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CentOS 7.0 - man page for trace-cmd-report (centos section 1)

TRACE-CMD-REPORT(1)													       TRACE-CMD-REPORT(1)

NAME
trace-cmd-report - show in ASCII a trace created by trace-cmd record
SYNOPSIS
trace-cmd report [OPTIONS] [input-file]
DESCRIPTION
The trace-cmd(1) report command will output a human readable report of a trace created by trace-cmd record.
OPTIONS
-i input-file By default, trace-cmd report will read the file trace.dat. But the -i option open up the given input-file instead. Note, the input file may also be specified as the last item on the command line. -e This outputs the endianess of the file. trace-cmd report is smart enough to be able to read big endian files on little endian machines, and vise versa. -f This outputs the list of functions that have been recorded in the file. -P This outputs the list of "trace_printk()" data. The raw trace data points to static pointers in the kernel. This must be stored in the trace.dat file. -E This lists the possible events in the file (but this list is not necessarily the list of events in the file). --events This will list the event formats that are stored in the trace.dat file. --check-events This will parse the event format strings that are stored in the trace.dat file and return whether the formats can be parsed correctly. It will load plugins unless -N is specified. -t Print the full timestamp. The timestamps in the data file are usually recorded to the nanosecond. But the default display of the timestamp is only to the microsecond. To see the full timestamp, add the -t option. -F filter Add a filter to limit what events are displayed. The format of the filter is: <events> ':' <filter> <events> = SYSTEM'/'EVENT | SYSTEM | EVENT | <events> ',' <events> <filter> = EVENT_FIELD <op> <value> | <filter> '&&' <filter> | <filter> '||' <filter> | '(' <filter> ')' | '!' <filter> <op> = '==' | '!=' | '>=' | '<=' | '>' | '<' | '&' | '|' | '^' | '+' | '-' | '*' | '/' | '%' <value> = NUM | STRING | EVENT_FIELD SYSTEM is the name of the system to filter on. If the EVENT is left out, then it applies to all events under the SYSTEM. If only one string is used without the '/' to deliminate between SYSTEM and EVENT, then the filter will be applied to all systems and events that match the given string. Whitespace is ignored, such that "sched:next_pid==123" is equivalent to "sched : next_pid == 123". STRING is defined with single or double quotes (single quote must end with single quote, and double with double). Whitespace within quotes are not ignored. The representation of a SYSTEM or EVENT may also be a regular expression as defined by 'regcomp(3)'. The EVENT_FIELD is the name of the field of an event that is being filtered. If the event does not contain the EVENT_FIELD, that part of the equation will be considered false. -F 'sched : bogus == 1 || common_pid == 2' The "bogus == 1" will always evaluate to FALSE because no event has a field called "bogus", but the "common_pid == 2" will still be evaluated since all events have the field "common_pid". Any "sched" event that was traced by the process with the PID of 2 will be shown. Note, the EVENT_FIELD is the field name as shown by an events format (as displayed with *--events*), and not what is found in the output. If the output shows "ID:foo" but the field that "foo" belongs to was called "name" in the event format, then "name" must be used in the filter. The same is true about values. If the value that is displayed is converted by to a string symbol, the filter checks the original value and not the value displayed. For example, to filter on all tasks that were in the running state at a context switch: -F 'sched/sched_switch : prev_state==0' Although the output displays 'R', having 'prev_stat=="R"' will not work. Note: You can also specify 'COMM' as an EVENT_FIELD. This will use the task name (or comm) of the record to compare. For example, to filter out all of the "trace-cmd" tasks: -F '.*:COMM != "trace-cmd"' -v This causes the following filters of -F to filter out the matching events. -v -F 'sched/sched_switch : prev_state == 0' Will not display any sched_switch events that have a prev_state of 0. Removing the *-v* will only print out those events. -T Test the filters of -F. After processing a filter string, the resulting filter will be displayed for each event. This is useful for using a filter for more than one event where a field may not exist in all events. Also it can be used to make sure there are no misspelled event field names, as they will simply be ignored. -T is ignored if -F is not specified. -V Show the plugins that are loaded. -L This will not load system wide plugins. It loads "local only". That is what it finds in the ~/.trace-cmd/plugins directory. -N This will not load any plugins. -n event-re This will cause all events that match the option to ignore any registered handler (by the plugins) to print the event. The normal event will be printed instead. The event-re is a regular expression as defined by regcomp(3). -R This will show the events in "raw" format. That is, it will ignore the event's print formatting and just print the contents of each field. -r event-re This will cause all events that match the option to print its raw fields. The event-re is a regular expression as defined by regcomp(3). -l This adds a "latency output" format. Information about interrupts being disabled, soft irq being disabled, the "need_resched" flag being set, preempt count, and big kernel lock are all being recorded with every event. But the default display does not show this information. This option will set display this information with 6 characters. When one of the fields is zero or N/A a '.\' is shown. <idle>-0 0d.h1. 106467.859747: function: ktime_get <-- tick_check_idle The 0d.h1. denotes this information. The first character is never a '.' and represents what CPU the trace was recorded on (CPU 0). The 'd' denotes that interrupts were disabled. The 'h' means that this was called inside an interrupt handler. The '1' is the preemption disabled (preempt_count) was set to one. The two '.'s are "need_resched" flag and kernel lock counter. If the "need_resched" flag is set, then that character would be a 'N'. -w If both the sched_switch and sched_wakeup events are enabled, then this option will report the latency between the time the task was first woken, and the time it was scheduled in. -q Quiet non critical warnings. -O Pass options to the trace-cmd plugins that are loaded. -O plugin:var=value The 'plugin:' and '=value' are optional. Value may be left off for options that are boolean. If the 'plugin:' is left off, then any variable that matches in all plugins will be set. Example: -O fgraph:tailprint --stat If the trace.dat file recorded the final stats (outputed at the end of record) the --stat option can be used to retrieve them.
EXAMPLES
Using a trace.dat file that was created with: # trace-cmd record -p function -e all sleep 5 The default report shows: # trace-cmd report trace-cmd-16129 [002] 158126.498411: function: __mutex_unlock_slowpath <-- mutex_unlock trace-cmd-16131 [000] 158126.498411: kmem_cache_alloc: call_site=811223c5 ptr=0xffff88003ecf2b40 bytes_req=272 bytes_alloc=320 gfp_flags=GFP_KERNEL|GFP_ZERO trace-cmd-16130 [003] 158126.498411: function: do_splice_to <-- sys_splice sleep-16133 [001] 158126.498412: function: inotify_inode_queue_event <-- vfs_write trace-cmd-16129 [002] 158126.498420: lock_release: 0xffff88003f1fa4f8 &sb->s_type->i_mutex_key trace-cmd-16131 [000] 158126.498421: function: security_file_alloc <-- get_empty_filp sleep-16133 [001] 158126.498422: function: __fsnotify_parent <-- vfs_write trace-cmd-16130 [003] 158126.498422: function: rw_verify_area <-- do_splice_to trace-cmd-16131 [000] 158126.498424: function: cap_file_alloc_security <-- security_file_alloc trace-cmd-16129 [002] 158126.498425: function: syscall_trace_leave <-- int_check_syscall_exit_work sleep-16133 [001] 158126.498426: function: inotify_dentry_parent_queue_event <-- vfs_write trace-cmd-16130 [003] 158126.498426: function: security_file_permission <-- rw_verify_area trace-cmd-16129 [002] 158126.498428: function: audit_syscall_exit <-- syscall_trace_leave [...] To see everything but the function traces: # trace-cmd report -v -F 'function' trace-cmd-16131 [000] 158126.498411: kmem_cache_alloc: call_site=811223c5 ptr=0xffff88003ecf2b40 bytes_req=272 bytes_alloc=320 gfp_flags=GFP_KERNEL|GFP_ZERO trace-cmd-16129 [002] 158126.498420: lock_release: 0xffff88003f1fa4f8 &sb->s_type->i_mutex_key trace-cmd-16130 [003] 158126.498436: lock_acquire: 0xffffffff8166bf78 read all_cpu_access_lock trace-cmd-16131 [000] 158126.498438: lock_acquire: 0xffff88003df5b520 read &fs->lock trace-cmd-16129 [002] 158126.498446: kfree: call_site=810a7abb ptr=0x0 trace-cmd-16130 [003] 158126.498448: lock_acquire: 0xffff880002250a80 &per_cpu(cpu_access_lock, cpu) trace-cmd-16129 [002] 158126.498450: sys_exit_splice: 0xfffffff5 trace-cmd-16131 [000] 158126.498454: lock_release: 0xffff88003df5b520 &fs->lock sleep-16133 [001] 158126.498456: kfree: call_site=810a7abb ptr=0x0 sleep-16133 [001] 158126.498460: sys_exit_write: 0x1 trace-cmd-16130 [003] 158126.498462: kmalloc: call_site=810bf95b ptr=0xffff88003dedc040 bytes_req=24 bytes_alloc=32 gfp_flags=GFP_KERNEL|GFP_ZERO To see only the kmalloc calls that were greater than 1000 bytes: #trace-cmd report -F 'kmalloc: bytes_req > 1000' <idle>-0 [000] 158128.126641: kmalloc: call_site=81330635 ptr=0xffff88003c2fd000 bytes_req=2096 bytes_alloc=4096 gfp_flags=GFP_ATOMIC To see wakeups and sched switches that left the previous task in the running state: # trace-cmd report -F 'sched: prev_state == 0 || (success == 1)' trace-cmd-16132 [002] 158126.499951: sched_wakeup: comm=trace-cmd pid=16129 prio=120 success=1 target_cpu=002 trace-cmd-16132 [002] 158126.500401: sched_switch: prev_comm=trace-cmd prev_pid=16132 prev_prio=120 prev_state=R ==> next_comm=trace-cmd next_pid=16129 next_prio=120 <idle>-0 [003] 158126.500585: sched_wakeup: comm=trace-cmd pid=16130 prio=120 success=1 target_cpu=003 <idle>-0 [003] 158126.501241: sched_switch: prev_comm=swapper prev_pid=0 prev_prio=120 prev_state=R ==> next_comm=trace-cmd next_pid=16130 next_prio=120 trace-cmd-16132 [000] 158126.502475: sched_wakeup: comm=trace-cmd pid=16131 prio=120 success=1 target_cpu=000 trace-cmd-16131 [002] 158126.506516: sched_wakeup: comm=trace-cmd pid=16129 prio=120 success=1 target_cpu=002 <idle>-0 [003] 158126.550110: sched_switch: prev_comm=swapper prev_pid=0 prev_prio=120 prev_state=R ==> next_comm=trace-cmd next_pid=16130 next_prio=120 trace-cmd-16131 [003] 158126.570243: sched_wakeup: comm=trace-cmd pid=16129 prio=120 success=1 target_cpu=003 trace-cmd-16130 [002] 158126.618202: sched_switch: prev_comm=trace-cmd prev_pid=16130 prev_prio=120 prev_state=R ==> next_comm=yum-updatesd next_pid=3088 next_prio=1 20 trace-cmd-16129 [003] 158126.622379: sched_wakeup: comm=trace-cmd pid=16131 prio=120 success=1 target_cpu=003 trace-cmd-16129 [000] 158126.649287: sched_wakeup: comm=trace-cmd pid=16131 prio=120 success=1 target_cpu=000 The above needs a little explanation. The filter specifies the "sched" subsystem, which includes both sched_switch and sched_wakeup events. Any event that does not have the format field "prev_state" or "success", will evaluate those expressions as FALSE, and will not produce a match. Using "||" will have the "prev_state" test happen for the "sched_switch" event and the "success" test happen for the "sched_wakeup" event. # trace-cmd report -w -F 'sched_switch, sched_wakeup.*' [...] trace-cmd-16130 [003] 158131.580616: sched_wakeup: comm=trace-cmd pid=16131 prio=120 success=1 target_cpu=003 trace-cmd-16129 [000] 158131.581502: sched_switch: prev_comm=trace-cmd prev_pid=16129 prev_prio=120 prev_state=S ==> next_comm=trace-cmd next_pid=16131 next_prio=120 Latency: 885.901 usecs trace-cmd-16131 [000] 158131.582414: sched_wakeup: comm=trace-cmd pid=16129 prio=120 success=1 target_cpu=000 trace-cmd-16132 [001] 158131.583219: sched_switch: prev_comm=trace-cmd prev_pid=16132 prev_prio=120 prev_state=S ==> next_comm=trace-cmd next_pid=16129 next_prio=120 Latency: 804.809 usecs sleep-16133 [002] 158131.584121: sched_wakeup: comm=trace-cmd pid=16120 prio=120 success=1 target_cpu=002 trace-cmd-16129 [001] 158131.584128: sched_wakeup: comm=trace-cmd pid=16132 prio=120 success=1 target_cpu=001 sleep-16133 [002] 158131.584275: sched_switch: prev_comm=sleep prev_pid=16133 prev_prio=120 prev_state=R ==> next_comm=trace-cmd next_pid=16120 next_prio=120 Latency: 153.915 usecs trace-cmd-16130 [003] 158131.585284: sched_switch: prev_comm=trace-cmd prev_pid=16130 prev_prio=120 prev_state=S ==> next_comm=trace-cmd next_pid=16132 next_prio=120 Latency: 1155.677 usecs Average wakeup latency: 26626.656 usecs The above trace produces the wakeup latencies of the tasks. The "sched_switch" event reports each individual latency after writing the event information. At the end of the report, the average wakeup latency is reported. # trace-cmd report -w -F 'sched_switch, sched_wakeup.*: prio < 100 || next_prio < 100' <idle>-0 [003] 158131.516753: sched_wakeup: comm=ksoftirqd/3 pid=13 prio=49 success=1 target_cpu=003 <idle>-0 [003] 158131.516855: sched_switch: prev_comm=swapper prev_pid=0 prev_prio=120 prev_state=R ==> next_comm=ksoftirqd/3 next_pid=13 next_prio=49 Latency: 101.244 usecs <idle>-0 [003] 158131.533781: sched_wakeup: comm=ksoftirqd/3 pid=13 prio=49 success=1 target_cpu=003 <idle>-0 [003] 158131.533897: sched_switch: prev_comm=swapper prev_pid=0 prev_prio=120 prev_state=R ==> next_comm=ksoftirqd/3 next_pid=13 next_prio=49 Latency: 115.608 usecs <idle>-0 [003] 158131.569730: sched_wakeup: comm=ksoftirqd/3 pid=13 prio=49 success=1 target_cpu=003 <idle>-0 [003] 158131.569851: sched_switch: prev_comm=swapper prev_pid=0 prev_prio=120 prev_state=R ==> next_comm=ksoftirqd/3 next_pid=13 next_prio=49 Latency: 121.024 usecs Average wakeup latency: 110.021 usecs The above version will only show the wakeups and context switches of Real Time tasks. The prio used inside the kernel starts at 0 for highest priority. That is prio 0 is equivalent to user space real time priority 99, and priority 98 is equivalent to user space real time priority 1. Prios less than 100 represent Real Time tasks.
SEE ALSO
trace-cmd(1), trace-cmd-record(1), trace-cmd-start(1), trace-cmd-stop(1), trace-cmd-extract(1), trace-cmd-reset(1), trace-cmd-split(1), trace-cmd-list(1), trace-cmd-listen(1)
AUTHOR
Written by Steven Rostedt, <rostedt@goodmis.org[1]>
RESOURCES
git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rostedt/trace-cmd.git
COPYING
Copyright (C) 2010 Red Hat, Inc. Free use of this software is granted under the terms of the GNU Public License (GPL).
NOTES
1. rostedt@goodmis.org mailto:rostedt@goodmis.org 06/11/2014 TRACE-CMD-REPORT(1)