SIEVE-FILTER(1) Pigeonhole SIEVE-FILTER(1)
sieve-filter - Pigeonhole's Sieve mailbox filter tool
WARNING: This tool is still experimental. Read this manual carefully, and backup any
important mail before using this tool. Also note that some of the features documented here
are not actually implemented yet; this is clearly indicated where applicable.
sieve-filter [options] script-file source-mailbox [discard-action]
The sieve-filter command is part of the Pigeonhole Project (pigeonhole(7)), which adds
Sieve (RFC 5228) support to the Dovecot secure IMAP and POP3 server (dovecot(1)).
The Sieve language was originally meant for filtering messages upon delivery. However,
there are occasions when it is desirable to filter messages that are already stored in a
mailbox, for instance when a bug in a Sieve script caused many messages to be delivered
incorrectly. Using the sieve-filter tool it is possible to apply a Sieve script on all
messages in a particular source-mailbox, making it possible to delete messages, to store
them in a different mailbox, to change their content, and to change the assigned IMAP
flags and keywords. Attempts to send messages to the outside world are ignored by default
for obvious reasons, but, using the proper command line options, it is possible to capture
and handle outgoing mail as well.
If no options are specified, the sieve-filter command runs in a simulation mode in which
it only prints what would be performed, without actually doing anything. Use the -e option
to activate true script execution. Also, the source-mailbox is opened read-only by
default, meaning that it normally always remains unchanged. Use the -W option to allow
changes in the source-mailbox.
Even with the -W option enabled, messages in the source-mailbox are only potentially modi-
fied or moved to a different folder. Messages are never lost unless a discard-action argu-
ment other than keep (the default) is specified. If the Sieve filter decides to store the
message in the source-mailbox, where it obviously already exists, it is never duplicated
there. In that case, the IMAP flags of the original message can be modified by the Sieve
interpreter using the imap4flags extension, provided that -W is specified. If the message
itself is modified by the Sieve interpreter (e.g. using the editheader extension), a new
message is stored and the old one is expunged. However, if -W is omitted, the original
message is left untouched and the modifications are discarded.
Although this is a very useful tool, it can also be very destructive when used improperly.
A small bug in your Sieve script in combination with the wrong command line options could
cause it to discard the wrong e-mails. And, even if the source-mailbox is opened in
read-only mode to prevent such mishaps, it can still litter other mailboxes with spurious
copies of your e-mails if your Sieve script decides to do so. Therefore, users are advised
to read this manual carefully and to use the simulation mode first to check what the
script will do. And, of course:
MAKING A BACKUP IS IMPERATIVE FOR ANY IMPORTANT MAIL!
Alternative Dovecot configuration file path.
-C Force compilation. By default, the compiled binary is stored on disk. When this
binary is found during the next execution of sieve-filter and its modification time
is more recent than the script file, it is used and the script is not compiled
again. This option forces the script to be compiled, thus ignoring any present
binary. Refer to sievec(1) for more information about Sieve compilation.
-D Enable Sieve debugging.
-e Turns on execution mode. By default, the sieve-filter command runs in simulation
mode in which it changes nothing, meaning that no mailbox is altered in any way and
no actions are performed. It only prints what would be done. Using this option,
the sieve-filter command becomes active and performs the requested actions.
The mailbox where the (implicit) keep Sieve action stores messages. This is equal
to the source-mailbox by default. Specifying a different folder will have the
effect of moving (or copying if -W is omitted) all kept messages to the indicated
folder, instead of just leaving them in the source-mailbox. Refer to the explana-
tion of the source-mailbox argument for more information on mailbox naming.
-q output-mailbox [not implemented yet]
Store outgoing e-mail into the indicated output-mailbox. By default, the sieve-fil-
ter command ignores Sieve actions such as redirect, reject, vacation and notify,
but using this option outgoing messages can be appended to the indicated mailbox.
This option has no effect in simulation mode. Flags of redirected messages are not
-Q mail-command [not implemented yet]
Send outgoing e-mail (e.g. as produced by redirect, reject and vacation) through
the specified program. By default, the sieve-filter command ignores Sieve actions
such as redirect, reject, vacation and notify, but using this option outgoing mes-
sages can be fed to the stdin of an external shell command. This option has no
effect in simulation mode. Unless you really know what you are doing, DO NOT USE
THIS TO FEED MAIL TO SENDMAIL!.
-s script-file [not implemented yet]
Specify additional scripts to be executed before the main script. Multiple -s argu-
ments are allowed and the specified scripts are executed sequentially in the order
specified at the command line.
Run the Sieve script for the given user.
-v Produce verbose output during filtering.
-W Enables write access to the source-mailbox. This allows (re)moving the messages
from the source-mailbox, changing their contents, and changing the assigned IMAP
flags and keywords.
Set the available extensions. The parameter is a space-separated list of the active
extensions. By prepending the extension identifiers with + or -, extensions can be
included or excluded relative to the configured set of active extensions. If no
extensions have a + or - prefix, only those extensions that are explicitly listed
will be enabled. Unknown extensions are ignored and a warning is produced.
For example -x "+imapflags -enotify" will enable the deprecated imapflags extension
and disable the enotify extension. The rest of the active extensions depends on the
sieve_extensions and sieve_global_extensions settings. By default, i.e. when
sieve_extensions and sieve_global_extensions remain unconfigured, all supported
extensions are available, except for deprecated extensions or those that are still
Specifies the Sieve script to (compile and) execute.
Note that this tool looks for a pre-compiled binary file with a .svbin extension
and with basename and path identical to the specified script. Use the -C option to
disable this behavior by forcing the script to be compiled into a new binary.
Specifies the source mailbox containing the messages that the Sieve filter will act
This is the name of a mailbox, as visible to IMAP clients, except in UTF-8 format.
The hierarchy separator between a parent and child mailbox is commonly '/' or '.',
but this depends on your selected mailbox storage format and namespace configura-
tion. The mailbox names may also require a namespace prefix.
This mailbox is not modified unless the -W option is specified.
Specifies what is done with messages in the source-mailbox that where not kept or
otherwise stored by the Sieve script; i.e. those messages that would normally be
discarded if the Sieve script were executed at delivery. The discard-action param-
eter accepts one of the following values:
Keep discarded messages in source mailbox.
Move discarded messages to the indicated mailbox. This is for instance use-
ful to move messages to a Trash mailbox. Refer to the explanation of the
source-mailbox argument for more information on mailbox naming.
delete Flag discarded messages as \DELETED.
Expunge discarded messages, meaning that these are removed irreversibly when
the tool finishes filtering.
When the -W option is not specified, the source-mailbox is immutable and the speci-
fied discard-action has no effect. This means that messages are at most copied to a
new location. In contrast, when the -W is specified, messages that are successfully
stored somewhere else by the Sieve script are always expunged from the source-mail-
box, with the effect that these are thus moved to the new location. This happens
irrespective of the specified discard-action. Remember: only discarded messages are
affected by the specified discard-action.
sieve-filter will exit with one of the following values:
0 Sieve filter applied successfully. (EX_OK, EXIT_SUCCESS)
1 Operation failed. This is returned for almost all failures. (EXIT_FAILURE)
64 Invalid parameter given. (EX_USAGE)
Dovecot's main configuration file.
Sieve interpreter settings (included from Dovecot's main configuration file)
Report bugs, including doveconf -n output, to the Dovecot Mailing List <dovecot@dove-
cot.org>. Information about reporting Dovecot and Pigeonhole bugs is available at:
dovecot(1), dovecot-lda(1), sieve-dump(1), sieve-test(1), sievec(1), pigeonhole(7)
Pigeonhole for Dovecot v2.2 2013-05-09 SIEVE-FILTER(1)