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ExtUtils::MakeMaker(3)	       User Contributed Perl Documentation	   ExtUtils::MakeMaker(3)

NAME
       ExtUtils::MakeMaker - Create a module Makefile

SYNOPSIS
	 use ExtUtils::MakeMaker;

	 WriteMakefile(
	     NAME	       => "Foo::Bar",
	     VERSION_FROM      => "lib/Foo/Bar.pm",
	 );

DESCRIPTION
       This utility is designed to write a Makefile for an extension module from a Makefile.PL.
       It is based on the Makefile.SH model provided by Andy Dougherty and the perl5-porters.

       It splits the task of generating the Makefile into several subroutines that can be
       individually overridden.  Each subroutine returns the text it wishes to have written to
       the Makefile.

       As there are various Make programs with incompatible syntax, which use operating system
       shells, again with incompatible syntax, it is important for users of this module to know
       which flavour of Make a Makefile has been written for so they'll use the correct one and
       won't have to face the possibly bewildering errors resulting from using the wrong one.

       On POSIX systems, that program will likely be GNU Make; on Microsoft Windows, it will be
       either Microsoft NMake or DMake. Note that this module does not support generating
       Makefiles for GNU Make on Windows.  See the section on the "MAKE" parameter for details.

       MakeMaker is object oriented. Each directory below the current directory that contains a
       Makefile.PL is treated as a separate object. This makes it possible to write an unlimited
       number of Makefiles with a single invocation of WriteMakefile().

   How To Write A Makefile.PL
       See ExtUtils::MakeMaker::Tutorial.

       The long answer is the rest of the manpage :-)

   Default Makefile Behaviour
       The generated Makefile enables the user of the extension to invoke

	 perl Makefile.PL # optionally "perl Makefile.PL verbose"
	 make
	 make test	  # optionally set TEST_VERBOSE=1
	 make install	  # See below

       The Makefile to be produced may be altered by adding arguments of the form "KEY=VALUE".
       E.g.

	 perl Makefile.PL INSTALL_BASE=~

       Other interesting targets in the generated Makefile are

	 make config	 # to check if the Makefile is up-to-date
	 make clean	 # delete local temp files (Makefile gets renamed)
	 make realclean  # delete derived files (including ./blib)
	 make ci	 # check in all the files in the MANIFEST file
	 make dist	 # see below the Distribution Support section

   make test
       MakeMaker checks for the existence of a file named test.pl in the current directory, and
       if it exists it executes the script with the proper set of perl "-I" options.

       MakeMaker also checks for any files matching glob("t/*.t"). It will execute all matching
       files in alphabetical order via the Test::Harness module with the "-I" switches set
       correctly.

       If you'd like to see the raw output of your tests, set the "TEST_VERBOSE" variable to
       true.

	 make test TEST_VERBOSE=1

   make testdb
       A useful variation of the above is the target "testdb". It runs the test under the Perl
       debugger (see perldebug). If the file test.pl exists in the current directory, it is used
       for the test.

       If you want to debug some other testfile, set the "TEST_FILE" variable thusly:

	 make testdb TEST_FILE=t/mytest.t

       By default the debugger is called using "-d" option to perl. If you want to specify some
       other option, set the "TESTDB_SW" variable:

	 make testdb TESTDB_SW=-Dx

   make install
       make alone puts all relevant files into directories that are named by the macros INST_LIB,
       INST_ARCHLIB, INST_SCRIPT, INST_MAN1DIR and INST_MAN3DIR.  All these default to something
       below ./blib if you are not building below the perl source directory. If you are building
       below the perl source, INST_LIB and INST_ARCHLIB default to ../../lib, and INST_SCRIPT is
       not defined.

       The install target of the generated Makefile copies the files found below each of the
       INST_* directories to their INSTALL* counterparts. Which counterparts are chosen depends
       on the setting of INSTALLDIRS according to the following table:

					INSTALLDIRS set to
				  perl	      site	    vendor

			PERLPREFIX	SITEPREFIX	    VENDORPREFIX
	 INST_ARCHLIB	INSTALLARCHLIB	INSTALLSITEARCH     INSTALLVENDORARCH
	 INST_LIB	INSTALLPRIVLIB	INSTALLSITELIB	    INSTALLVENDORLIB
	 INST_BIN	INSTALLBIN	INSTALLSITEBIN	    INSTALLVENDORBIN
	 INST_SCRIPT	INSTALLSCRIPT	INSTALLSITESCRIPT   INSTALLVENDORSCRIPT
	 INST_MAN1DIR	INSTALLMAN1DIR	INSTALLSITEMAN1DIR  INSTALLVENDORMAN1DIR
	 INST_MAN3DIR	INSTALLMAN3DIR	INSTALLSITEMAN3DIR  INSTALLVENDORMAN3DIR

       The INSTALL... macros in turn default to their %Config ($Config{installprivlib},
       $Config{installarchlib}, etc.) counterparts.

       You can check the values of these variables on your system with

	   perl '-V:install.*'

       And to check the sequence in which the library directories are searched by perl, run

	   perl -le 'print join $/, @INC'

       Sometimes older versions of the module you're installing live in other directories in
       @INC.  Because Perl loads the first version of a module it finds, not the newest, you
       might accidentally get one of these older versions even after installing a brand new
       version.  To delete all other versions of the module you're installing (not simply older
       ones) set the "UNINST" variable.

	   make install UNINST=1

   INSTALL_BASE
       INSTALL_BASE can be passed into Makefile.PL to change where your module will be installed.
       INSTALL_BASE is more like what everyone else calls "prefix" than PREFIX is.

       To have everything installed in your home directory, do the following.

	   # Unix users, INSTALL_BASE=~ works fine
	   perl Makefile.PL INSTALL_BASE=/path/to/your/home/dir

       Like PREFIX, it sets several INSTALL* attributes at once.  Unlike PREFIX it is easy to
       predict where the module will end up.  The installation pattern looks like this:

	   INSTALLARCHLIB     INSTALL_BASE/lib/perl5/$Config{archname}
	   INSTALLPRIVLIB     INSTALL_BASE/lib/perl5
	   INSTALLBIN	      INSTALL_BASE/bin
	   INSTALLSCRIPT      INSTALL_BASE/bin
	   INSTALLMAN1DIR     INSTALL_BASE/man/man1
	   INSTALLMAN3DIR     INSTALL_BASE/man/man3

       INSTALL_BASE in MakeMaker and "--install_base" in Module::Build (as of 0.28) install to
       the same location.  If you want MakeMaker and Module::Build to install to the same
       location simply set INSTALL_BASE and "--install_base" to the same location.

       INSTALL_BASE was added in 6.31.

   PREFIX and LIB attribute
       PREFIX and LIB can be used to set several INSTALL* attributes in one go.  Here's an
       example for installing into your home directory.

	   # Unix users, PREFIX=~ works fine
	   perl Makefile.PL PREFIX=/path/to/your/home/dir

       This will install all files in the module under your home directory, with man pages and
       libraries going into an appropriate place (usually ~/man and ~/lib).  How the exact
       location is determined is complicated and depends on how your Perl was configured.
       INSTALL_BASE works more like what other build systems call "prefix" than PREFIX and we
       recommend you use that instead.

       Another way to specify many INSTALL directories with a single parameter is LIB.

	   perl Makefile.PL LIB=~/lib

       This will install the module's architecture-independent files into ~/lib, the
       architecture-dependent files into ~/lib/$archname.

       Note, that in both cases the tilde expansion is done by MakeMaker, not by perl by default,
       nor by make.

       Conflicts between parameters LIB, PREFIX and the various INSTALL* arguments are resolved
       so that:

       o   setting LIB overrides any setting of INSTALLPRIVLIB, INSTALLARCHLIB, INSTALLSITELIB,
	   INSTALLSITEARCH (and they are not affected by PREFIX);

       o   without LIB, setting PREFIX replaces the initial $Config{prefix} part of those
	   INSTALL* arguments, even if the latter are explicitly set (but are set to still start
	   with $Config{prefix}).

       If the user has superuser privileges, and is not working on AFS or relatives, then the
       defaults for INSTALLPRIVLIB, INSTALLARCHLIB, INSTALLSCRIPT, etc. will be appropriate, and
       this incantation will be the best:

	   perl Makefile.PL;
	   make;
	   make test
	   make install

       make install by default writes some documentation of what has been done into the file
       "$(INSTALLARCHLIB)/perllocal.pod". This feature can be bypassed by calling make
       pure_install.

   AFS users
       will have to specify the installation directories as these most probably have changed
       since perl itself has been installed. They will have to do this by calling

	   perl Makefile.PL INSTALLSITELIB=/afs/here/today \
	       INSTALLSCRIPT=/afs/there/now INSTALLMAN3DIR=/afs/for/manpages
	   make

       Be careful to repeat this procedure every time you recompile an extension, unless you are
       sure the AFS installation directories are still valid.

   Static Linking of a new Perl Binary
       An extension that is built with the above steps is ready to use on systems supporting
       dynamic loading. On systems that do not support dynamic loading, any newly created
       extension has to be linked together with the available resources. MakeMaker supports the
       linking process by creating appropriate targets in the Makefile whenever an extension is
       built. You can invoke the corresponding section of the makefile with

	   make perl

       That produces a new perl binary in the current directory with all extensions linked in
       that can be found in INST_ARCHLIB, SITELIBEXP, and PERL_ARCHLIB. To do that, MakeMaker
       writes a new Makefile, on UNIX, this is called Makefile.aperl (may be system dependent).
       If you want to force the creation of a new perl, it is recommended that you delete this
       Makefile.aperl, so the directories are searched through for linkable libraries again.

       The binary can be installed into the directory where perl normally resides on your machine
       with

	   make inst_perl

       To produce a perl binary with a different name than "perl", either say

	   perl Makefile.PL MAP_TARGET=myperl
	   make myperl
	   make inst_perl

       or say

	   perl Makefile.PL
	   make myperl MAP_TARGET=myperl
	   make inst_perl MAP_TARGET=myperl

       In any case you will be prompted with the correct invocation of the "inst_perl" target
       that installs the new binary into INSTALLBIN.

       make inst_perl by default writes some documentation of what has been done into the file
       "$(INSTALLARCHLIB)/perllocal.pod". This can be bypassed by calling make pure_inst_perl.

       Warning: the inst_perl: target will most probably overwrite your existing perl binary. Use
       with care!

       Sometimes you might want to build a statically linked perl although your system supports
       dynamic loading. In this case you may explicitly set the linktype with the invocation of
       the Makefile.PL or make:

	   perl Makefile.PL LINKTYPE=static    # recommended

       or

	   make LINKTYPE=static 	       # works on most systems

   Determination of Perl Library and Installation Locations
       MakeMaker needs to know, or to guess, where certain things are located.	Especially
       INST_LIB and INST_ARCHLIB (where to put the files during the make(1) run), PERL_LIB and
       PERL_ARCHLIB (where to read existing modules from), and PERL_INC (header files and
       "libperl*.*").

       Extensions may be built either using the contents of the perl source directory tree or
       from the installed perl library. The recommended way is to build extensions after you have
       run 'make install' on perl itself. You can do that in any directory on your hard disk that
       is not below the perl source tree. The support for extensions below the ext directory of
       the perl distribution is only good for the standard extensions that come with perl.

       If an extension is being built below the "ext/" directory of the perl source then
       MakeMaker will set PERL_SRC automatically (e.g., "../..").  If PERL_SRC is defined and the
       extension is recognized as a standard extension, then other variables default to the
       following:

	 PERL_INC     = PERL_SRC
	 PERL_LIB     = PERL_SRC/lib
	 PERL_ARCHLIB = PERL_SRC/lib
	 INST_LIB     = PERL_LIB
	 INST_ARCHLIB = PERL_ARCHLIB

       If an extension is being built away from the perl source then MakeMaker will leave
       PERL_SRC undefined and default to using the installed copy of the perl library. The other
       variables default to the following:

	 PERL_INC     = $archlibexp/CORE
	 PERL_LIB     = $privlibexp
	 PERL_ARCHLIB = $archlibexp
	 INST_LIB     = ./blib/lib
	 INST_ARCHLIB = ./blib/arch

       If perl has not yet been installed then PERL_SRC can be defined on the command line as
       shown in the previous section.

   Which architecture dependent directory?
       If you don't want to keep the defaults for the INSTALL* macros, MakeMaker helps you to
       minimize the typing needed: the usual relationship between INSTALLPRIVLIB and
       INSTALLARCHLIB is determined by Configure at perl compilation time. MakeMaker supports the
       user who sets INSTALLPRIVLIB. If INSTALLPRIVLIB is set, but INSTALLARCHLIB not, then
       MakeMaker defaults the latter to be the same subdirectory of INSTALLPRIVLIB as Configure
       decided for the counterparts in %Config, otherwise it defaults to INSTALLPRIVLIB. The same
       relationship holds for INSTALLSITELIB and INSTALLSITEARCH.

       MakeMaker gives you much more freedom than needed to configure internal variables and get
       different results. It is worth mentioning that make(1) also lets you configure most of the
       variables that are used in the Makefile. But in the majority of situations this will not
       be necessary, and should only be done if the author of a package recommends it (or you
       know what you're doing).

   Using Attributes and Parameters
       The following attributes may be specified as arguments to WriteMakefile() or as NAME=VALUE
       pairs on the command line.

       ABSTRACT
	 One line description of the module. Will be included in PPD file.

       ABSTRACT_FROM
	 Name of the file that contains the package description. MakeMaker looks for a line in
	 the POD matching /^($package\s-\s)(.*)/. This is typically the first line in the "=head1
	 NAME" section. $2 becomes the abstract.

       AUTHOR
	 Array of strings containing name (and email address) of package author(s).  Is used in
	 CPAN Meta files (META.yml or META.json) and PPD (Perl Package Description) files for PPM
	 (Perl Package Manager).

       BINARY_LOCATION
	 Used when creating PPD files for binary packages.  It can be set to a full or relative
	 path or URL to the binary archive for a particular architecture.  For example:

		 perl Makefile.PL BINARY_LOCATION=x86/Agent.tar.gz

	 builds a PPD package that references a binary of the "Agent" package, located in the
	 "x86" directory relative to the PPD itself.

       BUILD_REQUIRES
	 A hash of modules that are needed to build your module but not run it.

	 This will go into the "build_requires" field of your CPAN Meta file.  (META.yml or
	 META.json).

	 The format is the same as PREREQ_PM.

       C Ref to array of *.c file names. Initialised from a directory scan and the values portion
	 of the XS attribute hash. This is not currently used by MakeMaker but may be handy in
	 Makefile.PLs.

       CCFLAGS
	 String that will be included in the compiler call command line between the arguments INC
	 and OPTIMIZE.

       CONFIG
	 Arrayref. E.g. [qw(archname manext)] defines ARCHNAME & MANEXT from config.sh. MakeMaker
	 will add to CONFIG the following values anyway: ar cc cccdlflags ccdlflags dlext dlsrc
	 ld lddlflags ldflags libc lib_ext obj_ext ranlib sitelibexp sitearchexp so

       CONFIGURE
	 CODE reference. The subroutine should return a hash reference. The hash may contain
	 further attributes, e.g. {LIBS => ...}, that have to be determined by some evaluation
	 method.

       CONFIGURE_REQUIRES
	 A hash of modules that are required to run Makefile.PL itself, but not to run your
	 distribution.

	 This will go into the "configure_requires" field of your CPAN Meta file (META.yml or
	 META.json)

	 Defaults to "{ "ExtUtils::MakeMaker" => 0 }"

	 The format is the same as PREREQ_PM.

       DEFINE
	 Something like "-DHAVE_UNISTD_H"

       DESTDIR
	 This is the root directory into which the code will be installed.  It prepends itself to
	 the normal prefix.  For example, if your code would normally go into /usr/local/lib/perl
	 you could set DESTDIR=~/tmp/ and installation would go into ~/tmp/usr/local/lib/perl.

	 This is primarily of use for people who repackage Perl modules.

	 NOTE: Due to the nature of make, it is important that you put the trailing slash on your
	 DESTDIR.  ~/tmp/ not ~/tmp.

       DIR
	 Ref to array of subdirectories containing Makefile.PLs e.g. ['sdbm'] in ext/SDBM_File

       DISTNAME
	 A safe filename for the package.

	 Defaults to NAME below but with :: replaced with -.

	 For example, Foo::Bar becomes Foo-Bar.

       DISTVNAME
	 Your name for distributing the package with the version number included.  This is used
	 by 'make dist' to name the resulting archive file.

	 Defaults to DISTNAME-VERSION.

	 For example, version 1.04 of Foo::Bar becomes Foo-Bar-1.04.

	 On some OS's where . has special meaning VERSION_SYM may be used in place of VERSION.

       DL_FUNCS
	 Hashref of symbol names for routines to be made available as universal symbols.  Each
	 key/value pair consists of the package name and an array of routine names in that
	 package.  Used only under AIX, OS/2, VMS and Win32 at present.  The routine names
	 supplied will be expanded in the same way as XSUB names are expanded by the XS() macro.
	 Defaults to

	   {"$(NAME)" => ["boot_$(NAME)" ] }

	 e.g.

	   {"RPC" => [qw( boot_rpcb rpcb_gettime getnetconfigent )],
	    "NetconfigPtr" => [ 'DESTROY'] }

	 Please see the ExtUtils::Mksymlists documentation for more information about the
	 DL_FUNCS, DL_VARS and FUNCLIST attributes.

       DL_VARS
	 Array of symbol names for variables to be made available as universal symbols.  Used
	 only under AIX, OS/2, VMS and Win32 at present.  Defaults to [].  (e.g. [ qw(Foo_version
	 Foo_numstreams Foo_tree ) ])

       EXCLUDE_EXT
	 Array of extension names to exclude when doing a static build.  This is ignored if
	 INCLUDE_EXT is present.  Consult INCLUDE_EXT for more details.  (e.g.	[ qw( Socket
	 POSIX ) ] )

	 This attribute may be most useful when specified as a string on the command line:  perl
	 Makefile.PL EXCLUDE_EXT='Socket Safe'

       EXE_FILES
	 Ref to array of executable files. The files will be copied to the INST_SCRIPT directory.
	 Make realclean will delete them from there again.

	 If your executables start with something like #!perl or #!/usr/bin/perl MakeMaker will
	 change this to the path of the perl 'Makefile.PL' was invoked with so the programs will
	 be sure to run properly even if perl is not in /usr/bin/perl.

       FIRST_MAKEFILE
	 The name of the Makefile to be produced.  This is used for the second Makefile that will
	 be produced for the MAP_TARGET.

	 Defaults to 'Makefile' or 'Descrip.MMS' on VMS.

	 (Note: we couldn't use MAKEFILE because dmake uses this for something else).

       FULLPERL
	 Perl binary able to run this extension, load XS modules, etc...

       FULLPERLRUN
	 Like PERLRUN, except it uses FULLPERL.

       FULLPERLRUNINST
	 Like PERLRUNINST, except it uses FULLPERL.

       FUNCLIST
	 This provides an alternate means to specify function names to be exported from the
	 extension.  Its value is a reference to an array of function names to be exported by the
	 extension.  These names are passed through unaltered to the linker options file.

       H Ref to array of *.h file names. Similar to C.

       IMPORTS
	 This attribute is used to specify names to be imported into the extension. Takes a hash
	 ref.

	 It is only used on OS/2 and Win32.

       INC
	 Include file dirs eg: "-I/usr/5include -I/path/to/inc"

       INCLUDE_EXT
	 Array of extension names to be included when doing a static build.  MakeMaker will
	 normally build with all of the installed extensions when doing a static build, and that
	 is usually the desired behavior.  If INCLUDE_EXT is present then MakeMaker will build
	 only with those extensions which are explicitly mentioned. (e.g.  [ qw( Socket POSIX )
	 ])

	 It is not necessary to mention DynaLoader or the current extension when filling in
	 INCLUDE_EXT.  If the INCLUDE_EXT is mentioned but is empty then only DynaLoader and the
	 current extension will be included in the build.

	 This attribute may be most useful when specified as a string on the command line:  perl
	 Makefile.PL INCLUDE_EXT='POSIX Socket Devel::Peek'

       INSTALLARCHLIB
	 Used by 'make install', which copies files from INST_ARCHLIB to this directory if
	 INSTALLDIRS is set to perl.

       INSTALLBIN
	 Directory to install binary files (e.g. tkperl) into if INSTALLDIRS=perl.

       INSTALLDIRS
	 Determines which of the sets of installation directories to choose: perl, site or
	 vendor.  Defaults to site.

       INSTALLMAN1DIR
       INSTALLMAN3DIR
	 These directories get the man pages at 'make install' time if INSTALLDIRS=perl.
	 Defaults to $Config{installman*dir}.

	 If set to 'none', no man pages will be installed.

       INSTALLPRIVLIB
	 Used by 'make install', which copies files from INST_LIB to this directory if
	 INSTALLDIRS is set to perl.

	 Defaults to $Config{installprivlib}.

       INSTALLSCRIPT
	 Used by 'make install' which copies files from INST_SCRIPT to this directory if
	 INSTALLDIRS=perl.

       INSTALLSITEARCH
	 Used by 'make install', which copies files from INST_ARCHLIB to this directory if
	 INSTALLDIRS is set to site (default).

       INSTALLSITEBIN
	 Used by 'make install', which copies files from INST_BIN to this directory if
	 INSTALLDIRS is set to site (default).

       INSTALLSITELIB
	 Used by 'make install', which copies files from INST_LIB to this directory if
	 INSTALLDIRS is set to site (default).

       INSTALLSITEMAN1DIR
       INSTALLSITEMAN3DIR
	 These directories get the man pages at 'make install' time if INSTALLDIRS=site
	 (default).  Defaults to $(SITEPREFIX)/man/man$(MAN*EXT).

	 If set to 'none', no man pages will be installed.

       INSTALLSITESCRIPT
	 Used by 'make install' which copies files from INST_SCRIPT to this directory if
	 INSTALLDIRS is set to site (default).

       INSTALLVENDORARCH
	 Used by 'make install', which copies files from INST_ARCHLIB to this directory if
	 INSTALLDIRS is set to vendor.

       INSTALLVENDORBIN
	 Used by 'make install', which copies files from INST_BIN to this directory if
	 INSTALLDIRS is set to vendor.

       INSTALLVENDORLIB
	 Used by 'make install', which copies files from INST_LIB to this directory if
	 INSTALLDIRS is set to vendor.

       INSTALLVENDORMAN1DIR
       INSTALLVENDORMAN3DIR
	 These directories get the man pages at 'make install' time if INSTALLDIRS=vendor.
	 Defaults to $(VENDORPREFIX)/man/man$(MAN*EXT).

	 If set to 'none', no man pages will be installed.

       INSTALLVENDORSCRIPT
	 Used by 'make install' which copies files from INST_SCRIPT to this directory if
	 INSTALLDIRS is set to vendor.

       INST_ARCHLIB
	 Same as INST_LIB for architecture dependent files.

       INST_BIN
	 Directory to put real binary files during 'make'. These will be copied to INSTALLBIN
	 during 'make install'

       INST_LIB
	 Directory where we put library files of this extension while building it.

       INST_MAN1DIR
	 Directory to hold the man pages at 'make' time

       INST_MAN3DIR
	 Directory to hold the man pages at 'make' time

       INST_SCRIPT
	 Directory where executable files should be installed during 'make'. Defaults to
	 "./blib/script", just to have a dummy location during testing. make install will copy
	 the files in INST_SCRIPT to INSTALLSCRIPT.

       LD
	 Program to be used to link libraries for dynamic loading.

	 Defaults to $Config{ld}.

       LDDLFLAGS
	 Any special flags that might need to be passed to ld to create a shared library suitable
	 for dynamic loading.  It is up to the makefile to use it.  (See "lddlflags" in Config)

	 Defaults to $Config{lddlflags}.

       LDFROM
	 Defaults to "$(OBJECT)" and is used in the ld command to specify what files to link/load
	 from (also see dynamic_lib below for how to specify ld flags)

       LIB
	 LIB should only be set at "perl Makefile.PL" time but is allowed as a MakeMaker
	 argument. It has the effect of setting both INSTALLPRIVLIB and INSTALLSITELIB to that
	 value regardless any explicit setting of those arguments (or of PREFIX).  INSTALLARCHLIB
	 and INSTALLSITEARCH are set to the corresponding architecture subdirectory.

       LIBPERL_A
	 The filename of the perllibrary that will be used together with this extension. Defaults
	 to libperl.a.

       LIBS
	 An anonymous array of alternative library specifications to be searched for (in order)
	 until at least one library is found. E.g.

	   'LIBS' => ["-lgdbm", "-ldbm -lfoo", "-L/path -ldbm.nfs"]

	 Mind, that any element of the array contains a complete set of arguments for the ld
	 command. So do not specify

	   'LIBS' => ["-ltcl", "-ltk", "-lX11"]

	 See ODBM_File/Makefile.PL for an example, where an array is needed. If you specify a
	 scalar as in

	   'LIBS' => "-ltcl -ltk -lX11"

	 MakeMaker will turn it into an array with one element.

       LICENSE
	 The licensing terms of your distribution.  Generally it's "perl" for the same license as
	 Perl itself.

	 See Module::Build::API for the list of options.

	 Defaults to "unknown".

       LINKTYPE
	 'static' or 'dynamic' (default unless usedl=undef in config.sh). Should only be used to
	 force static linking (also see linkext below).

       MAKE
	 Variant of make you intend to run the generated Makefile with.  This parameter lets
	 Makefile.PL know what make quirks to account for when generating the Makefile.

	 MakeMaker also honors the MAKE environment variable.  This parameter takes precedence.

	 Currently the only significant values are 'dmake' and 'nmake' for Windows users,
	 instructing MakeMaker to generate a Makefile in the flavour of DMake ("Dennis Vadura's
	 Make") or Microsoft NMake respectively.

	 Defaults to $Config{make}, which may go looking for a Make program in your environment.

	 How are you supposed to know what flavour of Make a Makefile has been generated for if
	 you didn't specify a value explicitly? Search the generated Makefile for the definition
	 of the MAKE variable, which is used to recursively invoke the Make utility. That will
	 tell you what Make you're supposed to invoke the Makefile with.

       MAKEAPERL
	 Boolean which tells MakeMaker that it should include the rules to make a perl. This is
	 handled automatically as a switch by MakeMaker. The user normally does not need it.

       MAKEFILE_OLD
	 When 'make clean' or similar is run, the $(FIRST_MAKEFILE) will be backed up at this
	 location.

	 Defaults to $(FIRST_MAKEFILE).old or $(FIRST_MAKEFILE)_old on VMS.

       MAN1PODS
	 Hashref of pod-containing files. MakeMaker will default this to all EXE_FILES files that
	 include POD directives. The files listed here will be converted to man pages and
	 installed as was requested at Configure time.

	 This hash should map POD files (or scripts containing POD) to the man file names under
	 the "blib/man1/" directory, as in the following example:

	   MAN1PODS	       => {
	     'doc/command.pod'	  => 'blib/man1/command.1',
	     'scripts/script.pl'  => 'blib/man1/script.1',
	   }

       MAN3PODS
	 Hashref that assigns to *.pm and *.pod files the files into which the manpages are to be
	 written. MakeMaker parses all *.pod and *.pm files for POD directives. Files that
	 contain POD will be the default keys of the MAN3PODS hashref. These will then be
	 converted to man pages during "make" and will be installed during "make install".

	 Example similar to MAN1PODS.

       MAP_TARGET
	 If it is intended that a new perl binary be produced, this variable may hold a name for
	 that binary. Defaults to perl

       META_ADD
       META_MERGE
	 A hashref of items to add to the CPAN Meta file (META.yml or META.json).

	 They differ in how they behave if they have the same key as the default metadata.
	 META_ADD will override the default value with its own.  META_MERGE will merge its value
	 with the default.

	 Unless you want to override the defaults, prefer META_MERGE so as to get the advantage
	 of any future defaults.

	 By default CPAN Meta specification 1.4 is used. In order to use CPAN Meta specification
	 2.0, indicate with "meta-spec" the version you want to use.

	   META_MERGE	     => {

	     "meta-spec" => { version => 2 },

	     repository => {
	       type => 'git',
	       url => 'git://github.com/Perl-Toolchain-Gang/ExtUtils-MakeMaker.git',
	       web => 'https://github.com/Perl-Toolchain-Gang/ExtUtils-MakeMaker',
	     },

	   },

       MIN_PERL_VERSION
	 The minimum required version of Perl for this distribution.

	 Either the 5.006001 or the 5.6.1 format is acceptable.

       MYEXTLIB
	 If the extension links to a library that it builds, set this to the name of the library
	 (see SDBM_File)

       NAME
	 The package representing the distribution. For example, "Test::More" or
	 "ExtUtils::MakeMaker". It will be used to derive information about the distribution such
	 as the DISTNAME, installation locations within the Perl library and where XS files will
	 be looked for by default (see XS).

	 "NAME" must be a valid Perl package name and it must have an associated ".pm" file. For
	 example, "Foo::Bar" is a valid "NAME" and there must exist Foo/Bar.pm.  Any XS code
	 should be in Bar.xs unless stated otherwise.

	 Your distribution must have a "NAME".

       NEEDS_LINKING
	 MakeMaker will figure out if an extension contains linkable code anywhere down the
	 directory tree, and will set this variable accordingly, but you can speed it up a very
	 little bit if you define this boolean variable yourself.

       NOECHO
	 Command so make does not print the literal commands it's running.

	 By setting it to an empty string you can generate a Makefile that prints all commands.
	 Mainly used in debugging MakeMaker itself.

	 Defaults to "@".

       NORECURS
	 Boolean.  Attribute to inhibit descending into subdirectories.

       NO_META
	 When true, suppresses the generation and addition to the MANIFEST of the META.yml and
	 META.json module meta-data files during 'make distdir'.

	 Defaults to false.

       NO_MYMETA
	 When true, suppresses the generation of MYMETA.yml and MYMETA.json module meta-data
	 files during 'perl Makefile.PL'.

	 Defaults to false.

       NO_VC
	 In general, any generated Makefile checks for the current version of MakeMaker and the
	 version the Makefile was built under. If NO_VC is set, the version check is neglected.
	 Do not write this into your Makefile.PL, use it interactively instead.

       OBJECT
	 List of object files, defaults to '$(BASEEXT)$(OBJ_EXT)', but can be a long string
	 containing all object files, e.g. "tkpBind.o tkpButton.o tkpCanvas.o"

	 (Where BASEEXT is the last component of NAME, and OBJ_EXT is $Config{obj_ext}.)

       OPTIMIZE
	 Defaults to "-O". Set it to "-g" to turn debugging on. The flag is passed to
	 subdirectory makes.

       PERL
	 Perl binary for tasks that can be done by miniperl.

       PERL_CORE
	 Set only when MakeMaker is building the extensions of the Perl core distribution.

       PERLMAINCC
	 The call to the program that is able to compile perlmain.c. Defaults to $(CC).

       PERL_ARCHLIB
	 Same as for PERL_LIB, but for architecture dependent files.

	 Used only when MakeMaker is building the extensions of the Perl core distribution
	 (because normally $(PERL_ARCHLIB) is automatically in @INC, and adding it would get in
	 the way of PERL5LIB).

       PERL_LIB
	 Directory containing the Perl library to use.

	 Used only when MakeMaker is building the extensions of the Perl core distribution
	 (because normally $(PERL_LIB) is automatically in @INC, and adding it would get in the
	 way of PERL5LIB).

       PERL_MALLOC_OK
	 defaults to 0.  Should be set to TRUE if the extension can work with the memory
	 allocation routines substituted by the Perl malloc() subsystem.  This should be
	 applicable to most extensions with exceptions of those

	 o   with bugs in memory allocations which are caught by Perl's malloc();

	 o   which interact with the memory allocator in other ways than via malloc(), realloc(),
	     free(), calloc(), sbrk() and brk();

	 o   which rely on special alignment which is not provided by Perl's malloc().

	 NOTE.	Neglecting to set this flag in any one of the loaded extension nullifies many
	 advantages of Perl's malloc(), such as better usage of system resources, error
	 detection, memory usage reporting, catchable failure of memory allocations, etc.

       PERLPREFIX
	 Directory under which core modules are to be installed.

	 Defaults to $Config{installprefixexp}, falling back to $Config{installprefix},
	 $Config{prefixexp} or $Config{prefix} should $Config{installprefixexp} not exist.

	 Overridden by PREFIX.

       PERLRUN
	 Use this instead of $(PERL) when you wish to run perl.  It will set up extra necessary
	 flags for you.

       PERLRUNINST
	 Use this instead of $(PERL) when you wish to run perl to work with modules.  It will add
	 things like -I$(INST_ARCH) and other necessary flags so perl can see the modules you're
	 about to install.

       PERL_SRC
	 Directory containing the Perl source code (use of this should be avoided, it may be
	 undefined)

       PERM_DIR
	 Desired permission for directories. Defaults to 755.

       PERM_RW
	 Desired permission for read/writable files. Defaults to 644.

       PERM_RWX
	 Desired permission for executable files. Defaults to 755.

       PL_FILES
	 MakeMaker can run programs to generate files for you at build time.  By default any file
	 named *.PL (except Makefile.PL and Build.PL) in the top level directory will be assumed
	 to be a Perl program and run passing its own basename in as an argument.  For example...

	     perl foo.PL foo

	 This behavior can be overridden by supplying your own set of files to search.	PL_FILES
	 accepts a hash ref, the key being the file to run and the value is passed in as the
	 first argument when the PL file is run.

	     PL_FILES => {'bin/foobar.PL' => 'bin/foobar'}

	 Would run bin/foobar.PL like this:

	     perl bin/foobar.PL bin/foobar

	 If multiple files from one program are desired an array ref can be used.

	     PL_FILES => {'bin/foobar.PL' => [qw(bin/foobar1 bin/foobar2)]}

	 In this case the program will be run multiple times using each target file.

	     perl bin/foobar.PL bin/foobar1
	     perl bin/foobar.PL bin/foobar2

	 PL files are normally run after pm_to_blib and include INST_LIB and INST_ARCH in their
	 @INC, so the just built modules can be accessed... unless the PL file is making a module
	 (or anything else in PM) in which case it is run before pm_to_blib and does not include
	 INST_LIB and INST_ARCH in its @INC.  This apparently odd behavior is there for backwards
	 compatibility (and it's somewhat DWIM).

       PM
	 Hashref of .pm files and *.pl files to be installed.  e.g.

	   {'name_of_file.pm' => '$(INST_LIBDIR)/install_as.pm'}

	 By default this will include *.pm and *.pl and the files found in the PMLIBDIRS
	 directories.  Defining PM in the Makefile.PL will override PMLIBDIRS.

       PMLIBDIRS
	 Ref to array of subdirectories containing library files.  Defaults to [ 'lib',
	 $(BASEEXT) ]. The directories will be scanned and any files they contain will be
	 installed in the corresponding location in the library.  A libscan() method can be used
	 to alter the behaviour.  Defining PM in the Makefile.PL will override PMLIBDIRS.

	 (Where BASEEXT is the last component of NAME.)

       PM_FILTER
	 A filter program, in the traditional Unix sense (input from stdin, output to stdout)
	 that is passed on each .pm file during the build (in the pm_to_blib() phase).	It is
	 empty by default, meaning no filtering is done.

	 Great care is necessary when defining the command if quoting needs to be done.  For
	 instance, you would need to say:

	   {'PM_FILTER' => 'grep -v \\"^\\#\\"'}

	 to remove all the leading comments on the fly during the build.  The extra \\ are
	 necessary, unfortunately, because this variable is interpolated within the context of a
	 Perl program built on the command line, and double quotes are what is used with the -e
	 switch to build that command line.  The # is escaped for the Makefile, since what is
	 going to be generated will then be:

	   PM_FILTER = grep -v \"^\#\"

	 Without the \\ before the #, we'd have the start of a Makefile comment, and the macro
	 would be incorrectly defined.

       POLLUTE
	 Release 5.005 grandfathered old global symbol names by providing preprocessor macros for
	 extension source compatibility.  As of release 5.6, these preprocessor definitions are
	 not available by default.  The POLLUTE flag specifies that the old names should still be
	 defined:

	   perl Makefile.PL POLLUTE=1

	 Please inform the module author if this is necessary to successfully install a module
	 under 5.6 or later.

       PPM_INSTALL_EXEC
	 Name of the executable used to run "PPM_INSTALL_SCRIPT" below. (e.g. perl)

       PPM_INSTALL_SCRIPT
	 Name of the script that gets executed by the Perl Package Manager after the installation
	 of a package.

       PREFIX
	 This overrides all the default install locations.  Man pages, libraries, scripts, etc...
	 MakeMaker will try to make an educated guess about where to place things under the new
	 PREFIX based on your Config defaults.	Failing that, it will fall back to a structure
	 which should be sensible for your platform.

	 If you specify LIB or any INSTALL* variables they will not be affected by the PREFIX.

       PREREQ_FATAL
	 Bool. If this parameter is true, failing to have the required modules (or the right
	 versions thereof) will be fatal. "perl Makefile.PL" will "die" instead of simply
	 informing the user of the missing dependencies.

	 It is extremely rare to have to use "PREREQ_FATAL". Its use by module authors is
	 strongly discouraged and should never be used lightly.

	 Module installation tools have ways of resolving unmet dependencies but to do that they
	 need a Makefile.  Using "PREREQ_FATAL" breaks this.  That's bad.

	 Assuming you have good test coverage, your tests should fail with missing dependencies
	 informing the user more strongly that something is wrong.  You can write a t/00compile.t
	 test which will simply check that your code compiles and stop "make test" prematurely if
	 it doesn't.  See "BAIL_OUT" in Test::More for more details.

       PREREQ_PM
	 A hash of modules that are needed to run your module.	The keys are the module names ie.
	 Test::More, and the minimum version is the value. If the required version number is 0
	 any version will do.

	 This will go into the "requires" field of your CPAN Meta file (META.yml or META.json).

	     PREREQ_PM => {
		 # Require Test::More at least 0.47
		 "Test::More" => "0.47",

		 # Require any version of Acme::Buffy
		 "Acme::Buffy" => 0,
	     }

       PREREQ_PRINT
	 Bool.	If this parameter is true, the prerequisites will be printed to stdout and
	 MakeMaker will exit.  The output format is an evalable hash ref.

	   $PREREQ_PM = {
			  'A::B' => Vers1,
			  'C::D' => Vers2,
			  ...
			};

	 If a distribution defines a minimal required perl version, this is added to the output
	 as an additional line of the form:

	   $MIN_PERL_VERSION = '5.008001';

	 If BUILD_REQUIRES is not empty, it will be dumped as $BUILD_REQUIRES hashref.

       PRINT_PREREQ
	 RedHatism for "PREREQ_PRINT".	The output format is different, though:

	     perl(A::B)>=Vers1 perl(C::D)>=Vers2 ...

	 A minimal required perl version, if present, will look like this:

	     perl(perl)>=5.008001

       SITEPREFIX
	 Like PERLPREFIX, but only for the site install locations.

	 Defaults to $Config{siteprefixexp}.  Perls prior to 5.6.0 didn't have an explicit
	 siteprefix in the Config.  In those cases $Config{installprefix} will be used.

	 Overridable by PREFIX

       SIGN
	 When true, perform the generation and addition to the MANIFEST of the SIGNATURE file in
	 the distdir during 'make distdir', via 'cpansign -s'.

	 Note that you need to install the Module::Signature module to perform this operation.

	 Defaults to false.

       SKIP
	 Arrayref. E.g. [qw(name1 name2)] skip (do not write) sections of the Makefile. Caution!
	 Do not use the SKIP attribute for the negligible speedup. It may seriously damage the
	 resulting Makefile. Only use it if you really need it.

       TEST_REQUIRES
	 A hash of modules that are needed to test your module but not run or build it.

	 This will go into the "test_requires" field of your CPAN Meta file.  (META.yml or
	 META.json).

	 The format is the same as PREREQ_PM.

       TYPEMAPS
	 Ref to array of typemap file names.  Use this when the typemaps are in some directory
	 other than the current directory or when they are not named typemap.  The last typemap
	 in the list takes precedence.	A typemap in the current directory has highest
	 precedence, even if it isn't listed in TYPEMAPS.  The default system typemap has lowest
	 precedence.

       USE_MM_LD_RUN_PATH
	 boolean The Fedora perl MakeMaker distribution differs from the standard upstream
	 release in that it disables use of the MakeMaker generated LD_RUN_PATH by default,
	 UNLESS this attribute is specified , or the USE_MM_LD_RUN_PATH environment variable is
	 set during the MakeMaker run.

	 The upstream MakeMaker will set the ld(1) environment variable LD_RUN_PATH to the
	 concatenation of every -L ld(1) option directory in which a -l ld(1) option library is
	 found, which is used as the ld(1) -rpath option if none is specified. This means that,
	 if your application builds shared libraries and your MakeMaker application links to
	 them, that the absolute paths of the libraries in the build tree will be inserted into
	 the RPATH header of all MakeMaker generated binaries, and that such binaries will be
	 unable to link to these libraries if they do not still reside in the build tree
	 directories (unlikely) or in the system library directories (/lib or /usr/lib),
	 regardless of any LD_LIBRARY_PATH setting. So if you specified -L../mylib -lmylib , and
	  your 'libmylib.so' gets installed into /some_directory_other_than_usr_lib,
	  your MakeMaker application will be unable to link to it, even if LD_LIBRARY_PATH is set
	 to include /some_directory_other_than_usr_lib, because RPATH overrides LD_LIBRARY_PATH.

	 So for Fedora MakeMaker builds LD_RUN_PATH is NOT generated by default for every link.
	 You can still use explicit -rpath ld options or the LD_RUN_PATH environment variable
	 during the build to generate an RPATH for the binaries.

	 You can set the USE_MM_LD_RUN_PATH attribute to 1 on the MakeMaker command line or in
	 the WriteMakefile arguments to enable generation of LD_RUN_PATH for every link command.

	 USE_MM_LD_RUN_PATH will default to 1 (LD_RUN_PATH will be used) IF the
	 $USE_MM_LD_RUN_PATH environment variable is set during a MakeMaker run.

       VENDORPREFIX
	 Like PERLPREFIX, but only for the vendor install locations.

	 Defaults to $Config{vendorprefixexp}.

	 Overridable by PREFIX

       VERBINST
	 If true, make install will be verbose

       VERSION
	 Your version number for distributing the package.  This defaults to 0.1.

       VERSION_FROM
	 Instead of specifying the VERSION in the Makefile.PL you can let MakeMaker parse a file
	 to determine the version number. The parsing routine requires that the file named by
	 VERSION_FROM contains one single line to compute the version number. The first line in
	 the file that contains something like a $VERSION assignment or "package Name VERSION"
	 will be used. The following lines will be parsed o.k.:

	     # Good
	     package Foo::Bar 1.23;			 # 1.23
	     $VERSION	= '1.00';			 # 1.00
	     *VERSION	= \'1.01';			 # 1.01
	     ($VERSION) = q$Revision$ =~ /(\d+)/g;	 # The digits in $Revision$
	     $FOO::VERSION = '1.10';			 # 1.10
	     *FOO::VERSION = \'1.11';			 # 1.11

	 but these will fail:

	     # Bad
	     my $VERSION	 = '1.01';
	     local $VERSION	 = '1.02';
	     local $FOO::VERSION = '1.30';

	 (Putting "my" or "local" on the preceding line will work o.k.)

	 "Version strings" are incompatible and should not be used.

	     # Bad
	     $VERSION = 1.2.3;
	     $VERSION = v1.2.3;

	 version objects are fine.  As of MakeMaker 6.35 version.pm will be automatically loaded,
	 but you must declare the dependency on version.pm.  For compatibility with older
	 MakeMaker you should load on the same line as $VERSION is declared.

	     # All on one line
	     use version; our $VERSION = qv(1.2.3);

	 The file named in VERSION_FROM is not added as a dependency to Makefile. This is not
	 really correct, but it would be a major pain during development to have to rewrite the
	 Makefile for any smallish change in that file. If you want to make sure that the
	 Makefile contains the correct VERSION macro after any change of the file, you would have
	 to do something like

	     depend => { Makefile => '$(VERSION_FROM)' }

	 See attribute "depend" below.

       VERSION_SYM
	 A sanitized VERSION with . replaced by _.  For places where . has special meaning (some
	 filesystems, RCS labels, etc...)

       XS
	 Hashref of .xs files. MakeMaker will default this.  e.g.

	   {'name_of_file.xs' => 'name_of_file.c'}

	 The .c files will automatically be included in the list of files deleted by a make
	 clean.

       XSOPT
	 String of options to pass to xsubpp.  This might include "-C++" or "-extern".	Do not
	 include typemaps here; the TYPEMAP parameter exists for that purpose.

       XSPROTOARG
	 May be set to an empty string, which is identical to "-prototypes", or "-noprototypes".
	 See the xsubpp documentation for details. MakeMaker defaults to the empty string.

       XS_VERSION
	 Your version number for the .xs file of this package.	This defaults to the value of the
	 VERSION attribute.

   Additional lowercase attributes
       can be used to pass parameters to the methods which implement that part of the Makefile.
       Parameters are specified as a hash ref but are passed to the method as a hash.

       clean
	   {FILES => "*.xyz foo"}

       depend
	   {ANY_TARGET => ANY_DEPENDENCY, ...}

	 (ANY_TARGET must not be given a double-colon rule by MakeMaker.)

       dist
	   {TARFLAGS => 'cvfF', COMPRESS => 'gzip', SUFFIX => '.gz',
	   SHAR => 'shar -m', DIST_CP => 'ln', ZIP => '/bin/zip',
	   ZIPFLAGS => '-rl', DIST_DEFAULT => 'private tardist' }

	 If you specify COMPRESS, then SUFFIX should also be altered, as it is needed to tell
	 make the target file of the compression. Setting DIST_CP to ln can be useful, if you
	 need to preserve the timestamps on your files. DIST_CP can take the values 'cp', which
	 copies the file, 'ln', which links the file, and 'best' which copies symbolic links and
	 links the rest. Default is 'best'.

       dynamic_lib
	   {ARMAYBE => 'ar', OTHERLDFLAGS => '...', INST_DYNAMIC_DEP => '...'}

       linkext
	   {LINKTYPE => 'static', 'dynamic' or ''}

	 NB: Extensions that have nothing but *.pm files had to say

	   {LINKTYPE => ''}

	 with Pre-5.0 MakeMakers. Since version 5.00 of MakeMaker such a line can be deleted
	 safely. MakeMaker recognizes when there's nothing to be linked.

       macro
	   {ANY_MACRO => ANY_VALUE, ...}

       postamble
	 Anything put here will be passed to MY::postamble() if you have one.

       realclean
	   {FILES => '$(INST_ARCHAUTODIR)/*.xyz'}

       test
	   {TESTS => 't/*.t'}

       tool_autosplit
	   {MAXLEN => 8}

   Overriding MakeMaker Methods
       If you cannot achieve the desired Makefile behaviour by specifying attributes you may
       define private subroutines in the Makefile.PL.  Each subroutine returns the text it wishes
       to have written to the Makefile. To override a section of the Makefile you can either say:

	       sub MY::c_o { "new literal text" }

       or you can edit the default by saying something like:

	       package MY; # so that "SUPER" works right
	       sub c_o {
		   my $inherited = shift->SUPER::c_o(@_);
		   $inherited =~ s/old text/new text/;
		   $inherited;
	       }

       If you are running experiments with embedding perl as a library into other applications,
       you might find MakeMaker is not sufficient. You'd better have a look at ExtUtils::Embed
       which is a collection of utilities for embedding.

       If you still need a different solution, try to develop another subroutine that fits your
       needs and submit the diffs to "makemaker@perl.org"

       For a complete description of all MakeMaker methods see ExtUtils::MM_Unix.

       Here is a simple example of how to add a new target to the generated Makefile:

	   sub MY::postamble {
	       return <<'MAKE_FRAG';
	   $(MYEXTLIB): sdbm/Makefile
		   cd sdbm && $(MAKE) all

	   MAKE_FRAG
	   }

   The End Of Cargo Cult Programming
       WriteMakefile() now does some basic sanity checks on its parameters to protect against
       typos and malformatted values.  This means some things which happened to work in the past
       will now throw warnings and possibly produce internal errors.

       Some of the most common mistakes:

       "MAN3PODS => ' '"
	 This is commonly used to suppress the creation of man pages.  MAN3PODS takes a hash ref
	 not a string, but the above worked by accident in old versions of MakeMaker.

	 The correct code is "MAN3PODS => { }".

   Hintsfile support
       MakeMaker.pm uses the architecture-specific information from Config.pm. In addition it
       evaluates architecture specific hints files in a "hints/" directory. The hints files are
       expected to be named like their counterparts in "PERL_SRC/hints", but with an ".pl" file
       name extension (eg. "next_3_2.pl"). They are simply "eval"ed by MakeMaker within the
       WriteMakefile() subroutine, and can be used to execute commands as well as to include
       special variables. The rules which hintsfile is chosen are the same as in Configure.

       The hintsfile is eval()ed immediately after the arguments given to WriteMakefile are
       stuffed into a hash reference $self but before this reference becomes blessed. So if you
       want to do the equivalent to override or create an attribute you would say something like

	   $self->{LIBS} = ['-ldbm -lucb -lc'];

   Distribution Support
       For authors of extensions MakeMaker provides several Makefile targets. Most of the support
       comes from the ExtUtils::Manifest module, where additional documentation can be found.

       make distcheck
	   reports which files are below the build directory but not in the MANIFEST file and
	   vice versa. (See ExtUtils::Manifest::fullcheck() for details)

       make skipcheck
	   reports which files are skipped due to the entries in the "MANIFEST.SKIP" file (See
	   ExtUtils::Manifest::skipcheck() for details)

       make distclean
	   does a realclean first and then the distcheck. Note that this is not needed to build a
	   new distribution as long as you are sure that the MANIFEST file is ok.

       make manifest
	   rewrites the MANIFEST file, adding all remaining files found (See
	   ExtUtils::Manifest::mkmanifest() for details)

       make distdir
	   Copies all the files that are in the MANIFEST file to a newly created directory with
	   the name "$(DISTNAME)-$(VERSION)". If that directory exists, it will be removed first.

	   Additionally, it will create META.yml and META.json module meta-data file in the
	   distdir and add this to the distdir's MANIFEST.  You can shut this behavior off with
	   the NO_META flag.

       make disttest
	   Makes a distdir first, and runs a "perl Makefile.PL", a make, and a make test in that
	   directory.

       make tardist
	   First does a distdir. Then a command $(PREOP) which defaults to a null command,
	   followed by $(TO_UNIX), which defaults to a null command under UNIX, and will convert
	   files in distribution directory to UNIX format otherwise. Next it runs "tar" on that
	   directory into a tarfile and deletes the directory. Finishes with a command $(POSTOP)
	   which defaults to a null command.

       make dist
	   Defaults to $(DIST_DEFAULT) which in turn defaults to tardist.

       make uutardist
	   Runs a tardist first and uuencodes the tarfile.

       make shdist
	   First does a distdir. Then a command $(PREOP) which defaults to a null command. Next
	   it runs "shar" on that directory into a sharfile and deletes the intermediate
	   directory again. Finishes with a command $(POSTOP) which defaults to a null command.
	   Note: For shdist to work properly a "shar" program that can handle directories is
	   mandatory.

       make zipdist
	   First does a distdir. Then a command $(PREOP) which defaults to a null command. Runs
	   "$(ZIP) $(ZIPFLAGS)" on that directory into a zipfile. Then deletes that directory.
	   Finishes with a command $(POSTOP) which defaults to a null command.

       make ci
	   Does a $(CI) and a $(RCS_LABEL) on all files in the MANIFEST file.

       Customization of the dist targets can be done by specifying a hash reference to the dist
       attribute of the WriteMakefile call. The following parameters are recognized:

	   CI		('ci -u')
	   COMPRESS	('gzip --best')
	   POSTOP	('@ :')
	   PREOP	('@ :')
	   TO_UNIX	(depends on the system)
	   RCS_LABEL	('rcs -q -Nv$(VERSION_SYM):')
	   SHAR 	('shar')
	   SUFFIX	('.gz')
	   TAR		('tar')
	   TARFLAGS	('cvf')
	   ZIP		('zip')
	   ZIPFLAGS	('-r')

       An example:

	   WriteMakefile(
	       ...other options...
	       dist => {
		   COMPRESS => "bzip2",
		   SUFFIX   => ".bz2"
	       }
	   );

   Module Meta-Data (META and MYMETA)
       Long plaguing users of MakeMaker based modules has been the problem of getting basic
       information about the module out of the sources without running the Makefile.PL and doing
       a bunch of messy heuristics on the resulting Makefile.  Over the years, it has become
       standard to keep this information in one or more CPAN Meta files distributed with each
       distribution.

       The original format of CPAN Meta files was YAML and the corresponding file was called
       META.yml.  In 2010, version 2 of the CPAN::Meta::Spec was released, which mandates JSON
       format for the metadata in order to overcome certain compatibility issues between YAML
       serializers and to avoid breaking older clients unable to handle a new version of the
       spec.  The CPAN::Meta library is now standard for accessing old and new-style Meta files.

       If CPAN::Meta is installed, MakeMaker will automatically generate META.json and META.yml
       files for you and add them to your MANIFEST as part of the 'distdir' target (and thus the
       'dist' target).	This is intended to seamlessly and rapidly populate CPAN with module
       meta-data.  If you wish to shut this feature off, set the "NO_META" "WriteMakefile()" flag
       to true.

       At the 2008 QA Hackathon in Oslo, Perl module toolchain maintainers agrees to use the CPAN
       Meta format to communicate post-configuration requirements between toolchain components.
       These files, MYMETA.json and MYMETA.yml, are generated when Makefile.PL generates a
       Makefile (if CPAN::Meta is installed).  Clients like CPAN or CPANPLUS will read this files
       to see what prerequisites must be fulfilled before building or testing the distribution.
       If you with to shut this feature off, set the "NO_MYMETA" "WriteMakeFile()" flag to true.

   Disabling an extension
       If some events detected in Makefile.PL imply that there is no way to create the Module,
       but this is a normal state of things, then you can create a Makefile which does nothing,
       but succeeds on all the "usual" build targets.  To do so, use

	   use ExtUtils::MakeMaker qw(WriteEmptyMakefile);
	   WriteEmptyMakefile();

       instead of WriteMakefile().

       This may be useful if other modules expect this module to be built OK, as opposed to work
       OK (say, this system-dependent module builds in a subdirectory of some other distribution,
       or is listed as a dependency in a CPAN::Bundle, but the functionality is supported by
       different means on the current architecture).

   Other Handy Functions
       prompt
	       my $value = prompt($message);
	       my $value = prompt($message, $default);

	   The "prompt()" function provides an easy way to request user input used to write a
	   makefile.  It displays the $message as a prompt for input.  If a $default is provided
	   it will be used as a default.  The function returns the $value selected by the user.

	   If "prompt()" detects that it is not running interactively and there is nothing on
	   STDIN or if the PERL_MM_USE_DEFAULT environment variable is set to true, the $default
	   will be used without prompting.  This prevents automated processes from blocking on
	   user input.

	   If no $default is provided an empty string will be used instead.

ENVIRONMENT
       PERL_MM_OPT
	   Command line options used by "MakeMaker->new()", and thus by "WriteMakefile()".  The
	   string is split on whitespace, and the result is processed before any actual command
	   line arguments are processed.

       PERL_MM_USE_DEFAULT
	   If set to a true value then MakeMaker's prompt function will always return the default
	   without waiting for user input.

       PERL_CORE
	   Same as the PERL_CORE parameter.  The parameter overrides this.

SEE ALSO
       Module::Build is a pure-Perl alternative to MakeMaker which does not rely on make or any
       other external utility.	It is easier to extend to suit your needs.

       Module::Install is a wrapper around MakeMaker which adds features not normally available.

       ExtUtils::ModuleMaker and Module::Starter are both modules to help you setup your
       distribution.

       CPAN::Meta and CPAN::Meta::Spec explain CPAN Meta files in detail.

AUTHORS
       Andy Dougherty "doughera@lafayette.edu", Andreas Koenig "andreas.koenig@mind.de", Tim
       Bunce "timb@cpan.org".  VMS support by Charles Bailey "bailey@newman.upenn.edu".  OS/2
       support by Ilya Zakharevich "ilya@math.ohio-state.edu".

       Currently maintained by Michael G Schwern "schwern@pobox.com"

       Send patches and ideas to "makemaker@perl.org".

       Send bug reports via http://rt.cpan.org/.  Please send your generated Makefile along with
       your report.

       For more up-to-date information, see <https://metacpan.org/release/ExtUtils-MakeMaker>.

       Repository available at <https://github.com/Perl-Toolchain-Gang/ExtUtils-MakeMaker>.

LICENSE
       This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same
       terms as Perl itself.

       See <http://www.perl.com/perl/misc/Artistic.html>

perl v5.16.3				    2014-06-10			   ExtUtils::MakeMaker(3)
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