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VIRSH(1)			      Virtualization Support				 VIRSH(1)

NAME
       virsh - management user interface

SYNOPSIS
       virsh [OPTION]... [COMMAND_STRING]

       virsh [OPTION]... COMMAND [ARG]...

DESCRIPTION
       The virsh program is the main interface for managing virsh guest domains. The program can
       be used to create, pause, and shutdown domains. It can also be used to list current
       domains. Libvirt is a C toolkit to interact with the virtualization capabilities of recent
       versions of Linux (and other OSes). It is free software available under the GNU Lesser
       General Public License. Virtualization of the Linux Operating System means the ability to
       run multiple instances of Operating Systems concurrently on a single hardware system where
       the basic resources are driven by a Linux instance. The library aims at providing a long
       term stable C API.  It currently supports Xen, QEmu, KVM, LXC, OpenVZ, VirtualBox and
       VMware ESX.

       The basic structure of most virsh usage is:

	 virsh [OPTION]... <command> <domain> [ARG]...

       Where command is one of the commands listed below; domain is the numeric domain id, or the
       domain name, or the domain UUID; and ARGS are command specific options.	There are a few
       exceptions to this rule in the cases where the command in question acts on all domains,
       the entire machine, or directly on the xen hypervisor.  Those exceptions will be clear for
       each of those commands.	Note: it is permissible to give numeric names to domains,
       however, doing so will result in a domain that can only be identified by domain id. In
       other words, if a numeric value is supplied it will be interpreted as a domain id, not as
       a name.

       The virsh program can be used either to run one COMMAND by giving the command and its
       arguments on the shell command line, or a COMMAND_STRING which is a single shell argument
       consisting of multiple COMMAND actions and their arguments joined with whitespace, and
       separated by semicolons between commands.  Within COMMAND_STRING, virsh understands the
       same single, double, and backslash escapes as the shell, although you must add another
       layer of shell escaping in creating the single shell argument.  If no command is given in
       the command line, virsh will then start a minimal interpreter waiting for your commands,
       and the quit command will then exit the program.

       The virsh program understands the following OPTIONS.

       -h, --help
	   Ignore all other arguments, and behave as if the help command were given instead.

       -v, --version[=short]
	   Ignore all other arguments, and prints the version of the libvirt library virsh is
	   coming from

       -V, --version=long
	   Ignore all other arguments, and prints the version of the libvirt library virsh is
	   coming from and which options and driver are compiled in.

       -c, --connect URI
	   Connect to the specified URI, as if by the connect command, instead of the default
	   connection.

       -d, --debug LEVEL
	   Enable debug messages at integer LEVEL and above.  LEVEL can range from 0 to 4
	   (default).  See the documentation of VIRSH_DEBUG environment variable below for the
	   description of each LEVEL.

       -l, --log FILE
	   Output logging details to FILE.

       -q, --quiet
	   Avoid extra informational messages.

       -r, --readonly
	   Make the initial connection read-only, as if by the --readonly option of the connect
	   command.

       -t, --timing
	   Output elapsed time information for each command.

       -e, --escape string
	   Set alternative escape sequence for console command. By default, telnet's ^] is used.
	   Allowed characters when using hat notation are: alphabetic character, @, [, ], \, ^,
	   _.

NOTES
       Most virsh operations rely upon the libvirt library being able to connect to an already
       running libvirtd service.  This can usually be done using the command service libvirtd
       start.

       Most virsh commands require root privileges to run due to the communications channels used
       to talk to the hypervisor.  Running as non root will return an error.

       Most virsh commands act synchronously, except maybe shutdown, setvcpus and setmem. In
       those cases the fact that the virsh program returned, may not mean the action is complete
       and you must poll periodically to detect that the guest completed the operation.

       virsh strives for backward compatibility.  Although the help command only lists the
       preferred usage of a command, if an older version of virsh supported an alternate spelling
       of a command or option (such as --tunnelled instead of --tunneled), then scripts using
       that older spelling will continue to work.

       Several virsh commands take an optionally scaled integer; if no scale is provided, then
       the default is listed in the command (for historical reasons, some commands default to
       bytes, while other commands default to kibibytes).  The following case-insensitive
       suffixes can be used to select a specific scale:
	 b, byte  byte	    1
	 KB	  kilobyte  1,000
	 k, KiB   kibibyte  1,024
	 MB	  megabyte  1,000,000
	 M, MiB   mebibyte  1,048,576
	 GB	  gigabyte  1,000,000,000
	 G, GiB   gibibyte  1,073,741,824
	 TB	  terabyte  1,000,000,000,000
	 T, TiB   tebibyte  1,099,511,627,776
	 PB	  petabyte  1,000,000,000,000,000
	 P, PiB   pebibyte  1,125,899,906,842,624
	 EB	  exabyte   1,000,000,000,000,000,000
	 E, EiB   exbibyte  1,152,921,504,606,846,976

GENERIC COMMANDS
       The following commands are generic i.e. not specific to a domain.

       help [command-or-group]
	   This lists each of the virsh commands.  When used without options, all commands are
	   listed, one per line, grouped into related categories, displaying the keyword for each
	   group.

	   To display only commands for a specific group, give the keyword for that group as an
	   option.  For example:

	    virsh # help host

	     Host and Hypervisor (help keyword 'host'):
		capabilities		       capabilities
		connect 		       (re)connect to hypervisor
		freecell		       NUMA free memory
		hostname		       print the hypervisor hostname
		qemu-attach		       Attach to existing QEMU process
		qemu-monitor-command	       QEMU Monitor Command
		qemu-agent-command	       QEMU Guest Agent Command
		sysinfo 		       print the hypervisor sysinfo
		uri			       print the hypervisor canonical URI

	   To display detailed information for a specific command, give its name as the option
	   instead.  For example:

	    virsh # help list
	      NAME
		list - list domains

	      SYNOPSIS
		list [--inactive] [--all]

	      DESCRIPTION
		Returns list of domains.

	      OPTIONS
		--inactive	 list inactive domains
		--all		 list inactive & active domains

       quit, exit
	   quit this interactive terminal

       version
	   Will print out the major version info about what this built from.

	       Example

	       virsh version

	       Compiled against library: libvir 0.0.6

	       Using library: libvir 0.0.6

	       Using API: Xen 3.0.0

	       Running hypervisor: Xen 3.0.0

       cd [directory]
	   Will change current directory to directory.	The default directory for the cd command
	   is the home directory or, if there is no HOME variable in the environment, the root
	   directory.

	   This command is only available in interactive mode.

       pwd Will print the current directory.

       connect [URI] [--readonly]
	   (Re)-Connect to the hypervisor. When the shell is first started, this is automatically
	   run with the URI parameter requested by the "-c" option on the command line. The URI
	   parameter specifies how to connect to the hypervisor. The documentation page at
	   <http://libvirt.org/uri.html> list the values supported, but the most common are:

	   xen:///
	       this is used to connect to the local Xen hypervisor

	   qemu:///system
	       connect locally as root to the daemon supervising QEmu and KVM domains

	   qemu:///session
	       connect locally as a normal user to his own set of QEmu and KVM domains

	   lxc:///
	       connect to a local linux container

	   For remote access see the documentation page at <http://libvirt.org/uri.html> on how
	   to make URIs.  The --readonly option allows for read-only connection

       uri Prints the hypervisor canonical URI, can be useful in shell mode.

       hostname
	   Print the hypervisor hostname.

       sysinfo
	   Print the XML representation of the hypervisor sysinfo, if available.

       nodeinfo
	   Returns basic information about the node, like number and type of CPU, and size of the
	   physical memory. The output corresponds to virNodeInfo structure. Specifically, the
	   "CPU socket(s)" field means number of CPU sockets per NUMA cell.

       nodecpumap
	   Displays the node's total number of CPUs, the number of online CPUs and the list of
	   online CPUs.

       nodecpustats [cpu] [--percent]
	   Returns cpu stats of the node.  If cpu is specified, this will prints specified cpu
	   statistics only.  If --percent is specified, this will prints percentage of each kind
	   of cpu statistics during 1 second.

       nodememstats [cell]
	   Returns memory stats of the node.  If cell is specified, this will prints specified
	   cell statistics only.

       nodesuspend [target] [duration]
	   Puts the node (host machine) into a system-wide sleep state and schedule the node's
	   Real-Time-Clock interrupt to resume the node after the time duration specified by
	   duration is out.  target specifies the state to which the host will be suspended to,
	   it can be "mem" (suspend to RAM), "disk" (suspend to disk), or "hybrid" (suspend to
	   both RAM and disk).	duration specifies the time duration in seconds for which the
	   host has to be suspended, it should be at least 60 seconds.

       node-memory-tune [shm-pages-to-scan] [shm-sleep-millisecs] shm-merge-across-nodes
	   Allows you to display or set the node memory parameters.  shm-pages-to-scan can be
	   used to set the number of pages to scan before the shared memory service goes to
	   sleep; shm-sleep-millisecs can be used to set the number of millisecs the shared
	   memory service should sleep before next scan; shm-merge-across-nodes specifies if
	   pages from different numa nodes can be merged. When set to 0, only pages which
	   physically reside in the memory area of same NUMA node can be merged. When set to 1,
	   pages from all nodes can be merged. Default to 1.

	   Note: Currently the "shared memory service" only means KSM (Kernel Samepage Merging).

       capabilities
	   Print an XML document describing the capabilities of the hypervisor we are currently
	   connected to. This includes a section on the host capabilities in terms of CPU and
	   features, and a set of description for each kind of guest which can be virtualized.
	   For a more complete description see:
	     <http://libvirt.org/formatcaps.html> The XML also show the NUMA topology information
	   if available.

       inject-nmi domain
	   Inject NMI to the guest.

       list [--inactive | --all] [--managed-save] [--title] { [--table] | --name | --uuid }
       [--persistent] [--transient] [--with-managed-save] [--without-managed-save] [--autostart]
       [--no-autostart] [--with-snapshot] [--without-snapshot] [--state-running] [--state-paused]
       [--state-shutoff] [--state-other]
	   Prints information about existing domains.  If no options are specified it prints out
	   information about running domains.

	   An example format for the list is as follows:

	   virsh list
	     Id    Name 			  State
	    ----------------------------------------------------
	     0	   Domain-0			  running
	     2	   fedora			  paused

	   Name is the name of the domain.  ID the domain numeric id.  State is the run state
	   (see below).

	   STATES

	   The State field lists 8 states for a domain, and which ones the current domain is in.

	   running
	       The domain is currently running on a CPU

	   idle
	       The domain is idle, and not running or runnable.  This can be caused because the
	       domain is waiting on IO (a traditional wait state) or has gone to sleep because
	       there was nothing else for it to do.

	   paused
	       The domain has been paused, usually occurring through the administrator running
	       virsh suspend.  When in a paused state the domain will still consume allocated
	       resources like memory, but will not be eligible for scheduling by the hypervisor.

	   shutdown
	       The domain is in the process of shutting down, i.e. the guest operating system has
	       been notified and should be in the process of stopping its operations gracefully.

	   shut off
	       The domain is not running.  Usually this indicates the domain has been shut down
	       completely, or has not been started.

	   crashed
	       The domain has crashed, which is always a violent ending.  Usually this state can
	       only occur if the domain has been configured not to restart on crash.

	   dying
	       The domain is in process of dying, but hasn't completely shutdown or crashed.

	   pmsuspended
	       The domain has been suspended by guest power management, e.g. entered into s3
	       state.

	   Normally only active domains are listed. To list inactive domains specify --inactive
	   or --all to list both active and inactive domains.

	   To further filter the list of domains you may specify one or more of filtering flags
	   supported by the list command. These flags are grouped by function.	Specifying one or
	   more flags from a group enables the filter group. Note that some combinations of flags
	   may yield no results. Supported filtering flags and groups:

	   Persistence
	       Flag --persistent is used to include persistent domains in the returned list. To
	       include transient domains specify --transient.

	   Existence of managed save image
	       To list domains having a managed save image specify flag --with-managed-save. For
	       domains that don't have a managed save image specify --without-managed-save.

	   Domain state
	       The following filter flags select a domain by its state: --state-running for
	       running domains, --state-paused	for paused domains, --state-shutoff for turned
	       off domains and --state-other for all other states as a fallback.

	   Autostarting domains
	       To list autostarting domains use the flag --autostart. To list domains with this
	       feature disabled use --no-autostart.

	   Snapshot existence
	       Domains that have snapshot images can be listed using flag --with-snapshot,
	       domains without a snapshot --without-snapshot.

	   When talking to older servers, this command is forced to use a series of API calls
	   with an inherent race, where a domain might not be listed or might appear more than
	   once if it changed state between calls while the list was being collected.  Newer
	   servers do not have this problem.

	   If --managed-save is specified, then domains that have managed save state (only
	   possible if they are in the shut off state, so you need to specify --inactive or --all
	   to actually list them) will instead show as saved in the listing. This flag is usable
	   only with the default --table output.  Note that this flag does not filter the list of
	   domains.

	   If --name is specified, domain names are printed instead of the table formatted one
	   per line. If --uuid is specified domain's UUID's are printed instead of names. Flag
	   --table specifies that the legacy table-formatted output should be used. This is the
	   default. All of these are mutually exclusive.

	   If --title is specified, then the short domain description (title) is printed in an
	   extra column. This flag is usable only with the default --table output.

	   Example:

	   virsh list --title
	     Id    Name 			  State      Title
	    --------------------------------------------------------------------------
	     0	   Domain-0			  running    Mailserver 1
	     2	   fedora			  paused

       freecell [{ [--cellno] cellno | --all }]
	   Prints the available amount of memory on the machine or within a NUMA cell.	The
	   freecell command can provide one of three different displays of available memory on
	   the machine depending on the options specified.  With no options, it displays the
	   total free memory on the machine.  With the --all option, it displays the free memory
	   in each cell and the total free memory on the machine.  Finally, with a numeric
	   argument or with --cellno plus a cell number it will display the free memory for the
	   specified cell only.

       cpu-baseline FILE
	   Compute baseline CPU which will be supported by all host CPUs given in <file>.  The
	   list of host CPUs is built by extracting all <cpu> elements from the <file>. Thus, the
	   <file> can contain either a set of <cpu> elements separated by new lines or even a set
	   of complete <capabilities> elements printed by capabilities command.

       cpu-compare FILE
	   Compare CPU definition from XML <file> with host CPU. The XML <file> may contain
	   either host or guest CPU definition. The host CPU definition is the <cpu> element and
	   its contents as printed by capabilities command. The guest CPU definition is the <cpu>
	   element and its contents from domain XML definition. For more information on guest CPU
	   definition see: <http://libvirt.org/formatdomain.html#elementsCPU>

       echo [--shell] [--xml] [arg...]
	   Echo back each arg, separated by space.  If --shell is specified, then the output will
	   be single-quoted where needed, so that it is suitable for reuse in a shell context.
	   If --xml is specified, then the output will be escaped for use in XML.

DOMAIN COMMANDS
       The following commands manipulate domains directly, as stated previously most commands
       take domain as the first parameter. The domain can be specified as a short integer, a name
       or a full UUID.

       autostart [--disable] domain
	   Configure a domain to be automatically started at boot.

	   The option --disable disables autostarting.

       console domain [devname] [--safe] [--force]
	   Connect the virtual serial console for the guest. The optional devname parameter
	   refers to the device alias of an alternate console, serial or parallel device
	   configured for the guest.  If omitted, the primary console will be opened.

	   If the flag --safe is specified, the connection is only attempted if the driver
	   supports safe console handling. This flag specifies that the server has to ensure
	   exclusive access to console devices. Optionally the --force flag may be specified,
	   requesting to disconnect any existing sessions, such as in a case of a broken
	   connection.

       create FILE [--console] [--paused] [--autodestroy] [--pass-fds N,M,...]
	   Create a domain from an XML <file>. An easy way to create the XML <file> is to use the
	   dumpxml command to obtain the definition of a pre-existing guest.  The domain will be
	   paused if the --paused option is used and supported by the driver; otherwise it will
	   be running.	If --console is requested, attach to the console after creation.  If
	   --autodestroy is requested, then the guest will be automatically destroyed when virsh
	   closes its connection to libvirt, or otherwise exits.

	   If --pass-fds is specified, the argument is a comma separated list of open file
	   descriptors which should be pass on into the guest. The file descriptors will be re-
	   numered in the guest, starting from 3. This is only supported with container based
	   virtualization.

	   Example

	    virsh dumpxml <domain> > domain.xml
	    vi domain.xml (or make changes with your other text editor)
	    virsh create domain.xml

       define FILE
	   Define a domain from an XML <file>. The domain definition is registered but not
	   started.  If domain is already running, the changes will take effect on the next boot.

       desc domain [[--live] [--config] | [--current]] [--title] [--edit] [--new-desc New
       description or title message]
	   Show or modify description and title of a domain. These values are user fields that
	   allow to store arbitrary textual data to allow easy identification of domains. Title
	   should be short, although it's not enforced.

	   Flags --live or --config select whether this command works on live or persistent
	   definitions of the domain. If both --live and --config are specified, the --config
	   option takes precedence on getting the current description and both live configuration
	   and config are updated while setting the description. --current is exclusive and
	   implied if none of these was specified.

	   Flag --edit specifies that an editor with the contents of current description or title
	   should be opened and the contents saved back afterwards.

	   Flag --title selects operation on the title field instead of description.

	   If neither of --edit and --new-desc are specified the note or description is displayed
	   instead of being modified.

       destroy domain [--graceful]
	   Immediately terminate the domain domain.  This doesn't give the domain OS any chance
	   to react, and it's the equivalent of ripping the power cord out on a physical machine.
	   In most cases you will want to use the shutdown command instead.  However, this does
	   not delete any storage volumes used by the guest, and if the domain is persistent, it
	   can be restarted later.

	   If domain is transient, then the metadata of any snapshots will be lost once the guest
	   stops running, but the snapshot contents still exist, and a new domain with the same
	   name and UUID can restore the snapshot metadata with snapshot-create.

	   If --graceful is specified, don't resort to extreme measures (e.g. SIGKILL) when the
	   guest doesn't stop after a reasonable timeout; return an error instead.

       domblkstat domain block-device [--human]
	   Get device block stats for a running domain.  A block-device corresponds to a unique
	   target name (<target dev='name'/>) or source file (<source file='name'/>) for one of
	   the disk devices attached to domain (see also domblklist for listing these names).

	   Use --human for a more human readable output.

	   Availability of these fields depends on hypervisor. Unsupported fields are missing
	   from the output. Other fields may appear if communicating with a newer version of
	   libvirtd.

	   Explanation of fields (fields appear in the following order):
	     rd_req	       - count of read operations
	     rd_bytes	       - count of read bytes
	     wr_req	       - count of write operations
	     wr_bytes	       - count of written bytes
	     errs	       - error count
	     flush_operations  - count of flush operations
	     rd_total_times    - total time read operations took (ns)
	     wr_total_times    - total time write operations took (ns)
	     flush_total_times - total time flush operations took (ns)
	       <-- other fields provided by hypervisor -->

       domifstat domain interface-device
	   Get network interface stats for a running domain.

       domif-setlink domain interface-device state [--config]
	   Modify link state of the domain's virtual interface. Possible values for state are
	   "up" and "down. If --config is specified, only the persistent configuration of the
	   domain is modified, for compatibility purposes, --persistent is alias of --config.
	   interface-device can be the interface's target name or the MAC address.

       domif-getlink domain interface-device [--config]
	   Query link state of the domain's virtual interface. If --config is specified, query
	   the persistent configuration, for compatibility purposes, --persistent is alias of
	   --config.

	   interface-device can be the interface's target name or the MAC address.

       domiftune domain interface-device [[--config] [--live] | [--current]] [--inbound
       average,peak,burst] [--outbound average,peak,burst]
	   Set or query the domain's network interface's bandwidth parameters.	interface-device
	   can be the interface's target name (<target dev='name'/>), or the MAC address.

	   If no --inbound or --outbound is specified, this command will query and show the
	   bandwidth settings. Otherwise, it will set the inbound or outbound bandwidth.
	   average,peak,burst is the same as in command attach-interface.

	   If --live is specified, affect a running guest.  If --config is specified, affect the
	   next boot of a persistent guest.  If --current is specified, affect the current guest
	   state.  Both --live and --current flags may be given, but --current is exclusive. If
	   no flag is specified, behavior is different depending on hypervisor.

       dommemstat domain [--period seconds] [[--config] [--live] | [--current]]
	   Get memory stats for a running domain.

	   Depending on the hypervisor a variety of statistics can be returned

	   For QEMU/KVM with a memory balloon, setting the optional --period to a value larger
	   than 0 in seconds will allow the balloon driver to return additional statistics which
	   will be displayed by subsequent dommemstat commands. Setting the --period to 0 will
	   stop the balloon driver collection, but does not clear the statistics in the balloon
	   driver. Requires at least QEMU/KVM 1.5 to be running on the host.

	   The --live, --config, and --current flags are only valid when using the --period
	   option in order to set the collection period for the balloon driver. If --live is
	   specified, only the running guest collection period is affected. If --config is
	   specified, affect the next boot of a persistent guest. If --current is specified,
	   affect the current guest state.

	   Both --live and --config flags may be given, but --current is exclusive. If no flag is
	   specified, behavior is different depending on the guest state.

       domblkerror domain
	   Show errors on block devices.  This command usually comes handy when domstate command
	   says that a domain was paused due to I/O error.  The domblkerror command lists all
	   block devices in error state and the error seen on each of them.

       domblkinfo domain block-device
	   Get block device size info for a domain.  A block-device corresponds to a unique
	   target name (<target dev='name'/>) or source file (<source file='name'/>) for one of
	   the disk devices attached to domain (see also domblklist for listing these names).

       domblklist domain [--inactive] [--details]
	   Print a table showing the brief information of all block devices associated with
	   domain. If --inactive is specified, query the block devices that will be used on the
	   next boot, rather than those currently in use by a running domain. If --details is
	   specified, disk type and device value will also be printed. Other contexts that
	   require a block device name (such as domblkinfo or snapshot-create for disk snapshots)
	   will accept either target or unique source names printed by this command.

       domiflist domain [--inactive]
	   Print a table showing the brief information of all virtual interfaces associated with
	   domain. If --inactive is specified, query the virtual interfaces that will be used on
	   the next boot, rather than those currently in use by a running domain. Other contexts
	   that require a MAC address of virtual interface (such as detach-interface or domif-
	   setlink) will accept the MAC address printed by this command.

       blockcommit domain path [bandwidth] {[base] | [--shallow]} [top] [--delete] [--wait
       [--verbose] [--timeout seconds]]
	   Reduce the length of a backing image chain, by committing changes at the top of the
	   chain (snapshot or delta files) into backing images.  By default, this command
	   attempts to flatten the entire chain.  If base and/or top are specified as files
	   within the backing chain, then the operation is constrained to committing just that
	   portion of the chain; --shallow can be used instead of base to specify the immediate
	   backing file of the resulting top image to be committed.  The files being committed
	   are rendered invalid, possibly as soon as the operation starts; using the --delete
	   flag will remove these files at the successful completion of the commit operation.

	   By default, this command returns as soon as possible, and data for the entire disk is
	   committed in the background; the progress of the operation can be checked with
	   blockjob.  However, if --wait is specified, then this command will block until the
	   operation completes, or cancel the operation if the optional timeout in seconds
	   elapses or SIGINT is sent (usually with "Ctrl-C").  Using --verbose along with --wait
	   will produce periodic status updates.

	   path specifies fully-qualified path of the disk; it corresponds to a unique target
	   name (<target dev='name'/>) or source file (<source file='name'/>) for one of the disk
	   devices attached to domain (see also domblklist for listing these names).  bandwidth
	   specifies copying bandwidth limit in MiB/s, although for qemu, it may be non-zero only
	   for an online domain.

       blockcopy domain path dest [bandwidth] [--shallow] [--reuse-external] [--raw] [--wait
       [--verbose] [{--pivot | --finish}] [--timeout seconds] [--async]]
	   Copy a disk backing image chain to dest. By default, this command flattens the entire
	   chain; but if --shallow is specified, the copy shares the backing chain.

	   If --reuse-external is specified, then dest must exist and have contents identical to
	   the resulting backing file (that is, it must start with contents matching the backing
	   file disk if --shallow is used, otherwise it must start empty); this option is
	   typically used to set up a relative backing file name in the destination.

	   The format of the destination is determined by the first match in the following list:
	   if --raw is specified, it will be raw; if --reuse-external is specified, the existing
	   destination is probed for a format; and in all other cases, the destination format
	   will match the source format.

	   By default, the copy job runs in the background, and consists of two phases.
	   Initially, the job must copy all data from the source, and during this phase, the job
	   can only be canceled to revert back to the source disk, with no guarantees about the
	   destination.  After this phase completes, both the source and the destination remain
	   mirrored until a call to blockjob with the --abort and --pivot flags pivots over to
	   the copy, or a call without --pivot leaves the destination as a faithful copy of that
	   point in time.  However, if --wait is specified, then this command will block until
	   the mirroring phase begins, or cancel the operation if the optional timeout in seconds
	   elapses or SIGINT is sent (usually with "Ctrl-C").  Using --verbose along with --wait
	   will produce periodic status updates.  Using --pivot or --finish along with --wait
	   will additionally end the job cleanly rather than leaving things in the mirroring
	   phase.  If job cancellation is triggered, --async will return control to the user as
	   fast as possible, otherwise the command may continue to block a little while longer
	   until the job is done cleaning up.

	   path specifies fully-qualified path of the disk.  bandwidth specifies copying
	   bandwidth limit in MiB/s.

       blockpull domain path [bandwidth] [base] [--wait [--verbose] [--timeout seconds]
       [--async]]
	   Populate a disk from its backing image chain. By default, this command flattens the
	   entire chain; but if base is specified, containing the name of one of the backing
	   files in the chain, then that file becomes the new backing file and only the
	   intermediate portion of the chain is pulled.  Once all requested data from the backing
	   image chain has been pulled, the disk no longer depends on that portion of the backing
	   chain.

	   By default, this command returns as soon as possible, and data for the entire disk is
	   pulled in the background; the progress of the operation can be checked with blockjob.
	   However, if --wait is specified, then this command will block until the operation
	   completes, or cancel the operation if the optional timeout in seconds elapses or
	   SIGINT is sent (usually with "Ctrl-C").  Using --verbose along with --wait will
	   produce periodic status updates.  If job cancellation is triggered, --async will
	   return control to the user as fast as possible, otherwise the command may continue to
	   block a little while longer until the job is done cleaning up.

	   path specifies fully-qualified path of the disk; it corresponds to a unique target
	   name (<target dev='name'/>) or source file (<source file='name'/>) for one of the disk
	   devices attached to domain (see also domblklist for listing these names).  bandwidth
	   specifies copying bandwidth limit in MiB/s.

       blkdeviotune domain device [[--config] [--live] | [--current]] [[total-bytes-sec] | [read-
       bytes-sec] [write-bytes-sec]] [[total-iops-sec] | [read-iops-sec] [write-iops-sec]]
	   Set or query the block disk io parameters for a block device of domain.  device
	   specifies a unique target name (<target dev='name'/>) or source file (<source
	   file='name'/>) for one of the disk devices attached to domain (see also domblklist for
	   listing these names).

	   If no limit is specified, it will query current I/O limits setting.	Otherwise, alter
	   the limits with these flags: --total-bytes-sec specifies total throughput limit in
	   bytes per second.  --read-bytes-sec specifies read throughput limit in bytes per
	   second.  --write-bytes-sec specifies write throughput limit in bytes per second.
	   --total-iops-sec specifies total I/O operations limit per second.  --read-iops-sec
	   specifies read I/O operations limit per second.  --write-iops-sec specifies write I/O
	   operations limit per second.

	   Older versions of virsh only accepted these options with underscore instead of dash,
	   as in --total_bytes_sec.

	   Bytes and iops values are independent, but setting only one value (such as
	   --read-bytes-sec) resets the other two in that category to unlimited.  An explicit 0
	   also clears any limit.  A non-zero value for a given total cannot be mixed with non-
	   zero values for read or write.

	   If --live is specified, affect a running guest.  If --config is specified, affect the
	   next boot of a persistent guest.  If --current is specified, affect the current guest
	   state.  Both --live and --current flags may be given, but --current is exclusive. If
	   no flag is specified, behavior is different depending on hypervisor.

       blockjob domain path { [--abort] [--async] [--pivot] | [--info] | [bandwidth] }
	   Manage active block operations.  There are three modes: --info, bandwidth, and
	   --abort; --info is default except that --async or --pivot implies --abort.

	   path specifies fully-qualified path of the disk; it corresponds to a unique target
	   name (<target dev='name'/>) or source file (<source file='name'/>) for one of the disk
	   devices attached to domain (see also domblklist for listing these names).

	   If --abort is specified, the active job on the specified disk will be aborted.  If
	   --async is also specified, this command will return immediately, rather than waiting
	   for the cancelation to complete.  If --pivot is specified, this requests that an
	   active copy job be pivoted over to the new copy.  If --info is specified, the active
	   job information on the specified disk will be printed.  bandwidth can be used to set
	   bandwidth limit for the active job.

       blockresize domain path size
	   Resize a block device of domain while the domain is running, path specifies the
	   absolute path of the block device; it corresponds to a unique target name (<target
	   dev='name'/>) or source file (<source file='name'/>) for one of the disk devices
	   attached to domain (see also domblklist for listing these names).

	   size is a scaled integer (see NOTES above) which defaults to KiB (blocks of 1024
	   bytes) if there is no suffix.  You must use a suffix of "B" to get bytes (note that
	   for historical reasons, this differs from vol-resize which defaults to bytes without a
	   suffix).

       domdisplay domain [--include-password]
	   Output a URI which can be used to connect to the graphical display of the domain via
	   VNC, SPICE or RDP. If --include-password is specified, the SPICE channel password will
	   be included in the URI.

       domfstrim domain [--minimum bytes] [--mountpoint mountPoint]
	   Issue a fstrim command on all mounted filesystems within a running domain. It discards
	   blocks which are not in use by the filesystem.  If --minimum bytes is specified, it
	   tells guest kernel length of contiguous free range. Smaller than this may be ignored
	   (this is a hint and the guest may not respect it). By increasing this value, the
	   fstrim operation will complete more quickly for filesystems with badly fragmented free
	   space, although not all blocks will be discarded.  The default value is zero, meaning
	   "discard every free block". Moreover, a if user wants to trim only one mount point, it
	   can be specified via optional --mountpoint parameter.

       domhostname domain
	   Returns the hostname of a domain, if the hypervisor makes it available.

       dominfo domain
	   Returns basic information about the domain.

       domuuid domain-name-or-id
	   Convert a domain name or id to domain UUID

       domid domain-name-or-uuid
	   Convert a domain name (or UUID) to a domain id

       domjobabort domain
	   Abort the currently running domain job.

       domjobinfo domain
	   Returns information about jobs running on a domain.

       domname domain-id-or-uuid
	   Convert a domain Id (or UUID) to domain name

       domstate domain [--reason]
	   Returns state about a domain.  --reason tells virsh to also print reason for the
	   state.

       domcontrol domain
	   Returns state of an interface to VMM used to control a domain.  For states other than
	   "ok" or "error" the command also prints number of seconds elapsed since the control
	   interface entered its current state.

       domxml-from-native format config
	   Convert the file config in the native guest configuration format named by format to a
	   domain XML format. For QEMU/KVM hypervisor, the format argument must be qemu-argv. For
	   Xen hypervisor, the format argument may be xen-xm or xen-sxpr.

       domxml-to-native format xml
	   Convert the file xml in domain XML format to the native guest configuration format
	   named by format. For QEMU/KVM hypervisor, the format argument must be qemu-argv. For
	   Xen hypervisor, the format argument may be xen-xm or xen-sxpr.

       dump domain corefilepath [--bypass-cache] { [--live] | [--crash] | [--reset] } [--verbose]
       [--memory-only]
	   Dumps the core of a domain to a file for analysis.  If --live is specified, the domain
	   continues to run until the core dump is complete, rather than pausing up front.  If
	   --crash is specified, the domain is halted with a crashed status, rather than merely
	   left in a paused state.  If --reset is specified, the domain is reset after successful
	   dump.  Note, these three switches are mutually exclusive.  If --bypass-cache is
	   specified, the save will avoid the file system cache, although this may slow down the
	   operation.  If --memory-only is specified, the file is elf file, and will only include
	   domain's memory and cpu common register value. It is very useful if the domain uses
	   host devices directly.

	   The progress may be monitored using domjobinfo virsh command and canceled with
	   domjobabort command (sent by another virsh instance). Another option is to send SIGINT
	   (usually with "Ctrl-C") to the virsh process running dump command. --verbose displays
	   the progress of dump.

	   NOTE: Some hypervisors may require the user to manually ensure proper permissions on
	   file and path specified by argument corefilepath.

       dumpxml domain [--inactive] [--security-info] [--update-cpu] [--migratable]
	   Output the domain information as an XML dump to stdout, this format can be used by the
	   create command. Additional options affecting the XML dump may be used. --inactive
	   tells virsh to dump domain configuration that will be used on next start of the domain
	   as opposed to the current domain configuration.  Using --security-info will also
	   include security sensitive information in the XML dump. --update-cpu updates domain
	   CPU requirements according to host CPU. With --migratable one can request an XML that
	   is suitable for migrations, i.e., compatible with older libvirt releases and possibly
	   amended with internal run-time options. This option may automatically enable other
	   options (--update-cpu, --security-info, ...) as necessary.

       edit domain
	   Edit the XML configuration file for a domain, which will affect the next boot of the
	   guest.

	   This is equivalent to:

	    virsh dumpxml --inactive --security-info domain > domain.xml
	    vi domain.xml (or make changes with your other text editor)
	    virsh define domain.xml

	   except that it does some error checking.

	   The editor used can be supplied by the $VISUAL or $EDITOR environment variables, and
	   defaults to "vi".

       managedsave domain [--bypass-cache] [{--running | --paused}] [--verbose]
	   Save and destroy (stop) a running domain, so it can be restarted from the same state
	   at a later time.  When the virsh start command is next run for the domain, it will
	   automatically be started from this saved state.  If --bypass-cache is specified, the
	   save will avoid the file system cache, although this may slow down the operation.

	   The progress may be monitored using domjobinfo virsh command and canceled with
	   domjobabort command (sent by another virsh instance). Another option is to send SIGINT
	   (usually with "Ctrl-C") to the virsh process running managedsave command. --verbose
	   displays the progress of save.

	   Normally, starting a managed save will decide between running or paused based on the
	   state the domain was in when the save was done; passing either the --running or
	   --paused flag will allow overriding which state the start should use.

	   The dominfo command can be used to query whether a domain currently has any managed
	   save image.

       managedsave-remove domain
	   Remove the managedsave state file for a domain, if it exists.  This ensures the domain
	   will do a full boot the next time it is started.

       maxvcpus [type]
	   Provide the maximum number of virtual CPUs supported for a guest VM on this
	   connection.	If provided, the type parameter must be a valid type attribute for the
	   <domain> element of XML.

       cpu-stats domain [--total] [start] [count]
	   Provide cpu statistics information of a domain. The domain should be running. Default
	   it shows stats for all CPUs, and a total. Use --total for only the total stats, start
	   for only the per-cpu stats of the CPUs from start, count for only count CPUs' stats.

       migrate [--live] [--offline] [--direct] [--p2p [--tunnelled]] [--persistent]
       [--undefinesource] [--suspend] [--copy-storage-all] [--copy-storage-inc]
       [--change-protection] [--unsafe] [--verbose] [--compressed] [--abort-on-error] domain
       desturi [migrateuri] [graphicsuri] [listen-address] [dname] [--timeout seconds] [--xml
       file]
	   Migrate domain to another host.  Add --live for live migration; <--p2p> for
	   peer-2-peer migration; --direct for direct migration; or --tunnelled for tunnelled
	   migration.  --offline migrates domain definition without starting the domain on
	   destination and without stopping it on source host.	Offline migration may be used
	   with inactive domains and it must be used with --persistent option.	--persistent
	   leaves the domain persistent on destination host, --undefinesource undefines the
	   domain on the source host, and --suspend leaves the domain paused on the destination
	   host.  --copy-storage-all indicates migration with non-shared storage with full disk
	   copy, --copy-storage-inc indicates migration with non-shared storage with incremental
	   copy (same base image shared between source and destination).  In both cases the disk
	   images have to exist on destination host, the --copy-storage-... options only tell
	   libvirt to transfer data from the images on source host to the images found at the
	   same place on the destination host. --change-protection enforces that no incompatible
	   configuration changes will be made to the domain while the migration is underway; this
	   flag is implicitly enabled when supported by the hypervisor, but can be explicitly
	   used to reject the migration if the hypervisor lacks change protection support.
	   --verbose displays the progress of migration.  --compressed activates compression of
	   memory pages that have to be transferred repeatedly during live migration.
	   --abort-on-error cancels the migration if a soft error (for example I/O error) happens
	   during the migration.

	   Note: Individual hypervisors usually do not support all possible types of migration.
	   For example, QEMU does not support direct migration.

	   In some cases libvirt may refuse to migrate the domain because doing so may lead to
	   potential problems such as data corruption, and thus the migration is considered
	   unsafe. For QEMU domain, this may happen if the domain uses disks without explicitly
	   setting cache mode to "none". Migrating such domains is unsafe unless the disk images
	   are stored on coherent clustered filesystem, such as GFS2 or GPFS. If you are sure the
	   migration is safe or you just do not care, use --unsafe to force the migration.

	   The desturi is the connection URI of the destination host, and migrateuri is the
	   migration URI, which usually can be omitted (see below).  dname is used for renaming
	   the domain to new name during migration, which also usually can be omitted.	Likewise,
	   --xml file is usually omitted, but can be used to supply an alternative XML file for
	   use on the destination to supply a larger set of changes to any host-specific portions
	   of the domain XML, such as accounting for naming differences between source and
	   destination in accessing underlying storage.

	   --timeout seconds forces guest to suspend when live migration exceeds that many
	   seconds, and then the migration will complete offline. It can only be used with
	   --live.

	   Running migration can be canceled by interrupting virsh (usually using "Ctrl-C") or by
	   domjobabort command sent from another virsh instance.

	   Note: The desturi parameter for normal migration and peer2peer migration has different
	   semantics:

	   o   normal migration: the desturi is an address of the target host as seen from the
	       client machine.

	   o   peer2peer migration: the desturi is an address of the target host as seen from the
	       source machine.

	   When migrateuri is not specified, libvirt will automatically determine the hypervisor
	   specific URI, by looking up the target host's configured hostname.  There are a few
	   scenarios where specifying migrateuri may help:

	   o   The configured hostname is incorrect, or DNS is broken.	If a host has a hostname
	       which will not resolve to match one of its public IP addresses, then libvirt will
	       generate an incorrect URI.  In this case migrateuri should be explicitly
	       specified, using an IP address, or a correct hostname.

	   o   The host has multiple network interaces.  If a host has multiple network
	       interfaces, it might be desirable for the migration data stream to be sent over a
	       specific interface for either security or performance reasons.  In this case
	       migrateuri should be explicitly specified, using an IP address associated with the
	       network to be used.

	   o   The firewall restricts what ports are available.  When libvirt generates a
	       migration URI, it will pick a port number using hypervisor specific rules.  Some
	       hypervisors only require a single port to be open in the firewalls, while others
	       require a whole range of port numbers.  In the latter case migrateuri might be
	       specified to choose a specific port number outside the default range in order to
	       comply with local firewall policies.

	   Optional graphicsuri overrides connection parameters used for automatically
	   reconnecting a graphical clients at the end of migration. If omitted, libvirt will
	   compute the parameters based on target host IP address. In case the client does not
	   have a direct access to the network virtualization hosts are connected to and needs to
	   connect through a proxy, graphicsuri may be used to specify the address the client
	   should connect to. The URI is formed as follows:

	       protocol://hostname[:port]/[?parameters]

	   where protocol is either "spice" or "vnc" and parameters is a list of protocol
	   specific parameters separated by '&'. Currently recognized parameters are "tlsPort"
	   and "tlsSubject". For example,

	       spice://target.host.com:1234/?tlsPort=4567

	   Optional listen-address sets the listen address that hypervisor on the destination
	   side should bind to for incoming migration. Both IPv4 and IPv6 addresses are accepted
	   as well as hostnames (the resolving is done on destination). Some hypervisors do not
	   support this feature and will return an error if this parameter is used.

       migrate-setmaxdowntime domain downtime
	   Set maximum tolerable downtime for a domain which is being live-migrated to another
	   host.  The downtime is a number of milliseconds the guest is allowed to be down at the
	   end of live migration.

       migrate-compcache domain [--size bytes]
	   Sets and/or gets size of the cache (in bytes) used for compressing repeatedly
	   transferred memory pages during live migration. When called without size, the command
	   just prints current size of the compression cache. When size is specified, the
	   hypervisor is asked to change compression cache to size bytes and then the current
	   size is printed (the result may differ from the requested size due to rounding done by
	   the hypervisor). The size option is supposed to be used while the domain is being
	   live-migrated as a reaction to migration progress and increasing number of compression
	   cache misses obtained from domjobinfo.

       migrate-setspeed domain bandwidth
	   Set the maximum migration bandwidth (in MiB/s) for a domain which is being migrated to
	   another host.

       migrate-getspeed domain
	   Get the maximum migration bandwidth (in MiB/s) for a domain.

       numatune domain [--mode mode] [--nodeset nodeset] [[--config] [--live] | [--current]]
	   Set or get a domain's numa parameters, corresponding to the <numatune> element of
	   domain XML.	Without flags, the current settings are displayed.

	   mode can be one of `strict', `interleave' and `preferred'.  For a running domain, the
	   mode can't be changed, and the nodeset can be changed only if the domain was started
	   with a mode of `strict'.

	   nodeset is a list of numa nodes used by the host for running the domain.  Its syntax
	   is a comma separated list, with '-' for ranges and '^' for excluding a node.

	   If --live is specified, set scheduler information of a running guest.  If --config is
	   specified, affect the next boot of a persistent guest.  If --current is specified,
	   affect the current guest state.

       reboot domain [--mode MODE-LIST]
	   Reboot a domain.  This acts just as if the domain had the reboot command run from the
	   console.  The command returns as soon as it has executed the reboot action, which may
	   be significantly before the domain actually reboots.

	   The exact behavior of a domain when it reboots is set by the on_reboot parameter in
	   the domain's XML definition.

	   By default the hypervisor will try to pick a suitable shutdown method. To specify an
	   alternative method, the --mode parameter can specify a comma separated list which
	   includes "acpi", "agent", "initctl" and "signal". The order in which drivers will try
	   each mode is undefined, and not related to the order specified to virsh.  For strict
	   control over ordering, use a single mode at a time and repeat the command.

       reset domain
	   Reset a domain immediately without any guest shutdown. reset emulates the power reset
	   button on a machine, where all guest hardware sees the RST line set and reinitializes
	   internal state.

	   Note: Reset without any guest OS shutdown risks data loss.

       restore state-file [--bypass-cache] [--xml file] [{--running | --paused}]
	   Restores a domain from a virsh save state file. See save for more info.

	   If --bypass-cache is specified, the restore will avoid the file system cache, although
	   this may slow down the operation.

	   --xml file is usually omitted, but can be used to supply an alternative XML file for
	   use on the restored guest with changes only in the host-specific portions of the
	   domain XML.	For example, it can be used to account for file naming differences in
	   underlying storage due to disk snapshots taken after the guest was saved.

	   Normally, restoring a saved image will use the state recorded in the save image to
	   decide between running or paused; passing either the --running or --paused flag will
	   allow overriding which state the domain should be started in.

	   Note: To avoid corrupting file system contents within the domain, you should not reuse
	   the saved state file for a second restore unless you have also reverted all storage
	   volumes back to the same contents as when the state file was created.

       save domain state-file [--bypass-cache] [--xml file] [{--running | --paused}] [--verbose]
	   Saves a running domain (RAM, but not disk state) to a state file so that it can be
	   restored later.  Once saved, the domain will no longer be running on the system, thus
	   the memory allocated for the domain will be free for other domains to use.  virsh
	   restore restores from this state file.  If --bypass-cache is specified, the save will
	   avoid the file system cache, although this may slow down the operation.

	   The progress may be monitored using domjobinfo virsh command and canceled with
	   domjobabort command (sent by another virsh instance). Another option is to send SIGINT
	   (usually with "Ctrl-C") to the virsh process running save command. --verbose displays
	   the progress of save.

	   This is roughly equivalent to doing a hibernate on a running computer, with all the
	   same limitations.  Open network connections may be severed upon restore, as TCP
	   timeouts may have expired.

	   --xml file is usually omitted, but can be used to supply an alternative XML file for
	   use on the restored guest with changes only in the host-specific portions of the
	   domain XML.	For example, it can be used to account for file naming differences that
	   are planned to be made via disk snapshots of underlying storage after the guest is
	   saved.

	   Normally, restoring a saved image will decide between running or paused based on the
	   state the domain was in when the save was done; passing either the --running or
	   --paused flag will allow overriding which state the restore should use.

	   Domain saved state files assume that disk images will be unchanged between the
	   creation and restore point.	For a more complete system restore point, where the disk
	   state is saved alongside the memory state, see the snapshot family of commands.

       save-image-define file xml [{--running | --paused}]
	   Update the domain XML that will be used when file is later used in the restore
	   command.  The xml argument must be a file name containing the alternative XML, with
	   changes only in the host-specific portions of the domain XML.  For example, it can be
	   used to account for file naming differences resulting from creating disk snapshots of
	   underlying storage after the guest was saved.

	   The save image records whether the domain should be restored to a running or paused
	   state.  Normally, this command does not alter the recorded state; passing either the
	   --running or --paused flag will allow overriding which state the restore should use.

       save-image-dumpxml file [--security-info]
	   Extract the domain XML that was in effect at the time the saved state file file was
	   created with the save command.  Using --security-info will also include security
	   sensitive information.

       save-image-edit file [{--running | --paused}]
	   Edit the XML configuration associated with a saved state file file created by the save
	   command.

	   The save image records whether the domain should be restored to a running or paused
	   state.  Normally, this command does not alter the recorded state; passing either the
	   --running or --paused flag will allow overriding which state the restore should use.

	   This is equivalent to:

	    virsh save-image-dumpxml state-file > state-file.xml
	    vi state-file.xml (or make changes with your other text editor)
	    virsh save-image-define state-file state-file-xml

	   except that it does some error checking.

	   The editor used can be supplied by the $VISUAL or $EDITOR environment variables, and
	   defaults to "vi".

       schedinfo domain [[--config] [--live] | [--current]] [[--set] parameter=value]...
       schedinfo [--weight number] [--cap number] domain
	   Allows you to show (and set) the domain scheduler parameters. The parameters available
	   for each hypervisor are:

	   LXC (posix scheduler) : cpu_shares

	   QEMU/KVM (posix scheduler): cpu_shares, vcpu_period, vcpu_quota, emulator_period,
	   emulator_quota

	   Xen (credit scheduler): weight, cap

	   ESX (allocation scheduler): reservation, limit, shares

	   If --live is specified, set scheduler information of a running guest.  If --config is
	   specified, affect the next boot of a persistent guest.  If --current is specified,
	   affect the current guest state.

	   Note: The cpu_shares parameter has a valid value range of 0-262144; Negative values
	   are wrapped to positive, and larger values are capped at the maximum.  Therefore, -1
	   is a useful shorthand for 262144. On the Linux kernel, the values 0 and 1 are
	   automatically converted to a minimal value of 2.

	   Note: The weight and cap parameters are defined only for the XEN_CREDIT scheduler and
	   are now DEPRECATED.

	   Note: The vcpu_period/emulator_period parameters have a valid value range of
	   1000-1000000 or 0, and the vcpu_quota/emulator_quota parameters have a valid value
	   range of 1000-18446744073709551 or less than 0. The value 0 for either parameter is
	   the same as not specifying that parameter.

       screenshot domain [imagefilepath] [--screen screenID]
	   Takes a screenshot of a current domain console and stores it into a file.  Optionally,
	   if hypervisor supports more displays for a domain, screenID allows to specify which
	   screen will be captured. It is the sequential number of screen. In case of multiple
	   graphics cards, heads are enumerated before devices, e.g. having two graphics cards,
	   both with four heads, screen ID 5 addresses the second head on the second card.

       send-key domain [--codeset codeset] [--holdtime holdtime] keycode...
	   Parse the keycode sequence as keystrokes to send to domain.	Each keycode can either
	   be a numeric value or a symbolic name from the corresponding codeset.  If --holdtime
	   is given, each keystroke will be held for that many milliseconds.  The default codeset
	   is linux, but use of the --codeset option allows other codesets to be chosen.

	   If multiple keycodes are specified, they are all sent simultaneously to the guest, and
	   they may be received in random order. If you need distinct keypresses, you must use
	   multiple send-key invocations.

	   linux
	       The numeric values are those defined by the Linux generic input event subsystem.
	       The symbolic names match the corresponding Linux key constant macro names.

	   xt  The numeric values are those defined by the original XT keyboard controller. No
	       symbolic names are provided

	   atset1
	       The numeric values are those defined by the AT keyboard controller, set 1 (aka XT
	       compatible set). Extended keycoes from atset1 may differ from extended keycodes in
	       the xt codeset. No symbolic names are provided

	   atset2
	       The numeric values are those defined by the AT keyboard controller, set 2. No
	       symbolic names are provided

	   atset3
	       The numeric values are those defined by the AT keyboard controller, set 3 (aka
	       PS/2 compatible set). No symbolic names are provided

	   os_x
	       The numeric values are those defined by the OS-X keyboard input subsystem. The
	       symbolic names match the corresponding OS-X key constant macro names

	   xt_kbd
	       The numeric values are those defined by the Linux KBD device.  These are a variant
	       on the original XT codeset, but often with different encoding for extended
	       keycodes. No symbolic names are provided.

	   win32
	       The numeric values are those defined by the Win32 keyboard input subsystem. The
	       symbolic names match the corresponding Win32 key constant macro names

	   usb The numeric values are those defined by the USB HID specification for keyboard
	       input. No symbolic names are provided

	   rfb The numeric values are those defined by the RFB extension for sending raw
	       keycodes. These are a variant on the XT codeset, but extended keycodes have the
	       low bit of the second byte set, instead of the high bit of the first byte. No
	       symbolic names are provided.

	   Examples
	     # send three strokes 'k', 'e', 'y', using xt codeset. these
	     # are all pressed simultaneously and may be received by the guest
	     # in random order
	     virsh send-key dom --codeset xt 37 18 21

	     # send one stroke 'right-ctrl+C'
	     virsh send-key dom KEY_RIGHTCTRL KEY_C

	     # send a tab, held for 1 second
	     virsh send-key --holdtime 1000 0xf

       send-process-signal domain-id pid signame
	   Send a signal signame to the process identified by pid running in the virtual domain
	   domain-id. The pid is a process ID in the virtual domain namespace.

	   The signame argument may be either an integer signal constant number, or one of the
	   symbolic names:

	       "nop", "hup", "int", "quit", "ill",
	       "trap", "abrt", "bus", "fpe", "kill",
	       "usr1", "segv", "usr2", "pipe", "alrm",
	       "term", "stkflt", "chld", "cont", "stop",
	       "tstp", "ttin", "ttou", "urg", "xcpu",
	       "xfsz", "vtalrm", "prof", "winch", "poll",
	       "pwr", "sys", "rt0", "rt1", "rt2", "rt3",
	       "rt4", "rt5", "rt6", "rt7", "rt8", "rt9",
	       "rt10", "rt11", "rt12", "rt13", "rt14", "rt15",
	       "rt16", "rt17", "rt18", "rt19", "rt20", "rt21",
	       "rt22", "rt23", "rt24", "rt25", "rt26", "rt27",
	       "rt28", "rt29", "rt30", "rt31", "rt32"

	   The symbol name may optionally be prefixed with 'sig' or 'sig_' and may be in
	   uppercase or lowercase.

	   Examples
	     virsh send-process-signal myguest 1 15
	     virsh send-process-signal myguest 1 term
	     virsh send-process-signal myguest 1 sigterm
	     virsh send-process-signal myguest 1 SIG_HUP

       setmem domain size [[--config] [--live] | [--current]]
	   Change the memory allocation for a guest domain.  If --live is specified, perform a
	   memory balloon of a running guest.  If --config is specified, affect the next boot of
	   a persistent guest.	If --current is specified, affect the current guest state.  Both
	   --live and --config flags may be given, but --current is exclusive. If no flag is
	   specified, behavior is different depending on hypervisor.

	   size is a scaled integer (see NOTES above); it defaults to kibibytes (blocks of 1024
	   bytes) unless you provide a suffix (and the older option name --kilobytes is available
	   as a deprecated synonym) .  Libvirt rounds up to the nearest kibibyte.  Some
	   hypervisors require a larger granularity than KiB, and requests that are not an even
	   multiple will be rounded up.  For example, vSphere/ESX rounds the parameter up to
	   mebibytes (1024 kibibytes).

	   For Xen, you can only adjust the memory of a running domain if the domain is
	   paravirtualized or running the PV balloon driver.

       setmaxmem domain size [[--config] [--live] | [--current]]
	   Change the maximum memory allocation limit for a guest domain.  If --live is
	   specified, affect a running guest.  If --config is specified, affect the next boot of
	   a persistent guest.	If --current is specified, affect the current guest state.  Both
	   --live and --config flags may be given, but --current is exclusive. If no flag is
	   specified, behavior is different depending on hypervisor.

	   Some hypervisors such as QEMU/KVM don't support live changes (especially increasing)
	   of the maximum memory limit.

	   size is a scaled integer (see NOTES above); it defaults to kibibytes (blocks of 1024
	   bytes) unless you provide a suffix (and the older option name --kilobytes is available
	   as a deprecated synonym) .  Libvirt rounds up to the nearest kibibyte.  Some
	   hypervisors require a larger granularity than KiB, and requests that are not an even
	   multiple will be rounded up.  For example, vSphere/ESX rounds the parameter up to
	   mebibytes (1024 kibibytes).

       memtune domain [--hard-limit size] [--soft-limit size] [--swap-hard-limit size]
       [--min-guarantee size] [[--config] [--live] | [--current]]
	   Allows you to display or set the domain memory parameters. Without flags, the current
	   settings are displayed; with a flag, the appropriate limit is adjusted if supported by
	   the hypervisor.  LXC and QEMU/KVM support --hard-limit, --soft-limit, and
	   --swap-hard-limit.  --min-guarantee is supported only by ESX hypervisor.  Each of
	   these limits are scaled integers (see NOTES above), with a default of kibibytes
	   (blocks of 1024 bytes) if no suffix is present. Libvirt rounds up to the nearest
	   kibibyte.  Some hypervisors require a larger granularity than KiB, and requests that
	   are not an even multiple will be rounded up.  For example, vSphere/ESX rounds the
	   parameter up to mebibytes (1024 kibibytes).

	   If --live is specified, affect a running guest.  If --config is specified, affect the
	   next boot of a persistent guest.  If --current is specified, affect the current guest
	   state.  Both --live and --config flags may be given, but --current is exclusive. If no
	   flag is specified, behavior is different depending on hypervisor.

	   For QEMU/KVM, the parameters are applied to the QEMU process as a whole.  Thus, when
	   counting them, one needs to add up guest RAM, guest video RAM, and some memory
	   overhead of QEMU itself.  The last piece is hard to determine so one needs guess and
	   try.

	   --hard-limit
	       The maximum memory the guest can use.

	   --soft-limit
	       The memory limit to enforce during memory contention.

	   --swap-hard-limit
	       The maximum memory plus swap the guest can use.	This has to be more than hard-
	       limit value provided.

	   --min-guarantee
	       The guaranteed minimum memory allocation for the guest.

	   Specifying -1 as a value for these limits is interpreted as unlimited.

       blkiotune domain [--weight weight] [--device-weights device-weights] [[--config] [--live]
       | [--current]]
	   Display or set the blkio parameters. QEMU/KVM supports --weight.  --weight is in range
	   [100, 1000].

	   device-weights is a single string listing one or more device/weight pairs, in the
	   format of /path/to/device,weight,/path/to/device,weight.  Each weight is in the range
	   [100, 1000], or the value 0 to remove that device from per-device listings.	Only the
	   devices listed in the string are modified; any existing per-device weights for other
	   devices remain unchanged.

	   If --live is specified, affect a running guest.  If --config is specified, affect the
	   next boot of a persistent guest.  If --current is specified, affect the current guest
	   state.  Both --live and --config flags may be given, but --current is exclusive. If no
	   flag is specified, behavior is different depending on hypervisor.

       setvcpus domain count [--maximum] [[--config] [--live] | [--current]] [--guest]
	   Change the number of virtual CPUs active in a guest domain.	By default, this command
	   works on active guest domains.  To change the settings for an inactive guest domain,
	   use the --config flag.

	   The count value may be limited by host, hypervisor, or a limit coming from the
	   original description of the guest domain. For Xen, you can only adjust the virtual
	   CPUs of a running domain if the domain is paravirtualized.

	   If the --config flag is specified, the change is made to the stored XML configuration
	   for the guest domain, and will only take effect when the guest domain is next started.

	   If --live is specified, the guest domain must be active, and the change takes place
	   immediately.  Both the --config and --live flags may be specified together if
	   supported by the hypervisor.

	   If --current is specified, affect the current guest state.

	   When no flags are given, the --live flag is assumed and the guest domain must be
	   active.  In this situation it is up to the hypervisor whether the --config flag is
	   also assumed, and therefore whether the XML configuration is adjusted to make the
	   change persistent.

	   If --guest is specified, then the count of cpus is modified in the guest instead of
	   the hypervisor. This flag is usable only for live domains and may require guest agent
	   to be configured in the guest.

	   The --maximum flag controls the maximum number of virtual cpus that can be hot-plugged
	   the next time the domain is booted.	As such, it must only be used with the --config
	   flag, and not with the --live flag.

       shutdown domain [--mode MODE-LIST]
	   Gracefully shuts down a domain.  This coordinates with the domain OS to perform
	   graceful shutdown, so there is no guarantee that it will succeed, and may take a
	   variable length of time depending on what services must be shutdown in the domain.

	   The exact behavior of a domain when it shuts down is set by the on_shutdown parameter
	   in the domain's XML definition.

	   If domain is transient, then the metadata of any snapshots will be lost once the guest
	   stops running, but the snapshot contents still exist, and a new domain with the same
	   name and UUID can restore the snapshot metadata with snapshot-create.

	   By default the hypervisor will try to pick a suitable shutdown method. To specify an
	   alternative method, the --mode parameter can specify a comma separated list which
	   includes "acpi", "agent", "initctl" and "signal". The order in which drivers will try
	   each mode is undefined, and not related to the order specified to virsh.  For strict
	   control over ordering, use a single mode at a time and repeat the command.

       start domain-name-or-uuid [--console] [--paused] [--autodestroy] [--bypass-cache]
       [--force-boot] [--pass-fds N,M,...]
	   Start a (previously defined) inactive domain, either from the last managedsave state,
	   or via a fresh boot if no managedsave state is present.  The domain will be paused if
	   the --paused option is used and supported by the driver; otherwise it will be running.
	   If --console is requested, attach to the console after creation.  If --autodestroy is
	   requested, then the guest will be automatically destroyed when virsh closes its
	   connection to libvirt, or otherwise exits.  If --bypass-cache is specified, and
	   managedsave state exists, the restore will avoid the file system cache, although this
	   may slow down the operation.  If --force-boot is specified, then any managedsave state
	   is discarded and a fresh boot occurs.

	   If --pass-fds is specified, the argument is a comma separated list of open file
	   descriptors which should be pass on into the guest. The file descriptors will be re-
	   numered in the guest, starting from 3. This is only supported with container based
	   virtualization.

       suspend domain
	   Suspend a running domain. It is kept in memory but won't be scheduled anymore.

       resume domain
	   Moves a domain out of the suspended state.  This will allow a previously suspended
	   domain to now be eligible for scheduling by the underlying hypervisor.

       dompmsuspend domain target [--duration]
	   Suspend a running domain into one of these states (possible target values):
	       mem equivallent of S3 ACPI state
	       disk equivallent of S4 ACPI state
	       hybrid RAM is saved to disk but not powered off

	   The --duration argument specifies number of seconds before the domain is woken up
	   after it was suspended (see also dompmwakeup). Default is 0 for unlimited suspend
	   time. (This feature isn't currently supported by any hypervisor driver and 0 should be
	   used.).

	   Note that this command requires a guest agent configured and running in the domain's
	   guest OS.

	   Beware that at least for QEMU, the domain's process will be terminated when target
	   disk is used and a new process will be launched when libvirt is asked to wake up the
	   domain. As a result of this, any runtime changes, such as device hotplug or memory
	   settings, are lost unless such changes were made with --config flag.

       dompmwakeup domain
	   Wakeup a domain from pmsuspended state (either suspended by dompmsuspend or from the
	   guest itself). Injects a wakeup into the guest that is in pmsuspended state, rather
	   than waiting for the previously requested duration (if any) to elapse. This operation
	   doesn't not necessarily fail if the domain is running.

       ttyconsole domain
	   Output the device used for the TTY console of the domain. If the information is not
	   available the processes will provide an exit code of 1.

       undefine domain [--managed-save] [--snapshots-metadata] [ {--storage volumes |
       --remove-all-storage} --wipe-storage]
	   Undefine a domain. If the domain is running, this converts it to a transient domain,
	   without stopping it. If the domain is inactive, the domain configuration is removed.

	   The --managed-save flag guarantees that any managed save image (see the managedsave
	   command) is also cleaned up.  Without the flag, attempts to undefine a domain with a
	   managed save image will fail.

	   The --snapshots-metadata flag guarantees that any snapshots (see the snapshot-list
	   command) are also cleaned up when undefining an inactive domain.  Without the flag,
	   attempts to undefine an inactive domain with snapshot metadata will fail.  If the
	   domain is active, this flag is ignored.

	   The --storage flag takes a parameter volumes, which is a comma separated list of
	   volume target names or source paths of storage volumes to be removed along with the
	   undefined domain. Volumes can be undefined and thus removed only on inactive domains.
	   Volume deletion is only attempted after the domain is undefined; if not all of the
	   requested volumes could be deleted, the error message indicates what still remains
	   behind. If a volume path is not found in the domain definition, it's treated as if the
	   volume was successfully deleted. Only volumes managed by libvirt in storage pools can
	   be removed this way.  (See domblklist for list of target names associated to a
	   domain).  Example: --storage vda,/path/to/storage.img

	   The --remove-all-storage flag specifies that all of the domain's storage volumes
	   should be deleted.

	   The flag --wipe-storage specifies that the storage volumes should be wiped before
	   removal.

	   NOTE: For an inactive domain, the domain name or UUID must be used as the domain.

       vcpucount domain  [{--maximum | --active} {--config | --live | --current}] [--guest]
	   Print information about the virtual cpu counts of the given domain.	If no flags are
	   specified, all possible counts are listed in a table; otherwise, the output is limited
	   to just the numeric value requested.  For historical reasons, the table lists the
	   label "current" on the rows that can be queried in isolation via the --active flag,
	   rather than relating to the --current flag.

	   --maximum requests information on the maximum cap of vcpus that a domain can add via
	   setvcpus, while --active shows the current usage; these two flags cannot both be
	   specified.  --config requires a persistent domain and requests information regarding
	   the next time the domain will be booted, --live requires a running domain and lists
	   current values, and --current queries according to the current state of the domain
	   (corresponding to --live if running, or --config if inactive); these three flags are
	   mutually exclusive.

	   If --guest is specified, then the count of cpus is reported from the perspective of
	   the guest. This flag is usable only for live domains and may require guest agent to be
	   configured in the guest.

       vcpuinfo domain
	   Returns basic information about the domain virtual CPUs, like the number of vCPUs, the
	   running time, the affinity to physical processors.

       vcpupin domain [vcpu] [cpulist] [[--live] [--config] | [--current]]
	   Query or change the pinning of domain VCPUs to host physical CPUs.  To pin a single
	   vcpu, specify cpulist; otherwise, you can query one vcpu or omit vcpu to list all at
	   once.

	   cpulist is a list of physical CPU numbers. Its syntax is a comma separated list and a
	   special markup using '-' and '^' (ex. '0-4', '0-3,^2') can also be allowed. The '-'
	   denotes the range and the '^' denotes exclusive.  If you want to reset vcpupin
	   setting, that is, to pin vcpu all physical cpus, simply specify 'r' as a cpulist.  If
	   --live is specified, affect a running guest.  If --config is specified, affect the
	   next boot of a persistent guest.  If --current is specified, affect the current guest
	   state.  Both --live and --config flags may be given if cpulist is present, but
	   --current is exclusive.  If no flag is specified, behavior is different depending on
	   hypervisor.

	   Note: The expression is sequentially evaluated, so "0-15,^8" is identical to
	   "9-14,0-7,15" but not identical to "^8,0-15".

       emulatorpin domain [cpulist] [[--live] [--config] | [--current]]
	   Query or change the pinning of domain's emulator threads to host physical CPUs.

	   See vcpupin for cpulist.

	   If --live is specified, affect a running guest.  If --config is specified, affect the
	   next boot of a persistent guest.  If --current is specified, affect the current guest
	   state.  Both --live and --config flags may be given if cpulist is present, but
	   --current is exclusive.  If no flag is specified, behavior is different depending on
	   hypervisor.

       vncdisplay domain
	   Output the IP address and port number for the VNC display. If the information is not
	   available the processes will provide an exit code of 1.

DEVICE COMMANDS
       The following commands manipulate devices associated to domains.  The domain can be
       specified as a short integer, a name or a full UUID.  To better understand the values
       allowed as options for the command reading the documentation at
       <http://libvirt.org/formatdomain.html> on the format of the device sections to get the
       most accurate set of accepted values.

       attach-device domain FILE [[[--live] [--config] | [--current]] | [--persistent]]
	   Attach a device to the domain, using a device definition in an XML file using a device
	   definition element such as <disk> or <interface> as the top-level element.  See the
	   documentation at <http://libvirt.org/formatdomain.html#elementsDevices> to learn about
	   libvirt XML format for a device.  If --config is specified the command alters the
	   persistent domain configuration with the device attach taking effect the next time
	   libvirt starts the domain.  For cdrom and floppy devices, this command only replaces
	   the media within an existing device; consider using update-device for this usage.  For
	   passthrough host devices, see also nodedev-detach, needed if the device does not use
	   managed mode.

	   If --live is specified, affect a running domain.  If --config is specified, affect the
	   next startup of a persistent domain.  If --current is specified, affect the current
	   domain state.  Both --live and --config flags may be given, but --current is
	   exclusive. When no flag is specified legacy API is used whose behavior depends on the
	   hypervisor driver.

	   For compatibility purposes, --persistent behaves like --config for an offline domain,
	   and like --live --config for a running domain.

	   Note: using of partial device definition XML files may lead to unexpected results as
	   some fields may be autogenerated and thus match devices other than expected.

       attach-disk domain source target [[[--live] [--config] | [--current]] | [--persistent]]
       [--driver driver] [--subdriver subdriver] [--cache cache] [--type type] [--mode mode]
       [--config] [--sourcetype soucetype] [--serial serial] [--wwn wwn] [--shareable] [--rawio]
       [--address address] [--multifunction] [--print-xml]
	   Attach a new disk device to the domain.  source is path for the files and devices.
	   target controls the bus or device under which the disk is exposed to the guest OS. It
	   indicates the "logical" device name.  driver can be file, tap or phy for the Xen
	   hypervisor depending on the kind of access; or qemu for the QEMU emulator.  Further
	   details to the driver can be passed using subdriver. For Xen subdriver can be aio,
	   while for QEMU subdriver should match the format of the disk source, such as raw or
	   qcow2.  Hypervisor default will be used if subdriver is not specified.  However, the
	   default may not be correct, esp. for QEMU as for security reasons it is configured not
	   to detect disk formats.  type can indicate lun, cdrom or floppy as alternative to the
	   disk default, although this use only replaces the media within the existing virtual
	   cdrom or floppy device; consider using update-device for this usage instead.  mode can
	   specify the two specific mode readonly or shareable.  sourcetype can indicate the type
	   of source (block|file) cache can be one of "default", "none", "writethrough",
	   "writeback", "directsync" or "unsafe".  serial is the serial of disk device. wwn is
	   the wwn of disk device.  shareable indicates the disk device is shareable between
	   domains.  rawio indicates the disk needs rawio capability.  address is the address of
	   disk device in the form of pci:domain.bus.slot.function, scsi:controller.bus.unit or
	   ide:controller.bus.unit.  multifunction indicates specified pci address is a
	   multifunction pci device address.

	   If --print-xml is specified, then the XML of the disk that would be attached is
	   printed instead.

	   If --live is specified, affect a running domain.  If --config is specified, affect the
	   next startup of a persistent domain.  If --current is specified, affect the current
	   domain state.  Both --live and --config flags may be given, but --current is
	   exclusive. When no flag is specified legacy API is used whose behavior depends on the
	   hypervisor driver.

	   For compatibility purposes, --persistent behaves like --config for an offline domain,
	   and like --live --config for a running domain.

       attach-interface domain type source [[[--live] [--config] | [--current]] | [--persistent]]
       [--target target] [--mac mac] [--script script] [--model model] [--config] [--inbound
       average,peak,burst] [--outbound average,peak,burst]
	   Attach a new network interface to the domain.  type can be either network to indicate
	   a physical network device or bridge to indicate a bridge to a device.  source
	   indicates the source device.  target allows to indicate the target device in the
	   guest. Names starting with 'vnet' are considered as auto-generated an hence blanked
	   out.  mac allows to specify the MAC address of the network interface.  script allows
	   to specify a path to a script handling a bridge instead of the default one.	model
	   allows to specify the model type.  inbound and outbound control the bandwidth of the
	   interface.  peak and burst are optional, so "average,peak", "average,,burst" and
	   "average" are also legal.

	   If --live is specified, affect a running domain.  If --config is specified, affect the
	   next startup of a persistent domain.  If --current is specified, affect the current
	   domain state.  Both --live and --config flags may be given, but --current is
	   exclusive. When no flag is specified legacy API is used whose behavior depends on the
	   hypervisor driver.

	   For compatibility purposes, --persistent behaves like --config for an offline domain,
	   and like --live --config for a running domain.

	   Note: the optional target value is the name of a device to be created as the back-end
	   on the node. If not provided a device named "vnetN" or "vifN" will be created
	   automatically.

       detach-device domain FILE [[[--live] [--config] | [--current]] | [--persistent]]
	   Detach a device from the domain, takes the same kind of XML descriptions as command
	   attach-device.  For passthrough host devices, see also nodedev-reattach, needed if the
	   device does not use managed mode.

	   Note: using of partial device definition XML files may lead to unexpected results as
	   some fields may be autogenerated and thus match devices other than expected.

	   If --live is specified, affect a running domain.  If --config is specified, affect the
	   next startup of a persistent domain.  If --current is specified, affect the current
	   domain state.  Both --live and --config flags may be given, but --current is
	   exclusive. When no flag is specified legacy API is used whose behavior depends on the
	   hypervisor driver.

	   For compatibility purposes, --persistent behaves like --config for an offline domain,
	   and like --live --config for a running domain.

	   Note that older versions of virsh used --config as an alias for --persistent.

       detach-disk domain target [[[--live] [--config] | [--current]] | [--persistent]]
	   Detach a disk device from a domain. The target is the device as seen from the domain.

	   If --live is specified, affect a running domain.  If --config is specified, affect the
	   next startup of a persistent domain.  If --current is specified, affect the current
	   domain state.  Both --live and --config flags may be given, but --current is
	   exclusive. When no flag is specified legacy API is used whose behavior depends on the
	   hypervisor driver.

	   For compatibility purposes, --persistent behaves like --config for an offline domain,
	   and like --live --config for a running domain.

	   Note that older versions of virsh used --config as an alias for --persistent.

       detach-interface domain type [--mac mac] [[[--live] [--config] | [--current]] |
       [--persistent]]
	   Detach a network interface from a domain.  type can be either network to indicate a
	   physical network device or bridge to indicate a bridge to a device. It is recommended
	   to use the mac option to distinguish between the interfaces if more than one are
	   present on the domain.

	   If --live is specified, affect a running domain.  If --config is specified, affect the
	   next startup of a persistent domain.  If --current is specified, affect the current
	   domain state.  Both --live and --config flags may be given, but --current is
	   exclusive. When no flag is specified legacy API is used whose behavior depends on the
	   hypervisor driver.

	   For compatibility purposes, --persistent behaves like --config for an offline domain,
	   and like --live --config for a running domain.

	   Note that older versions of virsh used --config as an alias for --persistent.

       update-device domain file [--force] [[[--live] [--config] | [--current]] | [--persistent]]
	   Update the characteristics of a device associated with domain, based on the device
	   definition in an XML file.  The --force option can be used to force device update,
	   e.g., to eject a CD-ROM even if it is locked/mounted in the domain. See the
	   documentation at <http://libvirt.org/formatdomain.html#elementsDevices> to learn about
	   libvirt XML format for a device.

	   If --live is specified, affect a running domain.  If --config is specified, affect the
	   next startup of a persistent domain.  If --current is specified, affect the current
	   domain state.  Both --live and --config flags may be given, but --current is
	   exclusive. Not specifying any flag is the same as specifying --current.

	   For compatibility purposes, --persistent behaves like --config for an offline domain,
	   and like --live --config for a running domain.

	   Note that older versions of virsh used --config as an alias for --persistent.

	   Note: using of partial device definition XML files may lead to unexpected results as
	   some fields may be autogenerated and thus match devices other than expected.

       change-media domain path [--eject] [--insert] [--update] [source] [--force] [[--live]
       [--config] | [--current]]
	   Change media of CDROM or floppy drive. path can be the fully-qualified path or the
	   unique target name (<target dev='hdc'>) of the disk device. source specifies the path
	   of the media to be inserted or updated.

	   --eject indicates the media will be ejected.  --insert indicates the media will be
	   inserted. source must be specified.	If the device has source (e.g. <source
	   file='media'>), and source is not specified, --update is equal to --eject. If the
	   device has no source, and source is specified, --update is equal to --insert. If the
	   device has source, and source is specified, --update behaves like combination of
	   --eject and --insert.  If none of --eject, --insert, and --update is specified,
	   --update is used by default.  The --force option can be used to force media changing.
	   If --live is specified, alter live configuration of running guest.  If --config is
	   specified, alter persistent configuration, effect observed on next boot.  --current
	   can be either or both of live and config, depends on the hypervisor's implementation.
	   Both --live and --config flags may be given, but --current is exclusive. If no flag is
	   specified, behavior is different depending on hypervisor.

NODEDEV COMMANDS
       The following commands manipulate host devices that are intended to be passed through to
       guest domains via <hostdev> elements in a domain's <devices> section.  A node device key
       is generally specified by the bus name followed by its address, using underscores between
       all components, such as pci_0000_00_02_1, usb_1_5_3, or net_eth1_00_27_13_6a_fe_00.  The
       nodedev-list gives the full list of host devices that are known to libvirt, although this
       includes devices that cannot be assigned to a guest (for example, attempting to detach the
       PCI device that controls the host's hard disk controller where the guest's disk images
       live could cause the host system to lock up or reboot).

       For more information on node device definition see: <http://libvirt.org/formatnode.html>.

       Passthrough devices cannot be simultaneously used by the host and its guest domains, nor
       by multiple active guests at once.  If the <hostdev> description includes the attribute
       managed='yes', and the hypervisor driver supports it, then the device is in managed mode,
       and attempts to use that passthrough device in an active guest will automatically behave
       as if nodedev-detach (guest start, device hot-plug) and nodedev-reattach (guest stop,
       device hot-unplug) were called at the right points (currently, qemu does this for PCI
       devices, but not USB).  If a device is not marked as managed, then it must manually be
       detached before guests can use it, and manually reattached to be returned to the host.
       Also, if a device is manually detached, then the host does not regain control of the
       device without a matching reattach, even if the guests use the device in managed mode.

       nodedev-create FILE
	   Create a device on the host node that can then be assigned to virtual machines.
	   Normally, libvirt is able to automatically determine which host nodes are available
	   for use, but this allows registration of host hardware that libvirt did not
	   automatically detect.  file contains xml for a top-level <device> description of a
	   node device.

       nodedev-destroy device
	   Destroy (stop) a device on the host. device can be either device name or wwn pair in
	   "wwnn,wwpn" format (only works for HBA). Note that this makes libvirt quit managing a
	   host device, and may even make that device unusable by the rest of the physical host
	   until a reboot.

       nodedev-detach nodedev [--driver backend_driver]
	   Detach nodedev from the host, so that it can safely be used by guests via <hostdev>
	   passthrough.  This is reversed with nodedev-reattach, and is done automatically for
	   managed devices.  For compatibility purposes, this command can also be spelled
	   nodedev-dettach.

	   Different backend drivers expect the device to be bound to different dummy devices.
	   For example, QEMU's "kvm" backend driver (the default) expects the device to be bound
	   to pci-stub, but its "vfio" backend driver expects the device to be bound to vfio-pci.
	   The --driver parameter can be used to specify the desired backend driver.

       nodedev-dumpxml device
	   Dump a <device> XML representation for the given node device, including such
	   information as the device name, which bus owns the device, the vendor and product id,
	   and any capabilities of the device usable by libvirt (such as whether device reset is
	   supported). device can be either device name or wwn pair in "wwnn,wwpn" format (only
	   works for HBA).

       nodedev-list cap --tree
	   List all of the devices available on the node that are known by libvirt.  cap is used
	   to filter the list by capability types, the types must be separated by comma, e.g.
	   --cap pci,scsi, valid capability types include 'system', 'pci', 'usb_device', 'usb',
	   'net', 'scsi_host', 'scsi_target', 'scsi', 'storage', 'fc_host', 'vports',
	   'scsi_generic'. If --tree is used, the output is formatted in a tree representing
	   parents of each node.  cap and --tree are mutually exclusive.

       nodedev-reattach nodedev
	   Declare that nodedev is no longer in use by any guests, and that the host can resume
	   normal use of the device.  This is done automatically for devices in managed mode, but
	   must be done explicitly to match any explicit nodedev-detach.

       nodedev-reset nodedev
	   Trigger a device reset for nodedev, useful prior to transferring a node device between
	   guest passthrough or the host.  Libvirt will often do this action implicitly when
	   required, but this command allows an explicit reset when needed.

VIRTUAL NETWORK COMMANDS
       The following commands manipulate networks. Libvirt has the capability to define virtual
       networks which can then be used by domains and linked to actual network devices. For more
       detailed information about this feature see the documentation at
       <http://libvirt.org/formatnetwork.html> . Many of the commands for virtual networks are
       similar to the ones used for domains, but the way to name a virtual network is either by
       its name or UUID.

       net-autostart network [--disable]
	   Configure a virtual network to be automatically started at boot.  The --disable option
	   disable autostarting.

       net-create file
	   Create a transient (temporary) virtual network from an XML file and instantiate
	   (start) the network.  See the documentation at <http://libvirt.org/formatnetwork.html>
	   to get a description of the XML network format used by libvirt.

       net-define file
	   Define a persistent virtual network from an XML file, the network is just defined but
	   not instantiated (started).

       net-destroy network
	   Destroy (stop) a given transient or persistent virtual network specified by its name
	   or UUID. This takes effect immediately.

       net-dumpxml network [--inactive]
	   Output the virtual network information as an XML dump to stdout.  If --inactive is
	   specified, then physical functions are not expanded into their associated virtual
	   functions.

       net-edit network
	   Edit the XML configuration file for a network.

	   This is equivalent to:

	    virsh net-dumpxml --inactive network > network.xml
	    vi network.xml (or make changes with your other text editor)
	    virsh net-define network.xml

	   except that it does some error checking.

	   The editor used can be supplied by the $VISUAL or $EDITOR environment variables, and
	   defaults to "vi".

       net-info network
	   Returns basic information about the network object.

       net-list [--inactive | --all] [--persistent] [<--transient>] [--autostart]
       [<--no-autostart>]
	   Returns the list of active networks, if --all is specified this will also include
	   defined but inactive networks, if --inactive is specified only the inactive ones will
	   be listed. You may also want to filter the returned networks by --persistent to list
	   the persistent ones, --transient to list the transient ones, --autostart to list the
	   ones with autostart enabled, and --no-autostart to list the ones with autostart
	   disabled.

	   NOTE: When talking to older servers, this command is forced to use a series of API
	   calls with an inherent race, where a pool might not be listed or might appear more
	   than once if it changed state between calls while the list was being collected.  Newer
	   servers do not have this problem.

       net-name network-UUID
	   Convert a network UUID to network name.

       net-start network
	   Start a (previously defined) inactive network.

       net-undefine network
	   Undefine the configuration for an inactive network.

       net-uuid network-name
	   Convert a network name to network UUID.

       net-update network command section xml [--parent-index index] [[--live] [--config] |
       [--current]]
	   Update the given section of an existing network definition, with the changes
	   optionally taking effect immediately, without needing to destroy and re-start the
	   network.

	   command is one of "add-first", "add-last", "add" (a synonym for add-last), "delete",
	   or "modify".

	   section is one of "bridge", "domain", "ip", "ip-dhcp-host", "ip-dhcp-range",
	   "forward", "forward-interface", "forward-pf", "portgroup", "dns-host", "dns-txt", or
	   "dns-srv", each section being named by a concatenation of the xml element hierarchy
	   leading to the element being changed. For example, "ip-dhcp-host" will change a <host>
	   element that is contained inside a <dhcp> element inside an <ip> element of the
	   network.

	   xml is either the text of a complete xml element of the type being changed (e.g.
	   "<host mac="00:11:22:33:44:55' ip='1.2.3.4'/>", or the name of a file that contains a
	   complete xml element. Disambiguation is done by looking at the first character of the
	   provided text - if the first character is "<", it is xml text, if the first character
	   is not "<", it is the name of a file that contains the xml text to be used.

	   The --parent-index option is used to specify which of several parent elements the
	   requested element is in (0-based). For example, a dhcp <host> element could be in any
	   one of multiple <ip> elements in the network; if a parent-index isn't provided, the
	   "most appropriate" <ip> element will be selected (usually the only one that already
	   has a <dhcp> element), but if --parent-index is given, that particular instance of
	   <ip> will get the modification.

	   If --live is specified, affect a running network.  If --config is specified, affect
	   the next startup of a persistent network.  If --current is specified, affect the
	   current network state.  Both --live and --config flags may be given, but --current is
	   exclusive. Not specifying any flag is the same as specifying --current.

INTERFACE COMMANDS
       The following commands manipulate host interfaces.  Often, these host interfaces can then
       be used by name within domain <interface> elements (such as a system-created bridge
       interface), but there is no requirement that host interfaces be tied to any particular
       guest configuration XML at all.

       Many of the commands for host interfaces are similar to the ones used for domains, and the
       way to name an interface is either by its name or its MAC address.  However, using a MAC
       address for an iface argument only works when that address is unique (if an interface and
       a bridge share the same MAC address, which is often the case, then using that MAC address
       results in an error due to ambiguity, and you must resort to a name instead).

       iface-bridge interface bridge [--no-stp] [delay] [--no-start]
	   Create a bridge device named bridge, and attach the existing network device interface
	   to the new bridge.  The new bridge defaults to starting immediately, with STP enabled
	   and a delay of 0; these settings can be altered with --no-stp, --no-start, and an
	   integer number of seconds for delay. All IP address configuration of interface will be
	   moved to the new bridge device.

	   See also iface-unbridge for undoing this operation.

       iface-define file
	   Define a host interface from an XML file, the interface is just defined but not
	   started.

       iface-destroy interface
	   Destroy (stop) a given host interface, such as by running "if-down" to disable that
	   interface from active use. This takes effect immediately.

       iface-dumpxml interface [--inactive]
	   Output the host interface information as an XML dump to stdout.  If --inactive is
	   specified, then the output reflects the persistent state of the interface that will be
	   used the next time it is started.

       iface-edit interface
	   Edit the XML configuration file for a host interface.

	   This is equivalent to:

	    virsh iface-dumpxml iface > iface.xml
	    vi iface.xml (or make changes with your other text editor)
	    virsh iface-define iface.xml

	   except that it does some error checking.

	   The editor used can be supplied by the $VISUAL or $EDITOR environment variables, and
	   defaults to "vi".

       iface-list [--inactive | --all]
	   Returns the list of active host interfaces.	If --all is specified this will also
	   include defined but inactive interfaces.  If --inactive is specified only the inactive
	   ones will be listed.

       iface-name interface
	   Convert a host interface MAC to interface name, if the MAC address is unique among the
	   host's interfaces.

	   interface specifies the interface MAC address.

       iface-mac interface
	   Convert a host interface name to MAC address.

	   interface specifies the interface name.

       iface-start interface
	   Start a (previously defined) host interface, such as by running "if-up".

       iface-unbridge bridge [--no-start]
	   Tear down a bridge device named bridge, releasing its underlying interface back to
	   normal usage, and moving all IP address configuration from the bridge device to the
	   underlying device.  The underlying interface is restarted unless --no-start is
	   present; this flag is present for symmetry, but generally not recommended.

	   See also iface-bridge for creating a bridge.

       iface-undefine interface
	   Undefine the configuration for an inactive host interface.

       iface-begin
	   Create a snapshot of current host interface settings, which can later be committed
	   (iface-commit) or restored (iface-rollback).  If a snapshot already exists, then this
	   command will fail until the previous snapshot has been committed or restored.
	   Undefined behavior results if any external changes are made to host interfaces outside
	   of the libvirt API between the beginning of a snapshot and its eventual commit or
	   rollback.

       iface-commit
	   Declare all changes since the last iface-begin as working, and delete the rollback
	   point.  If no interface snapshot has already been started, then this command will
	   fail.

       iface-rollback
	   Revert all host interface settings back to the state recorded in the last iface-begin.
	   If no interface snapshot has already been started, then this command will fail.
	   Rebooting the host also serves as an implicit rollback point.

STORAGE POOL COMMANDS
       The following commands manipulate storage pools. Libvirt has the capability to manage
       various storage solutions, including files, raw partitions, and domain-specific formats,
       used to provide the storage volumes visible as devices within virtual machines. For more
       detailed information about this feature, see the documentation at
       <http://libvirt.org/formatstorage.html> . Many of the commands for pools are similar to
       the ones used for domains.

       find-storage-pool-sources type [srcSpec]
	   Returns XML describing all storage pools of a given type that could be found.  If
	   srcSpec is provided, it is a file that contains XML to further restrict the query for
	   pools.

       find-storage-pool-sources-as type [host] [port] [initiator]
	   Returns XML describing all storage pools of a given type that could be found.  If
	   host, port, or initiator are provided, they control where the query is performed.

       pool-autostart pool-or-uuid [--disable]
	   Configure whether pool should automatically start at boot.

       pool-build pool-or-uuid [--overwrite] [--no-overwrite]
	   Build a given pool.

	   Options --overwrite and --no-overwrite can only be used for pool-build a filesystem
	   pool. If neither of them is specified, pool-build on a filesystem pool only makes the
	   directory; If --no-overwrite is specified, it probes to determine if a filesystem
	   already exists on the target device, returning an error if exists, or using mkfs to
	   format the target device if not; If --overwrite is specified, mkfs is always executed,
	   any existed data on the target device is overwritten unconditionally.

       pool-create file
	   Create and start a pool object from the XML file.

       pool-create-as name --print-xml type [source-host] [source-path] [source-dev] [source-
       name] [<target>] [--source-format format]
	   Create and start a pool object name from the raw parameters.  If --print-xml is
	   specified, then print the XML of the pool object without creating the pool.
	   Otherwise, the pool has the specified type.

       pool-define file
	   Create, but do not start, a pool object from the XML file.

       pool-define-as name --print-xml type [source-host] [source-path] [source-dev] [source-
       name] [<target>] [--source-format format]
	   Create, but do not start, a pool object name from the raw parameters.  If --print-xml
	   is specified, then print the XML of the pool object without defining the pool.
	   Otherwise, the pool has the specified type.

       pool-destroy pool-or-uuid
	   Destroy (stop) a given pool object. Libvirt will no longer manage the storage
	   described by the pool object, but the raw data contained in the pool is not changed,
	   and can be later recovered with pool-create.

       pool-delete pool-or-uuid
	   Destroy the resources used by a given pool object. This operation is non-recoverable.
	   The pool object will still exist after this command, ready for the creation of new
	   storage volumes.

       pool-dumpxml [--inactive] pool-or-uuid
	   Returns the XML information about the pool object.  --inactive tells virsh to dump
	   pool configuration that will be used on next start of the pool as opposed to the
	   current pool configuration.

       pool-edit pool-or-uuid
	   Edit the XML configuration file for a storage pool.

	   This is equivalent to:

	    virsh pool-dumpxml pool > pool.xml
	    vi pool.xml (or make changes with your other text editor)
	    virsh pool-define pool.xml

	   except that it does some error checking.

	   The editor used can be supplied by the $VISUAL or $EDITOR environment variables, and
	   defaults to "vi".

       pool-info pool-or-uuid
	   Returns basic information about the pool object.

       pool-list [--inactive] [--all] [--persistent] [--transient] [--autostart] [--no-autostart]
       [[--details] [<type>]
	   List pool objects known to libvirt.	By default, only active pools are listed;
	   --inactive lists just the inactive pools, and --all lists all pools.

	   In addition, there are several sets of filtering flags. --persistent is to list the
	   persistent pools, --transient is to list the transient pools.  --autostart lists the
	   autostarting pools, --no-autostart lists the pools with autostarting disabled.

	   You may also want to list pools with specified types using type, the pool types must
	   be separated by comma, e.g. --type dir,disk. The valid pool types include 'dir', 'fs',
	   'netfs', 'logical', 'disk', 'iscsi', 'scsi', 'mpath', 'rbd', 'sheepdog' and 'gluster'.

	   The --details option instructs virsh to additionally display pool persistence and
	   capacity related information where available.

	   NOTE: When talking to older servers, this command is forced to use a series of API
	   calls with an inherent race, where a pool might not be listed or might appear more
	   than once if it changed state between calls while the list was being collected.  Newer
	   servers do not have this problem.

       pool-name uuid
	   Convert the uuid to a pool name.

       pool-refresh pool-or-uuid
	   Refresh the list of volumes contained in pool.

       pool-start pool-or-uuid
	   Start the storage pool, which is previously defined but inactive.

	   Note: A storage pool that relies on remote resources such as an "iscsi" or a (v)HBA
	   backed "scsi" pool may need to be refreshed multiple times in order to have all the
	   volumes detected (see pool-refresh).  This is because the corresponding volume devices
	   may not be present in the host's filesystem during the initial pool startup or the
	   current refresh attempt. The number of refresh retries is dependant upon the network
	   connection and the time the host takes to export the corresponding devices.

       pool-undefine pool-or-uuid
	   Undefine the configuration for an inactive pool.

       pool-uuid pool
	   Returns the UUID of the named pool.

VOLUME COMMANDS
       vol-create pool-or-uuid FILE [--prealloc-metadata]
	   Create a volume from an XML <file>.	pool-or-uuid is the name or UUID of the storage
	   pool to create the volume in.  FILE is the XML <file> with the volume definition. An
	   easy way to create the XML <file> is to use the vol-dumpxml command to obtain the
	   definition of a pre-existing volume.  [--prealloc-metadata] preallocate metadata (for
	   qcow2 images which don't support full allocation). This option creates a sparse image
	   file with metadata, resulting in higher performance compared to images with no
	   preallocation and only slightly higher initial disk space usage.

	   Example

	    virsh vol-dumpxml --pool storagepool1 appvolume1 > newvolume.xml
	    vi newvolume.xml (or make changes with your other text editor)
	    virsh vol-create differentstoragepool newvolume.xml

       vol-create-from pool-or-uuid FILE [--inputpool pool-or-uuid] vol-name-or-key-or-path
       [--prealloc-metadata]
	   Create a volume, using another volume as input.  pool-or-uuid is the name or UUID of
	   the storage pool to create the volume in.  FILE is the XML <file> with the volume
	   definition.	--inputpool pool-or-uuid is the name or uuid of the storage pool the
	   source volume is in.  vol-name-or-key-or-path is the name or key or path of the source
	   volume.  [--prealloc-metadata] preallocate metadata (for qcow2 images which don't
	   support full allocation). This option creates a sparse image file with metadata,
	   resulting in higher performance compared to images with no preallocation and only
	   slightly higher initial disk space usage.

       vol-create-as pool-or-uuid name capacity [--allocation size] [--format string]
       [--backing-vol vol-name-or-key-or-path] [--backing-vol-format string]
       [--prealloc-metadata]
	   Create a volume from a set of arguments.  pool-or-uuid is the name or UUID of the
	   storage pool to create the volume in.  name is the name of the new volume.  capacity
	   is the size of the volume to be created, as a scaled integer (see NOTES above),
	   defaulting to bytes if there is no suffix.  --allocation size is the initial size to
	   be allocated in the volume, also as a scaled integer defaulting to bytes.  --format
	   string is used in file based storage pools to specify the volume file format to use;
	   raw, bochs, qcow, qcow2, vmdk, qed.	--backing-vol vol-name-or-key-or-path is the
	   source backing volume to be used if taking a snapshot of an existing volume.
	   --backing-vol-format string is the format of the snapshot backing volume; raw, bochs,
	   qcow, qcow2, qed, vmdk, host_device. These are, however, meant for file based storage
	   pools.  [--prealloc-metadata] preallocate metadata (for qcow2 images which don't
	   support full allocation). This option creates a sparse image file with metadata,
	   resulting in higher performance compared to images with no preallocation and only
	   slightly higher initial disk space usage.

       vol-clone [--pool pool-or-uuid] vol-name-or-key-or-path name [--prealloc-metadata]
	   Clone an existing volume.  Less powerful, but easier to type, version of vol-create-
	   from.  --pool pool-or-uuid is the name or UUID of the storage pool to create the
	   volume in.  vol-name-or-key-or-path is the name or key or path of the source volume.
	   name is the name of the new volume.	[--prealloc-metadata] preallocate metadata (for
	   qcow2 images which don't support full allocation). This option creates a sparse image
	   file with metadata, resulting in higher performance compared to images with no
	   preallocation and only slightly higher initial disk space usage.

       vol-delete [--pool pool-or-uuid] vol-name-or-key-or-path
	   Delete a given volume.  --pool pool-or-uuid is the name or UUID of the storage pool
	   the volume is in.  vol-name-or-key-or-path is the name or key or path of the volume to
	   delete.

       vol-upload [--pool pool-or-uuid] [--offset bytes] [--length bytes] vol-name-or-key-or-path
       local-file
	   Upload the contents of local-file to a storage volume.  --pool pool-or-uuid is the
	   name or UUID of the storage pool the volume is in.  vol-name-or-key-or-path is the
	   name or key or path of the volume where the file will be uploaded.  --offset is the
	   position in the storage volume at which to start writing the data. --length is an
	   upper bound of the amount of data to be uploaded.  An error will occur if the local-
	   file is greater than the specified length.

       vol-download [--pool pool-or-uuid] [--offset bytes] [--length bytes] vol-name-or-key-or-
       path local-file
	   Download the contents of a storage volume to local-file.  --pool pool-or-uuid is the
	   name or UUID of the storage pool the volume is in.  vol-name-or-key-or-path is the
	   name or key or path of the volume to download.  --offset is the position in the
	   storage volume at which to start reading the data. --length is an upper bound of the
	   amount of data to be downloaded.

       vol-wipe [--pool pool-or-uuid] [--algorithm algorithm] vol-name-or-key-or-path
	   Wipe a volume, ensure data previously on the volume is not accessible to future reads.
	   --pool pool-or-uuid is the name or UUID of the storage pool the volume is in.  vol-
	   name-or-key-or-path is the name or key or path of the volume to wipe.  It is possible
	   to choose different wiping algorithms instead of re-writing volume with zeroes. This
	   can be done via --algorithm switch.

	   Supported algorithms
	     zero	- 1-pass all zeroes
	     nnsa	- 4-pass NNSA Policy Letter NAP-14.1-C (XVI-8) for
			  sanitizing removable and non-removable hard disks:
			  random x2, 0x00, verify.
	     dod	- 4-pass DoD 5220.22-M section 8-306 procedure for
			  sanitizing removeable and non-removeable rigid
			  disks: random, 0x00, 0xff, verify.
	     bsi	- 9-pass method recommended by the German Center of
			  Security in Information Technologies
			  (http://www.bsi.bund.de): 0xff, 0xfe, 0xfd, 0xfb,
			  0xf7, 0xef, 0xdf, 0xbf, 0x7f.
	     gutmann	- The canonical 35-pass sequence described in
			  Gutmann's paper.
	     schneier	- 7-pass method described by Bruce Schneier in
			  "Applied Cryptography" (1996): 0x00, 0xff,
			  random x5.
	     pfitzner7	- Roy Pfitzner's 7-random-pass method: random x7.
	     pfitzner33 - Roy Pfitzner's 33-random-pass method: random x33.
	     random	- 1-pass pattern: random.

	   Note: The availability of algorithms may be limited by the version of the "scrub"
	   binary installed on the host.

       vol-dumpxml [--pool pool-or-uuid] vol-name-or-key-or-path
	   Output the volume information as an XML dump to stdout.  --pool pool-or-uuid is the
	   name or UUID of the storage pool the volume is in. vol-name-or-key-or-path is the name
	   or key or path of the volume to output the XML of.

       vol-info [--pool pool-or-uuid] vol-name-or-key-or-path
	   Returns basic information about the given storage volume.  --pool pool-or-uuid is the
	   name or UUID of the storage pool the volume is in. vol-name-or-key-or-path is the name
	   or key or path of the volume to return information for.

       vol-list [--pool pool-or-uuid] [--details]
	   Return the list of volumes in the given storage pool.  --pool pool-or-uuid is the name
	   or UUID of the storage pool.  The --details option instructs virsh to additionally
	   display volume type and capacity related information where available.

       vol-pool [--uuid] vol-key-or-path
	   Return the pool name or UUID for a given volume. By default, the pool name is
	   returned. If the --uuid option is given, the pool UUID is returned instead.	vol-key-
	   or-path is the key or path of the volume to return the pool information for.

       vol-path [--pool pool-or-uuid] vol-name-or-key
	   Return the path for a given volume.	--pool pool-or-uuid is the name or UUID of the
	   storage pool the volume is in.  vol-name-or-key is the name or key of the volume to
	   return the path for.

       vol-name vol-key-or-path
	   Return the name for a given volume.	vol-key-or-path is the key or path of the volume
	   to return the name for.

       vol-key [--pool pool-or-uuid] vol-name-or-path
	   Return the volume key for a given volume.  --pool pool-or-uuid is the name or UUID of
	   the storage pool the volume is in. vol-name-or-path is the name or path of the volume
	   to return the volume key for.

       vol-resize [--pool pool-or-uuid] vol-name-or-path pool-or-uuid capacity [--allocate]
       [--delta] [--shrink]
	   Resize the capacity of the given volume, in bytes.  --pool pool-or-uuid is the name or
	   UUID of the storage pool the volume is in. vol-name-or-key-or-path is the name or key
	   or path of the volume to resize.  The new capacity might be sparse unless --allocate
	   is specified.  Normally, capacity is the new size, but if --delta is present, then it
	   is added to the existing size.  Attempts to shrink the volume will fail unless
	   --shrink is present; capacity cannot be negative unless --shrink is provided, but a
	   negative sign is not necessary. capacity is a scaled integer (see NOTES above), which
	   defaults to bytes if there is no suffix.  This command is only safe for storage
	   volumes not in use by an active guest; see also blockresize for live resizing.

SECRET COMMMANDS
       The following commands manipulate "secrets" (e.g. passwords, passphrases and encryption
       keys).  Libvirt can store secrets independently from their use, and other objects (e.g.
       volumes or domains) can refer to the secrets for encryption or possibly other uses.
       Secrets are identified using an UUID.  See <http://libvirt.org/formatsecret.html> for
       documentation of the XML format used to represent properties of secrets.

       secret-define file
	   Create a secret with the properties specified in file, with no associated secret
	   value.  If file does not specify a UUID, choose one automatically.  If file specifies
	   an UUID of an existing secret, replace its properties by properties defined in file,
	   without affecting the secret value.

       secret-dumpxml secret
	   Output properties of secret (specified by its UUID) as an XML dump to stdout.

       secret-set-value secret base64
	   Set the value associated with secret (specified by its UUID) to the value
	   Base64-encoded value base64.

       secret-get-value secret
	   Output the value associated with secret (specified by its UUID) to stdout, encoded
	   using Base64.

       secret-undefine secret
	   Delete a secret (specified by its UUID), including the associated value, if any.

       secret-list [--ephemeral] [--no-ephemeral] [--private] [--no-private]
	   Returns the list of secrets. You may also want to filter the returned secrets by
	   --ephemeral to list the ephemeral ones, --no-ephemeral to list the non-ephemeral ones,
	   --private to list the private ones, and --no-private to list the non-private ones.

SNAPSHOT COMMMANDS
       The following commands manipulate domain snapshots.  Snapshots take the disk, memory, and
       device state of a domain at a point-of-time, and save it for future use.  They have many
       uses, from saving a "clean" copy of an OS image to saving a domain's state before a
       potentially destructive operation.  Snapshots are identified with a unique name.  See
       <http://libvirt.org/formatsnapshot.html> for documentation of the XML format used to
       represent properties of snapshots.

       snapshot-create domain [xmlfile] {[--redefine [--current]] | [--no-metadata] [--halt]
       [--disk-only] [--reuse-external] [--quiesce] [--atomic] [--live]}
	   Create a snapshot for domain domain with the properties specified in xmlfile.
	   Normally, the only properties settable for a domain snapshot are the <name> and
	   <description> elements, as well as <disks> if --disk-only is given; the rest of the
	   fields are ignored, and automatically filled in by libvirt.	If xmlfile is completely
	   omitted, then libvirt will choose a value for all fields.  The new snapshot will
	   become current, as listed by snapshot-current.

	   If --halt is specified, the domain will be left in an inactive state after the
	   snapshot is created.

	   If --disk-only is specified, the snapshot will only include disk state rather than the
	   usual system checkpoint with vm state.  Disk snapshots are faster than full system
	   checkpoints, but reverting to a disk snapshot may require fsck or journal replays,
	   since it is like the disk state at the point when the power cord is abruptly pulled;
	   and mixing --halt and --disk-only loses any data that was not flushed to disk at the
	   time.

	   If --redefine is specified, then all XML elements produced by snapshot-dumpxml are
	   valid; this can be used to migrate snapshot hierarchy from one machine to another, to
	   recreate hierarchy for the case of a transient domain that goes away and is later
	   recreated with the same name and UUID, or to make slight alterations in the snapshot
	   metadata (such as host-specific aspects of the domain XML embedded in the snapshot).
	   When this flag is supplied, the xmlfile argument is mandatory, and the domain's
	   current snapshot will not be altered unless the --current flag is also given.

	   If --no-metadata is specified, then the snapshot data is created, but any metadata is
	   immediately discarded (that is, libvirt does not treat the snapshot as current, and
	   cannot revert to the snapshot unless --redefine is later used to teach libvirt about
	   the metadata again).

	   If --reuse-external is specified, and the snapshot XML requests an external snapshot
	   with a destination of an existing file, then the destination must exist, and is
	   reused; otherwise, a snapshot is refused to avoid losing contents of the existing
	   files.

	   If --quiesce is specified, libvirt will try to use guest agent to freeze and unfreeze
	   domain's mounted file systems. However, if domain has no guest agent, snapshot
	   creation will fail.	Currently, this requires --disk-only to be passed as well.

	   If --atomic is specified, libvirt will guarantee that the snapshot either succeeds, or
	   fails with no changes; not all hypervisors support this.  If this flag is not
	   specified, then some hypervisors may fail after partially performing the action, and
	   dumpxml must be used to see whether any partial changes occurred.

	   If --live is specified, libvirt takes the snapshot while the guest is running. This
	   increases the size of the memory image of the external checkpoint. This is currently
	   supported only for external checkpoints.

	   Existence of snapshot metadata will prevent attempts to undefine a persistent domain.
	   However, for transient domains, snapshot metadata is silently lost when the domain
	   quits running (whether by command such as destroy or by internal guest action).

       snapshot-create-as domain {[--print-xml] | [--no-metadata] [--halt] [--reuse-external]}
       [name] [description] [--disk-only [--quiesce]] [--atomic] [[--live] [--memspec memspec]]
       [--diskspec] diskspec]...
	   Create a snapshot for domain domain with the given <name> and <description>; if either
	   value is omitted, libvirt will choose a value.  If --print-xml is specified, then XML
	   appropriate for snapshot-create is output, rather than actually creating a snapshot.
	   Otherwise, if --halt is specified, the domain will be left in an inactive state after
	   the snapshot is created, and if --disk-only is specified, the snapshot will not
	   include vm state.

	   The --memspec option can be used to control whether a checkpoint is internal or
	   external.  The --memspec flag is mandatory, followed by a memspec of the form
	   [file=]name[,snapshot=type], where type can be none, internal, or external.	To
	   include a literal comma in file=name, escape it with a second comma. --memspec cannot
	   be used together with --disk-only.

	   The --diskspec option can be used to control how --disk-only and external checkpoints
	   create external files.  This option can occur multiple times, according to the number
	   of <disk> elements in the domain xml.  Each <diskspec> is in the form
	   disk[,snapshot=type][,driver=type][,file=name].  To include a literal comma in disk or
	   in file=name, escape it with a second comma.  A literal --diskspec must precede each
	   diskspec unless all three of domain, name, and description are also present.  For
	   example, a diskspec of "vda,snapshot=external,file=/path/to,,new" results in the
	   following XML:
	     <disk name='vda' snapshot='external'>
	       <source file='/path/to,new'/>
	     </disk>

	   If --reuse-external is specified, and the domain XML or diskspec option requests an
	   external snapshot with a destination of an existing file, then the destination must
	   exist, and is reused; otherwise, a snapshot is refused to avoid losing contents of the
	   existing files.

	   If --quiesce is specified, libvirt will try to use guest agent to freeze and unfreeze
	   domain's mounted file systems. However, if domain has no guest agent, snapshot
	   creation will fail.	Currently, this requires --disk-only to be passed as well.

	   If --no-metadata is specified, then the snapshot data is created, but any metadata is
	   immediately discarded (that is, libvirt does not treat the snapshot as current, and
	   cannot revert to the snapshot unless snapshot-create is later used to teach libvirt
	   about the metadata again).  This flag is incompatible with --print-xml.

	   If --atomic is specified, libvirt will guarantee that the snapshot either succeeds, or
	   fails with no changes; not all hypervisors support this.  If this flag is not
	   specified, then some hypervisors may fail after partially performing the action, and
	   dumpxml must be used to see whether any partial changes occurred.

	   If --live is specified, libvirt takes the snapshot while the guest is running. This
	   increases the size of the memory image of the external checkpoint. This is currently
	   supported only for external checkpoints.

       snapshot-current domain {[--name] | [--security-info] | [snapshotname]}
	   Without snapshotname, this will output the snapshot XML for the domain's current
	   snapshot (if any).  If --name is specified, just the current snapshot name instead of
	   the full xml.  Otherwise, using --security-info will also include security sensitive
	   information in the XML.

	   With snapshotname, this is a request to make the existing named snapshot become the
	   current snapshot, without reverting the domain.

       snapshot-edit domain [snapshotname] [--current] {[--rename] | [--clone]}
	   Edit the XML configuration file for snapshotname of a domain.  If both snapshotname
	   and --current are specified, also force the edited snapshot to become the current
	   snapshot.  If snapshotname is omitted, then --current must be supplied, to edit the
	   current snapshot.

	   This is equivalent to:

	    virsh snapshot-dumpxml dom name > snapshot.xml
	    vi snapshot.xml (or make changes with your other text editor)
	    virsh snapshot-create dom snapshot.xml --redefine [--current]

	   except that it does some error checking.

	   The editor used can be supplied by the $VISUAL or $EDITOR environment variables, and
	   defaults to "vi".

	   If --rename is specified, then the edits can change the snapshot name.  If --clone is
	   specified, then changing the snapshot name will create a clone of the snapshot
	   metadata.  If neither is specified, then the edits must not change the snapshot name.
	   Note that changing a snapshot name must be done with care, since the contents of some
	   snapshots, such as internal snapshots within a single qcow2 file, are accessible only
	   from the original name.

       snapshot-info domain {snapshot | --current}
	   Output basic information about a named <snapshot>, or the current snapshot with
	   --current.

       snapshot-list domain [--metadata] [--no-metadata] [{--parent | --roots | [{--tree |
       --name}]}] [{[--from] snapshot | --current} [--descendants]] [--leaves] [--no-leaves]
       p[--inactive] [--active] [--disk-only] [--internal] [--external]
	   List all of the available snapshots for the given domain, defaulting to show columns
	   for the snapshot name, creation time, and domain state.

	   If --parent is specified, add a column to the output table giving the name of the
	   parent of each snapshot.  If --roots is specified, the list will be filtered to just
	   snapshots that have no parents.  If --tree is specified, the output will be in a tree
	   format, listing just snapshot names.  These three options are mutually exclusive. If
	   --name is specified only the snapshot name is printed. This option is mutually
	   exclusive with --tree.

	   If --from is provided, filter the list to snapshots which are children of the given
	   snapshot; or if --current is provided, start at the current snapshot.  When used in
	   isolation or with --parent, the list is limited to direct children unless
	   --descendants is also present.  When used with --tree, the use of --descendants is
	   implied.  This option is not compatible with --roots.  Note that the starting point of
	   --from or --current is not included in the list unless the --tree option is also
	   present.

	   If --leaves is specified, the list will be filtered to just snapshots that have no
	   children.  Likewise, if --no-leaves is specified, the list will be filtered to just
	   snapshots with children.  (Note that omitting both options does no filtering, while
	   providing both options will either produce the same list or error out depending on
	   whether the server recognizes the flags).  Filtering options are not compatible with
	   --tree.

	   If --metadata is specified, the list will be filtered to just snapshots that involve
	   libvirt metadata, and thus would prevent undefine of a persistent domain, or be lost
	   on destroy of a transient domain.  Likewise, if --no-metadata is specified, the list
	   will be filtered to just snapshots that exist without the need for libvirt metadata.

	   If --inactive is specified, the list will be filtered to snapshots that were taken
	   when the domain was shut off.  If --active is specified, the list will be filtered to
	   snapshots that were taken when the domain was running, and where the snapshot includes
	   the memory state to revert to that running state.  If --disk-only is specified, the
	   list will be filtered to snapshots that were taken when the domain was running, but
	   where the snapshot includes only disk state.

	   If --internal is specified, the list will be filtered to snapshots that use internal
	   storage of existing disk images.  If --external is specified, the list will be
	   filtered to snapshots that use external files for disk images or memory state.

       snapshot-dumpxml domain snapshot [--security-info]
	   Output the snapshot XML for the domain's snapshot named snapshot.  Using
	   --security-info will also include security sensitive information.  Use snapshot-
	   current to easily access the XML of the current snapshot.

       snapshot-parent domain {snapshot | --current}
	   Output the name of the parent snapshot, if any, for the given snapshot, or for the
	   current snapshot with --current.

       snapshot-revert domain {snapshot | --current} [{--running | --paused}] [--force]
	   Revert the given domain to the snapshot specified by snapshot, or to the current
	   snapshot with --current.  Be aware that this is a destructive action; any changes in
	   the domain since the last snapshot was taken will be lost.  Also note that the state
	   of the domain after snapshot-revert is complete will be the state of the domain at the
	   time the original snapshot was taken.

	   Normally, reverting to a snapshot leaves the domain in the state it was at the time
	   the snapshot was created, except that a disk snapshot with no vm state leaves the
	   domain in an inactive state.  Passing either the --running or --paused flag will
	   perform additional state changes (such as booting an inactive domain, or pausing a
	   running domain).  Since transient domains cannot be inactive, it is required to use
	   one of these flags when reverting to a disk snapshot of a transient domain.

	   There are two cases where a snapshot revert involves extra risk, which requires the
	   use of --force to proceed.  One is the case of a snapshot that lacks full domain
	   information for reverting configuration (such as snapshots created prior to libvirt
	   0.9.5); since libvirt cannot prove that the current configuration matches what was in
	   use at the time of the snapshot, supplying --force assures libvirt that the snapshot
	   is compatible with the current configuration (and if it is not, the domain will likely
	   fail to run).  The other is the case of reverting from a running domain to an active
	   state where a new hypervisor has to be created rather than reusing the existing
	   hypervisor, because it implies drawbacks such as breaking any existing VNC or Spice
	   connections; this condition happens with an active snapshot that uses a provably
	   incompatible configuration, as well as with an inactive snapshot that is combined with
	   the --start or --pause flag.

       snapshot-delete domain {snapshot | --current} [--metadata] [{--children |
       --children-only}]
	   Delete the snapshot for the domain named snapshot, or the current snapshot with
	   --current.  If this snapshot has child snapshots, changes from this snapshot will be
	   merged into the children.  If --children is passed, then delete this snapshot and any
	   children of this snapshot.  If --children-only is passed, then delete any children of
	   this snapshot, but leave this snapshot intact.  These two flags are mutually
	   exclusive.

	   If --metadata is specified, then only delete the snapshot metadata maintained by
	   libvirt, while leaving the snapshot contents intact for access by external tools;
	   otherwise deleting a snapshot also removes the data contents from that point in time.

NWFILTER COMMMANDS
       The following commands manipulate network filters. Network filters allow filtering of the
       network traffic coming from and going to virtual machines.  Individual network traffic
       filters are written in XML and may contain references to other network filters, describe
       traffic filtering rules, or contain both. Network filters are referenced by virtual
       machines from within their interface description. A network filter may be referenced by
       multiple virtual machines' interfaces.

       nwfilter-define xmlfile
	   Make a new network filter known to libvirt. If a network filter with the same name
	   already exists, it will be replaced with the new XML.  Any running virtual machine
	   referencing this network filter will have its network traffic rules adapted. If for
	   any reason the network traffic filtering rules cannot be instantiated by any of the
	   running virtual machines, then the new XML will be rejected.

       nwfilter-undefine nwfilter-name
	   Delete a network filter. The deletion will fail if any running virtual machine is
	   currently using this network filter.

       nwfilter-list
	   List all of the available network filters.

       nwfilter-dumpxml nwfilter-name
	   Output the network filter XML.

       nwfilter-edit nwfilter-name
	   Edit the XML of a network filter.

	   This is equivalent to:

	    virsh nwfilter-dumpxml myfilter > myfilter.xml
	    vi myfilter.xml (or make changes with your other text editor)
	    virsh nwfilter-define myfilter.xml

	   except that it does some error checking.  The new network filter may be rejected due
	   to the same reason as mentioned in nwfilter-define.

	   The editor used can be supplied by the $VISUAL or $EDITOR environment variables, and
	   defaults to "vi".

QEMU-SPECIFIC COMMANDS
       NOTE: Use of the following commands is strongly discouraged.  They can cause libvirt to
       become confused and do the wrong thing on subsequent operations.  Once you have used this
       command, please do not report problems to the libvirt developers; the reports will be
       ignored.

       qemu-attach pid
	   Attach an externally launched QEMU process to the libvirt QEMU driver.  The QEMU
	   process must have been created with a monitor connection using the UNIX driver.
	   Ideally the process will also have had the '-name' argument specified.

		$ qemu-kvm -cdrom ~/demo.iso \
		    -monitor unix:/tmp/demo,server,nowait \
		    -name foo \
		    -uuid cece4f9f-dff0-575d-0e8e-01fe380f12ea	&
		$ QEMUPID=$!
		$ virsh qemu-attach $QEMUPID

	   Not all functions of libvirt are expected to work reliably after attaching to an
	   externally launched QEMU process. There may be issues with the guest ABI changing upon
	   migration, and hotunplug may not work.

       qemu-monitor-command domain { [--hmp] | [--pretty] } command...
	   Send an arbitrary monitor command command to domain domain through the qemu monitor.
	   The results of the command will be printed on stdout.  If --hmp is passed, the command
	   is considered to be a human monitor command and libvirt will automatically convert it
	   into QMP if needed.	In that case the result will also be converted back from QMP.  If
	   --pretty is given, and the monitor uses QMP, then the output will be pretty-printed.
	   If more than one argument is provided for command, they are concatenated with a space
	   in between before passing the single command to the monitor.

       qemu-agent-command domain [--timeout seconds | --async | --block] command...
	   Send an arbitrary guest agent command command to domain domain through qemu agent.
	   --timeout, --async and --block options are exclusive.  --timeout requires timeout
	   seconds seconds and it must be positive.  When --aysnc is given, the command waits for
	   timeout whether success or failed. And when --block is given, the command waits
	   forever with blocking timeout.

       lxc-enter-namespace domain -- /path/to/binary [arg1, [arg2, ...]]
	   Enter the namespace of domain and execute the command "/path/to/binary" passing the
	   requested args. The binary path is relative to the container root filesystem, not the
	   host root filesystem. The binary will inherit the environment variables / console
	   visible to virsh. This command only works when connected to the LXC hypervisor driver.

ENVIRONMENT
       The following environment variables can be set to alter the behaviour of "virsh"

       VIRSH_DEBUG=<0 to 4>
	   Turn on verbose debugging of virsh commands. Valid levels are

	   o   VIRSH_DEBUG=0

	       DEBUG - Messages at ALL levels get logged

	   o   VIRSH_DEBUG=1

	       INFO - Logs messages at levels INFO, NOTICE, WARNING and ERROR

	   o   VIRSH_DEBUG=2

	       NOTICE - Logs messages at levels NOTICE, WARNING and ERROR

	   o   VIRSH_DEBUG=3

	       WARNING - Logs messages at levels WARNING and ERROR

	   o   VIRSH_DEBUG=4

	       ERROR - Messages at only ERROR level gets logged.

       VIRSH_LOG_FILE="LOGFILE"
	   The file to log virsh debug messages.

       VIRSH_DEFAULT_CONNECT_URI
	   The hypervisor to connect to by default. Set this to a URI, in the same format as
	   accepted by the connect option. This environment variable is deprecated in favour of
	   the global LIBVIRT_DEFAULT_URI variable which serves the same purpose.

       LIBVIRT_DEFAULT_URI
	   The hypervisor to connect to by default. Set this to a URI, in the same format as
	   accepted by the connect option. This overrides the default URI set in any client
	   config file and prevents libvirt from probing for drivers.

       VISUAL
	   The editor to use by the edit and related options.

       EDITOR
	   The editor to use by the edit and related options, if "VISUAL" is not set.

       LIBVIRT_DEBUG=LEVEL
	   Turn on verbose debugging of all libvirt API calls. Valid levels are

	   o   LIBVIRT_DEBUG=1

	       Messages at level DEBUG or above

	   o   LIBVIRT_DEBUG=2

	       Messages at level INFO or above

	   o   LIBVIRT_DEBUG=3

	       Messages at level WARNING or above

	   o   LIBVIRT_DEBUG=4

	       Messages at level ERROR or above

	   For further information about debugging options consult
	   "http://libvirt.org/logging.html"

BUGS
       Report any bugs discovered to the libvirt community via the mailing list
       "http://libvirt.org/contact.html" or bug tracker "http://libvirt.org/bugs.html".
       Alternatively report bugs to your software distributor / vendor.

AUTHORS
	 Please refer to the AUTHORS file distributed with libvirt.

	 Based on the xm man page by:
	 Sean Dague <sean at dague dot net>
	 Daniel Stekloff <dsteklof at us dot ibm dot com>

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright (C) 2005, 2007-2010 Red Hat, Inc., and the authors listed in the libvirt AUTHORS
       file.

LICENSE
       virsh is distributed under the terms of the GNU LGPL v2+.  This is free software; see the
       source for copying conditions. There is NO warranty; not even for MERCHANTABILITY or
       FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE

SEE ALSO
       virt-install(1), virt-xml-validate(1), virt-top(1), virt-df(1), <http://www.libvirt.org/>

libvirt-1.1.1				    2014-06-17					 VIRSH(1)
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