Unix/Linux Go Back    


CentOS 7.0 - man page for cgi::fast (centos section 3)

Linux & Unix Commands - Search Man Pages
Man Page or Keyword Search:   man
Select Man Page Set:       apropos Keyword Search (sections above)


CGI::Fast(3)		       User Contributed Perl Documentation		     CGI::Fast(3)

NAME
       CGI::Fast - CGI Interface for Fast CGI

SYNOPSIS
	   use CGI::Fast qw(:standard);
	   $COUNTER = 0;
	   while (new CGI::Fast) {
	       print header;
	       print start_html("Fast CGI Rocks");
	       print
		   h1("Fast CGI Rocks"),
		   "Invocation number ",b($COUNTER++),
		   " PID ",b($$),".",
		   hr;
	       print end_html;
	   }

DESCRIPTION
       CGI::Fast is a subclass of the CGI object created by CGI.pm.  It is specialized to work
       well FCGI module, which greatly speeds up CGI scripts by turning them into persistently
       running server processes.  Scripts that perform time-consuming initialization processes,
       such as loading large modules or opening persistent database connections, will see large
       performance improvements.

OTHER PIECES OF THE PUZZLE
       In order to use CGI::Fast you'll need the FCGI module.  See http://www.cpan.org/ for
       details.

WRITING FASTCGI PERL SCRIPTS
       FastCGI scripts are persistent: one or more copies of the script are started up when the
       server initializes, and stay around until the server exits or they die a natural death.
       After performing whatever one-time initialization it needs, the script enters a loop
       waiting for incoming connections, processing the request, and waiting some more.

       A typical FastCGI script will look like this:

	   #!/usr/bin/perl
	   use CGI::Fast;
	   &do_some_initialization();
	   while ($q = new CGI::Fast) {
	       &process_request($q);
	   }

       Each time there's a new request, CGI::Fast returns a CGI object to your loop.  The rest of
       the time your script waits in the call to new().  When the server requests that your
       script be terminated, new() will return undef.  You can of course exit earlier if you
       choose.	A new version of the script will be respawned to take its place (this may be
       necessary in order to avoid Perl memory leaks in long-running scripts).

       CGI.pm's default CGI object mode also works.  Just modify the loop this way:

	   while (new CGI::Fast) {
	       &process_request;
	   }

       Calls to header(), start_form(), etc. will all operate on the current request.

INSTALLING FASTCGI SCRIPTS
       See the FastCGI developer's kit documentation for full details.	On the Apache server, the
       following line must be added to srm.conf:

	   AddType application/x-httpd-fcgi .fcgi

       FastCGI scripts must end in the extension .fcgi.  For each script you install, you must
       add something like the following to srm.conf:

	   FastCgiServer /usr/etc/httpd/fcgi-bin/file_upload.fcgi -processes 2

       This instructs Apache to launch two copies of file_upload.fcgi at startup time.

USING FASTCGI SCRIPTS AS CGI SCRIPTS
       Any script that works correctly as a FastCGI script will also work correctly when
       installed as a vanilla CGI script.  However it will not see any performance benefit.

EXTERNAL FASTCGI SERVER INVOCATION
       FastCGI supports a TCP/IP transport mechanism which allows FastCGI scripts to run external
       to the webserver, perhaps on a remote machine.  To configure the webserver to connect to
       an external FastCGI server, you would add the following to your srm.conf:

	   FastCgiExternalServer /usr/etc/httpd/fcgi-bin/file_upload.fcgi -host sputnik:8888

       Two environment variables affect how the "CGI::Fast" object is created, allowing
       "CGI::Fast" to be used as an external FastCGI server.  (See "FCGI" documentation for
       "FCGI::OpenSocket" for more information.)

       FCGI_SOCKET_PATH
	   The address (TCP/IP) or path (UNIX Domain) of the socket the external FastCGI script
	   to which bind an listen for incoming connections from the web server.

       FCGI_LISTEN_QUEUE
	   Maximum length of the queue of pending connections.

       For example:

	   #!/usr/local/bin/perl    # must be a FastCGI version of perl!
	   use CGI::Fast;
	   &do_some_initialization();
	   $ENV{FCGI_SOCKET_PATH} = "sputnik:8888";
	   $ENV{FCGI_LISTEN_QUEUE} = 100;
	   while ($q = new CGI::Fast) {
	       &process_request($q);
	   }

CAVEATS
       I haven't tested this very much.

AUTHOR INFORMATION
       Copyright 1996-1998, Lincoln D. Stein.  All rights reserved.

       This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same
       terms as Perl itself.

       Address bug reports and comments to: lstein@cshl.org

BUGS
       This section intentionally left blank.

SEE ALSO
       CGI::Carp, CGI

perl v5.16.3				    2011-11-09				     CGI::Fast(3)
Unix & Linux Commands & Man Pages : ©2000 - 2018 Unix and Linux Forums


All times are GMT -4. The time now is 11:49 AM.