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CentOS 7.0 - man page for cpanplus::backend (centos section 3)

CPANPLUS::Backend(3)	       User Contributed Perl Documentation	     CPANPLUS::Backend(3)

NAME
       CPANPLUS::Backend - programmer's interface to CPANPLUS

SYNOPSIS
	   my $cb      = CPANPLUS::Backend->new;
	   my $conf    = $cb->configure_object;

	   my $author  = $cb->author_tree('KANE');
	   my $mod     = $cb->module_tree('Some::Module');
	   my $mod     = $cb->parse_module( module => 'Some::Module' );

	   my @objs    = $cb->search(  type    => TYPE,
				       allow   => [...] );

	   $cb->flush('all');
	   $cb->reload_indices;
	   $cb->local_mirror;

DESCRIPTION
       This module provides the programmer's interface to the "CPANPLUS" libraries.

ENVIRONMENT
       When "CPANPLUS::Backend" is loaded, which is necessary for just about every <CPANPLUS>
       operation, the environment variable "PERL5_CPANPLUS_IS_RUNNING" is set to the current
       process id.

       Additionally, the environment variable "PERL5_CPANPLUS_IS_VERSION" will be set to the
       version of "CPANPLUS::Backend".

       This information might be useful somehow to spawned processes.

METHODS
   $cb = CPANPLUS::Backend->new( [CONFIGURE_OBJ] )
       This method returns a new "CPANPLUS::Backend" object.  This also initialises the config
       corresponding to this object.  You have two choices in this:

       Provide a valid "CPANPLUS::Configure" object
	   This will be used verbatim.

       No arguments
	   Your default config will be loaded and used.

       New will return a "CPANPLUS::Backend" object on success and die on failure.

   $href = $cb->module_tree( [@modules_names_list] )
       Returns a reference to the CPANPLUS module tree.

       If you give it any arguments, they will be treated as module names and "module_tree" will
       try to look up these module names and return the corresponding module objects instead.

       See CPANPLUS::Module for the operations you can perform on a module object.

   $href = $cb->author_tree( [@author_names_list] )
       Returns a reference to the CPANPLUS author tree.

       If you give it any arguments, they will be treated as author names and "author_tree" will
       try to look up these author names and return the corresponding author objects instead.

       See CPANPLUS::Module::Author for the operations you can perform on an author object.

   $conf = $cb->configure_object;
       Returns a copy of the "CPANPLUS::Configure" object.

       See CPANPLUS::Configure for operations you can perform on a configure object.

   $su = $cb->selfupdate_object;
       Returns a copy of the "CPANPLUS::Selfupdate" object.

       See the CPANPLUS::Selfupdate manpage for the operations you can perform on the selfupdate
       object.

   @mods = $cb->search( type => TYPE, allow => AREF, [data => AREF, verbose => BOOL] )
       "search" enables you to search for either module or author objects, based on their data.
       The "type" you can specify is any of the accessors specified in "CPANPLUS::Module::Author"
       or "CPANPLUS::Module". "search" will determine by the "type" you specified whether to
       search by author object or module object.

       You have to specify an array reference of regular expressions or strings to match against.
       The rules used for this array ref are the same as in "Params::Check", so read that manpage
       for details.

       The search is an "or" search, meaning that if "any" of the criteria match, the search is
       considered to be successful.

       You can specify the result of a previous search as "data" to limit the new search to these
       module or author objects, rather than the entire module or author tree.	This is how you
       do "and" searches.

       Returns a list of module or author objects on success and false on failure.

       See CPANPLUS::Module for the operations you can perform on a module object.  See
       CPANPLUS::Module::Author for the operations you can perform on an author object.

   $backend_rv = $cb->fetch( modules => \@mods )
       Fetches a list of modules. @mods can be a list of distribution names, module names or
       module objects--basically anything that parse_module can understand.

       See the equivalent method in "CPANPLUS::Module" for details on other options you can pass.

       Since this is a multi-module method call, the return value is implemented as a
       "CPANPLUS::Backend::RV" object. Please consult that module's documentation on how to
       interpret the return value.

   $backend_rv = $cb->extract( modules => \@mods )
       Extracts a list of modules. @mods can be a list of distribution names, module names or
       module objects--basically anything that parse_module can understand.

       See the equivalent method in "CPANPLUS::Module" for details on other options you can pass.

       Since this is a multi-module method call, the return value is implemented as a
       "CPANPLUS::Backend::RV" object. Please consult that module's documentation on how to
       interpret the return value.

   $backend_rv = $cb->install( modules => \@mods )
       Installs a list of modules. @mods can be a list of distribution names, module names or
       module objects--basically anything that parse_module can understand.

       See the equivalent method in "CPANPLUS::Module" for details on other options you can pass.

       Since this is a multi-module method call, the return value is implemented as a
       "CPANPLUS::Backend::RV" object. Please consult that module's documentation on how to
       interpret the return value.

   $backend_rv = $cb->readme( modules => \@mods )
       Fetches the readme for a list of modules. @mods can be a list of distribution names,
       module names or module objects--basically anything that parse_module can understand.

       See the equivalent method in "CPANPLUS::Module" for details on other options you can pass.

       Since this is a multi-module method call, the return value is implemented as a
       "CPANPLUS::Backend::RV" object. Please consult that module's documentation on how to
       interpret the return value.

   $backend_rv = $cb->files( modules => \@mods )
       Returns a list of files used by these modules if they are installed.  @mods can be a list
       of distribution names, module names or module objects--basically anything that
       parse_module can understand.

       See the equivalent method in "CPANPLUS::Module" for details on other options you can pass.

       Since this is a multi-module method call, the return value is implemented as a
       "CPANPLUS::Backend::RV" object. Please consult that module's documentation on how to
       interpret the return value.

   $backend_rv = $cb->distributions( modules => \@mods )
       Returns a list of module objects representing all releases for this module on success.
       @mods can be a list of distribution names, module names or module objects, basically
       anything that parse_module can understand.

       See the equivalent method in "CPANPLUS::Module" for details on other options you can pass.

       Since this is a multi-module method call, the return value is implemented as a
       "CPANPLUS::Backend::RV" object. Please consult that module's documentation on how to
       interpret the return value.

   $mod_obj = $cb->parse_module( module => $modname|$distname|$modobj|URI|PATH )
       "parse_module" tries to find a "CPANPLUS::Module" object that matches your query. Here's a
       list of examples you could give to "parse_module";

       Text::Bastardize
       Text-Bastardize
       Text/Bastardize.pm
       Text-Bastardize-1.06
       AYRNIEU/Text-Bastardize
       AYRNIEU/Text-Bastardize-1.06
       AYRNIEU/Text-Bastardize-1.06.tar.gz
       http://example.com/Text-Bastardize-1.06.tar.gz
       file:///tmp/Text-Bastardize-1.06.tar.gz
       /tmp/Text-Bastardize-1.06
       ./Text-Bastardize-1.06
       .

       These items would all come up with a "CPANPLUS::Module" object for "Text::Bastardize". The
       ones marked explicitly as being version 1.06 would give back a "CPANPLUS::Module" object
       of that version.  Even if the version on CPAN is currently higher.

       The last three are examples of PATH resolution. In the first, we supply an absolute path
       to the unwrapped distribution. In the second the distribution is relative to the current
       working directory.  In the third, we will use the current working directory.

       If "parse_module" is unable to actually find the module you are looking for in its module
       tree, but you supplied it with an author, module and version part in a distribution name
       or URI, it will create a fake "CPANPLUS::Module" object for you, that you can use just
       like the real thing.

       See CPANPLUS::Module for the operations you can perform on a module object.

       If even this fancy guessing doesn't enable "parse_module" to create a fake module object
       for you to use, it will warn about an error and return false.

   $bool = $cb->reload_indices( [update_source => BOOL, verbose => BOOL] );
       This method reloads the source files.

       If "update_source" is set to true, this will fetch new source files from your CPAN mirror.
       Otherwise, "reload_indices" will do its usual cache checking and only update them if they
       are out of date.

       By default, "update_source" will be false.

       The verbose setting defaults to what you have specified in your config file.

       Returns true on success and false on failure.

   $bool = $cb->flush(CACHE_NAME)
       This method allows flushing of caches.  There are several things which can be flushed:

       o   "methods"

	   The return status of methods which have been attempted, such as different ways of
	   fetching files.  It is recommended that automatic flushing be used instead.

       o   "hosts"

	   The return status of URIs which have been attempted, such as different hosts of
	   fetching files.  It is recommended that automatic flushing be used instead.

       o   "modules"

	   Information about modules such as prerequisites and whether installation succeeded,
	   failed, or was not attempted.

       o   "lib"

	   This resets PERL5LIB, which is changed to ensure that while installing modules they
	   are in our @INC.

       o   "load"

	   This resets the cache of modules we've attempted to load, but failed.  This enables
	   you to load them again after a failed load, if they somehow have become available.

       o   "all"

	   Flush all of the aforementioned caches.

       Returns true on success and false on failure.

   @mods = $cb->installed()
       Returns a list of module objects of all your installed modules.	If an error occurs, it
       will return false.

       See CPANPLUS::Module for the operations you can perform on a module object.

   $bool = $cb->local_mirror([path => '/dir/to/save/to', index_files => BOOL, force => BOOL,
       verbose => BOOL] )
       Creates a local mirror of CPAN, of only the most recent sources in a location you specify.
       If you set this location equal to a custom host in your "CPANPLUS::Config" you can use
       your local mirror to install from.

       It takes the following arguments:

       path
	   The location where to create the local mirror.

       index_files
	   Enable/disable fetching of index files. You can disable fetching of the index files if
	   you don't plan to use the local mirror as your primary site, or if you'd like up-to-
	   date index files be fetched from elsewhere.

	   Defaults to true.

       force
	   Forces refetching of packages, even if they are there already.

	   Defaults to whatever setting you have in your "CPANPLUS::Config".

       verbose
	   Prints more messages about what its doing.

	   Defaults to whatever setting you have in your "CPANPLUS::Config".

       Returns true on success and false on error.

   $file = $cb->autobundle([path => OUTPUT_PATH, force => BOOL, verbose => BOOL])
       Writes out a snapshot of your current installation in "CPAN" bundle style. This can then
       be used to install the same modules for a different or on a different machine by issuing
       the following commands:

	   ### using the default shell:
	   CPAN Terminal> i file://path/to/Snapshot_XXYY.pm

	   ### using the API
	   $modobj = $cb->parse_module( module => 'file://path/to/Snapshot_XXYY.pm' );
	   $modobj->install;

       It will, by default, write to an 'autobundle' directory under your cpanplus homedirectory,
       but you can override that by supplying a "path" argument.

       It will return the location of the output file on success and false on failure.

   $bool = $cb->save_state
       Explicit command to save memory state to disk. This can be used to save information to
       disk about where a module was extracted, the result of "make test", etc. This will then be
       re-loaded into memory when a new session starts.

       The capability of saving state to disk depends on the source engine being used (See
       "CPANPLUS::Config" for the option to choose your source engine). The default storage
       engine supports this option.

       Most users will not need this command, but it can handy for automated systems like setting
       up CPAN smoke testers.

       The method will return true if it managed to save the state to disk, or false if it did
       not.

CUSTOM MODULE SOURCES
       Besides the sources as provided by the general "CPAN" mirrors, it's possible to add your
       own sources list to your "CPANPLUS" index.

       The methodology behind this works much like "Debian's apt-sources".

       The methods below show you how to make use of this functionality. Also note that most of
       these methods are available through the default shell plugin command "/cs", making them
       available as shortcuts through the shell and via the commandline.

   %files = $cb->list_custom_sources
       Returns a mapping of registered custom sources and their local indices as follows:

	   /full/path/to/local/index => http://remote/source

       Note that any file starting with an "#" is being ignored.

   $local_index = $cb->add_custom_source( uri => URI, [verbose => BOOL] );
       Adds an "URI" to your own sources list and mirrors its index. See the documentation on
       "$cb->update_custom_source" on how this is done.

       Returns the full path to the local index on success, or false on failure.

       Note that when adding a new "URI", the change to the in-memory tree is not saved until you
       rebuild or save the tree to disk again. You can do this using the "$cb->reload_indices"
       method.

   $local_index = $cb->remove_custom_source( uri => URI, [verbose => BOOL] );
       Removes an "URI" from your own sources list and removes its index.

       To find out what "URI"s you have as part of your own sources list, use the
       "$cb->list_custom_sources" method.

       Returns the full path to the deleted local index file on success, or false on failure.

   $bool = $cb->update_custom_source( [remote => URI] );
       Updates the indexes for all your custom sources. It does this by fetching a file called
       "packages.txt" in the root of the custom sources's "URI".  If you provide the "remote"
       argument, it will only update the index for that specific "URI".

       Here's an example of how custom sources would resolve into index files:

	 file:///path/to/sources       =>  file:///path/to/sources/packages.txt
	 http://example.com/sources    =>  http://example.com/sources/packages.txt
	 ftp://example.com/sources     =>  ftp://example.com/sources/packages.txt

       The file "packages.txt" simply holds a list of packages that can be found under the root
       of the "URI". This file can be automatically generated for you when the remote source is a
       "file:// URI". For "http://", "ftp://", and similar, the administrator of that repository
       should run the method "$cb->write_custom_source_index" on the repository to allow remote
       users to index it.

       For details, see the "$cb->write_custom_source_index" method below.

       All packages that are added via this mechanism will be attributed to the author with
       "CPANID" "LOCAL". You can use this id to search for all added packages.

   $file = $cb->write_custom_source_index( path => /path/to/package/root, [to =>
       /path/to/index/file, verbose => BOOL] );
       Writes the index for a custom repository root. Most users will not have to worry about
       this, but administrators of a repository will need to make sure their indexes are up to
       date.

       The index will be written to a file called "packages.txt" in your repository root, which
       you can specify with the "path" argument. You can override this location by specifying the
       "to" argument, but in normal operation, that should not be required.

       Once the index file is written, users can then add the "URI" pointing to the repository to
       their custom list of sources and start using it right away. See the
       "$cb->add_custom_source" method for user details.

BUG REPORTS
       Please report bugs or other issues to <bug-cpanplus@rt.cpan.org<gt>.

AUTHOR
       This module by Jos Boumans <kane@cpan.org>.

COPYRIGHT
       The CPAN++ interface (of which this module is a part of) is copyright (c) 2001 - 2007, Jos
       Boumans <kane@cpan.org>. All rights reserved.

       This library is free software; you may redistribute and/or modify it under the same terms
       as Perl itself.

SEE ALSO
       CPANPLUS::Configure, CPANPLUS::Module, CPANPLUS::Module::Author, CPANPLUS::Selfupdate

perl v5.16.3				    2013-05-20			     CPANPLUS::Backend(3)


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