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PMATOP(1)										PMATOP(1)

       pmatop - System & Process Monitor

       Interactive usage:

       pmatop [-g|-m] [-L linelen] [-h host] [ interval [ samples ]]

       Writing and reading raw logfiles:

       pmatop -w rawfile [ interval [ samples ]]
       pmatop -r [ rawfile ] [-g|-m] [-L linelen] [-h host]

       The program pmatop is an interactive monitor to view the load on a Linux system.  It shows
       the occupation of the most critical hardware resources (from a performance point of  view)
       on  system  level,  i.e. cpu, memory, disk and network.	By default metrics from the local
       host are displayed, but a different host may be specified with the [-h host]  option.   It
       is  modeled  after  atop(1)  and provides a showcase for the variety of data available via

       Every interval (default: 10 seconds) information is shown about the resource occupation on
       system  level  (cpu,  memory,  disks  and network layers), followed by a list of processes
       which have been active during the last interval If the list of active processes	does  not
       entirely fit on the screen, only the top of the list is shown.
       The  intervals  are repeated till the number of samples (specified as command argument) is
       reached, or till the key 'q' is pressed in interactive mode.

       When pmatop is started, it checks whether the standard output channel is  connected  to	a
       screen,	or  to	a  file/pipe. In the first case it produces screen control codes (via the
       ncurses library) and behaves interactively; in the second case it produces flat ASCII-out-

       In  interactive mode, the output of pmatop scales dynamically to the current dimensions of
       the screen/window.

       Furthermore in interactive mode the output of pmatop can be controlled by pressing partic-
       ular  keys.   However it is also possible to specify such key as flag on the command line.
       In that case pmatop switches to the indicated mode on beforehand; this mode can	be  modi-
       fied  again  interactively.  Specifying such key as flag is especially useful when running
       pmatop with output to a pipe or file (non-interactively).  These flags are the same as the
       keys that can be pressed in interactive mode (see section INTERACTIVE COMMANDS).

       The  output  of pmatop consists of system level and process level information.  The system
       level information consists of the following output lines:

       PRC  Process and thread level totals.
	    This line contains the total cpu time consumed in system mode  (`sys')  and  in  user
	    mode  (`user'),  the  total  number  of  processes	present at this moment (`#proc'),
	    `sleeping interruptible' (`#tslpi') and `sleeping  uninterruptible'  (`#tslpu'),  and
	    the number of zombie processes (`#zombie').

       CPU  The  occupation percentage of this process related to the available capacity for this
	    resource on system level.
	    This line contains the total CPU usage in system mode, in user mode, in irq mode,  in
	    idle  mode,  and  in  wait mode.  The cpu lines contain this information on a per cpu

       CPL  This line contains load average information for the last minute,  five  minutes,  and
	    fifteen minutes.  Also the number of context switches and the number of device inter-

       MEM  This line contains the size of physical  memory,  free  memory,  page  cache,  buffer
	    cache, and slab.

       SWP  This  line contains the size of swap, free swap, committed space, and committed space

       PAG  This line contains the number of page scans, allocstalls, swapins, and swapouts.

	    For every logical volume/multiple device/hard disk one line is shown  containing  the
	    name, number of reads, and number of writes.

       NET  The  first	line  is  for  the  upper TCP/IP layer and contains the number of packets
	    received, packets transmitted, packets received.  The next line is	one  per  network
	    interface and contains the number of packets received and number of packets transmit-

	    The remaining lines are one line per process  and  can  be	controlled  as	described

       When  running pmatop interactively (no output redirection), keys can be pressed to control
       the output.

       g    Show generic output (default).

	    Per process the following fields are shown in case of a window-width of 80 positions:
	    process-id,  cpu  consumption  during the last interval in system- and user mode, the
	    virtual and resident memory growth of the process.

	    The subsequent columns are the username, number of threads in the thread  group,  the
	    status and exit code are shown.
	    The last columns contain the state, the occupation percentage for the chosen resource
	    (default: cpu) and the process name.

	    When more than 80 positions are available, other information is added.

       m    Show memory related output.

	    Per process the following fields are shown in case of a window-width of 80 positions:
	    process-id, minor and major memory faults, size of virtual shared text, total virtual
	    process size, total resident process size, virtual and resident  growth  during  last
	    interval, memory occupation percentage and process name.

	    When more than 80 positions are available, other information is added.

       Miscellaneous interactive commands:

       ?    Request for help information (also the key 'h' can be pressed).

       z    The pause key can be used to freeze the current situation in order to investigate the
	    output on the screen. While pmatop is paused, the keys described above can be pressed
	    to	show  other  information about the current list of processes.  Whenever the pause
	    key is pressed again, pmatop will continue with a next sample.

       PCPIntro(1), collectl(1), perl(1), python(1), pmlogger(1), pmcd(1), pmprobe(1),	pmval(1),
       PMAPI(3), and pcp.conf(4).

Performance Co-Pilot			       PCP					PMATOP(1)
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