MYSQLCHECK(1) MySQL Database System MYSQLCHECK(1)
mysqlcheck - a table maintenance program
mysqlcheck [options] [db_name [tbl_name ...]]
The mysqlcheck client performs table maintenance: It checks, repairs, optimizes, or
Each table is locked and therefore unavailable to other sessions while it is being
processed, although for check operations, the table is locked with a READ lock only (see
Section 12.3.5, "LOCK TABLES and UNLOCK TABLES Syntax", for more information about READ
and WRITE locks). Table maintenance operations can be time-consuming, particularly for
large tables. If you use the --databases or --all-databases option to process all tables
in one or more databases, an invocation of mysqlcheck might take a long time. (This is
also true for mysql_upgrade because that program invokes mysqlcheck to check all tables
and repair them if necessary.)
mysqlcheck is similar in function to myisamchk, but works differently. The main
operational difference is that mysqlcheck must be used when the mysqld server is running,
whereas myisamchk should be used when it is not. The benefit of using mysqlcheck is that
you do not have to stop the server to perform table maintenance.
mysqlcheck uses the SQL statements CHECK TABLE, REPAIR TABLE, ANALYZE TABLE, and OPTIMIZE
TABLE in a convenient way for the user. It determines which statements to use for the
operation you want to perform, and then sends the statements to the server to be executed.
For details about which storage engines each statement works with, see the descriptions
for those statements in Section 12.4.2, "Table Maintenance Statements".
The MyISAM storage engine supports all four maintenance operations, so mysqlcheck can be
used to perform any of them on MyISAM tables. Other storage engines do not necessarily
support all operations. In such cases, an error message is displayed. For example, if
test.t is a MEMORY table, an attempt to check it produces this result:
shell> mysqlcheck test t
note : The storage engine for the table doesn't support check
If mysqlcheck is unable to repair a table, see Section 2.4.4, "Rebuilding or Repairing
Tables or Indexes" for manual table repair strategies. This will be the case, for example,
for InnoDB tables, which can be checked with CHECK TABLE, but not repaired with REPAIR
The use of mysqlcheck with partitioned tables is not supported before MySQL 5.1.27.
It is best to make a backup of a table before performing a table repair operation;
under some circumstances the operation might cause data loss. Possible causes include
but are not limited to file system errors.
There are three general ways to invoke mysqlcheck:
shell> mysqlcheck [options] db_name [tbl_name ...]
shell> mysqlcheck [options] --databases db_name ...
shell> mysqlcheck [options] --all-databases
If you do not name any tables following db_name or if you use the --databases or
--all-databases option, entire databases are checked.
mysqlcheck has a special feature compared to other client programs. The default behavior
of checking tables (--check) can be changed by renaming the binary. If you want to have a
tool that repairs tables by default, you should just make a copy of mysqlcheck named
mysqlrepair, or make a symbolic link to mysqlcheck named mysqlrepair. If you invoke
mysqlrepair, it repairs tables.
The following names can be used to change mysqlcheck default behavior.
|mysqlrepair | The default option is --repair |
|mysqlanalyze | The default option is --analyze |
|mysqloptimize | The default option is --optimize |
mysqlcheck supports the following options, which can be specified on the command line or
in the [mysqlcheck] and [client] option file groups. mysqlcheck also supports the options
for processing option files described at Section 184.108.40.206.1, "Command-Line Options that
Affect Option-File Handling".
o --help, -?
Display a help message and exit.
o --all-databases, -A
Check all tables in all databases. This is the same as using the --databases option
and naming all the databases on the command line.
o --all-in-1, -1
Instead of issuing a statement for each table, execute a single statement for each
database that names all the tables from that database to be processed.
o --analyze, -a
Analyze the tables.
If a checked table is corrupted, automatically fix it. Any necessary repairs are done
after all tables have been checked.
The directory where character sets are installed. See Section 9.5, "Character Set
o --check, -c
Check the tables for errors. This is the default operation.
o --check-only-changed, -C
Check only tables that have changed since the last check or that have not been closed
o --check-upgrade, -g
Invoke CHECK TABLE with the FOR UPGRADE option to check tables for incompatibilities
with the current version of the server. This option automatically enables the
--fix-db-names and --fix-table-names options. --check-upgrade was added in MySQL
Compress all information sent between the client and the server if both support
o --databases, -B
Process all tables in the named databases. Normally, mysqlcheck treats the first name
argument on the command line as a database name and following names as table names.
With this option, it treats all name arguments as database names.
o --debug[=debug_options], -# [debug_options]
Write a debugging log. A typical debug_options string is 'd:t:o,file_name'. The
default is 'd:t:o'.
Print some debugging information when the program exits. This option was added in
Print debugging information and memory and CPU usage statistics when the program
exits. This option was added in MySQL 5.1.14.
Use charset_name as the default character set. See Section 9.5, "Character Set
Set filename as the file to read default options from after the global defaults files
has been read. Must be given as first option.
Set filename as the file to read default options from, override global defaults files.
Must be given as first option.
o --extended, -e
If you are using this option to check tables, it ensures that they are 100% consistent
but takes a long time.
If you are using this option to repair tables, it runs an extended repair that may not
only take a long time to execute, but may produce a lot of garbage rows also!
o --fast, -F
Check only tables that have not been closed properly.
Convert database names to 5.1 format. Only database names that contain special
characters are affected. This option was added in MySQL 5.1.7.
Convert table names to 5.1 format. Only table names that contain special characters
are affected. This option was added in MySQL 5.1.7. As of MySQL 5.1.23, this option
also applies to views.
o --force, -f
Continue even if an SQL error occurs.
o --host=host_name, -h host_name
Connect to the MySQL server on the given host.
o --medium-check, -m
Do a check that is faster than an --extended operation. This finds only 99.99% of all
errors, which should be good enough in most cases.
Do not read default options from any option file. This must be given as the first
o --optimize, -o
Optimize the tables.
o --password[=password], -p[password]
The password to use when connecting to the server. If you use the short option form
(-p), you cannot have a space between the option and the password. If you omit the
password value following the --password or -p option on the command line, mysqlcheck
prompts for one.
Specifying a password on the command line should be considered insecure. See
Section 220.127.116.11, "End-User Guidelines for Password Security". You can use an option
file to avoid giving the password on the command line.
o --pipe, -W
On Windows, connect to the server via a named pipe. This option applies only if the
server supports named-pipe connections.
o --port=port_num, -P port_num
The TCP/IP port number to use for the connection.
The connection protocol to use for connecting to the server. It is useful when the
other connection parameters normally would cause a protocol to be used other than the
one you want. For details on the allowable values, see Section 4.2.2, "Connecting to
the MySQL Server".
Print the program argument list and exit. This must be given as the first argument.
o --quick, -q
If you are using this option to check tables, it prevents the check from scanning the
rows to check for incorrect links. This is the fastest check method.
If you are using this option to repair tables, it tries to repair only the index tree.
This is the fastest repair method.
o --repair, -r
Perform a repair that can fix almost anything except unique keys that are not unique.
o --silent, -s
Silent mode. Print only error messages.
o --socket=path, -S path
For connections to localhost, the Unix socket file to use, or, on Windows, the name of
the named pipe to use.
Options that begin with --ssl specify whether to connect to the server via SSL and
indicate where to find SSL keys and certificates. See Section 18.104.22.168, "SSL Command
Override the --databases or -B option. All name arguments following the option are
regarded as table names.
For repair operations on MyISAM tables, get the table structure from the .frm file so
that the table can be repaired even if the .MYI header is corrupted.
o --user=user_name, -u user_name
The MySQL user name to use when connecting to the server.
o --verbose, -v
Verbose mode. Print information about the various stages of program operation.
o --version, -V
Display version information and exit.
This option is enabled by default, so that ANALYZE TABLE, OPTIMIZE TABLE, and REPAIR
TABLE statements generated by mysqlcheck are written to the binary log. Use
--skip-write-binlog to cause NO_WRITE_TO_BINLOG to be added to the statements so that
they are not logged. Use the --skip-write-binlog when these statements should not be
sent to replication slaves or run when using the binary logs for recovery from backup.
This option was added in MySQL 5.1.18.
Copyright 2007-2008 MySQL AB, 2008-2010 Sun Microsystems, Inc.
This documentation is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it only under
the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software Foundation;
version 2 of the License.
This documentation is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY
WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR
PURPOSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details.
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if not, write to the Free Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor,
Boston, MA 02110-1301 USA or see http://www.gnu.org/licenses/.
For more information, please refer to the MySQL Reference Manual, which may already be
installed locally and which is also available online at http://dev.mysql.com/doc/.
Sun Microsystems, Inc. (http://www.mysql.com/).
MySQL 5.1 04/06/2010 MYSQLCHECK(1)