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MINICOM(1)				  Version 2.6.2 			       MINICOM(1)

       minicom - friendly serial communication program

       minicom [options] [configuration]

       minicom	is  a  communication program which somewhat resembles the shareware program TELIX
       but is free with source code and runs under most Unices.  Features include dialing  direc-
       tory  with  auto-redial,  support  for UUCP-style lock files on serial devices, a separate
       script language interpreter, capture to file, multiple users  with  individual  configura-
       tions, and more.

       -s, --setup
	    Setup.   Root  edits  the  system-wide  defaults in /etc/minirc.dfl with this option.
	    When it is used, minicom does not initialize, but puts you directly into the configu-
	    ration  menu.  This  is very handy if minicom refuses to start up because your system
	    has changed, or for the first time you run	minicom.  For  most  systems,  reasonable
	    defaults are already compiled in.

       -o, --noinit
	    Do	not  initialize. Minicom will skip the initialization code.  This option is handy
	    if you quit from minicom without resetting, and then want to restart a session. It is
	    potentially  dangerous though: no check for lock files etc. is made, so a normal user
	    could interfere with things like UUCP... maybe this will be taken out later. For  now
	    it	is assumed, that users who are given access to a modem are responsible enough for
	    their actions.

       -m, --metakey
	    Override command-key with the Meta or ALT key. This is the default in 1.80 and it can
	    also  be configured in one of minicom's menus, but if you use different terminals all
	    the time, of which some don't have a Meta or ALT key, it's handy to set  the  default
	    command key to Ctrl-A and use this option when you have a keyboard supporting Meta or
	    ALT keys. Minicom assumes that your Meta key sends the  ESC  prefix,  not  the  other
	    variant that sets the highest bit of the character.

       -M, --metakey8
	    Same  as  -m,  but	assumes that your Meta key sets the 8th bit of the character high
	    (sends 128 + character code).

       -z, --statline
	    Use terminal status line. This only works on terminals that support it and that  have
	    the relevant information in their termcap or terminfo database entry.

       -l, --ansi
	    Literal  translation  of characters with the high bit set. With this flag on, minicom
	    will try to translate the IBM line characters to ASCII. Many PC-unix clones will dis-
	    play  character  correctly without translation (Linux in a special mode, Coherent and

       -L, --iso
	    Ditto but assume screen uses an ISO8859 character set.

       -w, --wrap
	    Turns line-wrap on at startup by default.

       -H, --displayhex
	    Turn on output in hex mode.

       -a, --attrib=on/off
	    Attribute usage. Some terminals, notably Televideo's, have rotten attribute  handling
	    (serial  instead of parallel). By default, minicom uses '-a on', but if you are using
	    such a terminal you can (must!)  supply the option '-a off'.  The  trailing  'on'  or
	    'off' is needed.

       -t, --term=TERM
	    Terminal  type. With this flag, you can override the environment TERM variable.  This
	    is handy for use in the MINICOM environment variable; one can create a special  term-
	    cap  entry	for  use  with minicom on the console, that initializes the screen to raw
	    mode so that in conjunction with the -l flag, the IBM line characters  are	displayed

       -c, --color=on/off
	    Color  usage. Some terminals (such as the Linux console) support color with the stan-
	    dard ANSI escape sequences. Because there is apparently no termcap support for color,
	    these  escape  sequences are hard-coded into minicom. Therefore this option is off by
	    default.  You can turn it on with '-c on'. This, and the '-m' option, are good candi-
	    dates to put into the MINICOM environment variable.

       -S, --script=SCRIPT
	    script.   Run the named script at startup. So far, passing username and password to a
	    startup script is not supported. If you also use the -d option to  start  dialing  at
	    startup, the -S script will be run BEFORE dialing the entries specified with -d.

       -d, --dial=ENTRY
	    Dial an entry from the dialing directory on startup. You can specify an index number,
	    but also a substring of the name of the entry. If you specify a name that has  multi-
	    ple  entries  in the directory, they are all tagged for dialing. You can also specify
	    multiple names or index numbers by separating them	with  commas.  The  dialing  will
	    start  from  the  first entry specified after all other program initialization proce-
	    dures are completed.

       -p, --ptty=TTYP
	    Pseudo terminal to use. This overrides the terminal port defined in the configuration
	    files,  but  only  if  it  is a pseudo TTY. The filename supplied must be of the form
	    (/dev/)tty[p-z/][0-f], (/dev/)pts[p-z/][0-f] or (/dev/)pty[p-z/][0-f].  For  example,
	    /dev/ttyp1, pts/0 or /dev/ptyp2.

       -C, --capturefile=FILE
	    filename.  Open capture file at startup.

       -T, --disabletime
	    Disable the display of the online time in the status bar.

       -b, --baudrate
	    Specify the baud rate, overriding the value given in the configuration file.

       -D, --device
	    Specify the device, overriding the value given in the configuration file.

       -R, --remotecharset
	    Specify the character set of the remote system is using and convert it to the charac-
	    ter set of the local side. Example might be 'latin1'.

       -7, --7bit
	    7bit mode for terminals which aren't 8bit capable. 8bit is default if the environment
	    is configured for this via LANG or LC_ALL, 7bit otherwise.

       -8, --8bit
	    8bit  characters  pass  through  without  any  modification.   'Continuous'  means no
	    locate/attribute  control	sequences   are   inserted   without   real   change   of
	    locate/attribute.  This  mode  is to display 8bit multi-byte characters such as Japa-
	    nese. Not needed in every language with  8bit  characters.	(For  example  displaying
	    Finnish text doesn't need this.)

       -h, --help
	    Display help and exit.

       -v, --version
	    Print the minicom version.

	    When  minicom starts, it first searches the MINICOM environment variable for command-
	    line arguments, which can be over-ridden on the command line.  Thus, if you have done

		 MINICOM='-m -c on'
		 export MINICOM
	    or the equivalent, and start minicom, minicom will assume that your  terminal  has	a
	    Meta  or  <ALT>  key and that color is supported.  If you then log in from a terminal
	    without color support, and you have set MINICOM in your startup (.profile or  equiva-
	    lent) file, and don't want to re-set your environment variable, you can type 'minicom
	    -c off' and run without color support for that session.

	    The configuration argument is more interesting. Normally, minicom gets  its  defaults
	    from  a file called "minirc.dfl". If you however give an argument to minicom, it will
	    try to get its defaults from a file called "minirc.configuration".	So it is possible
	    to	create	multiple  configuration  files, for different ports, different users etc.
	    Most sensible is to use device names, such as tty1, tty64, sio2 etc. If a  user  cre-
	    ates  his  own  configuration  file,  it  will  show  up  in  his  home  directory as
	    ".minirc.dfl" or ".minirc.configuration".

       Minicom is window based. To pop-up a window with the function you  want,  press	Control-A
       (from  now on, we will use C-A to mean Control-A), and then the function key (a-z or A-Z).
       By pressing C-A first and then 'z', a help screen comes up with a  short  summary  of  all
       commands.  This escape key can be altered when minicom is configured (-s option or C-A O),
       but we'll stick to Control-A for now.

       For every menu the next keys can be used:
       UP     arrow-up or 'k'
       DOWN   arrow-down or 'j'
       LEFT   arrow-left or 'h'
       RIGHT  arrow-right or 'l'
       CHOOSE Enter
       CANCEL ESCape.

       The screen is divided into two portions: the upper  24  lines  are  the	terminal-emulator
       screen.	In  this  window,  ANSI or VT100 escape sequences are interpreted.  If there is a
       line left at the bottom, a status line is placed there.	If this is not possible the  sta-
       tus  line will be showed every time you press C-A. On terminals that have a special status
       line that will be used if the termcap information is complete and the  -k  flag	has  been

       Possible commands are listed next, in alphabetical order.
       C-A  Pressing  C-A  a  second time will just send a C-A to the remote system.  If you have
	    changed your "escape character" to something other than C-A, this  works  analogously
	    for that character.
       A    Toggle  'Add Linefeed' on/off. If it is on, a linefeed is added before every carriage
	    return displayed on the screen.
       B    Gives you a scroll back buffer. You can scroll up with u, down with d, a page up with
	    b,	a page down with f, and if you have them the arrow and page up/page down keys can
	    also be used. You can search for text in the buffer  with  s  (case-sensitive)  or	S
	    (case-insensitive).  N  will  find	the  next occurrence of the string.  c will enter
	    citation mode. A text cursor appears and you specify the start line by hitting  Enter
	    key. Then scroll back mode will finish and the contents with prefix '>' will be sent.
       C    Clears the screen.
       D    Dial a number, or go to the dialing directory.
       E    Toggle local echo on and off (if your version of minicom supports it).
       F    A break signal is sent to the modem.
       G    Run script (Go). Runs a login script.
       H    Hangup.
       I    Toggle  the  type  of  escape  sequence  that the cursor keys send between normal and
	    applications mode. (See also the comment about the status line below).
       J    Jump to a shell. On return, the whole screen will be redrawn.
       K    Clears the screen, runs kermit and redraws the screen upon return.
       L    Turn Capture file on off. If turned on, all output sent to the screen  will  be  cap-
	    tured in the file too.
       M    Sends  the modem initialization string. If you are online and the DCD line setting is
	    on, you are asked for confirmation before the modem is initialized.
       N    Toggle between three states, whether each line is  prefixed  with  current	date  and
	    time, a timestamp is added every second, or no timestamps.
       O    Configure minicom. Puts you in the configuration menu.
       P    Communication  Parameters.	Allows	you  to change the bps rate, parity and number of
       Q    Exit minicom without resetting the modem. If macros changed and were not  saved,  you
	    will have a chance to do so.
       R    Receive  files.  Choose  from  various protocols (external). If you have the filename
	    selection window and the prompt for download directory enabled, you'll get	a  selec-
	    tion window for choosing the directory for downloading. Otherwise the download direc-
	    tory defined in the Filenames and paths menu will be used.
       S    Send files. Choose the protocol like you do with the receive command.  If  you  don't
	    have  the  filename  selection  window enabled (in the File transfer protocols menu),
	    you'll just have to write the filename(s) in a dialog window. If you have the  selec-
	    tion window enabled, a window will pop up showing the filenames in your upload direc-
	    tory. You can tag and untag filenames by pressing spacebar, and move  the  cursor  up
	    and  down  with the cursor keys or j/k. The selected filenames are shown highlighted.
	    Directory names are shown [within brackets] and you can move up or down in the direc-
	    tory  tree	by pressing the spacebar twice. Finally, send the files by pressing ENTER
	    or quit by pressing ESC.
       T    Choose Terminal emulation: Ansi(color) or vt100.  You can also change  the	backspace
	    key  here,	turn  the status line on or off, and define delay (in milliseconds) after
	    each newline if you need that.
       W    Toggle line-wrap on/off.
       X    Exit minicom, reset modem. If macros changed and were not  saved,  you  will  have	a
	    chance to do so.
       Y    Paste a file. Reads a file and sends its contests just as if it would be typed in.
       Z    Pop up the help screen.

       By  pressing  C-A  D  the  program  puts you in the dialing directory. Select a command by
       pressing the capitalized letter or moving cursor right/left with the arrow keys or the h/l
       keys  and pressing Enter. You can add, delete or edit entries and move them up and down in
       the directory list. By choosing "dial" the phone numbers of  the  tagged  entries,  or  if
       nothing	is tagged, the number of the highlighted entry will be dialed. While the modem is
       dialing, you can press escape to cancel dialing. Any other key will close the dial window,
       but  won't  cancel  the dialing itself. Your dialing directory will be saved into the file
       ".dialdir" in your home directory.  You can scroll up and down with the	arrow  keys,  but
       you  can  also scroll complete pages by pressing the PageUp or PageDown key.  If you don't
       have those, use Control-B (Backward) and Control-F (Forward). You can use the space bar to
       tag  a number of entries and minicom will rotate trough this list if a connection can't be
       made. A '>' symbol is drawn in the directory before the names of the tagged entries.

       The "edit" menu speaks for itself, but I will discuss it briefly here.
       A - Name  The name for this entry
       B - Number
		 and its telephone number.
       C - Dial string #
		 Which specific dial string you want to use to connect. There are three different
		 dial  strings	(prefixes  and	suffixes) that can be configured in the Modem and
		 dialing menu.
       D - Local echo
		 can be on or off for this system (if your version of minicom supports it).
       E - Script
		 The script that must be executed after a successful connection is made (see  the
		 manual for runscript)
       F - Username
		 The username that is passed to the runscript program.	It is passed in the envi-
		 ronment string "$LOGIN".
       G - Password
		 The password is passed as "$PASS".
       H - Terminal Emulation
		 Use ANSI or VT100 emulation.
       I - Backspace key sends
		 What code (Backspace or Delete) the backspace key sends.
       J - Linewrap
		 Can be on or off.
       K - Line settings
		 Bps rate, bits, parity and number of stop bits to use for this connection.   You
		 can  choose  current  for the speed, so that it will use whatever speed is being
		 used at that moment (useful if you have multiple modems).
       L - Conversion table
		 You may specify a character conversion table to be loaded  whenever  this  entry
		 answers, before running the login script. If this field is blank, the conversion
		 table stays unchanged.
       The edit menu also shows the latest date and time when you called this entry and the total
       number  of  calls  there, but doesn't let you change them.  They are updated automatically
       when you connect.

       The moVe command lets you move the highlighted entry up or down in the  dialing	directory
       with  the  up/down  arrow  keys	or the k and j keys. Press Enter or ESC to end moving the

       By pressing C-A O you will be thrown into the setup menu.

       Filenames and paths
	 This menu defines your default directories.
	 A - Download directory
	      where the downloaded files go to.
	 B - Upload directory
	      where the uploaded files are read from.
	 C - Script directory
	      Where you keep your login scripts.
	 D - Script program
	      Which program to use as the script  interpreter.	Defaults  to  the  program  "run-
	      script", but if you want to use something else (eg, /bin/sh or "expect") it is pos-
	      sible.  Stdin and stdout are connected to the modem, stderr to the screen.
	      If the path is relative (ie, does not start with a slash)  then  it's  relative  to
	      your home directory, except for the script interpreter.
	 E - Kermit program
	      Where  to find the executable for kermit, and it's options. Some simple macro's can
	      be used on the command line: '%l' is expanded to the complete filename of the  dial
	      out-device,  '%f'  is  expanded  to  the	serial	port  file descriptor and '%b' is
	      expanded to the current serial port speed.
	 F - Logging options
	      Options to configure the logfile writing.

	      A - File name
		   Here you can enter the name of the logfile. The file will be written  in  your
		   home  directory,  and  the  default	value is "minicom.log".  If you blank the
		   name, all logging is turned off.

	      B - Log connects and hangups
		   This option defines whether or not the logfile is written when the remote  end
		   answers  the call or hangs up. Or when you give the hangup command yourself or
		   leave minicom without hangup while online.

	      C - Log file transfers
		   Do you want log entries of receiving and sending files.
	 The 'log' command in the scripts is not affected by logging options  B  and  C.   It  is
	 always executed, if you just have the name of the log file defined.

       File Transfer Protocols
	 Protocols defined here will show up when C-A s/r is pressed.  "Name" in the beginning of
	 the line is the name that will show up in the menu. "Program" is the path to the  proto-
	 col.  "Name"  after  that  defines  if  the program needs an argument, e.g. a file to be
	 transmitted. U/D defines if this entry should show up in  the	upload	or  the  download
	 menu.	 Fullscr defines if the program should run full screen, or that minicom will only
	 show it's stderr in a window. IO-Red defines if  minicom  should  attach  the	program's
	 standard  in  and  output to the modem port or not. "Multi" tells the filename selection
	 window whether or not the protocol can send multiple files with one command. It  has  no
	 effect  on download protocols, and it is also ignored with upload protocols if you don't
	 use the filename selection window. The old sz and rz are not full screen, and	have  IO-
	 Red  set. However, there are curses based versions of at least rz that do not want their
	 stdin and stdout redirected, and run full screen.  All file transfer protocols  are  run
	 with  the UID of the user, and not with UID=root. '%l', '%f' and '%b' can be used on the
	 command line as with kermit.  Within this menu you can also define if you  want  to  use
	 the  filename	selection window when prompted for files to upload, and if you like to be
	 prompted for the download directory every time the automatic download is started. If you
	 leave the download directory prompt disabled, the download directory defined in the file
	 and directory menu is used.

       Serial port setup
	 A - Serial device
	      /dev/tty1 or /dev/ttyS1 for most	people.   /dev/cua<n>  is  still  possible  under
	      GNU/Linux, but no longer recommended as these devices are obsolete and many systems
	      with kernel 2.2.x or newer don't have them.  Use	/dev/ttyS<n>  instead.	 You  may
	      also have /dev/modem as a symlink to the real device.
	      If  you  have  modems connected to two or more serial ports, you may specify all of
	      them here in a list separated by space, comma or semicolon. When Minicom starts, it
	      checks  the list until it finds an available modem and uses that one. (However, you
	      can't specify different init strings to them... at least not yet.)
	      To use a UNIX socket for communication  the  device  name  must  be  prefixed  with
	      "unix#"  following  by  the full path and the filename of the socket.  Minicom will
	      then try to connect to this socket as a client. As long as it cannot connect to the
	      socket  it  stays  'offline'.  As  soon as the connection establishes, minicom goes
	      'online'. If the server closes the socket, minicom switches to 'offline' again.
	 B - Lock file location
	      On most systems This should be /usr/spool/uucp. GNU/Linux systems use /var/lock. If
	      this directory does not exist, minicom will not attempt to use lockfiles.
	 C - Callin program
	      If you have a uugetty or something on your serial port, it could be that you want a
	      program to be run to switch the modem cq. port into dialin/dialout  mode.  This  is
	      the program to get into dialin mode.
	 D - Callout program
	      And this to get into dialout mode.
	 E - Bps/Par/Bits
	      Default parameters at startup.

	 If  one  of  the  entries is left blank, it will not be used. So if you don't care about
	 locking, and don't have a getty running on your modemline, entries B - D should be  left

       Modem and Dialing
	 Here, the parameters for your modem are defined. I will not explain this further because
	 the defaults are for generic Hayes modems, and should work always. This file  is  not	a
	 Hayes	tutorial  :-)  The  only things worth noticing are that control characters can be
	 sent by prefixing them with a '^', in which '^^' means '^' itself, and the '\' character
	 must  also  be doubled as '\\', because backslash is used specially in the macro defini-
	 tions.  Some options however, don't have much to do with the modem but more with the be-
	 haviour of minicom itself:
	 M - Dial time
	      The number of seconds before minicom times out if no connection is established.
	 N - Delay before redial
	      Minicom will redial if no connection was made, but it first waits some time.
	 O - Number of tries
	      Maximum number of times that minicom attempts to dial.
	 P - Drop DTR time
	      If  you set this to 0, minicom hangs up by sending a Hayes-type hangup sequence. If
	      you specify a non-zero value, the hangup will be done by dropping the DTR line. The
	      value tells in seconds how long DTR will be kept down.
	 Q - Auto bps detect
	      If  this	is on, minicom tries to match the dialed party's speed.  With most modern
	      modems this is NOT desirable, since the modem buffers the  data  and  converts  the
	 R - Modem has DCD line
	      If your modem, and your O/S both support the DCD line (that goes 'high' when a con-
	      nection is made) minicom will use it. When you have this option  on,  minicom  will
	      also NOT start dialing while you are already online.
	 S - Status line shows DTE speed / line speed
	      You  can toggle the status line to show either the DTE speed (the speed which mini-
	      com uses to communicate with your modem) or the line speed  (the	speed  that  your
	      modem  uses  on the line to communicate with the other modem). Notice that the line
	      speed may change during the connection, but you will still  only	see  the  initial
	      speed  that  the	modems	started  the  connection  with. This is because the modem
	      doesn't tell the program if the speed is changed. Also, to see the line speed,  you
	      need  to	have  the modem set to show it in the connect string.  Otherwise you will
	      only see 0 as the line speed.
	 T - Multi-line untag
	      You can toggle the feature to untag entries from the dialing directory when a  con-
	      nection  is  established	to a multi-line BBS. All the tagged entries that have the
	      same name are untagged.

	    Note that a special exception is made for this menu: every user can change all param-
	    eters here, but some of them will not be saved.

       Screen and keyboard
	 A - Command key is
	      the  'Hot  Key' that brings you into command mode. If this is set to 'ALT' or 'meta
	      key', you can directly call commands by alt-key instead of HotKey-key.
	 B - Backspace key sends
	      There still are some systems that want a VT100 to send DEL instead of BS. With this
	      option you can enable that stupidity.  (Eh, it's even on by default...)
	 C - Status line is
	      Enabled  or disabled. Some slow terminals (for example, X-terminals) cause the sta-
	      tus line to jump "up and down" when scrolling, so you can turn it off  if  desired.
	      It will still be shown in command-mode.
	 D - Alarm sound
	      If  turned on, minicom will sound an alarm (on the console only) after a successful
	      connection and when up/downloading is complete.
	 E - Foreground Color (menu)
	      indicates the foreground color to use for all the configuration windows in minicom.
	 F - Background Color (menu)
	      indicates the background color to use for all the configuration windows in minicom.
	      Note that minicom will not allow you to set foreground and background colors to the
	      same value.
	 G - Foreground Color (term)
	      indicates the foreground color to use in the terminal window.
	 H - Background Color (term)
	      indicates the background color to use in the terminal  window.  Note  that  minicom
	      will not allow you to set foreground and background colors to the same value.
	 I - Foreground Color (stat)
	      indicates the foreground color to use in for the status bar.
	 J - Background Color (stat)
	      indicates  the color to use in for the status bar. Note that minicom will allow you
	      to set the status bar's foreground and background colors to the  same  value.  This
	      will  effectively  make  the status bar invisible but if these are your intentions,
	      please see the option
	 K - History buffer size
	      The number of lines to keep in the history buffer (for backscrolling).
	 L - Macros file
	      is the full path to the file that holds macros. Macros allow you to define a string
	      to  be sent when you press a certain key. In minicom, you may define F1 through F10
	      to send up to 256 characters [this is set at compile time]. The filename you  spec-
	      ify  is verified as soon as you hit ENTER. If you do not have permissions to create
	      the specified file, an error message will so indicate and you will be forced to re-
	      edit  the  filename. If you are permitted to create the file, minicom checks to see
	      if it already exists. If so, it assumes it's a macro file and reads it  in.  If  it
	      isn't,  well,  it's  your  problem  :-) If the file does not exist, the filename is
	 M - Edit Macros
	      opens up a new window which allows you to edit the F1 through F10 macros.
	 N - Macros enabled
	      - Yes or No. If macros are disabled, the F1-F10 keys will just send the VT100/VT220
	      function key escape sequences.
	 O - Character conversion
	      The active conversion table filename is shown here. If you can see no name, no con-
	      version is active. Pressing O, you will see the conversion table edit menu.

	      Edit Macros
		 Here, the macros for F1 through F10 are defined. The bottom of the window  shows
		 a legend of character combinations that have special meaning.	They allow you to
		 enter special control characters with plain text by prefixing them with  a  '^',
		 in  which  '^^'  means  '^'  itself. You can send a 1 second delay with the '^~'
		 code. This is useful when you are trying to login after  ftp'ing  or  telnet'ing
		 somewhere.   You  can	also  include your current username and password from the
		 phone directory in the macros with '\u' and '\p', respectively. If you need  the
		 backslash  character  in  the macro, write it doubled as '\\'.  To edit a macro,
		 press the number (or letter for F10) and you will be moved to	the  end  of  the
		 macro.  When  editing	the line, you may use the left & right arrows, Home & End
		 keys, Delete & BackSpace, and ESC and RETURN.	 ESC  cancels  any  changes  made
		 while ENTER accepts the changes.

	      Character conversion
		 Here  you  can  edit the character conversion table. If you are not an American,
		 you know that in many languages there are characters that are	not  included  in
		 the  ASCII  character set, and in the old times they may have replaced some less
		 important characters in ASCII and now they are often represented with	character
		 codes above 127. AND there are various different ways to represent them. This is
		 where you may edit conversion tables for systems that use a character	set  dif-
		 ferent from the one on your computer.

	      A - Load table
		   You	probably  guessed  it. This command loads a table from the disk.  You are
		   asked a file name for the table.  Predefined tables .mciso, .mcpc8 and  .mcsf7
		   should  be  included with the program. Table .mciso does no conversion, .mcpc8
		   is to be used for connections with systems that use	the  8-bit  pc	character
		   set,  and  .mcsf7 is for compatibility with the systems that uses the good old
		   7-bit coding to replace the characters {|}[]\ with the diacritical  characters
		   used in Finnish and Swedish.

	      B - Save table
		   This one saves the active table on the filename you specify.

	      C - edit char
		   This  is  where  you  can  make  your own modifications to the existing table.
		   First you are asked the character value (in decimal) whose conversion you want
		   to change. Next you'll say which character you want to see on your screen when
		   that character comes from the outside world. And then you'll be asked what you
		   want to be sent out when you enter that character from your keyboard.

	      D - next screen

	      E - prev screen
		   Yeah, you probably noticed that this screen shows you what kind of conversions
		   are active. The screen just is (usually) too small to show the whole table  at
		   once  in  an  easy-to-understand  format. This is how you can scroll the table
		   left and right.

	      F - convert capture
		   Toggles whether or not the character conversion table is used when writing the
		   capture file.

       Save setup as dfl
	 Save  the parameters as the default for the next time the program is started. Instead of
	 dfl, any other parameter name may appear, depending on which one was used when the  pro-
	 gram was started.

       Save setup as..
	 Save  the parameters under a special name. Whenever Minicom is started with this name as
	 an argument, it will use these parameters. This option is of course privileged to root.

	 Escape from this menu without saving.	This can also be done with ESC.

       Exit from minicom
	 Only root will see this menu entry, if he/she started minicom with the '-s' option. This
	 way, it is possible to change the configuration without actually running minicom.

       The  status line has several indicators, that speak for themselves.  The mysterious APP or
       NOR indicator probably needs explanation. The VT100 cursor  keys  can  be  in  two  modes:
       applications  mode  and cursor mode. This is controlled by an escape sequence. If you find
       that the cursor keys do not work in, say, vi when you're logged in using minicom then  you
       can  see  with  this indicator whether the cursor keys are in applications or cursor mode.
       You can toggle the two with the C-A I key. If the cursor keys then work, it's probably  an
       error in the remote system's termcap initialization strings (is).

       Minicom	has  support  for  local languages. This means you can change most of the English
       messages and other strings to another language by setting the environment variable LANG.

       If minicom is hung, kill it with SIGTERM . (This means  kill  -15,  or  since  sigterm  is
       default, just plain "kill <minicompid>". This will cause a graceful exit of minicom, doing
       resets and everything.  You may kill minicom from a script with the command "! killall  -9
       minicom"  without  hanging  up  the line. Without the -9 parameter, minicom first hangs up
       before exiting.

       Since a lot of escape sequences begin with ESC (Arrow up is ESC [  A),  Minicom	does  not
       know  if  the  escape  character  it  gets  is  you  pressing the escape key, or part of a

       An old version of Minicom, V1.2, solved this in a rather crude way: to get the escape key,
       you had to press it twice.

       As  of  release 1.3 this has bettered a little: now a 1-second timeout is builtin, like in
       vi. For systems that have the select() system call the timeout is 0.5 seconds. And... sur-
       prise:  a special Linux-dependent hack :-) was added. Now, minicom can separate the escape
       key and escape-sequences. To see how dirty this was done, look into wkeys.c.  But it works
       like a charm!

       Minicom	keeps  it's  configuration  files  in  one  directory,	usually /var/lib/minicom,
       /usr/local/etc or /etc. To find out what default directory minicom has compiled in,  issue
       the  command  minicom  -h.  You'll probably also find the demo files for runscript(1), and
       the examples of character conversion tables either  there  or  in  the  subdirectories  of
       /usr/doc/minicom*.  The conversion tables are named something like mc.* in that directory,
       but you probably want to copy the ones you need in your home directory as something begin-
       ning with a dot.



       Please report any bugs to minicom-devel@lists.alioth.debian.org.  Thank you!

       The  original  author of minicom is Miquel van Smoorenburg (miquels@cistron.nl).  He wrote
       versions up to 1.75.
       Jukka Lahtinen (walker@netsonic.fi, jukkal@despammed.com) has  been  responsible  for  new
       versions since 1.78, helped by some other people, including:
       filipg@paranoia.com wrote the History buffer searching to 1.79.
       Arnaldo	Carvalho  de  Melo  (acme@conectiva.com.br)  did the internationalization and the
       Brazilian Portuguese translations.
       Jim Seymour (jseymour@jimsun.LinxNet.com) wrote the multiple modem support and  the  file-
       name selection window used since 1.80.
       Tomohiro  Kubota  (kubota@debian.or.jp)	wrote  the Japanese translations and the citation
       facility, and did some fixes.
       Gael Queri (gqueri@mail.dotcom.fr) wrote the French translations.
       Arkadiusz Miskiewicz (misiek@pld.org.pl) wrote the Polish translations.
       Kim Soyoung (nexti@chollian.net) wrote the Korean translations.
       Jork Loeser (jork.loeser@inf.tu-dresden.de) provided the socket extension.

       Most of this man page is copied, with corrections, from the original minicom  README,  but
       some pieces and the corrections are by Michael K. Johnson.

       Jukka  Lahtinen	(walker@netsonic.fi) has added some information of the changes made after
       version 1.75.

User's Manual				    July 2013				       MINICOM(1)
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