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VDIR(1) 				  User Commands 				  VDIR(1)

NAME
       vdir - list directory contents

SYNOPSIS
       vdir [OPTION]... [FILE]...

DESCRIPTION
       List  information about the FILEs (the current directory by default).  Sort entries alpha-
       betically if none of -cftuvSUX nor --sort is specified.

       Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.

       -a, --all
	      do not ignore entries starting with .

       -A, --almost-all
	      do not list implied . and ..

       --author
	      with -l, print the author of each file

       -b, --escape
	      print C-style escapes for nongraphic characters

       --block-size=SIZE
	      scale sizes by SIZE before printing them; e.g., '--block-size=M'	prints	sizes  in
	      units of 1,048,576 bytes; see SIZE format below

       -B, --ignore-backups
	      do not list implied entries ending with ~

       -c     with -lt: sort by, and show, ctime (time of last modification of file status infor-
	      mation); with -l: show ctime and sort by name; otherwise:  sort  by  ctime,  newest
	      first

       -C     list entries by columns

       --color[=WHEN]
	      colorize	the  output; WHEN can be 'never', 'auto', or 'always' (the default); more
	      info below

       -d, --directory
	      list directories themselves, not their contents

       -D, --dired
	      generate output designed for Emacs' dired mode

       -f     do not sort, enable -aU, disable -ls --color

       -F, --classify
	      append indicator (one of */=>@|) to entries

       --file-type
	      likewise, except do not append '*'

       --format=WORD
	      across -x, commas -m, horizontal -x, long -l, single-column -1, verbose -l,  verti-
	      cal -C

       --full-time
	      like -l --time-style=full-iso

       -g     like -l, but do not list owner

       --group-directories-first
	      group directories before files;

	      can  be  augmented  with	a --sort option, but any use of --sort=none (-U) disables
	      grouping

       -G, --no-group
	      in a long listing, don't print group names

       -h, --human-readable
	      with -l, print sizes in human readable format (e.g., 1K 234M 2G)

       --si   likewise, but use powers of 1000 not 1024

       -H, --dereference-command-line
	      follow symbolic links listed on the command line

       --dereference-command-line-symlink-to-dir
	      follow each command line symbolic link

	      that points to a directory

       --hide=PATTERN
	      do not list implied entries matching shell PATTERN (overridden by -a or -A)

       --indicator-style=WORD
	      append indicator with style WORD	to  entry  names:  none  (default),  slash  (-p),
	      file-type (--file-type), classify (-F)

       -i, --inode
	      print the index number of each file

       -I, --ignore=PATTERN
	      do not list implied entries matching shell PATTERN

       -k, --kibibytes
	      default to 1024-byte blocks for disk usage

       -l     use a long listing format

       -L, --dereference
	      when  showing  file  information for a symbolic link, show information for the file
	      the link references rather than for the link itself

       -m     fill width with a comma separated list of entries

       -n, --numeric-uid-gid
	      like -l, but list numeric user and group IDs

       -N, --literal
	      print raw entry names (don't treat e.g. control characters specially)

       -o     like -l, but do not list group information

       -p, --indicator-style=slash
	      append / indicator to directories

       -q, --hide-control-chars
	      print ? instead of nongraphic characters

       --show-control-chars
	      show nongraphic characters as-is (the default, unless program is 'ls' and output is
	      a terminal)

       -Q, --quote-name
	      enclose entry names in double quotes

       --quoting-style=WORD
	      use  quoting  style  WORD for entry names: literal, locale, shell, shell-always, c,
	      escape

       -r, --reverse
	      reverse order while sorting

       -R, --recursive
	      list subdirectories recursively

       -s, --size
	      print the allocated size of each file, in blocks

       -S     sort by file size

       --sort=WORD
	      sort by WORD instead of name: none (-U), size (-S), time (-t), version (-v), exten-
	      sion (-X)

       --time=WORD
	      with -l, show time as WORD instead of default modification time: atime or access or
	      use (-u) ctime or status (-c); also use specified time as sort key if --sort=time

       --time-style=STYLE
	      with -l, show times using style STYLE: full-iso, long-iso, iso, locale, or +FORMAT;
	      FORMAT  is  interpreted  like in 'date'; if FORMAT is FORMAT1<newline>FORMAT2, then
	      FORMAT1 applies to non-recent files and FORMAT2 to recent files; if STYLE  is  pre-
	      fixed with 'posix-', STYLE takes effect only outside the POSIX locale

       -t     sort by modification time, newest first

       -T, --tabsize=COLS
	      assume tab stops at each COLS instead of 8

       -u     with  -lt:  sort	by,  and show, access time; with -l: show access time and sort by
	      name; otherwise: sort by access time

       -U     do not sort; list entries in directory order

       -v     natural sort of (version) numbers within text

       -w, --width=COLS
	      assume screen width instead of current value

       -x     list entries by lines instead of by columns

       -X     sort alphabetically by entry extension

       -1     list one file per line

       SELinux options:

       --lcontext
	      Display security context.   Enable -l. Lines will probably be  too  wide	for  most
	      displays.

       -Z, --context
	      Display  security  context  so it fits on most displays.	Displays only mode, user,
	      group, security context and file name.

       --scontext
	      Display only security context and file name.

       --help display this help and exit

       --version
	      output version information and exit

       SIZE is an integer and optional unit (example: 10M is 10*1024*1024).  Units are K,  M,  G,
       T, P, E, Z, Y (powers of 1024) or KB, MB, ... (powers of 1000).

       Using  color to distinguish file types is disabled both by default and with --color=never.
       With --color=auto, ls emits color codes only when standard output is connected to a termi-
       nal.   The LS_COLORS environment variable can change the settings.  Use the dircolors com-
       mand to set it.

   Exit status:
       0      if OK,

       1      if minor problems (e.g., cannot access subdirectory),

       2      if serious trouble (e.g., cannot access command-line argument).

       GNU coreutils online help: <http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/> Report  vdir  transla-
       tion bugs to <http://translationproject.org/team/>

AUTHOR
       Written by Richard M. Stallman and David MacKenzie.

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright  (C)  2013  Free Software Foundation, Inc.  License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or
       later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>.
       This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.  There is NO	WARRANTY,
       to the extent permitted by law.

SEE ALSO
       The  full  documentation for vdir is maintained as a Texinfo manual.  If the info and vdir
       programs are properly installed at your site, the command

	      info coreutils 'vdir invocation'

       should give you access to the complete manual.

GNU coreutils 8.22			    June 2014					  VDIR(1)
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