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io::compress::bzip2(3) [centos man page]

IO::Compress::Bzip2(3)					User Contributed Perl Documentation				    IO::Compress::Bzip2(3)

NAME
IO::Compress::Bzip2 - Write bzip2 files/buffers SYNOPSIS
use IO::Compress::Bzip2 qw(bzip2 $Bzip2Error) ; my $status = bzip2 $input => $output [,OPTS] or die "bzip2 failed: $Bzip2Error "; my $z = new IO::Compress::Bzip2 $output [,OPTS] or die "bzip2 failed: $Bzip2Error "; $z->print($string); $z->printf($format, $string); $z->write($string); $z->syswrite($string [, $length, $offset]); $z->flush(); $z->tell(); $z->eof(); $z->seek($position, $whence); $z->binmode(); $z->fileno(); $z->opened(); $z->autoflush(); $z->input_line_number(); $z->newStream( [OPTS] ); $z->close() ; $Bzip2Error ; # IO::File mode print $z $string; printf $z $format, $string; tell $z eof $z seek $z, $position, $whence binmode $z fileno $z close $z ; DESCRIPTION
This module provides a Perl interface that allows writing bzip2 compressed data to files or buffer. For reading bzip2 files/buffers, see the companion module IO::Uncompress::Bunzip2. Functional Interface A top-level function, "bzip2", is provided to carry out "one-shot" compression between buffers and/or files. For finer control over the compression process, see the "OO Interface" section. use IO::Compress::Bzip2 qw(bzip2 $Bzip2Error) ; bzip2 $input => $output [,OPTS] or die "bzip2 failed: $Bzip2Error "; The functional interface needs Perl5.005 or better. bzip2 $input => $output [, OPTS] "bzip2" expects at least two parameters, $input and $output. The $input parameter The parameter, $input, is used to define the source of the uncompressed data. It can take one of the following forms: A filename If the $input parameter is a simple scalar, it is assumed to be a filename. This file will be opened for reading and the input data will be read from it. A filehandle If the $input parameter is a filehandle, the input data will be read from it. The string '-' can be used as an alias for standard input. A scalar reference If $input is a scalar reference, the input data will be read from $$input. An array reference If $input is an array reference, each element in the array must be a filename. The input data will be read from each file in turn. The complete array will be walked to ensure that it only contains valid filenames before any data is compressed. An Input FileGlob string If $input is a string that is delimited by the characters "<" and ">" "bzip2" will assume that it is an input fileglob string. The input is the list of files that match the fileglob. If the fileglob does not match any files ... See File::GlobMapper for more details. If the $input parameter is any other type, "undef" will be returned. The $output parameter The parameter $output is used to control the destination of the compressed data. This parameter can take one of these forms. A filename If the $output parameter is a simple scalar, it is assumed to be a filename. This file will be opened for writing and the compressed data will be written to it. A filehandle If the $output parameter is a filehandle, the compressed data will be written to it. The string '-' can be used as an alias for standard output. A scalar reference If $output is a scalar reference, the compressed data will be stored in $$output. An Array Reference If $output is an array reference, the compressed data will be pushed onto the array. An Output FileGlob If $output is a string that is delimited by the characters "<" and ">" "bzip2" will assume that it is an output fileglob string. The output is the list of files that match the fileglob. When $output is an fileglob string, $input must also be a fileglob string. Anything else is an error. If the $output parameter is any other type, "undef" will be returned. Notes When $input maps to multiple files/buffers and $output is a single file/buffer the input files/buffers will be stored in $output as a concatenated series of compressed data streams. Optional Parameters Unless specified below, the optional parameters for "bzip2", "OPTS", are the same as those used with the OO interface defined in the "Constructor Options" section below. "AutoClose => 0|1" This option applies to any input or output data streams to "bzip2" that are filehandles. If "AutoClose" is specified, and the value is true, it will result in all input and/or output filehandles being closed once "bzip2" has completed. This parameter defaults to 0. "BinModeIn => 0|1" When reading from a file or filehandle, set "binmode" before reading. Defaults to 0. "Append => 0|1" TODO Examples To read the contents of the file "file1.txt" and write the compressed data to the file "file1.txt.bz2". use strict ; use warnings ; use IO::Compress::Bzip2 qw(bzip2 $Bzip2Error) ; my $input = "file1.txt"; bzip2 $input => "$input.bz2" or die "bzip2 failed: $Bzip2Error "; To read from an existing Perl filehandle, $input, and write the compressed data to a buffer, $buffer. use strict ; use warnings ; use IO::Compress::Bzip2 qw(bzip2 $Bzip2Error) ; use IO::File ; my $input = new IO::File "<file1.txt" or die "Cannot open 'file1.txt': $! " ; my $buffer ; bzip2 $input => $buffer or die "bzip2 failed: $Bzip2Error "; To compress all files in the directory "/my/home" that match "*.txt" and store the compressed data in the same directory use strict ; use warnings ; use IO::Compress::Bzip2 qw(bzip2 $Bzip2Error) ; bzip2 '</my/home/*.txt>' => '<*.bz2>' or die "bzip2 failed: $Bzip2Error "; and if you want to compress each file one at a time, this will do the trick use strict ; use warnings ; use IO::Compress::Bzip2 qw(bzip2 $Bzip2Error) ; for my $input ( glob "/my/home/*.txt" ) { my $output = "$input.bz2" ; bzip2 $input => $output or die "Error compressing '$input': $Bzip2Error "; } OO Interface Constructor The format of the constructor for "IO::Compress::Bzip2" is shown below my $z = new IO::Compress::Bzip2 $output [,OPTS] or die "IO::Compress::Bzip2 failed: $Bzip2Error "; It returns an "IO::Compress::Bzip2" object on success and undef on failure. The variable $Bzip2Error will contain an error message on failure. If you are running Perl 5.005 or better the object, $z, returned from IO::Compress::Bzip2 can be used exactly like an IO::File filehandle. This means that all normal output file operations can be carried out with $z. For example, to write to a compressed file/buffer you can use either of these forms $z->print("hello world "); print $z "hello world "; The mandatory parameter $output is used to control the destination of the compressed data. This parameter can take one of these forms. A filename If the $output parameter is a simple scalar, it is assumed to be a filename. This file will be opened for writing and the compressed data will be written to it. A filehandle If the $output parameter is a filehandle, the compressed data will be written to it. The string '-' can be used as an alias for standard output. A scalar reference If $output is a scalar reference, the compressed data will be stored in $$output. If the $output parameter is any other type, "IO::Compress::Bzip2"::new will return undef. Constructor Options "OPTS" is any combination of the following options: "AutoClose => 0|1" This option is only valid when the $output parameter is a filehandle. If specified, and the value is true, it will result in the $output being closed once either the "close" method is called or the "IO::Compress::Bzip2" object is destroyed. This parameter defaults to 0. "Append => 0|1" Opens $output in append mode. The behaviour of this option is dependent on the type of $output. o A Buffer If $output is a buffer and "Append" is enabled, all compressed data will be append to the end if $output. Otherwise $output will be cleared before any data is written to it. o A Filename If $output is a filename and "Append" is enabled, the file will be opened in append mode. Otherwise the contents of the file, if any, will be truncated before any compressed data is written to it. o A Filehandle If $output is a filehandle, the file pointer will be positioned to the end of the file via a call to "seek" before any compressed data is written to it. Otherwise the file pointer will not be moved. This parameter defaults to 0. "BlockSize100K => number" Specify the number of 100K blocks bzip2 uses during compression. Valid values are from 1 to 9, where 9 is best compression. The default is 1. "WorkFactor => number" Specifies how much effort bzip2 should take before resorting to a slower fallback compression algorithm. Valid values range from 0 to 250, where 0 means use the default value 30. The default is 0. "Strict => 0|1" This is a placeholder option. Examples TODO Methods print Usage is $z->print($data) print $z $data Compresses and outputs the contents of the $data parameter. This has the same behaviour as the "print" built-in. Returns true if successful. printf Usage is $z->printf($format, $data) printf $z $format, $data Compresses and outputs the contents of the $data parameter. Returns true if successful. syswrite Usage is $z->syswrite $data $z->syswrite $data, $length $z->syswrite $data, $length, $offset Compresses and outputs the contents of the $data parameter. Returns the number of uncompressed bytes written, or "undef" if unsuccessful. write Usage is $z->write $data $z->write $data, $length $z->write $data, $length, $offset Compresses and outputs the contents of the $data parameter. Returns the number of uncompressed bytes written, or "undef" if unsuccessful. flush Usage is $z->flush; Flushes any pending compressed data to the output file/buffer. TODO Returns true on success. tell Usage is $z->tell() tell $z Returns the uncompressed file offset. eof Usage is $z->eof(); eof($z); Returns true if the "close" method has been called. seek $z->seek($position, $whence); seek($z, $position, $whence); Provides a sub-set of the "seek" functionality, with the restriction that it is only legal to seek forward in the output file/buffer. It is a fatal error to attempt to seek backward. Empty parts of the file/buffer will have NULL (0x00) bytes written to them. The $whence parameter takes one the usual values, namely SEEK_SET, SEEK_CUR or SEEK_END. Returns 1 on success, 0 on failure. binmode Usage is $z->binmode binmode $z ; This is a noop provided for completeness. opened $z->opened() Returns true if the object currently refers to a opened file/buffer. autoflush my $prev = $z->autoflush() my $prev = $z->autoflush(EXPR) If the $z object is associated with a file or a filehandle, this method returns the current autoflush setting for the underlying filehandle. If "EXPR" is present, and is non-zero, it will enable flushing after every write/print operation. If $z is associated with a buffer, this method has no effect and always returns "undef". Note that the special variable $| cannot be used to set or retrieve the autoflush setting. input_line_number $z->input_line_number() $z->input_line_number(EXPR) This method always returns "undef" when compressing. fileno $z->fileno() fileno($z) If the $z object is associated with a file or a filehandle, "fileno" will return the underlying file descriptor. Once the "close" method is called "fileno" will return "undef". If the $z object is is associated with a buffer, this method will return "undef". close $z->close() ; close $z ; Flushes any pending compressed data and then closes the output file/buffer. For most versions of Perl this method will be automatically invoked if the IO::Compress::Bzip2 object is destroyed (either explicitly or by the variable with the reference to the object going out of scope). The exceptions are Perl versions 5.005 through 5.00504 and 5.8.0. In these cases, the "close" method will be called automatically, but not until global destruction of all live objects when the program is terminating. Therefore, if you want your scripts to be able to run on all versions of Perl, you should call "close" explicitly and not rely on automatic closing. Returns true on success, otherwise 0. If the "AutoClose" option has been enabled when the IO::Compress::Bzip2 object was created, and the object is associated with a file, the underlying file will also be closed. newStream([OPTS]) Usage is $z->newStream( [OPTS] ) Closes the current compressed data stream and starts a new one. OPTS consists of any of the the options that are available when creating the $z object. See the "Constructor Options" section for more details. Importing No symbolic constants are required by this IO::Compress::Bzip2 at present. :all Imports "bzip2" and $Bzip2Error. Same as doing this use IO::Compress::Bzip2 qw(bzip2 $Bzip2Error) ; EXAMPLES
Apache::GZip Revisited See IO::Compress::Bzip2::FAQ Working with Net::FTP See IO::Compress::Bzip2::FAQ SEE ALSO
Compress::Zlib, IO::Compress::Gzip, IO::Uncompress::Gunzip, IO::Compress::Deflate, IO::Uncompress::Inflate, IO::Compress::RawDeflate, IO::Uncompress::RawInflate, IO::Uncompress::Bunzip2, IO::Compress::Lzop, IO::Uncompress::UnLzop, IO::Compress::Lzf, IO::Uncompress::UnLzf, IO::Uncompress::AnyInflate, IO::Uncompress::AnyUncompress Compress::Zlib::FAQ File::GlobMapper, Archive::Zip, Archive::Tar, IO::Zlib The primary site for the bzip2 program is http://www.bzip.org. See the module Compress::Bzip2 AUTHOR
This module was written by Paul Marquess, pmqs@cpan.org. MODIFICATION HISTORY
See the Changes file. COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
Copyright (c) 2005-2008 Paul Marquess. All rights reserved. This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself. perl v5.16.3 2013-05-19 IO::Compress::Bzip2(3)
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