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HTML::TokeParser(3)	       User Contributed Perl Documentation	      HTML::TokeParser(3)

NAME
       HTML::TokeParser - Alternative HTML::Parser interface

SYNOPSIS
	require HTML::TokeParser;
	$p = HTML::TokeParser->new("index.html") ||
	     die "Can't open: $!";
	$p->empty_element_tags(1);  # configure its behaviour

	while (my $token = $p->get_token) {
	    #...
	}

DESCRIPTION
       The "HTML::TokeParser" is an alternative interface to the "HTML::Parser" class.	It is an
       "HTML::PullParser" subclass with a predeclared set of token types.  If you wish the tokens
       to be reported differently you probably want to use the "HTML::PullParser" directly.

       The following methods are available:

       $p = HTML::TokeParser->new( $filename, %opt );
       $p = HTML::TokeParser->new( $filehandle, %opt );
       $p = HTML::TokeParser->new( \$document, %opt );
	   The object constructor argument is either a file name, a file handle object, or the
	   complete document to be parsed.  Extra options can be provided as key/value pairs and
	   are processed as documented by the base classes.

	   If the argument is a plain scalar, then it is taken as the name of a file to be opened
	   and parsed.	If the file can't be opened for reading, then the constructor will return
	   "undef" and $! will tell you why it failed.

	   If the argument is a reference to a plain scalar, then this scalar is taken to be the
	   literal document to parse.  The value of this scalar should not be changed before all
	   tokens have been extracted.

	   Otherwise the argument is taken to be some object that the "HTML::TokeParser" can
	   read() from when it needs more data.  Typically it will be a filehandle of some kind.
	   The stream will be read() until EOF, but not closed.

	   A newly constructed "HTML::TokeParser" differ from its base classes by having the
	   "unbroken_text" attribute enabled by default. See HTML::Parser for a description of
	   this and other attributes that influence how the document is parsed. It is often a
	   good idea to enable "empty_element_tags" behaviour.

	   Note that the parsing result will likely not be valid if raw undecoded UTF-8 is used
	   as a source.  When parsing UTF-8 encoded files turn on UTF-8 decoding:

	      open(my $fh, "<:utf8", "index.html") || die "Can't open 'index.html': $!";
	      my $p = HTML::TokeParser->new( $fh );
	      # ...

	   If a $filename is passed to the constructor the file will be opened in raw mode and
	   the parsing result will only be valid if its content is Latin-1 or pure ASCII.

	   If parsing from an UTF-8 encoded string buffer decode it first:

	      utf8::decode($document);
	      my $p = HTML::TokeParser->new( \$document );
	      # ...

       $p->get_token
	   This method will return the next token found in the HTML document, or "undef" at the
	   end of the document.  The token is returned as an array reference.  The first element
	   of the array will be a string denoting the type of this token: "S" for start tag, "E"
	   for end tag, "T" for text, "C" for comment, "D" for declaration, and "PI" for process
	   instructions.  The rest of the token array depend on the type like this:

	     ["S",  $tag, $attr, $attrseq, $text]
	     ["E",  $tag, $text]
	     ["T",  $text, $is_data]
	     ["C",  $text]
	     ["D",  $text]
	     ["PI", $token0, $text]

	   where $attr is a hash reference, $attrseq is an array reference and the rest are plain
	   scalars.  The "Argspec" in HTML::Parser explains the details.

       $p->unget_token( @tokens )
	   If you find you have read too many tokens you can push them back, so that they are
	   returned the next time $p->get_token is called.

       $p->get_tag
       $p->get_tag( @tags )
	   This method returns the next start or end tag (skipping any other tokens), or "undef"
	   if there are no more tags in the document.  If one or more arguments are given, then
	   we skip tokens until one of the specified tag types is found.  For example:

	      $p->get_tag("font", "/font");

	   will find the next start or end tag for a font-element.

	   The tag information is returned as an array reference in the same form as for
	   $p->get_token above, but the type code (first element) is missing. A start tag will be
	   returned like this:

	     [$tag, $attr, $attrseq, $text]

	   The tagname of end tags are prefixed with "/", i.e. end tag is returned like this:

	     ["/$tag", $text]

       $p->get_text
       $p->get_text( @endtags )
	   This method returns all text found at the current position. It will return a zero
	   length string if the next token is not text. Any entities will be converted to their
	   corresponding character.

	   If one or more arguments are given, then we return all text occurring before the first
	   of the specified tags found. For example:

	      $p->get_text("p", "br");

	   will return the text up to either a paragraph of linebreak element.

	   The text might span tags that should be textified.  This is controlled by the
	   $p->{textify} attribute, which is a hash that defines how certain tags can be treated
	   as text.  If the name of a start tag matches a key in this hash then this tag is
	   converted to text.  The hash value is used to specify which tag attribute to obtain
	   the text from.  If this tag attribute is missing, then the upper case name of the tag
	   enclosed in brackets is returned, e.g. "[IMG]".  The hash value can also be a
	   subroutine reference.  In this case the routine is called with the start tag token
	   content as its argument and the return value is treated as the text.

	   The default $p->{textify} value is:

	     {img => "alt", applet => "alt"}

	   This means that <IMG> and <APPLET> tags are treated as text, and that the text to
	   substitute can be found in the ALT attribute.

       $p->get_trimmed_text
       $p->get_trimmed_text( @endtags )
	   Same as $p->get_text above, but will collapse any sequences of white space to a single
	   space character.  Leading and trailing white space is removed.

       $p->get_phrase
	   This will return all text found at the current position ignoring any phrasal-level
	   tags.  Text is extracted until the first non phrasal-level tag.  Textification of tags
	   is the same as for get_text().  This method will collapse white space in the same way
	   as get_trimmed_text() does.

	   The definition of <i>phrasal-level tags</i> is obtained from the HTML::Tagset module.

EXAMPLES
       This example extracts all links from a document.  It will print one line for each link,
       containing the URL and the textual description between the <A>...</A> tags:

	 use HTML::TokeParser;
	 $p = HTML::TokeParser->new(shift||"index.html");

	 while (my $token = $p->get_tag("a")) {
	     my $url = $token->[1]{href} || "-";
	     my $text = $p->get_trimmed_text("/a");
	     print "$url\t$text\n";
	 }

       This example extract the <TITLE> from the document:

	 use HTML::TokeParser;
	 $p = HTML::TokeParser->new(shift||"index.html");
	 if ($p->get_tag("title")) {
	     my $title = $p->get_trimmed_text;
	     print "Title: $title\n";
	 }

SEE ALSO
       HTML::PullParser, HTML::Parser

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright 1998-2005 Gisle Aas.

       This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same
       terms as Perl itself.

perl v5.16.3				    2013-03-25			      HTML::TokeParser(3)
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