may use them to write to (or read from) arrays of
       scalars.  Logically, an array of scalars defines an in-core "file" whose contents are the
       concatenation of the scalars in the array.  The handles created by this class are
       automatically tiehandle'd (though please see "WARNINGS" for information relevant to your
       Perl version).

       For writing large amounts of data with individual print() statements, this class is likely
       to be more efficient than IO::Scalar.

       Basically, this:

	   my @a;
	   $AH = new IO::ScalarArray \@a;
	   $AH->print("Hel", "lo, ");	      ### OO style
	   $AH->print("world!\n");	      ### ditto

       Or this:

	   my @a;
	   $AH = new IO::ScalarArray \@a;
	   print $AH "Hel", "lo, ";	      ### non-OO style
	   print $AH "world!\n";	      ### ditto

       Causes @a to be set to the following array of 3 strings:

	   ( "Hel" ,
	     "lo, " ,
	     "world!\n" )

       See IO::Scalar and compare with this class.

PUBLIC INTERFACE
   Construction
       new [ARGS...]
	   Class method.  Return a new, unattached array handle.  If any arguments are given,
	   they're sent to open().

       open [ARRAYREF]
	   Instance method.  Open the array handle on a new array, pointed to by ARRAYREF.  If no
	   ARRAYREF is given, a "private" array is created to hold the file data.

	   Returns the self object on success, undefined on error.

       opened
	   Instance method.  Is the array handle opened on something?

       close
	   Instance method.  Disassociate the array handle from its underlying array.  Done
	   automatically on destroy.

   Input and output
       flush
	   Instance method.  No-op, provided for OO compatibility.

       getc
	   Instance method.  Return the next character, or undef if none remain.  This does a
	   read(1), which is somewhat costly.

       getline
	   Instance method.  Return the next line, or undef on end of data.  Can safely be called
	   in an array context.  Currently, lines are delimited by "\n".

       getlines
	   Instance method.  Get all remaining lines.  It will croak() if accidentally called in
	   a scalar context.

       print ARGS...
	   Instance method.  Print ARGS to the underlying array.

	   Currently, this always causes a "seek to the end of the array" and generates a new
	   array entry.  This may change in the future.

       read BUF, NBYTES, [OFFSET];
	   Instance method.  Read some bytes from the array.  Returns the number of bytes
	   actually read, 0 on end-of-file, undef on error.

       write BUF, NBYTES, [OFFSET];
	   Instance method.  Write some bytes into the array.

   Seeking/telling and other attributes
       autoflush
	   Instance method.  No-op, provided for OO compatibility.

       binmode
	   Instance method.  No-op, provided for OO compatibility.

       clearerr
	   Instance method.  Clear the error and EOF flags.  A no-op.

       eof Instance method.  Are we at end of file?

       seek POS,WHENCE
	   Instance method.  Seek to a given position in the stream.  Only a WHENCE of 0
	   (SEEK_SET) is supported.

       tell
	   Instance method.  Return the current position in the stream, as a numeric offset.

       setpos POS
	   Instance method.  Seek to a given position in the array, using the opaque getpos()
	   value.  Don't expect this to be a number.

       getpos
	   Instance method.  Return the current position in the array, as an opaque value.  Don't
	   expect this to be a number.

       aref
	   Instance method.  Return a reference to the underlying array.

WARNINGS
       Perl's TIEHANDLE spec was incomplete prior to 5.005_57; it was missing support for
       "seek()", "tell()", and "eof()".  Attempting to use these functions with an
       IO::ScalarArray will not work prior to 5.005_57. IO::ScalarArray will not have the
       relevant methods invoked; and even worse, this kind of bug can lie dormant for a while.
       If you turn warnings on (via $^W or "perl -w"), and you see something like this...

	   attempt to seek on unopened filehandle

       ...then you are probably trying to use one of these functions on an IO::ScalarArray with
       an old Perl.  The remedy is to simply use the OO version; e.g.:

	   $AH->seek(0,0);    ### GOOD: will work on any 5.005
	   seek($AH,0,0);     ### WARNING: will only work on 5.005_57 and beyond

VERSION
       $Id: ScalarArray.pm,v 1.7 2005/02/10 21:21:53 dfs Exp $

AUTHOR
   Primary Maintainer
       David F. Skoll (dfs@roaringpenguin.com).

   Principal author
       Eryq (eryq@zeegee.com).	President, ZeeGee Software Inc (http://www.zeegee.com).

   Other contributors
       Thanks to the following individuals for their invaluable contributions (if I've forgotten
       or misspelled your name, please email me!):

       Andy Glew, for suggesting "getc()".

       Brandon Browning, for suggesting "opened()".

       Eric L. Brine, for his offset-using read() and write() implementations.

       Doug Wilson, for the IO::Handle inheritance and automatic tie-ing.

perl v5.16.3				    2005-02-10			       IO::ScalarArray(3)


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