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PERLHIST(1)			 Perl Programmers Reference Guide		      PERLHIST(1)

NAME
       perlhist - the Perl history records

DESCRIPTION
       This document aims to record the Perl source code releases.

INTRODUCTION
       Perl history in brief, by Larry Wall:

	   Perl 0 introduced Perl to my officemates.
	   Perl 1 introduced Perl to the world, and changed /\(...\|...\)/ to
	       /(...|...)/.  \(Dan Faigin still hasn't forgiven me. :-\)
	   Perl 2 introduced Henry Spencer's regular expression package.
	   Perl 3 introduced the ability to handle binary data (embedded nulls).
	   Perl 4 introduced the first Camel book.  Really.  We mostly just
	       switched version numbers so the book could refer to 4.000.
	   Perl 5 introduced everything else, including the ability to
	       introduce everything else.

THE KEEPERS OF THE PUMPKIN
       Larry Wall, Andy Dougherty, Tom Christiansen, Charles Bailey, Nick Ing-Simmons, Chip
       Salzenberg, Tim Bunce, Malcolm Beattie, Gurusamy Sarathy, Graham Barr, Jarkko Hietaniemi,
       Hugo van der Sanden, Michael Schwern, Rafael Garcia-Suarez, Nicholas Clark, Richard Clamp,
       Leon Brocard, Dave Mitchell, Jesse Vincent, Ricardo Signes, Steve Hay, Matt S Trout, David
       Golden, Florian Ragwitz, Tatsuhiko Miyagawa, Chris "BinGOs" Williams, Zefram, A~Xvar
       ArnfjA~XrA~X Bjarmason, Stevan Little, Dave Rolsky, Max Maischein, Abigail, Jesse Luehrs
       and Tony Cook.

   PUMPKIN?
       [from Porting/pumpkin.pod in the Perl source code distribution]

       Chip Salzenberg gets credit for that, with a nod to his cow orker, David Croy.  We had
       passed around various names (baton, token, hot potato) but none caught on.  Then, Chip
       asked:

       [begin quote]

	  Who has the patch pumpkin?

       To explain:  David Croy once told me that at a previous job, there was one tape drive and
       multiple systems that used it for backups.  But instead of some high-tech exclusion
       software, they used a low-tech method to prevent multiple simultaneous backups: a stuffed
       pumpkin.  No one was allowed to make backups unless they had the "backup pumpkin".

       [end quote]

       The name has stuck.  The holder of the pumpkin is sometimes called the pumpking (keeping
       the source afloat?) or the pumpkineer (pulling the strings?).

THE RECORDS
	Pump-  Release	       Date	       Notes
	king				       (by no means
						comprehensive,
						see Changes*
						for details)
	======================================================================

	Larry	0	       Classified.     Don't ask.

	Larry	1.000	       1987-Dec-18

		 1.001..10     1988-Jan-30
		 1.011..14     1988-Feb-02
	Schwern  1.0.15        2002-Dec-18     Modernization
	Richard  1.0_16        2003-Dec-18

	Larry	2.000	       1988-Jun-05

		 2.001	       1988-Jun-28

	Larry	3.000	       1989-Oct-18

		 3.001	       1989-Oct-26
		 3.002..4      1989-Nov-11
		 3.005	       1989-Nov-18
		 3.006..8      1989-Dec-22
		 3.009..13     1990-Mar-02
		 3.014	       1990-Mar-13
		 3.015	       1990-Mar-14
		 3.016..18     1990-Mar-28
		 3.019..27     1990-Aug-10     User subs.
		 3.028	       1990-Aug-14
		 3.029..36     1990-Oct-17
		 3.037	       1990-Oct-20
		 3.040	       1990-Nov-10
		 3.041	       1990-Nov-13
		 3.042..43     1991-Jan-??
		 3.044	       1991-Jan-12

	Larry	4.000	       1991-Mar-21

		 4.001..3      1991-Apr-12
		 4.004..9      1991-Jun-07
		 4.010	       1991-Jun-10
		 4.011..18     1991-Nov-05
		 4.019	       1991-Nov-11     Stable.
		 4.020..33     1992-Jun-08
		 4.034	       1992-Jun-11
		 4.035	       1992-Jun-23
	Larry	 4.036	       1993-Feb-05     Very stable.

		 5.000alpha1   1993-Jul-31
		 5.000alpha2   1993-Aug-16
		 5.000alpha3   1993-Oct-10
		 5.000alpha4   1993-???-??
		 5.000alpha5   1993-???-??
		 5.000alpha6   1994-Mar-18
		 5.000alpha7   1994-Mar-25
	Andy	 5.000alpha8   1994-Apr-04
	Larry	 5.000alpha9   1994-May-05     ext appears.
		 5.000alpha10  1994-Jun-11
		 5.000alpha11  1994-Jul-01
	Andy	 5.000a11a     1994-Jul-07     To fit 14.
		 5.000a11b     1994-Jul-14
		 5.000a11c     1994-Jul-19
		 5.000a11d     1994-Jul-22
	Larry	 5.000alpha12  1994-Aug-04
	Andy	 5.000a12a     1994-Aug-08
		 5.000a12b     1994-Aug-15
		 5.000a12c     1994-Aug-22
		 5.000a12d     1994-Aug-22
		 5.000a12e     1994-Aug-22
		 5.000a12f     1994-Aug-24
		 5.000a12g     1994-Aug-24
		 5.000a12h     1994-Aug-24
	Larry	 5.000beta1    1994-Aug-30
	Andy	 5.000b1a      1994-Sep-06
	Larry	 5.000beta2    1994-Sep-14     Core slushified.
	Andy	 5.000b2a      1994-Sep-14
		 5.000b2b      1994-Sep-17
		 5.000b2c      1994-Sep-17
	Larry	 5.000beta3    1994-Sep-??
	Andy	 5.000b3a      1994-Sep-18
		 5.000b3b      1994-Sep-22
		 5.000b3c      1994-Sep-23
		 5.000b3d      1994-Sep-27
		 5.000b3e      1994-Sep-28
		 5.000b3f      1994-Sep-30
		 5.000b3g      1994-Oct-04
	Andy	 5.000b3h      1994-Oct-07
	Larry?	 5.000gamma    1994-Oct-13?

	Larry	5.000	       1994-Oct-17

	Andy	 5.000a        1994-Dec-19
		 5.000b        1995-Jan-18
		 5.000c        1995-Jan-18
		 5.000d        1995-Jan-18
		 5.000e        1995-Jan-18
		 5.000f        1995-Jan-18
		 5.000g        1995-Jan-18
		 5.000h        1995-Jan-18
		 5.000i        1995-Jan-26
		 5.000j        1995-Feb-07
		 5.000k        1995-Feb-11
		 5.000l        1995-Feb-21
		 5.000m        1995-Feb-28
		 5.000n        1995-Mar-07
		 5.000o        1995-Mar-13?

	Larry	5.001	       1995-Mar-13

	Andy	 5.001a        1995-Mar-15
		 5.001b        1995-Mar-31
		 5.001c        1995-Apr-07
		 5.001d        1995-Apr-14
		 5.001e        1995-Apr-18     Stable.
		 5.001f        1995-May-31
		 5.001g        1995-May-25
		 5.001h        1995-May-25
		 5.001i        1995-May-30
		 5.001j        1995-Jun-05
		 5.001k        1995-Jun-06
		 5.001l        1995-Jun-06     Stable.
		 5.001m        1995-Jul-02     Very stable.
		 5.001n        1995-Oct-31     Very unstable.
		 5.002beta1    1995-Nov-21
		 5.002b1a      1995-Dec-04
		 5.002b1b      1995-Dec-04
		 5.002b1c      1995-Dec-04
		 5.002b1d      1995-Dec-04
		 5.002b1e      1995-Dec-08
		 5.002b1f      1995-Dec-08
	Tom	 5.002b1g      1995-Dec-21     Doc release.
	Andy	 5.002b1h      1996-Jan-05
		 5.002b2       1996-Jan-14
	Larry	 5.002b3       1996-Feb-02
	Andy	 5.002gamma    1996-Feb-11
	Larry	 5.002delta    1996-Feb-27

	Larry	5.002	       1996-Feb-29     Prototypes.

	Charles  5.002_01      1996-Mar-25

		5.003	       1996-Jun-25     Security release.

		 5.003_01      1996-Jul-31
	Nick	 5.003_02      1996-Aug-10
	Andy	 5.003_03      1996-Aug-28
		 5.003_04      1996-Sep-02
		 5.003_05      1996-Sep-12
		 5.003_06      1996-Oct-07
		 5.003_07      1996-Oct-10
	Chip	 5.003_08      1996-Nov-19
		 5.003_09      1996-Nov-26
		 5.003_10      1996-Nov-29
		 5.003_11      1996-Dec-06
		 5.003_12      1996-Dec-19
		 5.003_13      1996-Dec-20
		 5.003_14      1996-Dec-23
		 5.003_15      1996-Dec-23
		 5.003_16      1996-Dec-24
		 5.003_17      1996-Dec-27
		 5.003_18      1996-Dec-31
		 5.003_19      1997-Jan-04
		 5.003_20      1997-Jan-07
		 5.003_21      1997-Jan-15
		 5.003_22      1997-Jan-16
		 5.003_23      1997-Jan-25
		 5.003_24      1997-Jan-29
		 5.003_25      1997-Feb-04
		 5.003_26      1997-Feb-10
		 5.003_27      1997-Feb-18
		 5.003_28      1997-Feb-21
		 5.003_90      1997-Feb-25     Ramping up to the 5.004 release.
		 5.003_91      1997-Mar-01
		 5.003_92      1997-Mar-06
		 5.003_93      1997-Mar-10
		 5.003_94      1997-Mar-22
		 5.003_95      1997-Mar-25
		 5.003_96      1997-Apr-01
		 5.003_97      1997-Apr-03     Fairly widely used.
		 5.003_97a     1997-Apr-05
		 5.003_97b     1997-Apr-08
		 5.003_97c     1997-Apr-10
		 5.003_97d     1997-Apr-13
		 5.003_97e     1997-Apr-15
		 5.003_97f     1997-Apr-17
		 5.003_97g     1997-Apr-18
		 5.003_97h     1997-Apr-24
		 5.003_97i     1997-Apr-25
		 5.003_97j     1997-Apr-28
		 5.003_98      1997-Apr-30
		 5.003_99      1997-May-01
		 5.003_99a     1997-May-09
		 p54rc1        1997-May-12     Release Candidates.
		 p54rc2        1997-May-14

	Chip	5.004	       1997-May-15     A major maintenance release.

	Tim	 5.004_01-t1   1997-???-??     The 5.004 maintenance track.
		 5.004_01-t2   1997-Jun-11     aka perl5.004m1t2
		 5.004_01      1997-Jun-13
		 5.004_01_01   1997-Jul-29     aka perl5.004m2t1
		 5.004_01_02   1997-Aug-01     aka perl5.004m2t2
		 5.004_01_03   1997-Aug-05     aka perl5.004m2t3
		 5.004_02      1997-Aug-07
		 5.004_02_01   1997-Aug-12     aka perl5.004m3t1
		 5.004_03-t2   1997-Aug-13     aka perl5.004m3t2
		 5.004_03      1997-Sep-05
		 5.004_04-t1   1997-Sep-19     aka perl5.004m4t1
		 5.004_04-t2   1997-Sep-23     aka perl5.004m4t2
		 5.004_04-t3   1997-Oct-10     aka perl5.004m4t3
		 5.004_04-t4   1997-Oct-14     aka perl5.004m4t4
		 5.004_04      1997-Oct-15
		 5.004_04-m1   1998-Mar-04     (5.004m5t1) Maint. trials for 5.004_05.
		 5.004_04-m2   1998-May-01
		 5.004_04-m3   1998-May-15
		 5.004_04-m4   1998-May-19
		 5.004_05-MT5  1998-Jul-21
		 5.004_05-MT6  1998-Oct-09
		 5.004_05-MT7  1998-Nov-22
		 5.004_05-MT8  1998-Dec-03
	Chip	 5.004_05-MT9  1999-Apr-26
		 5.004_05      1999-Apr-29

	Malcolm  5.004_50      1997-Sep-09     The 5.005 development track.
		 5.004_51      1997-Oct-02
		 5.004_52      1997-Oct-15
		 5.004_53      1997-Oct-16
		 5.004_54      1997-Nov-14
		 5.004_55      1997-Nov-25
		 5.004_56      1997-Dec-18
		 5.004_57      1998-Feb-03
		 5.004_58      1998-Feb-06
		 5.004_59      1998-Feb-13
		 5.004_60      1998-Feb-20
		 5.004_61      1998-Feb-27
		 5.004_62      1998-Mar-06
		 5.004_63      1998-Mar-17
		 5.004_64      1998-Apr-03
		 5.004_65      1998-May-15
		 5.004_66      1998-May-29
	Sarathy  5.004_67      1998-Jun-15
		 5.004_68      1998-Jun-23
		 5.004_69      1998-Jun-29
		 5.004_70      1998-Jul-06
		 5.004_71      1998-Jul-09
		 5.004_72      1998-Jul-12
		 5.004_73      1998-Jul-13
		 5.004_74      1998-Jul-14     5.005 beta candidate.
		 5.004_75      1998-Jul-15     5.005 beta1.
		 5.004_76      1998-Jul-21     5.005 beta2.

	Sarathy  5.005	       1998-Jul-22     Oneperl.

	Sarathy  5.005_01      1998-Jul-27     The 5.005 maintenance track.
		 5.005_02-T1   1998-Aug-02
		 5.005_02-T2   1998-Aug-05
		 5.005_02      1998-Aug-08
	Graham	 5.005_03-MT1  1998-Nov-30
		 5.005_03-MT2  1999-Jan-04
		 5.005_03-MT3  1999-Jan-17
		 5.005_03-MT4  1999-Jan-26
		 5.005_03-MT5  1999-Jan-28
		 5.005_03-MT6  1999-Mar-05
		 5.005_03      1999-Mar-28
	Leon	 5.005_04-RC1  2004-Feb-05
		 5.005_04-RC2  2004-Feb-18
		 5.005_04      2004-Feb-23
		 5.005_05-RC1  2009-Feb-16

	Sarathy  5.005_50      1998-Jul-26     The 5.6 development track.
		 5.005_51      1998-Aug-10
		 5.005_52      1998-Sep-25
		 5.005_53      1998-Oct-31
		 5.005_54      1998-Nov-30
		 5.005_55      1999-Feb-16
		 5.005_56      1999-Mar-01
		 5.005_57      1999-May-25
		 5.005_58      1999-Jul-27
		 5.005_59      1999-Aug-02
		 5.005_60      1999-Aug-02
		 5.005_61      1999-Aug-20
		 5.005_62      1999-Oct-15
		 5.005_63      1999-Dec-09
		 5.5.640       2000-Feb-02
		 5.5.650       2000-Feb-08     beta1
		 5.5.660       2000-Feb-22     beta2
		 5.5.670       2000-Feb-29     beta3
		 5.6.0-RC1     2000-Mar-09     Release candidate 1.
		 5.6.0-RC2     2000-Mar-14     Release candidate 2.
		 5.6.0-RC3     2000-Mar-21     Release candidate 3.

	Sarathy  5.6.0	       2000-Mar-22

	Sarathy  5.6.1-TRIAL1  2000-Dec-18     The 5.6 maintenance track.
		 5.6.1-TRIAL2  2001-Jan-31
		 5.6.1-TRIAL3  2001-Mar-19
		 5.6.1-foolish 2001-Apr-01     The "fools-gold" release.
		 5.6.1	       2001-Apr-08
	Rafael	 5.6.2-RC1     2003-Nov-08
		 5.6.2	       2003-Nov-15     Fix new build issues

	Jarkko	 5.7.0	       2000-Sep-02     The 5.7 track: Development.
		 5.7.1	       2001-Apr-09
		 5.7.2	       2001-Jul-13     Virtual release candidate 0.
		 5.7.3	       2002-Mar-05
		 5.8.0-RC1     2002-Jun-01
		 5.8.0-RC2     2002-Jun-21
		 5.8.0-RC3     2002-Jul-13

	Jarkko	 5.8.0	       2002-Jul-18

	Jarkko	 5.8.1-RC1     2003-Jul-10     The 5.8 maintenance track
		 5.8.1-RC2     2003-Jul-11
		 5.8.1-RC3     2003-Jul-30
		 5.8.1-RC4     2003-Aug-01
		 5.8.1-RC5     2003-Sep-22
		 5.8.1	       2003-Sep-25
	Nicholas 5.8.2-RC1     2003-Oct-27
		 5.8.2-RC2     2003-Nov-03
		 5.8.2	       2003-Nov-05
		 5.8.3-RC1     2004-Jan-07
		 5.8.3	       2004-Jan-14
		 5.8.4-RC1     2004-Apr-05
		 5.8.4-RC2     2004-Apr-15
		 5.8.4	       2004-Apr-21
		 5.8.5-RC1     2004-Jul-06
		 5.8.5-RC2     2004-Jul-08
		 5.8.5	       2004-Jul-19
		 5.8.6-RC1     2004-Nov-11
		 5.8.6	       2004-Nov-27
		 5.8.7-RC1     2005-May-18
		 5.8.7	       2005-May-30
		 5.8.8-RC1     2006-Jan-20
		 5.8.8	       2006-Jan-31
		 5.8.9-RC1     2008-Nov-10
		 5.8.9-RC2     2008-Dec-06
		 5.8.9	       2008-Dec-14

	Hugo	 5.9.0	       2003-Oct-27     The 5.9 development track
	Rafael	 5.9.1	       2004-Mar-16
		 5.9.2	       2005-Apr-01
		 5.9.3	       2006-Jan-28
		 5.9.4	       2006-Aug-15
		 5.9.5	       2007-Jul-07
		 5.10.0-RC1    2007-Nov-17
		 5.10.0-RC2    2007-Nov-25

	Rafael	 5.10.0        2007-Dec-18

	David M  5.10.1-RC1    2009-Aug-06     The 5.10 maintenance track
		 5.10.1-RC2    2009-Aug-18
		 5.10.1        2009-Aug-22

	Jesse	 5.11.0        2009-Oct-02     The 5.11 development track
		 5.11.1        2009-Oct-20
	Leon	 5.11.2        2009-Nov-20
	Jesse	 5.11.3        2009-Dec-20
	Ricardo  5.11.4        2010-Jan-20
	Steve	 5.11.5        2010-Feb-20
	Jesse	 5.12.0-RC0    2010-Mar-21
		 5.12.0-RC1    2010-Mar-29
		 5.12.0-RC2    2010-Apr-01
		 5.12.0-RC3    2010-Apr-02
		 5.12.0-RC4    2010-Apr-06
		 5.12.0-RC5    2010-Apr-09

	Jesse	 5.12.0        2010-Apr-12

	Jesse	 5.12.1-RC2    2010-May-13     The 5.12 maintenance track
		 5.12.1-RC1    2010-May-09
		 5.12.1        2010-May-16
		 5.12.2-RC2    2010-Aug-31
		 5.12.2        2010-Sep-06
	Ricardo  5.12.3-RC1    2011-Jan-09
	Ricardo  5.12.3-RC2    2011-Jan-14
	Ricardo  5.12.3-RC3    2011-Jan-17
	Ricardo  5.12.3        2011-Jan-21
	Leon	 5.12.4-RC1    2011-Jun-08
	Leon	 5.12.4        2011-Jun-20

	Leon	 5.13.0        2010-Apr-20     The 5.13 development track
	Ricardo  5.13.1        2010-May-20
	Matt	 5.13.2        2010-Jun-22
	David G  5.13.3        2010-Jul-20
	Florian  5.13.4        2010-Aug-20
	Steve	 5.13.5        2010-Sep-19
	Miyagawa 5.13.6        2010-Oct-20
	BinGOs	 5.13.7        2010-Nov-20
	Zefram	 5.13.8        2010-Dec-20
	Jesse	 5.13.9        2011-Jan-20
	A~Xvar	   5.13.10	 2011-Feb-20
	Florian  5.13.11       2011-Mar-20
	Jesse	 5.14.0RC1     2011-Apr-20
	Jesse	 5.14.0RC2     2011-May-04
	Jesse	 5.14.0RC3     2011-May-11

	Jesse	 5.14.0        2011-May-14     The 5.14 maintenance track
	Jesse	 5.14.1        2011-Jun-16
	Florian  5.14.2-RC1    2011-Sep-19
		 5.14.2        2011-Sep-26

	David G  5.15.0        2011-Jun-20     The 5.15 development track
	Zefram	 5.15.1        2011-Jul-20
	Ricardo  5.15.2        2011-Aug-20
	Stevan	 5.15.3        2011-Sep-20
	Florian  5.15.4        2011-Oct-20
	Steve	 5.15.5        2011-Nov-20
	Dave R	 5.15.6        2011-Dec-20
	BinGOs	 5.15.7        2012-Jan-20
	Max M	 5.15.8        2012-Feb-20
	Abigail  5.15.9        2012-Mar-20
	Ricardo  5.16.0-RC0    2012-May-10
	Ricardo  5.16.0-RC1    2012-May-14
	Ricardo  5.16.0-RC2    2012-May-15

	Ricardo  5.16.0        2012-May-20     The 5.16 maintenance track
	Ricardo  5.16.1-RC1    2012-Aug-03
	Ricardo  5.16.1        2012-Aug-08
	Ricardo  5.16.2        2012-Nov-01
	Ricardo  5.16.3-RC1    2013-Mar-06
	Ricardo  5.16.3        2013-Mar-11

	Zefram	 5.17.0        2012-May-26     The 5.17 development track
	Jesse L  5.17.1        2012-Jun-20
	TonyC	 5.17.2        2012-Jul-20
	Steve	 5.17.3        2012-Aug-20
	Florian  5.17.4        2012-Sep-20
	Florian  5.17.5        2012-Oct-20
	Ricardo  5.17.6        2012-Nov-20
	Dave R	 5.17.7        2012-Dec-18
	Aaron	 5.17.8        2013-Jan-20
	BinGOs	 5.17.9        2013-Feb-20

   SELECTED RELEASE SIZES
       For example the notation "core: 212  29" in the release 1.000 means that it had in the
       core 212 kilobytes, in 29 files.  The "core".."doc" are explained below.

	release        core	  lib	      ext	 t	   doc
	======================================================================

	1.000		212  29      -	 -	-    -	   38	51     62   3
	1.014		219  29      -	 -	-    -	   39	52     68   4
	2.000		309  31      2	 3	-    -	   55	57     92   4
	2.001		312  31      2	 3	-    -	   55	57     94   4
	3.000		508  36     24	11	-    -	   79	73    156   5
	3.044		645  37     61	20	-    -	   90	74    190   6
	4.000		635  37     59	20	-    -	   91	75    198   4
	4.019		680  37     85	29	-    -	   98	76    199   4
	4.036		709  37     89	30	-    -	   98	76    208   5
	5.000alpha2	785  50    114	32	-    -	  112	86    209   5
	5.000alpha3	801  50    117	33	-    -	  121	87    209   5
	5.000alpha9    1022  56    149	43    116   29	  125	90    217   6
	5.000a12h	978  49    140	49    205   46	  152	97    228   9
	5.000b3h       1035  53    232	70    216   38	  162	94    218  21
	5.000	       1038  53    250	76    216   38	  154	92    536  62
	5.001m	       1071  54    388	82    240   38	  159	95    544  29
	5.002	       1121  54    661 101    287   43	  155	94    847  35
	5.003	       1129  54    680 102    291   43	  166  100    853  35
	5.003_07       1231  60    748 106    396   53	  213  137    976  39
	5.004	       1351  60   1230 136    408   51	  355  161   1587  55
	5.004_01       1356  60   1258 138    410   51	  358  161   1587  55
	5.004_04       1375  60   1294 139    413   51	  394  162   1629  55
	5.004_05       1463  60   1435 150    394   50	  445  175   1855  59
	5.004_51       1401  61   1260 140    413   53	  358  162   1594  56
	5.004_53       1422  62   1295 141    438   70	  394  162   1637  56
	5.004_56       1501  66   1301 140    447   74	  408  165   1648  57
	5.004_59       1555  72   1317 142    448   74	  424  171   1678  58
	5.004_62       1602  77   1327 144    629   92	  428  173   1674  58
	5.004_65       1626  77   1358 146    615   92	  446  179   1698  60
	5.004_68       1856  74   1382 152    619   92	  463  187   1784  60
	5.004_70       1863  75   1456 154    675   92	  494  194   1809  60
	5.004_73       1874  76   1467 152    762  102	  506  196   1883  61
	5.004_75       1877  76   1467 152    770  103	  508  196   1896  62
	5.005	       1896  76   1469 152    795  103	  509  197   1945  63
	5.005_03       1936  77   1541 153    813  104	  551  201   2176  72
	5.005_50       1969  78   1842 301    795  103	  514  198   1948  63
	5.005_53       1999  79   1885 303    806  104	  602  224   2002  67
	5.005_56       2086  79   1970 307    866  113	  672  238   2221  75
	5.6.0	       2820  79   2626 364   1096  129	  863  280   2840  93
	5.6.1	       2946  78   2921 430   1171  132	 1024  304   3330 102
	5.6.2	       2947  78   3143 451   1247  127	 1303  387   3406 102
	5.7.0	       2977  80   2801 425   1250  132	  975  307   3206 100
	5.7.1	       3351  84   3442 455   1944  167	 1334  357   3698 124
	5.7.2	       3491  87   4858 618   3290  298	 1598  449   3910 139
	5.7.3	       3299  85   4295 537   2196  300	 2176  626   4171 120
	5.8.0	       3489  87   4533 585   2437  331	 2588  726   4368 125
	5.8.1	       3674  90   5104 623   2604  353	 2983  836   4625 134
	5.8.2	       3633  90   5111 623   2623  357	 3019  848   4634 135
	5.8.3	       3625  90   5141 624   2660  363	 3083  869   4669 136
	5.8.4	       3653  90   5170 634   2684  368	 3148  885   4689 137
	5.8.5	       3664  90   4260 303   2707  369	 3208  898   4689 138
	5.8.6	       3690  90   4271 303   3141  396	 3411  925   4709 139
	5.8.7	       3788  90   4322 307   3297  401	 3485  964   4744 141
	5.8.8	       3895  90   4357 314   3409  431	 3622 1017   4979 144
	5.8.9	       4132  93   5508 330   3826  529	 4364 1234   5348 152
	5.9.0	       3657  90   4951 626   2603  354	 3011  841   4609 135
	5.9.1	       3580  90   5196 634   2665  367	 3186  889   4725 138
	5.9.2	       3863  90   4654 312   3283  403	 3551  973   4800 142
	5.9.3	       4096  91   5318 381   4806  597	 4272 1214   5139 147
	5.9.4	       4393  94   5718 415   4578  642	 4646 1310   5335 153
	5.9.5	       4681  96   6849 479   4827  671	 5155 1490   5572 159
	5.10.0	       4710  97   7050 486   4899  673	 5275 1503   5673 160
	5.10.1	       4858  98   7440 519   6195  921	 6147 1751   5151 163
	5.12.0	       4999 100   1146 121  15227 2176	 6400 1843   5342 168
	5.12.1	       5000 100   1146 121  15283 2178	 6407 1846   5354 169
	5.12.2	       5003 100   1146 121  15404 2178	 6413 1846   5376 170
	5.12.3	       5004 100   1146 121  15529 2180	 6417 1848   5391 171

       The "core"..."doc" mean the following files from the Perl source code distribution.  The
       glob notation ** means recursively, (.) means regular files.

	core   *.[hcy]
	lib    lib/**/*.p[ml]
	ext    ext/**/*.{[hcyt],xs,pm} (for -5.10.1) or
	       {dist,ext,cpan}/**/*.{[hcyt],xs,pm} (for 5.12.0-)
	t      t/**/*(.) (for 1-5.005_56) or **/*.t (for 5.6.0-5.7.3)
	doc    {README*,INSTALL,*[_.]man{,.?},pod/**/*.pod}

       Here are some statistics for the other subdirectories and one file in the Perl source
       distribution for somewhat more selected releases.

	======================================================================
	  Legend:  kB	#

			 1.014	    2.001      3.044

	Configure      31    1	  37	1    62    1
	eg		-    -	  34   28    47   39
	h2pl		-    -	   -	-    12   12
	msdos		-    -	   -	-    41   13
	os2		-    -	   -	-    63   22
	usub		-    -	   -	-    21   16
	x2p	      103   17	 104   17   137   17

	======================================================================

			 4.000	    4.019      4.036

	atarist 	-    -	   -	-   113   31
	Configure      73    1	  83	1    86    1
	eg	       47   39	  47   39    47   39
	emacs	       67    4	  67	4    67    4
	h2pl	       12   12	  12   12    12   12
	hints		-    -	   5   42    11   56
	msdos	       57   15	  58   15    60   15
	os2	       81   29	  81   29   113   31
	usub	       25    7	  43	8    43    8
	x2p	      147   18	 152   19   154   19

	======================================================================

		       5.000a2	5.000a12h   5.000b3h	  5.000     5.001m

	apollo		8    3	   8	3     8    3	 8    3     8	 3
	atarist       113   31	 113   31     -    -	 -    -     -	 -
	bench		-    -	   0	1     -    -	 -    -     -	 -
	Bugs		2    5	  26	1     -    -	 -    -     -	 -
	dlperl	       40    5	   -	-     -    -	 -    -     -	 -
	do	      127   71	   -	-     -    -	 -    -     -	 -
	Configure	-    -	 153	1   159    1   160    1   180	 1
	Doc		-    -	  26	1    75    7	11    1    11	 1
	eg	       79   58	  53   44    51   43	54   44    54	44
	emacs	       67    4	 104	6   104    6   104    1   104	 6
	h2pl	       12   12	  12   12    12   12	12   12    12	12
	hints	       11   56	  12   46    18   48	18   48    44	56
	msdos	       60   15	  60   15     -    -	 -    -     -	 -
	os2	      113   31	 113   31     -    -	 -    -     -	 -
	U		-    -	  62	8   112   42	 -    -     -	 -
	usub	       43    8	   -	-     -    -	 -    -     -	 -
	vms		-    -	  80	7   123    9   184   15   304	20
	x2p	      171   22	 171   21   162   20   162   20   279	20

	======================================================================

			 5.002	    5.003   5.003_07

	Configure     201    1	 201	1   217    1
	eg	       54   44	  54   44    54   44
	emacs	      108    1	 108	1   143    1
	h2pl	       12   12	  12   12    12   12
	hints	       73   59	  77   60    90   62
	os2	       84   17	  56   10   117   42
	plan9		-    -	   -	-    79   15
	Porting 	-    -	   -	-    51    1
	utils	       87    7	  88	7    97    7
	vms	      500   24	 475   26   505   27
	x2p	      280   20	 280   20   280   19

	======================================================================

			 5.004	 5.004_04   5.004_62   5.004_65   5.004_68

	beos		-    -	   -	-     -    -	  1   1      1	 1
	Configure     225    1	 225	1   240    1	248   1    256	 1
	cygwin32       23    5	  23	5    23    5	 24   5     24	 5
	djgpp		-    -	   -	-    14    5	 14   5     14	 5
	eg	       81   62	  81   62    81   62	 81  62     81	62
	emacs	      194    1	 204	1   212    2	212   2    212	 2
	h2pl	       12   12	  12   12    12   12	 12  12     12	12
	hints	      129   69	 132   71   144   72	151  74    155	74
	os2	      121   42	 127   42   127   44	129  44    129	44
	plan9	       82   15	  82   15    82   15	 82  15     82	15
	Porting        94    2	 109	4   203    6	234   8    241	 9
	qnx		1    2	   1	2     1    2	  1   2      1	 2
	utils	      112    8	 118	8   124    8	156   9    159	 9
	vms	      518   34	 524   34   538   34	569  34    569	34
	win32	      285   33	 378   36   470   39	493  39    575	41
	x2p	      281   19	 281   19   281   19	282  19    281	19

	======================================================================

		      5.004_70	 5.004_73   5.004_75	  5.005   5.005_03

	apollo		-    -	   -	-     -    -	 -    -      0	 1
	beos		1    1	   1	1     1    1	 1    1      1	 1
	Configure     256    1	 256	1   264    1   264    1    270	 1
	cygwin32       24    5	  24	5    24    5	24    5     24	 5
	djgpp	       14    5	  14	5    14    5	14    5     15	 5
	eg	       86   65	  86   65    86   65	86   65     86	65
	emacs	      262    2	 262	2   262    2   262    2    274	 2
	h2pl	       12   12	  12   12    12   12	12   12     12	12
	hints	      157   74	 157   74   159   74   160   74    179	77
	mint		-    -	   -	-     -    -	 -    -      4	 7
	mpeix		-    -	   -	-     5    3	 5    3      5	 3
	os2	      129   44	 139   44   142   44   143   44    148	44
	plan9	       82   15	  82   15    82   15	82   15     82	15
	Porting       241    9	 253	9   259   10   264   12    272	13
	qnx		1    2	   1	2     1    2	 1    2      1	 2
	utils	      160    9	 160	9   160    9   160    9    164	 9
	vms	      570   34	 572   34   573   34   575   34    583	34
	vos		-    -	   -	-     -    -	 -   -	   156	10
	win32	      577   41	 585   41   585   41   587   41    600	42
	x2p	      281   19	 281   19   281   19   281   19    281	19

	======================================================================

			 5.6.0	    5.6.1      5.6.2	  5.7.3

	apollo		8    3	   8	3     8    3	 8    3
	beos		5    2	   5	2     5    2	 6    4
	Configure     346    1	 361	1   363    1   394    1
	Cross		-    -	   -	-     -    -	 4    2
	djgpp	       19    6	  19	6    19    6	21    7
	eg	      112   71	 112   71   112   71	 -    -
	emacs	      303    4	 319	4   319    4   319    4
	epoc	       29    8	  35	8    35    8	36    8
	h2pl	       24   15	  24   15    24   15	24   15
	hints	      242   83	 250   84   321   89   272   87
	mint	       11    9	  11	9    11    9	11    9
	mpeix		9    4	   9	4     9    4	 9    4
	NetWare 	-    -	   -	-     -    -   423   57
	os2	      214   59	 224   60   224   60   357   66
	plan9	       92   17	  92   17    92   17	85   15
	Porting       361   15	 390   16   390   16   425   21
	qnx		5    3	   5	3     5    3	 5    3
	utils	      228   12	 221   11   222   11   267   13
	uts		-    -	   -	-     -    -	12    3
	vmesa	       25    4	  25	4    25    4	25    4
	vms	      686   38	 627   38   627   38   649   36
	vos	      227   12	 249   15   248   15   281   17
	win32	      755   41	 782   42   801   42  1006   50
	x2p	      307   20	 307   20   307   20   345   20

	======================================================================

			 5.8.0	    5.8.1      5.8.2	  5.8.3      5.8.4

	apollo		8    3	   8	3     8    3	 8    3     8	 3
	beos		6    4	   6	4     6    4	 6    4     6	 4
	Configure     472    1	 493	1   493    1   493    1   494	 1
	Cross		4    2	  45   10    45   10	45   10    45	10
	djgpp	       21    7	  21	7    21    7	21    7    21	 7
	emacs	      319    4	 329	4   329    4   329    4   329	 4
	epoc	       33    8	  33	8    33    8	33    8    33	 8
	h2pl	       24   15	  24   15    24   15	24   15    24	15
	hints	      294   88	 321   89   321   89   321   89   348	91
	mint	       11    9	  11	9    11    9	11    9    11	 9
	mpeix	       24    5	  25	5    25    5	25    5    25	 5
	NetWare       488   61	 490   61   490   61   490   61   488	61
	os2	      361   66	 445   67   450   67   488   67   488	67
	plan9	       85   15	 325   17   325   17   325   17   321	17
	Porting       479   22	 537   32   538   32   539   32   538	33
	qnx		5    3	   5	3     5    3	 5    3     5	 3
	utils	      275   15	 258   16   258   16   263   19   263	19
	uts	       12    3	  12	3    12    3	12    3    12	 3
	vmesa	       25    4	  25	4    25    4	25    4    25	 4
	vms	      648   36	 654   36   654   36   656   36   656	36
	vos	      330   20	 335   20   335   20   335   20   335	20
	win32	     1062   49	1125   49  1127   49  1126   49  1181	56
	x2p	      347   20	 348   20   348   20   348   20   348	20

	======================================================================

			 5.8.5	    5.8.6      5.8.7	  5.8.8      5.8.9

	apollo		8    3	   8	3     8    3	 8    3     8	 3
	beos		6    4	   6	4     8    4	 8    4     8	 4
	Configure     494    1	 494	1   495    1   506    1   520	 1
	Cross	       45   10	  45   10    45   10	45   10    46	10
	djgpp	       21    7	  21	7    21    7	21    7    21	 7
	emacs	      329    4	 329	4   329    4   329    4   406	 4
	epoc	       33    8	  33	8    33    8	34    8    35	 8
	h2pl	       24   15	  24   15    24   15	24   15    24	15
	hints	      350   91	 352   91   355   94   360   94   387	99
	mint	       11    9	  11	9    11    9	11    9    11	 9
	mpeix	       25    5	  25	5    25    5	49    6    49	 6
	NetWare       488   61	 488   61   488   61   490   61   491	61
	os2	      488   67	 488   67   488   67   488   67   552	70
	plan9	      321   17	 321   17   321   17   322   17   324	17
	Porting       538   34	 548   35   549   35   564   37   625	41
	qnx		5    3	   5	3     5    3	 5    3     5	 3
	utils	      265   19	 265   19   266   19   267   19   281	21
	uts	       12    3	  12	3    12    3	12    3    12	 3
	vmesa	       25    4	  25	4    25    4	25    4    25	 4
	vms	      657   36	 658   36   662   36   664   36   716	35
	vos	      335   20	 335   20   335   20   336   21   345	22
	win32	     1183   56	1190   56  1199   56  1219   56  1484	68
	x2p	      349   20	 349   20   349   20   349   19   350	19

	======================================================================

			 5.9.0	    5.9.1      5.9.2	  5.9.3      5.9.4

	apollo		8    3	   8	3     8    3	 8    3     8	 3
	beos		6    4	   6	4     8    4	 8    4     8	 4
	Configure     493    1	 493	1   495    1   508    1   512	 1
	Cross	       45   10	  45   10    45   10	45   10    46	10
	djgpp	       21    7	  21	7    21    7	21    7    21	 7
	emacs	      329    4	 329	4   329    4   329    4   329	 4
	epoc	       33    8	  33	8    33    8	34    8    34	 8
	h2pl	       24   15	  24   15    24   15	24   15    24	15
	hints	      321   89	 346   91   355   94   359   94   366	96
	mad		-    -	   -	-     -    -	 -    -   174	 6
	mint	       11    9	  11	9    11    9	11    9    11	 9
	mpeix	       25    5	  25	5    25    5	49    6    49	 6
	NetWare       489   61	 487   61   487   61   489   61   489	61
	os2	      444   67	 488   67   488   67   488   67   488	67
	plan9	      325   17	 321   17   321   17   322   17   323	17
	Porting       537   32	 536   33   549   36   564   38   576	38
	qnx		5    3	   5	3     5    3	 5    3     5	 3
	symbian 	-    -	   -	-     -    -   293   53   293	53
	utils	      258   16	 263   19   268   20   273   23   275	24
	uts	       12    3	  12	3    12    3	12    3    12	 3
	vmesa	       25    4	  25	4    25    4	25    4    25	 4
	vms	      660   36	 547   33   553   33   661   33   696	33
	vos	       11    7	  11	7    11    7	11    7    11	 7
	win32	     1120   49	1124   51  1191   56  1209   56  1719	90
	x2p	      348   20	 348   20   349   20   349   19   349	19

	======================================================================

			 5.9.5	   5.10.0     5.10.1	 5.12.0     5.12.1

	apollo		8    3	   8	3     0    3	 0    3     0	 3
	beos		8    4	   8	4     4    4	 4    4     4	 4
	Configure     518    1	 518	1   533    1   536    1   536	 1
	Cross	      122   15	 122   15   119   15   118   15   118	15
	djgpp	       21    7	  21	7    17    7	17    7    17	 7
	emacs	      329    4	 406	4   402    4   402    4   402	 4
	epoc	       34    8	  35	8    31    8	31    8    31	 8
	h2pl	       24   15	  24   15    12   15	12   15    12	15
	hints	      377   98	 381   98   385  100   368   97   368	97
	mad	      182    8	 182	8   174    8   174    8   174	 8
	mint	       11    9	  11	9     3    9	 -    -     -	 -
	mpeix	       49    6	  49	6    45    6	45    6    45	 6
	NetWare       489   61	 489   61   465   61   466   61   466	61
	os2	      552   70	 552   70   507   70   507   70   507	70
	plan9	      324   17	 324   17   316   17   316   17   316	17
	Porting       627   40	 632   40   933   53   749   54   749	54
	qnx		5    3	   5	4     1    4	 1    4     1	 4
	symbian       300   54	 300   54   290   54   288   54   288	54
	utils	      260   26	 264   27   268   27   269   27   269	27
	uts	       12    3	  12	3     8    3	 8    3     8	 3
	vmesa	       25    4	  25	4    21    4	21    4    21	 4
	vms	      690   32	 722   32   693   30   645   18   645	18
	vos	       19    8	  19	8    16    8	16    8    16	 8
	win32	     1482   68	1485   68  1497   70  1841   73  1841	73
	x2p	      349   19	 349   19   345   19   345   19   345	19

	======================================================================

			 5.12.2     5.12.3

	apollo		0    3	   0	3
	beos		4    4	   4	4
	Configure     536    1	 536	1
	Cross	      118   15	 118   15
	djgpp	       17    7	  17	7
	emacs	      402    4	 402	4
	epoc	       31    8	  31	8
	h2pl	       12   15	  12   15
	hints	      368   97	 368   97
	mad	      174    8	 174	8
	mpeix	       45    6	  45	6
	NetWare       466   61	 466   61
	os2	      507   70	 507   70
	plan9	      316   17	 316   17
	Porting       750   54	 750   54
	qnx		1    4	   1	4
	symbian       288   54	 288   54
	utils	      269   27	 269   27
	uts		8    3	   8	3
	vmesa	       21    4	  21	4
	vms	      646   18	 644   18
	vos	       16    8	  16	8
	win32	     1841   73	1841   73
	x2p	      345   19	 345   19

   SELECTED PATCH SIZES
       The "diff lines kB" means that for example the patch 5.003_08, to be applied on top of the
       5.003_07 (or whatever was before the 5.003_08) added lines for 110 kilobytes, it removed
       lines for 19 kilobytes, and changed lines for 424 kilobytes.  Just the lines themselves
       are counted, not their context.	The "+ - !" become from the diff(1) context diff output
       format.

	Pump-  Release	       Date		 diff lines kB
	king					 -------------
						 +     -     !
	======================================================================

	Chip	 5.003_08      1996-Nov-19     110    19   424
		 5.003_09      1996-Nov-26	38     9   248
		 5.003_10      1996-Nov-29	29     2    27
		 5.003_11      1996-Dec-06	73    12   165
		 5.003_12      1996-Dec-19     275     6   436
		 5.003_13      1996-Dec-20	95     1    56
		 5.003_14      1996-Dec-23	23     7   333
		 5.003_15      1996-Dec-23	 0     0     1
		 5.003_16      1996-Dec-24	12     3    50
		 5.003_17      1996-Dec-27	19     1    14
		 5.003_18      1996-Dec-31	21     1    32
		 5.003_19      1997-Jan-04	80     3    85
		 5.003_20      1997-Jan-07	18     1   146
		 5.003_21      1997-Jan-15	38    10   221
		 5.003_22      1997-Jan-16	 4     0    18
		 5.003_23      1997-Jan-25	71    15   119
		 5.003_24      1997-Jan-29     426     1    20
		 5.003_25      1997-Feb-04	21     8   169
		 5.003_26      1997-Feb-10	16     1    15
		 5.003_27      1997-Feb-18	32    10    38
		 5.003_28      1997-Feb-21	58     4    66
		 5.003_90      1997-Feb-25	22     2    34
		 5.003_91      1997-Mar-01	37     1    39
		 5.003_92      1997-Mar-06	16     3    69
		 5.003_93      1997-Mar-10	12     3    15
		 5.003_94      1997-Mar-22     407     7   200
		 5.003_95      1997-Mar-25	41     1    37
		 5.003_96      1997-Apr-01     283     5   261
		 5.003_97      1997-Apr-03	13     2    34
		 5.003_97a     1997-Apr-05	57     1    27
		 5.003_97b     1997-Apr-08	14     1    20
		 5.003_97c     1997-Apr-10	20     1    16
		 5.003_97d     1997-Apr-13	 8     0    16
		 5.003_97e     1997-Apr-15	15     4    46
		 5.003_97f     1997-Apr-17	 7     1    33
		 5.003_97g     1997-Apr-18	 6     1    42
		 5.003_97h     1997-Apr-24	23     3    68
		 5.003_97i     1997-Apr-25	23     1    31
		 5.003_97j     1997-Apr-28	36     1    49
		 5.003_98      1997-Apr-30     171    12   539
		 5.003_99      1997-May-01	 6     0     7
		 5.003_99a     1997-May-09	36     2    61
		 p54rc1        1997-May-12	 8     1    11
		 p54rc2        1997-May-14	 6     0    40

	       5.004	       1997-May-15	 4     0     4

	Tim	 5.004_01      1997-Jun-13     222    14    57
		 5.004_02      1997-Aug-07     112    16   119
		 5.004_03      1997-Sep-05     109     0    17
		 5.004_04      1997-Oct-15	66     8   173

       The patch-free era

       In more modern times, named releases don't come as often, and as progress can be followed
       (nearly) instantly (with rsync, and since late 2008, git) patches between versions are no
       longer provided. However, that doesn't keep us from calculating how large a patch could
       have been. Which is shown in the table below. Unless noted otherwise, the size mentioned
       is the patch to bring version x.y.z to x.y.z+1.

	Sarathy  5.6.1	       2001-Apr-08     531    44   651
	Rafael	 5.6.2	       2003-Nov-15	20    11  1819

	Jarkko	 5.8.0	       2002-Jul-18    1205    31   471	 From 5.7.3

		 5.8.1	       2003-Sep-25     243   102  6162
	Nicholas 5.8.2	       2003-Nov-05	10    50   788
		 5.8.3	       2004-Jan-14	31    13   360
		 5.8.4	       2004-Apr-21	33     8   299
		 5.8.5	       2004-Jul-19	11    19   255
		 5.8.6	       2004-Nov-27	35     3   192
		 5.8.7	       2005-May-30	75    34   778
		 5.8.8	       2006-Jan-31     131    42  1251
		 5.8.9	       2008-Dec-14     340   132 12988

	Hugo	 5.9.0	       2003-Oct-27     281   168  7132	 From 5.8.0
	Rafael	 5.9.1	       2004-Mar-16	57   250  2107
		 5.9.2	       2005-Apr-01     720    57   858
		 5.9.3	       2006-Jan-28    1124   102  1906
		 5.9.4	       2006-Aug-15     896    60   862
		 5.9.5	       2007-Jul-07    1149   128  1062

		 5.10.0        2007-Dec-18	50    31 13111	 From 5.9.5

THE KEEPERS OF THE RECORDS
       Jarkko Hietaniemi <jhi@iki.fi>.

       Thanks to the collective memory of the Perlfolk.  In addition to the Keepers of the
       Pumpkin also Alan Champion, Mark Dominus, Andreas Koenig, John Macdonald, Matthias
       Neeracher, Jeff Okamoto, Michael Peppler, Randal Schwartz, and Paul D. Smith sent
       corrections and additions. Abigail added file and patch size data for the 5.6.0 - 5.10
       era.

perl v5.16.3				    2013-03-11				      PERLHIST(1)


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