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Data::OptList(3)	       User Contributed Perl Documentation		 Data::OptList(3)

NAME
       Data::OptList - parse and validate simple name/value option pairs

VERSION
       version 0.107

SYNOPSIS
	 use Data::OptList;

	 my $options = Data::OptList::mkopt([
	   qw(key1 key2 key3 key4),
	   key5 => { ... },
	   key6 => [ ... ],
	   key7 => sub { ... },
	   key8 => { ... },
	   key8 => [ ... ],
	 ]);

       ...is the same thing, more or less, as:

	 my $options = [
	   [ key1 => undef,	   ],
	   [ key2 => undef,	   ],
	   [ key3 => undef,	   ],
	   [ key4 => undef,	   ],
	   [ key5 => { ... },	   ],
	   [ key6 => [ ... ],	   ],
	   [ key7 => sub { ... },  ],
	   [ key8 => { ... },	   ],
	   [ key8 => [ ... ],	   ],
	 ]);

DESCRIPTION
       Hashes are great for storing named data, but if you want more than one entry for a name,
       you have to use a list of pairs.  Even then, this is really boring to write:

	 $values = [
	   foo => undef,
	   bar => undef,
	   baz => undef,
	   xyz => { ... },
	 ];

       Just look at all those undefs!  Don't worry, we can get rid of those:

	 $values = [
	   map { $_ => undef } qw(foo bar baz),
	   xyz => { ... },
	 ];

       Aaaauuugh!  We've saved a little typing, but now it requires thought to read, and thinking
       is even worse than typing... and it's got a bug!  It looked right, didn't it?  Well, the
       "xyz => { ... }" gets consumed by the map, and we don't get the data we wanted.

       With Data::OptList, you can do this instead:

	 $values = Data::OptList::mkopt([
	   qw(foo bar baz),
	   xyz => { ... },
	 ]);

       This works by assuming that any defined scalar is a name and any reference following a
       name is its value.

FUNCTIONS
   mkopt
	 my $opt_list = Data::OptList::mkopt($input, \%arg);

       Valid arguments are:

	 moniker	- a word used in errors to describe the opt list; encouraged
	 require_unique - if true, no name may appear more than once
	 must_be	- types to which opt list values are limited (described below)
	 name_test	- a coderef used to test whether a value can be a name
			  (described below, but you probably don't want this)

       This produces an array of arrays; the inner arrays are name/value pairs.  Values will be
       either "undef" or a reference.

       Positional parameters may be used for compability with the old "mkopt" interface:

	 my $opt_list = Data::OptList::mkopt($input, $moniker, $req_uni, $must_be);

       Valid values for $input:

	undef	 -> []
	hashref  -> [ [ key1 => value1 ] ... ] # non-ref values become undef
	arrayref -> every name followed by a non-name becomes a pair: [ name => ref ]
		    every name followed by undef becomes a pair: [ name => undef ]
		    otherwise, it becomes [ name => undef ] like so:
		    [ "a", "b", [ 1, 2 ] ] -> [ [ a => undef ], [ b => [ 1, 2 ] ] ]

       By default, a name is any defined non-reference.  The "name_test" parameter can be a code
       ref that tests whether the argument passed it is a name or not.	This should be used
       rarely.	Interactions between "require_unique" and "name_test" are not yet particularly
       elegant, as "require_unique" just tests string equality.  This may change.

       The "must_be" parameter is either a scalar or array of scalars; it defines what kind(s) of
       refs may be values.  If an invalid value is found, an exception is thrown.  If no value is
       passed for this argument, any reference is valid.  If "must_be" specifies that values must
       be CODE, HASH, ARRAY, or SCALAR, then Params::Util is used to check whether the given
       value can provide that interface.  Otherwise, it checks that the given value is an object
       of the kind.

       In other words:

	 [ qw(SCALAR HASH Object::Known) ]

       Means:

	 _SCALAR0($value) or _HASH($value) or _INSTANCE($value, 'Object::Known')

   mkopt_hash
	 my $opt_hash = Data::OptList::mkopt_hash($input, $moniker, $must_be);

       Given valid "mkopt" input, this routine returns a reference to a hash.  It will throw an
       exception if any name has more than one value.

EXPORTS
       Both "mkopt" and "mkopt_hash" may be exported on request.

AUTHOR
       Ricardo Signes <rjbs@cpan.org>

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
       This software is copyright (c) 2006 by Ricardo Signes.

       This is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as
       the Perl 5 programming language system itself.

perl v5.16.3				    2011-05-06				 Data::OptList(3)
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