SYSTEMD-BOOTCHART(1) systemd-bootchart SYSTEMD-BOOTCHART(1)
systemd-bootchart - Boot performance graphing tool
systemd-bootchart is a tool, usually run at system startup, that collects the CPU load, disk load, memory usage, as well as per-process
information from a running system. Collected results are output as an SVG graph. Normally, systemd-bootchart is invoked by the kernel by
passing init=/usr/lib/systemd/systemd-bootchart on the kernel commandline. systemd-bootchart will then fork the real init off to resume
normal system startup, while monitoring and logging startup information in the background.
After collecting a certain amount of data (usually 15-30 seconds, default 20 s) the logging stops and a graph is generated from the logged
information. This graph contains vital clues as to which resources are being used, in which order, and where possible problems exist in the
startup sequence of the system. It is essentially a more detailed version of the systemd-analyzeplot function.
Of course, bootchart can also be used at any moment in time to collect and graph some data for an amount of time. It is recommended to use
the --rel switch in this case.
Bootchart does not require root privileges, and will happily run as a normal user.
Bootchart graphs are by default written time-stamped in /run/log and saved to the journal with MESSAGE_ID=9f26aa562cf440c2b16c773d0479b518.
Journal field BOOTCHART= contains the bootchart in SVG format.
systemd-bootchart can be invoked in several different ways:
The kernel can invoke systemd-bootchart instead of the init process. In turn, systemd-bootchart will invoke /sbin/init.
Started as a standalone program
One can execute systemd-bootchart as normal application from the commandline. In this mode it is highly recommended to pass the -r flag
in order to not graph the time elapsed since boot and before systemd-bootchart was started, as it may result in extremely large graphs.
These options can also be set in the /etc/systemd/bootchart.conf file. See bootchart.conf(5).
Prints a short help text and exits.
-n, --sample N
Specify the number of samples, N, to record. Samples will be recorded at intervals defined with --freq.
-f, --freq f
Specify the sample log frequency, a positive real f, in Hz. Most systems can cope with values up to 25-50 without creating too much
Use relative times instead of absolute times. This is useful for using bootchart at post-boot time to profile an already booted system.
Without this option the graph would become extremely large. If set, the horizontal axis starts at the first recorded sample instead of
Disable filtering of tasks that did not contribute significantly to the boot. Processes that are too short-lived (only seen in one
sample) or that do not consume any significant CPU time (less than 0.001 s) will not be displayed in the output graph.
Display the full command line with arguments of processes, instead of only the process name.
-o, --output path
Specify the output directory for the graphs. By default, bootchart writes the graphs to /run/log.
-i, --init path
Use this init binary. Defaults to /sbin/init.
Enable logging and graphing of processes' PSS (Proportional Set Size) memory consumption. See filesystems/proc.txt in the kernel
documentation for an explanation of this field.
Enable logging and graphing of the kernel random entropy pool size.
-x, --scale-x N
Horizontal scaling factor for all variable graph components.
-y, --scale-y N
Vertical scaling factor for all variable graph components.
systemd-bootchart generates SVG graphs. In order to render those on a graphical display any SVG capable viewer can be used. It should be
noted that the SVG render engines in most browsers (including Chrome and Firefox) are many times faster than dedicated graphical
applications like Gimp and Inkscape. Just point your browser at file:///run/log/!
This version of bootchart was implemented from scratch, but is inspired by former bootchart incantations:
The original bash/shell code implemented bootchart. This version created a compressed tarball for processing with external
applications. This version did not graph anything, only generated data.
Ubuntu C Implementation
This version replaced the shell version with a fast and efficient data logger, but also did not graph the data.
This was the original graphing application for charting the data, written in java.
pybootchart created a graph from the data collected by either the bash or C version.
The version of bootchart you are using now combines both the data collection and the charting into a single application, making it more
efficient and simpler. There are no longer any timing issues with the data collector and the grapher, as the graphing cannot be run until
the data has been collected. Also, the data kept in memory is reduced to the absolute minimum needed.
systemd-bootchart does not get the model information for the hard drive unless the root device is specified with root=/dev/sdxY. Using
UUIDs or PARTUUIDs will boot fine, but the hard drive model will not be added to the chart.
For bugs, please contact the author and current maintainer:
Auke Kok <firstname.lastname@example.org>
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