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OSPAM(1)				    Reference					 OSPAM(1)

NAME
       ospam - An SGML/XML markup stream editor

SYNOPSIS
       ospam [-CeghilprRvx] [-alinktype] [-Aarchitecture] [-bbctf] [-ccatalog_file] [-Ddirectory]
	     [-ffile] [-mmarkup_option] [-oentity_name] [-wwarning_type] [sysid...]

DESCRIPTION
       ospam (OpenSP Add Markup) is an SGML markup stream editor implemented using the OpenSP
       parser.	ospam parses the SGML document contained in sysid and copies to the standard
       output the portion of the document entity containing the document instance, adding or
       changing markup as specified by the -m options. The -p option can be used to include the
       SGML declaration and prolog in the output. The -o option can be used to output other
       entities. The -x option can be used to expand entity references.

       Part of an SGML System Conforming to International Standard ISO 8879 -- Standard
       Generalized Markup Language. An SGML Extended Facilities system conforming to Annex A of
       Internation Standard ISO/IEC 10744 -- Hypermedia/Time-based Structuring Language.

       The following options are available:

       -aname, --activate=name
	   Make doctype or linktype name active.

       -Aarchitecture, --architecture=architecture
	   Parse with respect to architecture architecture.

       -bbctf, --bctf=bctf
	   Use bctf bctf for output.

       -csysid, --catalog=sysid
	   Use the catalog entry file sysid.

       -C, --catalogs
	   This has the same effect as in onsgmls(1).

       -Ddirectory, --directory=directory
	   Search directory for files specified in system identifiers. This has the same effect
	   as in onsgmls(1).

       -e, --open-entities
	   Describe open entities in error messages.

       -Emax_errors, --max-errors=max_errors
	   Exit after max_errors errors are encountered.

       -ffile, --error-file=file
	   Redirect errors to file. This is useful mainly with shells that do not support
	   redirection of stderr.

       -g, --open-elements
	   Show the generic identifiers of open elements in error messages.

       -h, --hoist-omitted-tags
	   Hoist omitted tags out from the start of internal entities. If the text at the
	   beginning of an internal entity causes a tag to be implied, the tag will usually be
	   treated as being in that internal entity; this option will instead cause it to be
	   treated as being in the entity that referenced the internal entity. This option makes
	   a difference in conjunction with -momittag or -x-x.

       --help
	   Display a help text and exit.

       -iname, --include=name
	   This has the same effect as in onsgmls(1).

       -l, --lowercase
	   Prefer lower-case. Added names that were subject to upper-case substitution will be
	   converted to lower-case.

       -mmarkup_option, --markup-option=markup_option
	   Change the markup in the output according to the value of markup_option as follows:

	   omittag Add tags that were omitted using omitted tag minimization. End tags that were
	   omitted because the element has a declared content of EMPTY or an explicit content
	   reference will not be added.

	   shortref Replace short references by named entity references.

	   net Change null end-tags into unminimized end-tags, and change net-enabling start-tags
	   into unminimized start-tags.

	   emptytag Change empty tags into unminimized tags.

	   unclosed Change unclosed tags into unminimized tags.

	   attname Add omitted attribute names and vis.

	   attvalue Add literal delimiters omitted from attribute values.

	   attspec Add omitted attribute specifications.

	   current Add omitted attribute specifications for current attributes. This option is
	   implied by the attspec option.

	   shorttag Equivalent to combination of net, emptytag, unclosed, attname, attvalue and
	   attspec options.

	   rank Add omitted rank suffixes.

	   reserved Put reserved names in upper-case.

	   ms Remove marked section declarations whose effective status is IGNORE, and replace
	   each marked section declaration whose effective status is INCLUDE by its marked
	   section. In the document instance, empty comments will be added before or after the
	   marked section declaration to ensure that ignored record ends remain ignored.

	   Multiple -m options are allowed.

       -n, --error-numbers
	   Show error numbers in error messages.

       -oname, --output-entity=name
	   Output the general entity name instead of the document entity. The output will
	   correspond to the first time that the entity is referenced in content.

       -p, --output-prolog
	   Output the part of the document entity containing the SGML declaration (if it was
	   explicitly present in the document entity) and the prolog before anything else. If
	   this option is specified two or more times, then all entity references occurring
	   between declarations in the prolog will be expanded; this includes the implicit
	   reference to the entity containing the external subset of the DTD, if there is one.
	   Note that the SGML declaration will not be included if it was specified by an SGMLDECL
	   entry in a catalog.

       -r, --raw
	   Don't perform any conversion on RSs and REs when outputting the entity. The entity
	   would typically have the storage manager attribute records=asis.

       -R, --restricted
	   This as the same effect as in onsgmls(1)

       -v, --version
	   Print the version number.

       -wtype, --warning=type
	   Control warnings and errors according to type. This has the same effect as in
	   onsgmls(1).

       -x, --expand-references
	   Expand references to entities that are changed. If this option is specified two or
	   more times, then all references to entities that contain tags will be expanded.

BUGS
       Omitted tags are added at the point where they are implied by the SGML parser (except as
       modified by the -h option); this is often not quite where they are wanted.

       The case of general delimiters is not preserved.

       Incorrect results may be produced if a variant concrete syntax is used which is such that
       there are delimiters in markup to be added that have a prefix that is a proper suffix of
       some other delimiter.

       If an entity reference in a default value uses the default entity and an entity with that
       name is subsequently defined and that default value is added to the document instance,
       then the resulting document may not be equivalent to the original document.  ospam will
       give a warning when the first two conditions are met.

SEE ALSO
       onsgmls(1), ospent(1), onsgmlnorm(1), osx(1)

AUTHORS
       James Clark
	   Author.

       Ian Castle <ian.castle@openjade.org>
	   Author.

COPYRIGHT
OpenJade				  November 2002 				 OSPAM(1)
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