GIT-GREP(1) Git Manual GIT-GREP(1)
git-grep - Print lines matching a pattern
git grep [-a | --text] [-I] [-i | --ignore-case] [-w | --word-regexp]
[-v | --invert-match] [-h|-H] [--full-name]
[-E | --extended-regexp] [-G | --basic-regexp]
[-P | --perl-regexp]
[-F | --fixed-strings] [-n | --line-number]
[-l | --files-with-matches] [-L | --files-without-match]
[(-O | --open-files-in-pager) [<pager>]]
[-z | --null]
[-c | --count] [--all-match] [-q | --quiet]
[--color[=<when>] | --no-color]
[--break] [--heading] [-p | --show-function]
[-A <post-context>] [-B <pre-context>] [-C <context>]
[-W | --function-context]
[-f <file>] [-e] <pattern>
[ [--[no-]exclude-standard] [--cached | --no-index | --untracked] | <tree>...]
Look for specified patterns in the tracked files in the work tree, blobs registered in the
index file, or blobs in given tree objects. Patterns are lists of one or more search
expressions separated by newline characters. An empty string as search expression matches
If set to true, enable -n option by default.
Set the default matching behavior. Using a value of basic, extended, fixed, or perl
will enable the --basic-regexp, --extended-regexp, --fixed-strings, or --perl-regexp
option accordingly, while the value default will return to the default matching
If set to true, enable --extended-regexp option by default. This option is ignored
when the grep.patternType option is set to a value other than default.
Instead of searching tracked files in the working tree, search blobs registered in the
Search files in the current directory that is not managed by Git.
In addition to searching in the tracked files in the working tree, search also in
Also search in ignored files by not honoring the .gitignore mechanism. Only useful
Do not pay attention to ignored files specified via the .gitignore mechanism. Only
useful when searching files in the current directory with --no-index.
Process binary files as if they were text.
Ignore case differences between the patterns and the files.
Don't match the pattern in binary files.
For each <pathspec> given on command line, descend at most <depth> levels of
directories. A negative value means no limit. This option is ignored if <pathspec>
contains active wildcards. In other words if "a*" matches a directory named "a*", "*"
is matched literally so --max-depth is still effective.
Match the pattern only at word boundary (either begin at the beginning of a line, or
preceded by a non-word character; end at the end of a line or followed by a non-word
Select non-matching lines.
By default, the command shows the filename for each match. -h option is used to
suppress this output. -H is there for completeness and does not do anything except it
overrides -h given earlier on the command line.
When run from a subdirectory, the command usually outputs paths relative to the
current directory. This option forces paths to be output relative to the project top
-E, --extended-regexp, -G, --basic-regexp
Use POSIX extended/basic regexp for patterns. Default is to use basic regexp.
Use Perl-compatible regexp for patterns. Requires libpcre to be compiled in.
Use fixed strings for patterns (don't interpret pattern as a regex).
Prefix the line number to matching lines.
-l, --files-with-matches, --name-only, -L, --files-without-match
Instead of showing every matched line, show only the names of files that contain (or
do not contain) matches. For better compatibility with git diff, --name-only is a
synonym for --files-with-matches.
-O [<pager>], --open-files-in-pager [<pager>]
Open the matching files in the pager (not the output of grep). If the pager happens to
be "less" or "vi", and the user specified only one pattern, the first file is
positioned at the first match automatically.
Output \0 instead of the character that normally follows a file name.
Instead of showing every matched line, show the number of lines that match.
Show colored matches. The value must be always (the default), never, or auto.
Turn off match highlighting, even when the configuration file gives the default to
color output. Same as --color=never.
Print an empty line between matches from different files.
Show the filename above the matches in that file instead of at the start of each shown
Show the preceding line that contains the function name of the match, unless the
matching line is a function name itself. The name is determined in the same way as git
diff works out patch hunk headers (see Defining a custom hunk-header in
-<num>, -C <num>, --context <num>
Show <num> leading and trailing lines, and place a line containing -- between
contiguous groups of matches.
-A <num>, --after-context <num>
Show <num> trailing lines, and place a line containing -- between contiguous groups of
-B <num>, --before-context <num>
Show <num> leading lines, and place a line containing -- between contiguous groups of
Show the surrounding text from the previous line containing a function name up to the
one before the next function name, effectively showing the whole function in which the
match was found.
Read patterns from <file>, one per line.
The next parameter is the pattern. This option has to be used for patterns starting
with - and should be used in scripts passing user input to grep. Multiple patterns are
combined by or.
--and, --or, --not, ( ... )
Specify how multiple patterns are combined using Boolean expressions. --or is the
default operator. --and has higher precedence than --or. -e has to be used for all
When giving multiple pattern expressions combined with --or, this flag is specified to
limit the match to files that have lines to match all of them.
Do not output matched lines; instead, exit with status 0 when there is a match and
with non-zero status when there isn't.
Instead of searching tracked files in the working tree, search blobs in the given
Signals the end of options; the rest of the parameters are <pathspec> limiters.
If given, limit the search to paths matching at least one pattern. Both leading paths
match and glob(7) patterns are supported.
git grep 'time_t' -- '*.[ch]'
Looks for time_t in all tracked .c and .h files in the working directory and its
git grep -e '#define' --and \( -e MAX_PATH -e PATH_MAX \)
Looks for a line that has #define and either MAX_PATH or PATH_MAX.
git grep --all-match -e NODE -e Unexpected
Looks for a line that has NODE or Unexpected in files that have lines that match both.
Part of the git(1) suite
Git 18.104.22.168 06/10/2014 GIT-GREP(1)