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Date::Manip::Lang::english(3)  User Contributed Perl Documentation  Date::Manip::Lang::english(3)

NAME
       Date::Manip::Lang::english - English language support.

SYNOPSIS
       This module contains a list of words and expressions supporting the language. It is not
       intended to be used directly (other Date::Manip modules will load it as needed).

LANGUAGE EXPRESSIONS
       The following is a list of all language words and expressions used to write times and/or
       dates.

       All strings are case insensitive.

       Month names and abbreviations
	   When writing out the name of the month, several different variations may exist
	   including full names and abbreviations.

	   The following month names may be used:

	      January

	      February

	      March

	      April

	      May

	      June

	      July

	      August

	      September

	      October

	      November

	      December

	   The following abbreviations may be used:

	      Jan
	      Jan.

	      Feb
	      Feb.

	      Mar
	      Mar.

	      Apr
	      Apr.

	      May
	      May.

	      Jun
	      Jun.

	      Jul
	      Jul.

	      Aug
	      Aug.

	      Sep
	      Sept
	      Sep.
	      Sept.

	      Oct
	      Oct.

	      Nov
	      Nov.

	      Dec
	      Dec.

       Day names and abbreviations
	   When writing out the name of the day, several different variations may exist including
	   full names and abbreviations.

	   The following day names may be used:

	      Monday

	      Tuesday

	      Wednesday

	      Thursday

	      Friday

	      Saturday

	      Sunday

	   The following abbreviations may be used:

	      Mon
	      Mon.

	      Tue
	      Tues
	      Tue.
	      Tues.

	      Wed
	      Wed.

	      Thu
	      Thur
	      Thu.
	      Thur.

	      Fri
	      Fri.

	      Sat
	      Sat.

	      Sun
	      Sun.

	   The following short (1-2 characters) abbreviations may be used:

	      M

	      T

	      W

	      Th

	      F

	      Sa

	      S

       Delta field names
	   These are the names (and abbreviations) for the fields in a delta.  There are 7
	   fields: years, months, weeks, days, hours, minutes, seconds.

	   The names and abbreviations for these fields are:

	      years
	      y
	      yr
	      year
	      yrs

	      months
	      m
	      mon
	      month

	      weeks
	      w
	      wk
	      wks
	      week

	      days
	      d
	      day

	      hours
	      h
	      hr
	      hrs
	      hour

	      minutes
	      mn
	      min
	      minute

	      seconds
	      s
	      sec
	      second

       Morning/afternoon times
	   This is a list of expressions use to designate morning or afternoon time when a time
	   is entered as a 12-hour time rather than a 24-hour time.  For example, in English, the
	   time "17:00" could be specified as "5:00 PM".

	   Morning and afternoon time may be designated by the following sets of words:

	      AM
	      A.M.

	      PM
	      P.M.

       Each or every
	   There are a list of words that specify every occurence of something.  These are used
	   in the following phrases:

	      EACH Monday
	      EVERY Monday
	      EVERY month

	   The following words may be used:

	      each
	      every

       Next/Previous/Last occurence
	   There are a list of words that may be used to specify the next, previous, or last
	   occurence of something.  These words could be used in the following phrases:

	      NEXT week

	      LAST tuesday
	      PREVIOUS tuesday

	      LAST day of the month

	   The following words may be used:

	   Next occurence:

	      next
	      following

	   Previous occurence:

	      previous
	      last

	   Last occurence:

	      last
	      final

       Delta words for going forward/backward in time
	   When parsing deltas, there are words that may be used to specify the the delta will
	   refer to a time in the future or to a time in the past (relative to some date).  In
	   English, for example, you might say:

	      IN 5 days
	      5 days AGO

	   The following words may be used to specify deltas that refer to dates in the past or
	   future respectively:

	      ago
	      past
	      in the past
	      earlier
	      before now

	      in
	      later
	      future
	      in the future
	      from now

       Business mode
	   This contains two lists of words which can be used to specify a standard (i.e. non-
	   business) delta or a business delta.

	   Previously, it was used to tell whether the delta was approximate or exact, but now
	   this list is not used except to force the delta to be standard.

	   The following words may be used:

	      exactly
	      approximately

	   The following words may be used to specify a business delta:

	      business

       Numbers
	   Numbers may be spelled out in a variety of ways.  The following sets correspond to the
	   numbers from 1 to 53:

	      1st
	      first
	      one

	      2nd
	      second
	      two

	      3rd
	      third
	      three

	      4th
	      fourth
	      four

	      5th
	      fifth
	      five

	      6th
	      sixth
	      six

	      7th
	      seventh
	      seven

	      8th
	      eighth
	      eight

	      9th
	      ninth
	      nine

	      10th
	      tenth
	      ten

	      11th
	      eleventh
	      eleven

	      12th
	      twelfth
	      twelve

	      13th
	      thirteenth
	      thirteen

	      14th
	      fourteenth
	      fourteen

	      15th
	      fifteenth
	      fifteen

	      16th
	      sixteenth
	      sixteen

	      17th
	      seventeenth
	      seventeen

	      18th
	      eighteenth
	      eighteen

	      19th
	      nineteenth
	      nineteen

	      20th
	      twentieth
	      twenty

	      21st
	      twenty-first
	      twenty-one

	      22nd
	      twenty-second
	      twenty-two

	      23rd
	      twenty-third
	      twenty-three

	      24th
	      twenty-fourth
	      twenty-four

	      25th
	      twenty-fifth
	      twenty-five

	      26th
	      twenty-sixth
	      twenty-six

	      27th
	      twenty-seventh
	      twenty-seven

	      28th
	      twenty-eighth
	      twenty-eight

	      29th
	      twenty-ninth
	      twenty-nine

	      30th
	      thirtieth
	      thirty

	      31st
	      thirty-first
	      thirty-one

	      32nd
	      thirty-two
	      thirty-second

	      33rd
	      thirty-three
	      thirty-third

	      34th
	      thirty-four
	      thirty-fourth

	      35th
	      thirty-five
	      thirty-fifth

	      36th
	      thirty-six
	      thirty-sixth

	      37th
	      thirty-seven
	      thirty-seventh

	      38th
	      thirty-eight
	      thirty-eighth

	      39th
	      thirty-nine
	      thirty-ninth

	      40th
	      forty
	      fortieth

	      41st
	      forty-one
	      forty-first

	      42nd
	      forty-two
	      forty-second

	      43rd
	      forty-three
	      forty-third

	      44th
	      forty-four
	      forty-fourth

	      45th
	      forty-five
	      forty-fifth

	      46th
	      forty-six
	      forty-sixth

	      47th
	      forty-seven
	      forty-seventh

	      48th
	      forty-eight
	      forty-eighth

	      49th
	      forty-nine
	      forty-ninth

	      50th
	      fifty
	      fiftieth

	      51st
	      fifty-one
	      fifty-first

	      52nd
	      fifty-two
	      fifty-second

	      53rd
	      fifty-three
	      fifty-third

       Ignored words
	   In writing out dates in common forms, there are a number of words that are typically
	   not important.

	   There is frequently a word that appears in a phrase to designate that a time is going
	   to be specified next.  In English, you would use the word AT in the example:

	      December 3 at 12:00

	   The following words may be used:

	      at

	   Another word is used to designate one member of a set.  In English, you would use the
	   words IN or OF:

	      1st day OF December
	      1st day IN December

	   The following words may be used:

	      of
	      in

	   Another word is use to specify that something is on a certain date.	In English, you
	   would use ON:

	      ON July 5th

	   The following words may be used:

	      on

       Words that set the date, time, or both
	   There are some words that can be used to specify a date, a time, or both relative to
	   now.

	   Words that set the date are similar to the English words 'yesterday' or 'tomorrow'.
	   These are specified as a delta which is added to the current time to get a date.  The
	   time is NOT set however, so the delta is only partially used (it should only include
	   year, month, week, and day fields).

	   The following words may be used:

	      ereyesterday	   -0:0:0:2:0:0:0
	      overmorrow	   +0:0:0:2:0:0:0
	      today		   0:0:0:0:0:0:0
	      tomorrow		   +0:0:0:1:0:0:0
	      yesterday 	   -0:0:0:1:0:0:0

	   Words that set only the time of day are similar to the English words 'noon' or
	   'midnight'.

	   The following words may be used:

	      midnight		   00:00:00
	      noon		   12:00:00

	   Words that set the entire time and date (relative to the current time and date) are
	   also available.

	   In English, the word 'now' is one of these.

	   The following words may be used:

	      now		   0:0:0:0:0:0:0

       Hour/Minute/Second separators
	   When specifying the time of day, the most common separator is a colon (:) which can be
	   used for both separators.

	   Some languages use different pairs.	For example, French allows you to specify the
	   time as 13h30:20, so it would use the following pairs:

	      : :
	      [h] [:]

	   The first column is the hour-minute separator and the second column is the minute-
	   second separator.  Both are perl regular expressions.

	   A pair of colons is ALWAY allowed for all languages.  If a language allows additional
	   pairs, they are listed here:

	      Not defined in this language

KNOWN BUGS
       None known.

BUGS AND QUESTIONS
       Please refer to the Date::Manip::Problems documentation for information on submitting bug
       reports or questions to the author.

SEE ALSO
       Date::Manip	  - main module documentation

LICENSE
       This script is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same
       terms as Perl itself.

AUTHOR
       Sullivan Beck (sbeck@cpan.org)

perl v5.16.3				    2014-06-09		    Date::Manip::Lang::english(3)
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