HWLOC-BIND(1) hwloc HWLOC-BIND(1)
hwloc-bind - Launch a command that is bound to specific processors and/or memory, or con-
sult the binding of an existing program
hwloc-bind [options] <location1> [<location2> [...] ] [--] <command> ...
Note that hwloc(7) provides a detailed explanation of the hwloc system and of valid <loca-
tion> formats; it should be read before reading this man page.
--cpubind Use following arguments for CPU binding (default).
--membind Use following arguments for memory binding. If --mempolicy is not also given,
the default policy is bind.
Change the memory binding policy. The available policies are default, first-
touch, bind, interleave replicate and nexttouch. This option is only meaningful
when an actual binding is also given with --membind. If --membind is given
without --mempolicy, the default policy is bind.
--get Report the current bindings. When combined with --membind, report the memory
binding instead of CPU binding.
Report the last processors where the process ran. Note that the result may
already be outdated when reported since the operating system may move the
process to other processors at any time according to the binding. This option
cannot be combined with --membind.
--single Bind on a single CPU to prevent migration.
--strict Require strict binding.
Operate on pid <pid>
take OS/physical indexes instead of logical indexes
take logical indexes instead of physical/OS indexes (default)
--taskset Display CPU set strings in the format recognized by the taskset command-line
program instead of hwloc-specific CPU set string format. This option has no
impact on the format of input CPU set strings, both formats are always accepted.
Launch the executable even if binding failed.
Hide non-fatal error messages. It includes locations pointing to non-existing
objects, as well as failure to bind. This is usually useful in addition to
--version Report version and exit.
hwloc-bind execs an executable (with optional command line arguments) that is bound to the
specified location (or list of locations). Upon successful execution, hwloc-bind simply
sets bindings and then execs the executable over itself. If binding fails, or if the
binding set is empty, and --force was not given, hwloc-bind returns with an error instead
of launching the executable.
NOTE: It is highly recommended that you read the hwloc(7) overview page before reading
this man page. Most of the concepts described in hwloc(7) directly apply to the hwloc-
hwloc-bind's operation is best described through several examples. More details about how
locations are specified on the hwloc-bind command line are described in hwloc(7).
To run the echo command on the first logical processor of the second socket:
hwloc-bind socket:1.pu:0 -- echo hello
which is exactly equivalent to
hwloc-bind socket:1.pu:0 echo hello
To bind the "echo" command to the first core of the second socket and the second core of
the first socket:
hwloc-bind socket:1.core:0 socket:0.core:1 echo hello
Note that binding the "echo" command to multiple processors is probably meaningless
(because "echo" is likely implemented as a single-threaded application); these examples
just serve to show what hwloc-bind can do.
To run on the first three sockets on the second and third nodes:
hwloc-bind node:1-2.socket:0:3 echo hello
which is also equivalent to:
hwloc-bind node:1-2.socket:0-2 echo hello
Note that if you attempt to bind to objects that do not exist, hwloc-bind will not warn
unless -v was specified.
To run on processor with physical index 2 in socket with physical index 1:
hwloc-bind --physical socket:1.core:2 echo hello
To run on odd cores within even sockets:
hwloc-bind socket:even.core:odd echo hello
To run on the first socket, except on its second and fifth cores:
hwloc-bind socket:0 ~socket:0.core:1 ~socket:0.core:4 echo hello
To run anywhere except on the first socket:
hwloc-bind all ~socket:0 echo hello
To run on a core near the network interface named eth0:
hwloc-bind os=eth0 echo hello
To run on a core near the PCI device whose bus ID is 0000:01:02.0:
hwloc-bind pci=0000:01:02.0 echo hello
To bind memory on second memory node and run on first node (when supported by the OS):
hwloc-bind --cpubind node:1 --membind node:0 echo hello
The --get option can report current bindings. This example shows nesting hwloc-bind invo-
cations to set a binding and then report it:
hwloc-bind node:1.socket:2 hwloc-bind --get
On one of the hwloc developer's machines, this example reports "0x00004444,0x44000000".
The mask reported on your machine may be different.
Locations may also be specified as a hex bit mask (typically generated by hwloc-calc).
hwloc-bind 0x00004444,0x44000000 echo hello
hwloc-bind `hwloc-calc node:1.socket:2` echo hello
Memory binding may also be reported:
hwloc-bind --membind node:1 --mempolicy interleave -- hwloc-bind --get --membind
This returns a string describing the memory binding, such as "0x000000f0 (interleave)".
Note that if the system does not contain any NUMA nodes, the reported string will indicate
that the process is bound to the entire system memory (e.g., "0xf...f").
If the graphics-enabled lstopo is available, use for instance
hwloc-bind core:2 -- lstopo --pid 0
to check what the result of your binding command actually is. lstopo will graphically
show where it is bound to by hwloc-bind.
Upon successful execution, hwloc-bind execs the command over itself. The return value is
therefore whatever the return value of the command is.
hwloc-bind will return nonzero if any kind of error occurs, such as (but not limited to):
failure to parse the command line, failure to retrieve process bindings, or lack of a com-
mand to execute.
hwloc(7), lstopo(1), hwloc-calc(1), hwloc-distrib(1)
1.7 Apr 07, 2013 HWLOC-BIND(1)