
cppsvx.f(3) LAPACK cppsvx.f(3)
NAME
cppsvx.f 
SYNOPSIS
Functions/Subroutines
subroutine cppsvx (FACT, UPLO, N, NRHS, AP, AFP, EQUED, S, B, LDB, X, LDX, RCOND, FERR,
BERR, WORK, RWORK, INFO)
CPPSVX computes the solution to system of linear equations A * X = B for OTHER
matrices
Function/Subroutine Documentation
subroutine cppsvx (characterFACT, characterUPLO, integerN, integerNRHS, complex, dimension( *
)AP, complex, dimension( * )AFP, characterEQUED, real, dimension( * )S, complex,
dimension( ldb, * )B, integerLDB, complex, dimension( ldx, * )X, integerLDX, realRCOND,
real, dimension( * )FERR, real, dimension( * )BERR, complex, dimension( * )WORK, real,
dimension( * )RWORK, integerINFO)
CPPSVX computes the solution to system of linear equations A * X = B for OTHER matrices
Purpose:
CPPSVX uses the Cholesky factorization A = U**H*U or A = L*L**H to
compute the solution to a complex system of linear equations
A * X = B,
where A is an NbyN Hermitian positive definite matrix stored in
packed format and X and B are NbyNRHS matrices.
Error bounds on the solution and a condition estimate are also
provided.
Description:
The following steps are performed:
1. If FACT = 'E', real scaling factors are computed to equilibrate
the system:
diag(S) * A * diag(S) * inv(diag(S)) * X = diag(S) * B
Whether or not the system will be equilibrated depends on the
scaling of the matrix A, but if equilibration is used, A is
overwritten by diag(S)*A*diag(S) and B by diag(S)*B.
2. If FACT = 'N' or 'E', the Cholesky decomposition is used to
factor the matrix A (after equilibration if FACT = 'E') as
A = U**H * U , if UPLO = 'U', or
A = L * L**H, if UPLO = 'L',
where U is an upper triangular matrix, L is a lower triangular
matrix, and **H indicates conjugate transpose.
3. If the leading ibyi principal minor is not positive definite,
then the routine returns with INFO = i. Otherwise, the factored
form of A is used to estimate the condition number of the matrix
A. If the reciprocal of the condition number is less than machine
precision, INFO = N+1 is returned as a warning, but the routine
still goes on to solve for X and compute error bounds as
described below.
4. The system of equations is solved for X using the factored form
of A.
5. Iterative refinement is applied to improve the computed solution
matrix and calculate error bounds and backward error estimates
for it.
6. If equilibration was used, the matrix X is premultiplied by
diag(S) so that it solves the original system before
equilibration.
Parameters:
FACT
FACT is CHARACTER*1
Specifies whether or not the factored form of the matrix A is
supplied on entry, and if not, whether the matrix A should be
equilibrated before it is factored.
= 'F': On entry, AFP contains the factored form of A.
If EQUED = 'Y', the matrix A has been equilibrated
with scaling factors given by S. AP and AFP will not
be modified.
= 'N': The matrix A will be copied to AFP and factored.
= 'E': The matrix A will be equilibrated if necessary, then
copied to AFP and factored.
UPLO
UPLO is CHARACTER*1
= 'U': Upper triangle of A is stored;
= 'L': Lower triangle of A is stored.
N
N is INTEGER
The number of linear equations, i.e., the order of the
matrix A. N >= 0.
NRHS
NRHS is INTEGER
The number of right hand sides, i.e., the number of columns
of the matrices B and X. NRHS >= 0.
AP
AP is COMPLEX array, dimension (N*(N+1)/2)
On entry, the upper or lower triangle of the Hermitian matrix
A, packed columnwise in a linear array, except if FACT = 'F'
and EQUED = 'Y', then A must contain the equilibrated matrix
diag(S)*A*diag(S). The jth column of A is stored in the
array AP as follows:
if UPLO = 'U', AP(i + (j1)*j/2) = A(i,j) for 1<=i<=j;
if UPLO = 'L', AP(i + (j1)*(2nj)/2) = A(i,j) for j<=i<=n.
See below for further details. A is not modified if
FACT = 'F' or 'N', or if FACT = 'E' and EQUED = 'N' on exit.
On exit, if FACT = 'E' and EQUED = 'Y', A is overwritten by
diag(S)*A*diag(S).
AFP
AFP is COMPLEX array, dimension (N*(N+1)/2)
If FACT = 'F', then AFP is an input argument and on entry
contains the triangular factor U or L from the Cholesky
factorization A = U**H*U or A = L*L**H, in the same storage
format as A. If EQUED .ne. 'N', then AFP is the factored
form of the equilibrated matrix A.
If FACT = 'N', then AFP is an output argument and on exit
returns the triangular factor U or L from the Cholesky
factorization A = U**H * U or A = L * L**H of the original
matrix A.
If FACT = 'E', then AFP is an output argument and on exit
returns the triangular factor U or L from the Cholesky
factorization A = U**H*U or A = L*L**H of the equilibrated
matrix A (see the description of AP for the form of the
equilibrated matrix).
EQUED
EQUED is CHARACTER*1
Specifies the form of equilibration that was done.
= 'N': No equilibration (always true if FACT = 'N').
= 'Y': Equilibration was done, i.e., A has been replaced by
diag(S) * A * diag(S).
EQUED is an input argument if FACT = 'F'; otherwise, it is an
output argument.
S
S is REAL array, dimension (N)
The scale factors for A; not accessed if EQUED = 'N'. S is
an input argument if FACT = 'F'; otherwise, S is an output
argument. If FACT = 'F' and EQUED = 'Y', each element of S
must be positive.
B
B is COMPLEX array, dimension (LDB,NRHS)
On entry, the NbyNRHS right hand side matrix B.
On exit, if EQUED = 'N', B is not modified; if EQUED = 'Y',
B is overwritten by diag(S) * B.
LDB
LDB is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array B. LDB >= max(1,N).
X
X is COMPLEX array, dimension (LDX,NRHS)
If INFO = 0 or INFO = N+1, the NbyNRHS solution matrix X to
the original system of equations. Note that if EQUED = 'Y',
A and B are modified on exit, and the solution to the
equilibrated system is inv(diag(S))*X.
LDX
LDX is INTEGER
The leading dimension of the array X. LDX >= max(1,N).
RCOND
RCOND is REAL
The estimate of the reciprocal condition number of the matrix
A after equilibration (if done). If RCOND is less than the
machine precision (in particular, if RCOND = 0), the matrix
is singular to working precision. This condition is
indicated by a return code of INFO > 0.
FERR
FERR is REAL array, dimension (NRHS)
The estimated forward error bound for each solution vector
X(j) (the jth column of the solution matrix X).
If XTRUE is the true solution corresponding to X(j), FERR(j)
is an estimated upper bound for the magnitude of the largest
element in (X(j)  XTRUE) divided by the magnitude of the
largest element in X(j). The estimate is as reliable as
the estimate for RCOND, and is almost always a slight
overestimate of the true error.
BERR
BERR is REAL array, dimension (NRHS)
The componentwise relative backward error of each solution
vector X(j) (i.e., the smallest relative change in
any element of A or B that makes X(j) an exact solution).
WORK
WORK is COMPLEX array, dimension (2*N)
RWORK
RWORK is REAL array, dimension (N)
INFO
INFO is INTEGER
= 0: successful exit
< 0: if INFO = i, the ith argument had an illegal value
> 0: if INFO = i, and i is
<= N: the leading minor of order i of A is
not positive definite, so the factorization
could not be completed, and the solution has not
been computed. RCOND = 0 is returned.
= N+1: U is nonsingular, but RCOND is less than machine
precision, meaning that the matrix is singular
to working precision. Nevertheless, the
solution and error bounds are computed because
there are a number of situations where the
computed solution can be more accurate than the
value of RCOND would suggest.
Author:
Univ. of Tennessee
Univ. of California Berkeley
Univ. of Colorado Denver
NAG Ltd.
Date:
April 2012
Further Details:
The packed storage scheme is illustrated by the following example
when N = 4, UPLO = 'U':
Twodimensional storage of the Hermitian matrix A:
a11 a12 a13 a14
a22 a23 a24
a33 a34 (aij = conjg(aji))
a44
Packed storage of the upper triangle of A:
AP = [ a11, a12, a22, a13, a23, a33, a14, a24, a34, a44 ]
Definition at line 311 of file cppsvx.f.
Author
Generated automatically by Doxygen for LAPACK from the source code.
Version 3.4.2 Tue Sep 25 2012 cppsvx.f(3) 
