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CentOS 7.0 - man page for font::ttf::font (centos section 3)

Font::TTF::Font(3)	       User Contributed Perl Documentation	       Font::TTF::Font(3)

       Font::TTF::Font - Memory representation of a font

       Here is the regression test (you provide your own font). Run it once and then again on the
       output of the first run. There should be no differences between the outputs of the two

	   $f = Font::TTF::Font->open($ARGV[0]);

	   # force a read of all the tables
	   $f->tables_do(sub { $_[0]->read; });

	   # force read of all glyphs (use read_dat to use lots of memory!)
	   # $f->{'loca'}->glyphs_do(sub { $_[0]->read; });
	   $f->{'loca'}->glyphs_do(sub { $_[0]->read_dat; });
	   # NB. no need to $g->update since $f->{'glyf'}->out will do it for us

	   $f->release; 	   # clear up memory forcefully!

       A Truetype font consists of a header containing a directory of tables which constitute the
       rest of the file. This class holds that header and directory and also creates objects of
       the appropriate type for each table within the font.  Note that it does not read each
       table into memory, but creates a short reference which can be read using the form:


       Classes are included that support many of the different TrueType tables. For those for
       which no special code exists, the table type "table" is used, which defaults to
       Font::TTF::Table. The current tables which are supported are:

	   table       Font::TTF::Table      - for unknown tables
	   EBDT        Font::TTF::EBDT
	   EBLC        Font::TTF::EBLC
	   Feat        Font::TTF::GrFeat
	   GDEF        Font::TTF::GDEF
	   GPOS        Font::TTF::GPOS
	   GSUB        Font::TTF::GSUB
	   Glat        Font::TTF::Glat
	   Gloc        Font::TTF::Gloc
	   LTSH        Font::TTF::LTSH
	   OS/2        Font::TTF::OS_2
	   PCLT        Font::TTF::PCLT
	   Sill        Font::TTF::Sill
	   Silf        Font::TTF::Silf
	   bsln        Font::TTF::Bsln
	   cmap        Font::TTF::Cmap	     - see also Font::TTF::OldCmap
	   cvt	       Font::TTF::Cvt_
	   fdsc        Font::TTF::Fdsc
	   feat        Font::TTF::Feat
	   fmtx        Font::TTF::Fmtx
	   fpgm        Font::TTF::Fpgm
	   glyf        Font::TTF::Glyf	     - see also Font::TTF::Glyph
	   hdmx        Font::TTF::Hdmx
	   head        Font::TTF::Head
	   hhea        Font::TTF::Hhea
	   hmtx        Font::TTF::Hmtx
	   kern        Font::TTF::Kern	     - see alternative Font::TTF::AATKern
	   loca        Font::TTF::Loca
	   maxp        Font::TTF::Maxp
	   mort        Font::TTF::Mort	     - see also Font::TTF::OldMort
	   name        Font::TTF::Name
	   post        Font::TTF::Post
	   prep        Font::TTF::Prep
	   prop        Font::TTF::Prop
	   vhea        Font::TTF::Vhea
	   vmtx        Font::TTF::Vmtx
	   DSIG        FONT::TTF::DSIG

       Links are:

       Font::TTF::Table Font::TTF::EBDT Font::TTF::EBLC Font::TTF::GrFeat Font::TTF::GDEF
       Font::TTF::GPOS Font::TTF::GSUB Font::TTF::Glat Font::TTF::Gloc Font::TTF::LTSH
       Font::TTF::OS_2 Font::TTF::PCLT Font::TTF::Sill Font::TTF::Silf Font::TTF::Bsln
       Font::TTF::Cmap Font::TTF::Cvt_ Font::TTF::Fdsc Font::TTF::Feat Font::TTF::Fmtx
       Font::TTF::Fpgm Font::TTF::Glyf Font::TTF::Hdmx Font::TTF::Head Font::TTF::Hhea
       Font::TTF::Hmtx Font::TTF::Kern Font::TTF::Loca Font::TTF::Maxp Font::TTF::Mort
       Font::TTF::Name Font::TTF::Post Font::TTF::Prep Font::TTF::Prop Font::TTF::Vhea
       Font::TTF::Vmtx Font::TTF::OldCmap Font::TTF::Glyph Font::TTF::AATKern Font::TTF::OldMort

       Instance variables begin with a space (and have lengths greater than the 4 characters
       which make up table names).

	   This is used during output to disable the creation of the file checksum in the head
	   table. For example, during DSIG table creation, this flag will be set to ensure that
	   the file checksum is left at zero.

	   If set, do not harmonize the script and lang trees of GPOS and GSUB tables. See
	   Font::TTF::Ttopen for more info.

	   Is the default value controlling WOFF output table compression. If undef, all tables
	   will be compressed if there is a size benefit in doing so.  It may be set to an array
	   of tagnames naming tables that should not be compressed, or to a scalar integer
	   specifying a table size threshold below which tables will not be compressed.  Note
	   that individual Font::TTF::Table objects may override this default. See
	   Font::TTF::Table for more info.

       fname (R)
	   Contains the filename of the font which this object was read from.

       INFILE (P)
	   The file handle which reflects the source file for this font.

       OFFSET (P)
	   Contains the offset from the beginning of the read file of this particular font
	   directory, thus providing support for TrueType Collections.

	   Contains a reference to a "Font::TTF::Woff" object.

   Font::TTF::Font->AddTable($tablename, $class)
       Adds the given class to be used when representing the given table name. It also 'requires'
       the class for you.

       For those people who like making fonts without reading them. This subroutine will require
       all the table code for the various table types for you. Not needed if using
       Font::TTF::Font::read before using a table.

       Creates a new font object and initialises with the given properties. This is primarily for
       use when a TTF is embedded somewhere. Notice that the properties are automatically
       preceded by a space when inserted into the object. This is in order that fields do not
       clash with tables.

       Reads the header and directory for the given font file and creates appropriate objects for
       each table in the font.

       Reads a Truetype font directory starting from location "$self-"{' OFFSET'}> in the file.
       This has been separated from the "open" function to allow support for embedded TTFs for
       example in TTCs. Also reads the "head" and "maxp" tables immediately.

   $f->out($fname [, @tablelist])
       Writes a TTF file consisting of the tables in tablelist. The list is checked to ensure
       that only tables that exist are output. (This means that you cannot have non table
       information stored in the font object with key length of exactly 4)

       In many cases the user simply wants to output all the tables in alphabetical order.  This
       can be done by not including a @tablelist, in which case the subroutine will output all
       the defined tables in the font in alphabetical order.

       Returns $f on success and undef on failure, including warnings.

       All output files must include the "head" table.

   $f->out_xml($filename [, @tables])
       Outputs the font in XML format

   $f->XML_start($context, $tag, %attrs)
       Handles start messages from the XML parser. Of particular interest to us are <font> and

       Sends update to all the tables in the font and then resets all the isDirty flags on each
       table. The data structure in now consistent as a font (we hope).

       Dirties all the tables in the font

   $f->tables_do(&func [, tables])
       Calls &func for each table in the font. Calls the table in alphabetical sort order as per
       the order in the directory:

	   &func($table, $name);

       May optionally take a list of table names in which case func is called for each of them in
       the given order.

       Releases ALL of the memory used by the TTF font and all of its component objects.  After
       calling this method, do NOT expect to have anything left in the "Font::TTF::Font" object.

       NOTE, that it is important that you call this method on any "Font::TTF::Font" object when
       you wish to destruct it and free up its memory.	Internally, we track things in a
       structure that can result in circular references, and without calling '"release()"' these
       will not properly get cleaned up by Perl.  Once you've called this method, though, don't
       expect to be able to do anything else with the "Font::TTF::Font" object; it'll have no
       internal state whatsoever.

       Developer note: As part of the brute-force cleanup done here, this method will throw a
       warning message whenever unexpected key values are found within the "Font::TTF::Font"
       object.	This is done to help ensure that any unexpected and unfreed values are brought to
       your attention so that you can bug us to keep the module updated properly; otherwise the
       potential for memory leaks due to dangling circular references will exist.

       Bugs abound aplenty I am sure. There is a lot of code here and plenty of scope.	The parts
       of the code which haven't been implemented yet are:

	   Version 4 format types are not supported yet.

	   Format type 2 (MBCS) has not been implemented yet and therefore may cause somewhat
	   spurious results for this table type.

	   Only type 0 & type 2 tables are supported (type 1 & type 3 yet to come).

       TTC The current Font::TTF::Font::out method does not support the writing of TrueType

       In addition there are weaknesses or features of this module library

       o   There is very little (or no) error reporting. This means that if you have garbled data
	   or garbled data structures, then you are liable to generate duff fonts.

       o   The exposing of the internal data structures everywhere means that doing radical re-
	   structuring is almost impossible. But it stop the code from becoming ridiculously

       Apart from these, I try to keep the code in a state of "no known bugs", which given the
       amount of testing this code has had, is not a guarantee of high quality, yet.

       For more details see the appropriate class files.

       Martin Hosken Martin_Hosken@sil.org

       Copyright (c) 1998-2012, Martin Hosken (SIL International) (see CONTRIBUTORS for other

       No warranty or expression of effectiveness for anything, least of all anyone's safety, is
       implied in this software or documentation.

       This module is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the terms of
       the Artistic License 2.0. For details, see the full text of the license in the file

       The test suite contains test fonts released under the Open Font License v1.1, see OFL.txt.

perl v5.16.3				    2012-08-08			       Font::TTF::Font(3)

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