RM(1) User Commands RM(1)
rm - remove files or directories
rm [OPTION]... FILE...
This manual page documents the GNU version of rm. rm removes each specified file. By default, it does not remove directories.
If the -I or --interactive=once option is given, and there are more than three files or the -r, -R, or --recursive are given, then rm
prompts the user for whether to proceed with the entire operation. If the response is not affirmative, the entire command is aborted.
Otherwise, if a file is unwritable, standard input is a terminal, and the -f or --force option is not given, or the -i or --interac-
tive=always option is given, rm prompts the user for whether to remove the file. If the response is not affirmative, the file is skipped.
Remove (unlink) the FILE(s).
ignore nonexistent files and arguments, never prompt
-i prompt before every removal
-I prompt once before removing more than three files, or when removing recursively; less intrusive than -i, while still giving protec-
tion against most mistakes
prompt according to WHEN: never, once (-I), or always (-i); without WHEN, prompt always
when removing a hierarchy recursively, skip any directory that is on a file system different from that of the corresponding command
do not treat '/' specially
do not remove '/' (default)
-r, -R, --recursive
remove directories and their contents recursively
remove empty directories
explain what is being done
--help display this help and exit
output version information and exit
By default, rm does not remove directories. Use the --recursive (-r or -R) option to remove each listed directory, too, along with all of
To remove a file whose name starts with a '-', for example '-foo', use one of these commands:
rm -- -foo
Note that if you use rm to remove a file, it might be possible to recover some of its contents, given sufficient expertise and/or time.
For greater assurance that the contents are truly unrecoverable, consider using shred.
GNU coreutils online help: <http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/> Report rm translation bugs to <http://translationproject.org/team/>
Written by Paul Rubin, David MacKenzie, Richard M. Stallman, and Jim Meyering.
Copyright (C) 2013 Free Software Foundation, Inc. License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>.
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it. There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.
unlink(1), unlink(2), chattr(1), shred(1)
The full documentation for rm is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If the info and rm programs are properly installed at your site, the com-
info coreutils 'rm invocation'
should give you access to the complete manual.
GNU coreutils 8.22 June 2014 RM(1)