Unix/Linux Go Back    

CentOS 7.0 - man page for http::message (centos section 3)

Linux & Unix Commands - Search Man Pages
Man Page or Keyword Search:   man
Select Man Page Set:       apropos Keyword Search (sections above)

HTTP::Message(3)	       User Contributed Perl Documentation		 HTTP::Message(3)

       HTTP::Message - HTTP style message (base class)

	use base 'HTTP::Message';

       An "HTTP::Message" object contains some headers and a content body.  The following methods
       are available:

       $mess = HTTP::Message->new
       $mess = HTTP::Message->new( $headers )
       $mess = HTTP::Message->new( $headers, $content )
	   This constructs a new message object.  Normally you would want construct
	   "HTTP::Request" or "HTTP::Response" objects instead.

	   The optional $header argument should be a reference to an "HTTP::Headers" object or a
	   plain array reference of key/value pairs.  If an "HTTP::Headers" object is provided
	   then a copy of it will be embedded into the constructed message, i.e. it will not be
	   owned and can be modified afterwards without affecting the message.

	   The optional $content argument should be a string of bytes.

       $mess = HTTP::Message->parse( $str )
	   This constructs a new message object by parsing the given string.

	   Returns the embedded "HTTP::Headers" object.

       $mess->headers_as_string( $eol )
	   Call the as_string() method for the headers in the message.	This will be the same as


	   but it will make your program a whole character shorter :-)

       $mess->content( $bytes )
	   The content() method sets the raw content if an argument is given.  If no argument is
	   given the content is not touched.  In either case the original raw content is

	   Note that the content should be a string of bytes.  Strings in perl can contain
	   characters outside the range of a byte.  The "Encode" module can be used to turn such
	   strings into a string of bytes.

       $mess->add_content( $bytes )
	   The add_content() methods appends more data bytes to the end of the current content

       $mess->add_content_utf8( $string )
	   The add_content_utf8() method appends the UTF-8 bytes representing the string to the
	   end of the current content buffer.

       $mess->content_ref( \$bytes )
	   The content_ref() method will return a reference to content buffer string.  It can be
	   more efficient to access the content this way if the content is huge, and it can even
	   be used for direct manipulation of the content, for instance:

	     ${$res->content_ref} =~ s/\bfoo\b/bar/g;

	   This example would modify the content buffer in-place.

	   If an argument is passed it will setup the content to reference some external source.
	   The content() and add_content() methods will automatically dereference scalar
	   references passed this way.	For other references content() will return the reference
	   itself and add_content() will refuse to do anything.

	   This returns the charset used by the content in the message.  The charset is either
	   found as the charset attribute of the "Content-Type" header or by guessing.

	   See <http://www.w3.org/TR/REC-html40/charset.html#spec-char-encoding> for details
	   about how charset is determined.

       $mess->decoded_content( %options )
	   Returns the content with any "Content-Encoding" undone and for textual content the raw
	   content encoded to Perl's Unicode strings.  If the "Content-Encoding" or "charset" of
	   the message is unknown this method will fail by returning "undef".

	   The following options can be specified.

	       This override the charset parameter for text content.  The value "none" can used
	       to suppress decoding of the charset.

	       This override the default charset guessed by content_charset() or if that fails

	       If decoding fails because the charset specified in the Content-Type header isn't
	       recognized by Perl's Encode module, then try decoding using this charset instead
	       of failing.  The "alt_charset" might be specified as "none" to simply return the
	       string without any decoding of charset as alternative.

	       Abort decoding if malformed characters is found in the content.	By default you
	       get the substitution character ("\x{FFFD}") in place of malformed characters.

	       If TRUE then raise an exception if not able to decode content.  Reason might be
	       that the specified "Content-Encoding" or "charset" is not supported.  If this
	       option is FALSE, then decoded_content() will return "undef" on errors, but will
	       still set $@.

	       If TRUE then a reference to decoded content is returned.  This might be more
	       efficient in cases where the decoded content is identical to the raw content as no
	       data copying is required in this case.

	   This returns the encoding identifiers that decoded_content() can process.  In scalar
	   context returns a comma separated string of identifiers.

	   This value is suitable for initializing the "Accept-Encoding" request header field.

	   This method tries to replace the content of the message with the decoded version and
	   removes the "Content-Encoding" header.  Returns TRUE if successful and FALSE if not.

	   If the message does not have a "Content-Encoding" header this method does nothing and
	   returns TRUE.

	   Note that the content of the message is still bytes after this method has been called
	   and you still need to call decoded_content() if you want to process its content as a

       $mess->encode( $encoding, ... )
	   Apply the given encodings to the content of the message.  Returns TRUE if successful.
	   The "identity" (non-)encoding is always supported; other currently supported
	   encodings, subject to availability of required additional modules, are "gzip",
	   "deflate", "x-bzip2" and "base64".

	   A successful call to this function will set the "Content-Encoding" header.

	   Note that "multipart/*" or "message/*" messages can't be encoded and this method will
	   croak if you try.

       $mess->parts( @parts )
       $mess->parts( \@parts )
	   Messages can be composite, i.e. contain other messages.  The composite messages have a
	   content type of "multipart/*" or "message/*".  This method give access to the
	   contained messages.

	   The argumentless form will return a list of "HTTP::Message" objects.  If the content
	   type of $msg is not "multipart/*" or "message/*" then this will return the empty list.
	   In scalar context only the first object is returned.  The returned message parts
	   should be regarded as read-only (future versions of this library might make it
	   possible to modify the parent by modifying the parts).

	   If the content type of $msg is "message/*" then there will only be one part returned.

	   If the content type is "message/http", then the return value will be either an
	   "HTTP::Request" or an "HTTP::Response" object.

	   If a @parts argument is given, then the content of the message will be modified. The
	   array reference form is provided so that an empty list can be provided.  The @parts
	   array should contain "HTTP::Message" objects.  The @parts objects are owned by $mess
	   after this call and should not be modified or made part of other messages.

	   When updating the message with this method and the old content type of $mess is not
	   "multipart/*" or "message/*", then the content type is set to "multipart/mixed" and
	   all other content headers are cleared.

	   This method will croak if the content type is "message/*" and more than one part is

       $mess->add_part( $part )
	   This will add a part to a message.  The $part argument should be another
	   "HTTP::Message" object.  If the previous content type of $mess is not "multipart/*"
	   then the old content (together with all content headers) will be made part #1 and the
	   content type made "multipart/mixed" before the new part is added.  The $part object is
	   owned by $mess after this call and should not be modified or made part of other

	   There is no return value.

	   Will clear the headers and set the content to the empty string.  There is no return

       $mess->protocol( $proto )
	   Sets the HTTP protocol used for the message.  The protocol() is a string like
	   "HTTP/1.0" or "HTTP/1.1".

	   Returns a copy of the message object.

       $mess->as_string( $eol )
	   Returns the message formatted as a single string.

	   The optional $eol parameter specifies the line ending sequence to use.  The default is
	   "\n".  If no $eol is given then as_string will ensure that the returned string is
	   newline terminated (even when the message content is not).  No extra newline is
	   appended if an explicit $eol is passed.

       $mess->dump( %opt )
	   Returns the message formatted as a string.  In void context print the string.

	   This differs from "$mess->as_string" in that it escapes the bytes of the content so
	   that it's safe to print them and it limits how much content to print.  The escapes
	   syntax used is the same as for Perl's double quoted strings.  If there is no content
	   the string "(no content)" is shown in its place.

	   Options to influence the output can be passed as key/value pairs. The following
	   options are recognized:

	   maxlength => $num
	       How much of the content to show.  The default is 512.  Set this to 0 for

	       If the content is longer then the string is chopped at the limit and the string
	       "...\n(### more bytes not shown)" appended.

	   no_content => $str
	       Replaces the "(no content)" marker.

	   prefix => $str
	       A string that will be prefixed to each line of the dump.

       All methods unknown to "HTTP::Message" itself are delegated to the "HTTP::Headers" object
       that is part of every message.  This allows convenient access to these methods.	Refer to
       HTTP::Headers for details of these methods:

	   $mess->header( $field => $val )
	   $mess->push_header( $field => $val )
	   $mess->init_header( $field => $val )
	   $mess->remove_header( $field )
	   $mess->scan( \&doit )


       Copyright 1995-2004 Gisle Aas.

       This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same
       terms as Perl itself.

perl v5.16.3				    2012-10-20				 HTTP::Message(3)
Unix & Linux Commands & Man Pages : ©2000 - 2018 Unix and Linux Forums

All times are GMT -4. The time now is 06:54 AM.