
dhgeqz.f(3) LAPACK dhgeqz.f(3)
NAME
dhgeqz.f 
SYNOPSIS
Functions/Subroutines
subroutine dhgeqz (JOB, COMPQ, COMPZ, N, ILO, IHI, H, LDH, T, LDT, ALPHAR, ALPHAI, BETA,
Q, LDQ, Z, LDZ, WORK, LWORK, INFO)
DHGEQZ
Function/Subroutine Documentation
subroutine dhgeqz (characterJOB, characterCOMPQ, characterCOMPZ, integerN, integerILO,
integerIHI, double precision, dimension( ldh, * )H, integerLDH, double precision,
dimension( ldt, * )T, integerLDT, double precision, dimension( * )ALPHAR, double
precision, dimension( * )ALPHAI, double precision, dimension( * )BETA, double precision,
dimension( ldq, * )Q, integerLDQ, double precision, dimension( ldz, * )Z, integerLDZ,
double precision, dimension( * )WORK, integerLWORK, integerINFO)
DHGEQZ
Purpose:
DHGEQZ computes the eigenvalues of a real matrix pair (H,T),
where H is an upper Hessenberg matrix and T is upper triangular,
using the doubleshift QZ method.
Matrix pairs of this type are produced by the reduction to
generalized upper Hessenberg form of a real matrix pair (A,B):
A = Q1*H*Z1**T, B = Q1*T*Z1**T,
as computed by DGGHRD.
If JOB='S', then the Hessenbergtriangular pair (H,T) is
also reduced to generalized Schur form,
H = Q*S*Z**T, T = Q*P*Z**T,
where Q and Z are orthogonal matrices, P is an upper triangular
matrix, and S is a quasitriangular matrix with 1by1 and 2by2
diagonal blocks.
The 1by1 blocks correspond to real eigenvalues of the matrix pair
(H,T) and the 2by2 blocks correspond to complex conjugate pairs of
eigenvalues.
Additionally, the 2by2 upper triangular diagonal blocks of P
corresponding to 2by2 blocks of S are reduced to positive diagonal
form, i.e., if S(j+1,j) is nonzero, then P(j+1,j) = P(j,j+1) = 0,
P(j,j) > 0, and P(j+1,j+1) > 0.
Optionally, the orthogonal matrix Q from the generalized Schur
factorization may be postmultiplied into an input matrix Q1, and the
orthogonal matrix Z may be postmultiplied into an input matrix Z1.
If Q1 and Z1 are the orthogonal matrices from DGGHRD that reduced
the matrix pair (A,B) to generalized upper Hessenberg form, then the
output matrices Q1*Q and Z1*Z are the orthogonal factors from the
generalized Schur factorization of (A,B):
A = (Q1*Q)*S*(Z1*Z)**T, B = (Q1*Q)*P*(Z1*Z)**T.
To avoid overflow, eigenvalues of the matrix pair (H,T) (equivalently,
of (A,B)) are computed as a pair of values (alpha,beta), where alpha is
complex and beta real.
If beta is nonzero, lambda = alpha / beta is an eigenvalue of the
generalized nonsymmetric eigenvalue problem (GNEP)
A*x = lambda*B*x
and if alpha is nonzero, mu = beta / alpha is an eigenvalue of the
alternate form of the GNEP
mu*A*y = B*y.
Real eigenvalues can be read directly from the generalized Schur
form:
alpha = S(i,i), beta = P(i,i).
Ref: C.B. Moler & G.W. Stewart, "An Algorithm for Generalized Matrix
Eigenvalue Problems", SIAM J. Numer. Anal., 10(1973),
pp. 241256.
Parameters:
JOB
JOB is CHARACTER*1
= 'E': Compute eigenvalues only;
= 'S': Compute eigenvalues and the Schur form.
COMPQ
COMPQ is CHARACTER*1
= 'N': Left Schur vectors (Q) are not computed;
= 'I': Q is initialized to the unit matrix and the matrix Q
of left Schur vectors of (H,T) is returned;
= 'V': Q must contain an orthogonal matrix Q1 on entry and
the product Q1*Q is returned.
COMPZ
COMPZ is CHARACTER*1
= 'N': Right Schur vectors (Z) are not computed;
= 'I': Z is initialized to the unit matrix and the matrix Z
of right Schur vectors of (H,T) is returned;
= 'V': Z must contain an orthogonal matrix Z1 on entry and
the product Z1*Z is returned.
N
N is INTEGER
The order of the matrices H, T, Q, and Z. N >= 0.
ILO
ILO is INTEGER
IHI
IHI is INTEGER
ILO and IHI mark the rows and columns of H which are in
Hessenberg form. It is assumed that A is already upper
triangular in rows and columns 1:ILO1 and IHI+1:N.
If N > 0, 1 <= ILO <= IHI <= N; if N = 0, ILO=1 and IHI=0.
H
H is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDH, N)
On entry, the NbyN upper Hessenberg matrix H.
On exit, if JOB = 'S', H contains the upper quasitriangular
matrix S from the generalized Schur factorization.
If JOB = 'E', the diagonal blocks of H match those of S, but
the rest of H is unspecified.
LDH
LDH is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array H. LDH >= max( 1, N ).
T
T is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDT, N)
On entry, the NbyN upper triangular matrix T.
On exit, if JOB = 'S', T contains the upper triangular
matrix P from the generalized Schur factorization;
2by2 diagonal blocks of P corresponding to 2by2 blocks of S
are reduced to positive diagonal form, i.e., if H(j+1,j) is
nonzero, then T(j+1,j) = T(j,j+1) = 0, T(j,j) > 0, and
T(j+1,j+1) > 0.
If JOB = 'E', the diagonal blocks of T match those of P, but
the rest of T is unspecified.
LDT
LDT is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array T. LDT >= max( 1, N ).
ALPHAR
ALPHAR is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N)
The real parts of each scalar alpha defining an eigenvalue
of GNEP.
ALPHAI
ALPHAI is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N)
The imaginary parts of each scalar alpha defining an
eigenvalue of GNEP.
If ALPHAI(j) is zero, then the jth eigenvalue is real; if
positive, then the jth and (j+1)st eigenvalues are a
complex conjugate pair, with ALPHAI(j+1) = ALPHAI(j).
BETA
BETA is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (N)
The scalars beta that define the eigenvalues of GNEP.
Together, the quantities alpha = (ALPHAR(j),ALPHAI(j)) and
beta = BETA(j) represent the jth eigenvalue of the matrix
pair (A,B), in one of the forms lambda = alpha/beta or
mu = beta/alpha. Since either lambda or mu may overflow,
they should not, in general, be computed.
Q
Q is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDQ, N)
On entry, if COMPZ = 'V', the orthogonal matrix Q1 used in
the reduction of (A,B) to generalized Hessenberg form.
On exit, if COMPZ = 'I', the orthogonal matrix of left Schur
vectors of (H,T), and if COMPZ = 'V', the orthogonal matrix
of left Schur vectors of (A,B).
Not referenced if COMPZ = 'N'.
LDQ
LDQ is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array Q. LDQ >= 1.
If COMPQ='V' or 'I', then LDQ >= N.
Z
Z is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (LDZ, N)
On entry, if COMPZ = 'V', the orthogonal matrix Z1 used in
the reduction of (A,B) to generalized Hessenberg form.
On exit, if COMPZ = 'I', the orthogonal matrix of
right Schur vectors of (H,T), and if COMPZ = 'V', the
orthogonal matrix of right Schur vectors of (A,B).
Not referenced if COMPZ = 'N'.
LDZ
LDZ is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array Z. LDZ >= 1.
If COMPZ='V' or 'I', then LDZ >= N.
WORK
WORK is DOUBLE PRECISION array, dimension (MAX(1,LWORK))
On exit, if INFO >= 0, WORK(1) returns the optimal LWORK.
LWORK
LWORK is INTEGER
The dimension of the array WORK. LWORK >= max(1,N).
If LWORK = 1, then a workspace query is assumed; the routine
only calculates the optimal size of the WORK array, returns
this value as the first entry of the WORK array, and no error
message related to LWORK is issued by XERBLA.
INFO
INFO is INTEGER
= 0: successful exit
< 0: if INFO = i, the ith argument had an illegal value
= 1,...,N: the QZ iteration did not converge. (H,T) is not
in Schur form, but ALPHAR(i), ALPHAI(i), and
BETA(i), i=INFO+1,...,N should be correct.
= N+1,...,2*N: the shift calculation failed. (H,T) is not
in Schur form, but ALPHAR(i), ALPHAI(i), and
BETA(i), i=INFON+1,...,N should be correct.
Author:
Univ. of Tennessee
Univ. of California Berkeley
Univ. of Colorado Denver
NAG Ltd.
Date:
April 2012
Further Details:
Iteration counters:
JITER  counts iterations.
IITER  counts iterations run since ILAST was last
changed. This is therefore reset only when a 1by1 or
2by2 block deflates off the bottom.
Definition at line 303 of file dhgeqz.f.
Author
Generated automatically by Doxygen for LAPACK from the source code.
Version 3.4.2 Tue Sep 25 2012 dhgeqz.f(3) 
