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CentOS 7.0 - man page for kadmin (centos section 1)

KADMIN(1)							   MIT Kerberos 							 KADMIN(1)

NAME
kadmin - Kerberos V5 database administration program
SYNOPSIS
kadmin [-O|-N] [-r realm] [-p principal] [-q query] [[-c cache_name]|[-k [-t keytab]]|-n] [-w password] [-s admin_server[:port]] kadmin.local [-r realm] [-p principal] [-q query] [-d dbname] [-e enc:salt ...] [-m] [-x db_args]
DESCRIPTION
kadmin and kadmin.local are command-line interfaces to the Kerberos V5 administration system. They provide nearly identical functionali- ties; the difference is that kadmin.local directly accesses the KDC database, while kadmin performs operations using kadmind(8). Except as explicitly noted otherwise, this man page will use "kadmin" to refer to both versions. kadmin provides for the maintenance of Kerberos principals, password policies, and service key tables (keytabs). The remote kadmin client uses Kerberos to authenticate to kadmind using the service principal kadmin/ADMINHOST (where ADMINHOST is the fully-qualified hostname of the admin server) or kadmin/admin. If the credentials cache contains a ticket for one of these principals, and the -c credentials_cache option is specified, that ticket is used to authenticate to kadmind. Otherwise, the -p and -k options are used to specify the client Kerberos principal name used to authenticate. Once kadmin has determined the principal name, it requests a service ticket from the KDC, and uses that service ticket to authenticate to kadmind. Since kadmin.local directly accesses the KDC database, it usually must be run directly on the master KDC with sufficient permissions to read the KDC database. If the KDC database uses the LDAP database module, kadmin.local can be run on any host which can access the LDAP server.
OPTIONS
-r realm Use realm as the default database realm. -p principal Use principal to authenticate. Otherwise, kadmin will append /admin to the primary principal name of the default ccache, the value of the USER environment variable, or the username as obtained with getpwuid, in order of preference. -k Use a keytab to decrypt the KDC response instead of prompting for a password. In this case, the default principal will be host/hostname. If there is no keytab specified with the -t option, then the default keytab will be used. -t keytab Use keytab to decrypt the KDC response. This can only be used with the -k option. -n Requests anonymous processing. Two types of anonymous principals are supported. For fully anonymous Kerberos, configure PKINIT on the KDC and configure pkinit_anchors in the client's krb5.conf(5). Then use the -n option with a principal of the form @REALM (an empty principal name followed by the at-sign and a realm name). If permitted by the KDC, an anonymous ticket will be returned. A second form of anonymous tickets is supported; these realm-exposed tickets hide the identity of the client but not the client's realm. For this mode, use kinit -n with a normal principal name. If supported by the KDC, the principal (but not realm) will be replaced by the anonymous principal. As of release 1.8, the MIT Kerberos KDC only supports fully anonymous operation. -c credentials_cache Use credentials_cache as the credentials cache. The cache should contain a service ticket for the kadmin/ADMINHOST (where ADMINHOST is the fully-qualified hostname of the admin server) or kadmin/admin service; it can be acquired with the kinit(1) program. If this option is not specified, kadmin requests a new service ticket from the KDC, and stores it in its own temporary ccache. -w password Use password instead of prompting for one. Use this option with care, as it may expose the password to other users on the system via the process list. -q query Perform the specified query and then exit. This can be useful for writing scripts. -d dbname Specifies the name of the KDC database. This option does not apply to the LDAP database module. -s admin_server[:port] Specifies the admin server which kadmin should contact. -m If using kadmin.local, prompt for the database master password instead of reading it from a stash file. -e enc:salt ... Sets the list of encryption types and salt types to be used for any new keys created. See Encryption_and_salt_types in kdc.conf(5) for a list of possible values. -O Force use of old AUTH_GSSAPI authentication flavor. -N Prevent fallback to AUTH_GSSAPI authentication flavor. -x db_args Specifies the database specific arguments. Options supported for the LDAP database module are: -x host=hostname Specifies the LDAP server to connect to by a LDAP URI. -x binddn=bind_dn Specifies the DN of the object used by the administration server to bind to the LDAP server. This object should have the read and write privileges on the realm container, the principal container, and the subtree that is referenced by the realm. -x bindpwd=bind_password Specifies the password for the above mentioned binddn. Using this option may expose the password to other users on the sys- tem via the process list; to avoid this, instead stash the password using the stashsrvpw command of kdb5_ldap_util(8).
COMMANDS
When using the remote client, available commands may be restricted according to the privileges specified in the kadm5.acl(5) file on the admin server. add_principal add_principal [options] newprinc Creates the principal newprinc, prompting twice for a password. If no password policy is specified with the -policy option, and the policy named default is assigned to the principal if it exists. However, creating a policy named default will not automatically assign this pol- icy to previously existing principals. This policy assignment can be suppressed with the -clearpolicy option. This command requires the add privilege. Aliases: addprinc, ank Options: -expire expdate (getdate string) The expiration date of the principal. -pwexpire pwexpdate (getdate string) The password expiration date. -maxlife maxlife (getdate string) The maximum ticket life for the principal. -maxrenewlife maxrenewlife (getdate string) The maximum renewable life of tickets for the principal. -kvno kvno The initial key version number. -policy policy The password policy used by this principal. If not specified, the policy default is used if it exists (unless -clearpolicy is spec- ified). -clearpolicy Prevents any policy from being assigned when -policy is not specified. {-|+}allow_postdated -allow_postdated prohibits this principal from obtaining postdated tickets. +allow_postdated clears this flag. {-|+}allow_forwardable -allow_forwardable prohibits this principal from obtaining forwardable tickets. +allow_forwardable clears this flag. {-|+}allow_renewable -allow_renewable prohibits this principal from obtaining renewable tickets. +allow_renewable clears this flag. {-|+}allow_proxiable -allow_proxiable prohibits this principal from obtaining proxiable tickets. +allow_proxiable clears this flag. {-|+}allow_dup_skey -allow_dup_skey disables user-to-user authentication for this principal by prohibiting this principal from obtaining a session key for another user. +allow_dup_skey clears this flag. {-|+}requires_preauth +requires_preauth requires this principal to preauthenticate before being allowed to kinit. -requires_preauth clears this flag. When +requires_preauth is set on a service principal, the KDC will only issue service tickets for that service principal if the client's initial authentication was performed using preauthentication. {-|+}requires_hwauth +requires_hwauth requires this principal to preauthenticate using a hardware device before being allowed to kinit. -requires_hwauth clears this flag. When +requires_hwauth is set on a service principal, the KDC will only issue service tickets for that service principal if the client's initial authentication was performed using a hardware device to preauthenticate. {-|+}ok_as_delegate +ok_as_delegate sets the okay as delegate flag on tickets issued with this principal as the service. Clients may use this flag as a hint that credentials should be delegated when authenticating to the service. -ok_as_delegate clears this flag. {-|+}allow_svr -allow_svr prohibits the issuance of service tickets for this principal. +allow_svr clears this flag. {-|+}allow_tgs_req -allow_tgs_req specifies that a Ticket-Granting Service (TGS) request for a service ticket for this principal is not permitted. +allow_tgs_req clears this flag. {-|+}allow_tix -allow_tix forbids the issuance of any tickets for this principal. +allow_tix clears this flag. {-|+}needchange +needchange forces a password change on the next initial authentication to this principal. -needchange clears this flag. {-|+}password_changing_service +password_changing_service marks this principal as a password change service principal. -randkey Sets the key of the principal to a random value. -pw password Sets the password of the principal to the specified string and does not prompt for a password. Note: using this option in a shell script may expose the password to other users on the system via the process list. -e enc:salt,... Uses the specified list of enctype-salttype pairs for setting the key of the principal. -x db_princ_args Indicates database-specific options. The options for the LDAP database module are: -x dn=dn Specifies the LDAP object that will contain the Kerberos principal being created. -x linkdn=dn Specifies the LDAP object to which the newly created Kerberos principal object will point. -x containerdn=container_dn Specifies the container object under which the Kerberos principal is to be created. -x tktpolicy=policy Associates a ticket policy to the Kerberos principal. NOTE: o The containerdn and linkdn options cannot be specified with the dn option. o If the dn or containerdn options are not specified while adding the principal, the principals are created under the principal container configured in the realm or the realm container. o dn and containerdn should be within the subtrees or principal container configured in the realm. Example: kadmin: addprinc jennifer WARNING: no policy specified for "jennifer@ATHENA.MIT.EDU"; defaulting to no policy. Enter password for principal jennifer@ATHENA.MIT.EDU: Re-enter password for principal jennifer@ATHENA.MIT.EDU: Principal "jennifer@ATHENA.MIT.EDU" created. kadmin: modify_principal modify_principal [options] principal Modifies the specified principal, changing the fields as specified. The options to add_principal also apply to this command, except for the -randkey, -pw, and -e options. In addition, the option -clearpolicy will clear the current policy of a principal. This command requires the modify privilege. Alias: modprinc Options (in addition to the addprinc options): -unlock Unlocks a locked principal (one which has received too many failed authentication attempts without enough time between them accord- ing to its password policy) so that it can successfully authenticate. rename_principal rename_principal [-force] old_principal new_principal Renames the specified old_principal to new_principal. This command prompts for confirmation, unless the -force option is given. This command requires the add and delete privileges. Alias: renprinc delete_principal delete_principal [-force] principal Deletes the specified principal from the database. This command prompts for deletion, unless the -force option is given. This command requires the delete privilege. Alias: delprinc change_password change_password [options] principal Changes the password of principal. Prompts for a new password if neither -randkey or -pw is specified. This command requires the changepw privilege, or that the principal running the program is the same as the principal being changed. Alias: cpw The following options are available: -randkey Sets the key of the principal to a random value. -pw password Set the password to the specified string. Using this option in a script may expose the password to other users on the system via the process list. -e enc:salt,... Uses the specified list of enctype-salttype pairs for setting the key of the principal. -keepold Keeps the existing keys in the database. This flag is usually not necessary except perhaps for krbtgt principals. Example: kadmin: cpw systest Enter password for principal systest@BLEEP.COM: Re-enter password for principal systest@BLEEP.COM: Password for systest@BLEEP.COM changed. kadmin: purgekeys purgekeys [-keepkvno oldest_kvno_to_keep] principal Purges previously retained old keys (e.g., from change_password -keepold) from principal. If -keepkvno is specified, then only purges keys with kvnos lower than oldest_kvno_to_keep. This command requires the modify privilege. get_principal get_principal [-terse] principal Gets the attributes of principal. With the -terse option, outputs fields as quoted tab-separated strings. This command requires the inquire privilege, or that the principal running the the program to be the same as the one being listed. Alias: getprinc Examples: kadmin: getprinc tlyu/admin Principal: tlyu/admin@BLEEP.COM Expiration date: [never] Last password change: Mon Aug 12 14:16:47 EDT 1996 Password expiration date: [none] Maximum ticket life: 0 days 10:00:00 Maximum renewable life: 7 days 00:00:00 Last modified: Mon Aug 12 14:16:47 EDT 1996 (bjaspan/admin@BLEEP.COM) Last successful authentication: [never] Last failed authentication: [never] Failed password attempts: 0 Number of keys: 2 Key: vno 1, DES cbc mode with CRC-32, no salt Key: vno 1, DES cbc mode with CRC-32, Version 4 Attributes: Policy: [none] kadmin: getprinc -terse systest systest@BLEEP.COM 3 86400 604800 1 785926535 753241234 785900000 tlyu/admin@BLEEP.COM 786100034 0 0 kadmin: list_principals list_principals [expression] Retrieves all or some principal names. expression is a shell-style glob expression that can contain the wild-card characters ?, *, and []. All principal names matching the expression are printed. If no expression is provided, all principal names are printed. If the expression does not contain an @ character, an @ character followed by the local realm is appended to the expression. This command requires the list privilege. Alias: listprincs, get_principals, get_princs Example: kadmin: listprincs test* test3@SECURE-TEST.OV.COM test2@SECURE-TEST.OV.COM test1@SECURE-TEST.OV.COM testuser@SECURE-TEST.OV.COM kadmin: get_strings get_strings principal Displays string attributes on principal. This command requires the inquire privilege. Alias: getstr set_string set_string principal key value Sets a string attribute on principal. String attributes are used to supply per-principal configuration to the KDC and some KDC plugin mod- ules. The following string attributes are recognized by the KDC: session_enctypes Specifies the encryption types supported for session keys when the principal is authenticated to as a server. See Encryp- tion_and_salt_types in kdc.conf(5) for a list of the accepted values. This command requires the modify privilege. Alias: setstr del_string del_string principal key Deletes a string attribute from principal. This command requires the delete privilege. Alias: delstr add_policy add_policy [options] policy Adds a password policy named policy to the database. This command requires the add privilege. Alias: addpol The following options are available: -maxlife time (getdate string) Sets the maximum lifetime of a password. -minlife time (getdate string) Sets the minimum lifetime of a password. -minlength length Sets the minimum length of a password. -minclasses number Sets the minimum number of character classes required in a password. The five character classes are lower case, upper case, num- bers, punctuation, and whitespace/unprintable characters. -history number Sets the number of past keys kept for a principal. This option is not supported with the LDAP KDC database module. -maxfailure maxnumber Sets the number of authentication failures before the principal is locked. Authentication failures are only tracked for principals which require preauthentication. The counter of failed attempts resets to 0 after a successful attempt to authenticate. A maxnum- ber value of 0 (the default) disables lockout. -failurecountinterval failuretime (getdate string) Sets the allowable time between authentication failures. If an authentication failure happens after failuretime has elapsed since the previous failure, the number of authentication failures is reset to 1. A failuretime value of 0 (the default) means forever. -lockoutduration lockouttime (getdate string) Sets the duration for which the principal is locked from authenticating if too many authentication failures occur without the specified failure count interval elapsing. A duration of 0 (the default) means the principal remains locked out until it is administratively unlocked with modprinc -unlock. -allowedkeysalts Specifies the key/salt tuples supported for long-term keys when setting or changing a principal's password/keys. See Encryp- tion_and_salt_types in kdc.conf(5) for a list of the accepted values, but note that key/salt tuples must be separated with commas (',') only. To clear the allowed key/salt policy use a value of '-'. Example: kadmin: add_policy -maxlife "2 days" -minlength 5 guests kadmin: modify_policy modify_policy [options] policy Modifies the password policy named policy. Options are as described for add_policy. This command requires the modify privilege. Alias: modpol delete_policy delete_policy [-force] policy Deletes the password policy named policy. Prompts for confirmation before deletion. The command will fail if the policy is in use by any principals. This command requires the delete privilege. Alias: delpol Example: kadmin: del_policy guests Are you sure you want to delete the policy "guests"? (yes/no): yes kadmin: get_policy get_policy [ -terse ] policy Displays the values of the password policy named policy. With the -terse flag, outputs the fields as quoted strings separated by tabs. This command requires the inquire privilege. Alias: getpol Examples: kadmin: get_policy admin Policy: admin Maximum password life: 180 days 00:00:00 Minimum password life: 00:00:00 Minimum password length: 6 Minimum number of password character classes: 2 Number of old keys kept: 5 Reference count: 17 kadmin: get_policy -terse admin admin 15552000 0 6 2 5 17 kadmin: The "Reference count" is the number of principals using that policy. With the LDAP KDC database module, the reference count field is not meaningful. list_policies list_policies [expression] Retrieves all or some policy names. expression is a shell-style glob expression that can contain the wild-card characters ?, *, and []. All policy names matching the expression are printed. If no expression is provided, all existing policy names are printed. This command requires the list privilege. Aliases: listpols, get_policies, getpols. Examples: kadmin: listpols test-pol dict-only once-a-min test-pol-nopw kadmin: listpols t* test-pol test-pol-nopw kadmin: ktadd ktadd [options] principal ktadd [options] -glob princ-exp Adds a principal, or all principals matching princ-exp, to a keytab file. Each principal's keys are randomized in the process. The rules for princ-exp are described in the list_principals command. This command requires the inquire and changepw privileges. With the -glob form, it also requires the list privilege. The options are: -k[eytab] keytab Use keytab as the keytab file. Otherwise, the default keytab is used. -e enc:salt,... Use the specified list of enctype-salttype pairs for setting the new keys of the principal. -q Display less verbose information. -norandkey Do not randomize the keys. The keys and their version numbers stay unchanged. This option is only available in kadmin.local, and cannot be specified in combination with the -e option. An entry for each of the principal's unique encryption types is added, ignoring multiple keys with the same encryption type but different salt types. Example: kadmin: ktadd -k /tmp/foo-new-keytab host/foo.mit.edu Entry for principal host/foo.mit.edu@ATHENA.MIT.EDU with kvno 3, encryption type aes256-cts-hmac-sha1-96 added to keytab FILE:/tmp/foo-new-keytab kadmin: ktremove ktremove [options] principal [kvno | all | old] Removes entries for the specified principal from a keytab. Requires no permissions, since this does not require database access. If the string "all" is specified, all entries for that principal are removed; if the string "old" is specified, all entries for that prin- cipal except those with the highest kvno are removed. Otherwise, the value specified is parsed as an integer, and all entries whose kvno match that integer are removed. The options are: -k[eytab] keytab Use keytab as the keytab file. Otherwise, the default keytab is used. -q Display less verbose information. Example: kadmin: ktremove kadmin/admin all Entry for principal kadmin/admin with kvno 3 removed from keytab FILE:/etc/krb5.keytab kadmin: lock Lock database exclusively. Use with extreme caution! This command only works with the DB2 KDC database module. unlock Release the exclusive database lock. list_requests Lists available for kadmin requests. Aliases: lr, ? quit Exit program. If the database was locked, the lock is released. Aliases: exit, q
HISTORY
The kadmin program was originally written by Tom Yu at MIT, as an interface to the OpenVision Kerberos administration program.
SEE ALSO
kpasswd(1), kadmind(8)
AUTHOR
MIT
COPYRIGHT
1985-2013, MIT 1.11.3 KADMIN(1)
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