GETHOSTNAME(2) Linux Programmer's Manual GETHOSTNAME(2)
gethostname, sethostname - get/set hostname
int gethostname(char *name, size_t len);
int sethostname(const char *name, size_t len);
Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):
Since glibc 2.12: _BSD_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500
|| /* Since glibc 2.12: */ _POSIX_C_SOURCE >= 200112L
_BSD_SOURCE || (_XOPEN_SOURCE && _XOPEN_SOURCE < 500)
These system calls are used to access or to change the hostname of the current processor.
sethostname() sets the hostname to the value given in the character array name. The len
argument specifies the number of bytes in name. (Thus, name does not require a terminat-
ing null byte.)
gethostname() returns the null-terminated hostname in the character array name, which has
a length of len bytes. If the null-terminated hostname is too large to fit, then the name
is truncated, and no error is returned (but see NOTES below). POSIX.1-2001 says that if
such truncation occurs, then it is unspecified whether the returned buffer includes a ter-
minating null byte.
On success, zero is returned. On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set appropriately.
EFAULT name is an invalid address.
EINVAL len is negative or, for sethostname(), len is larger than the maximum allowed size.
(glibc gethostname()) len is smaller than the actual size. (Before version 2.1,
glibc uses EINVAL for this case.)
EPERM For sethostname(), the caller did not have the CAP_SYS_ADMIN capability.
SVr4, 4.4BSD (these interfaces first appeared in 4.2BSD). POSIX.1-2001 specifies geth-
ostname() but not sethostname().
SUSv2 guarantees that "Host names are limited to 255 bytes". POSIX.1-2001 guarantees that
"Host names (not including the terminating null byte) are limited to HOST_NAME_MAX bytes".
On Linux, HOST_NAME_MAX is defined with the value 64, which has been the limit since Linux
1.0 (earlier kernels imposed a limit of 8 bytes).
The GNU C library does not employ the gethostname() system call; instead, it implements
gethostname() as a library function that calls uname(2) and copies up to len bytes from
the returned nodename field into name. Having performed the copy, the function then
checks if the length of the nodename was greater than or equal to len, and if it is, then
the function returns -1 with errno set to ENAMETOOLONG; in this case, a terminating null
byte is not included in the returned name.
Versions of glibc before 2.2 handle the case where the length of the nodename was greater
than or equal to len differently: nothing is copied into name and the function returns -1
with errno set to ENAMETOOLONG.
getdomainname(2), setdomainname(2), uname(2)
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Linux 2010-09-26 GETHOSTNAME(2)