WINE(1) Windows On Unix WINE(1)
wine - run Windows programs on Unix
wine program [arguments ... ]
For instructions on passing arguments to Windows programs, please see the PROGRAM/ARGUMENTS section of the man page.
wine loads and runs the given program, where the program is a DOS, Windows 3.x, or Win32 executable (x86 binaries only).
For debugging wine, use winedbg instead.
For running CUI executables (Windows console programs), use wineconsole instead of wine. This will display all the output in a separate
windows (this requires X11 to run). Not using wineconsole for CUI programs will only provide very limited console support, and your program
might not function properly.
When invoked with --help or --version as the only argument, wine will simply print a small help message or its version respectively and
The program name may be specified in DOS format (C:\WINDOWS\SOL.EXE) or in Unix format (/msdos/windows/sol.exe). You may pass arguments
to the program being executed by adding them to the end of the command line invoking wine (such as: wine notepad C:\TEMP\README.TXT).
Note that you need to '' escape special characters (and spaces) when invoking Wine via a shell, e.g.
wine C:\Program Files\MyPrg\test.exe
wine makes the environment variables of the shell from which wine is started accessible to the windows/dos processes started. So use the
appropriate syntax for your shell to enter environment variables you need.
If set, the content of this variable is taken as the name of the directory where wine stores its data (the default is $HOME/.wine).
This directory is also used to identify the socket which is used to communicate with the wineserver. All wine processes using the
same wineserver (i.e.: same user) share certain things like registry, shared memory, and config file. By setting WINEPREFIX to dif-
ferent values for different wine processes, it is possible to run a number of truly independent wine processes.
Specifies the path and name of the wineserver binary. If not set, Wine will try to load /usr/bin/wineserver, and if this doesn't
exist it will then look for a file named "wineserver" in the path and in a few other likely locations.
Specifies the path and name of the wine binary to use to launch new Windows processes. If not set, Wine will try to load
/usr/bin/wine, and if this doesn't exist it will then look for a file named "wine" in the path and in a few other likely locations.
Turns debugging messages on or off. The syntax of the variable is of the form [class][+/-]channel[,[class2][+/-]channel2].
class is optional and can be one of the following: err, warn, fixme, or trace. If class is not specified, all debugging messages
for the specified channel are turned on. Each channel will print messages about a particular component of wine. The following
character can be either + or - to switch the specified channel on or off respectively. If there is no class part before it, a lead-
ing + can be omitted. Note that spaces are not allowed anywhere in the string.
will turn on all warning messages (recommended for debugging).
will turn on DLL warning messages and all heap messages.
will turn off all FIXME messages, turn on cursor warning messages, and turn on all relay messages (API calls).
will turn on all relay messages. For more control on including or excluding functions and dlls from the relay trace, look
into the HKEY_CURRENT_USERSoftwareWineDebug registry key.
For more information on debugging messages, see the Running Wine chapter of the Wine User Guide.
Specifies the path(s) in which to search for builtin dlls and Winelib applications. This is a list of directories separated by ":".
In addition to any directory specified in WINEDLLPATH, Wine will also look in /usr/lib64/wine.
Defines the override type and load order of dlls used in the loading process for any dll. There are currently two types of libraries
that can be loaded into a process' address space: native windows dlls (native), wine internal dlls (builtin). The type may be
abbreviated with the first letter of the type (n, b). The library may also be disabled (''). Each sequence of orders must be sepa-
rated by commas.
Each dll may have its own specific load order. The load order determines which version of the dll is attempted to be loaded into the
address space. If the first fails, then the next is tried and so on. Multiple libraries with the same load order can be separated
with commas. It is also possible to use specify different loadorders for different libraries by separating the entries by ";".
The load order for a 16-bit dll is always defined by the load order of the 32-bit dll that contains it (which can be identified by
looking at the symbolic link of the 16-bit .dll.so file). For instance if ole32.dll is configured as builtin, storage.dll will be
loaded as builtin too, since the 32-bit ole32.dll contains the 16-bit storage.dll.
Try to load comdlg32 and shell32 as native windows dll first and try the builtin version if the native load fails.
Try to load the libraries comdlg32 and shell32 as native windows dlls. Furthermore, if an application request to load
c:fooaraz.dll load the builtin library baz.
Try to load comdlg32 as builtin first and try the native version if the builtin load fails; load shell32 always as builtin
and comctl32 always as native. Oleaut32 will be disabled.
Specifies the Windows architecture to support. It can be set either to win32 (support only 32-bit applications), or to win64 (sup-
port both 64-bit applications and 32-bit ones in WoW64 mode).
The architecture supported by a given Wine prefix is set at prefix creation time and cannot be changed afterwards. When running with
an existing prefix, Wine will refuse to start if WINEARCH doesn't match the prefix architecture.
Specifies the X11 display to use.
OSS sound driver configuration variables
Set the device for audio input / output. Default /dev/dsp.
Set the device for mixer controls. Default /dev/mixer.
Set the MIDI (sequencer) device. Default /dev/sequencer.
The wine program loader.
The wine program loader for CUI (console) applications.
The wine server
The wine debugger
Directory containing wine's shared libraries
Directory containing the DOS device mappings. Each file in that directory is a symlink to the Unix device file implementing a given
device. For instance, if COM1 is mapped to /dev/ttyS0 you'd have a symlink of the form $WINEPREFIX/dosdevices/com1 -> /dev/ttyS0.
DOS drives are also specified with symlinks; for instance if drive D: corresponds to the CDROM mounted at /mnt/cdrom, you'd have a
symlink $WINEPREFIX/dosdevices/d: -> /mnt/cdrom. The Unix device corresponding to a DOS drive can be specified the same way, except
with '::' instead of ':'. So for the previous example, if the CDROM device is mounted from /dev/hdc, the corresponding symlink would
be $WINEPREFIX/dosdevices/d:: -> /dev/hdc.
wine is available thanks to the work of many developers. For a listing of the authors, please see the file AUTHORS in the top-level direc-
tory of the source distribution.
wine can be distributed under the terms of the LGPL license. A copy of the license is in the file COPYING.LIB in the top-level directory of
the source distribution.
A status report on many applications is available from http://appdb.winehq.org. Please add entries to this list for applications you cur-
rently run, if there is no entry for this application.
Bug reports may be posted to Wine Bugzilla http://bugs.winehq.org If you want to post a bug report, please see http://wiki.winehq.org/Bugs
in the wine source to see what information is necessary
Problems and suggestions with this manpage please also report to http://bugs.winehq.org
The most recent public version of wine can be downloaded from http://www.winehq.org/download
The latest snapshot of the code may be obtained via GIT. For information on how to do this, please see http://www.winehq.org/site/git
WineHQ, the wine development headquarters, is at http://www.winehq.org. This website contains a great deal of information about wine.
For further information about wine development, you might want to subscribe to the wine mailing lists at http://www.winehq.org/forums
Wine 1.2-rc6 October 2005 WINE(1)