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GENRSA(1)				     OpenSSL					GENRSA(1)

NAME
       genrsa - generate an RSA private key

SYNOPSIS
       openssl genrsa [-out filename] [-passout arg] [-des] [-des3] [-idea] [-f4] [-3] [-rand
       file(s)] [-engine id] [numbits]

DESCRIPTION
       The genrsa command generates an RSA private key.

OPTIONS
       -out filename
	   the output filename. If this argument is not specified then standard output is used.

       -passout arg
	   the output file password source. For more information about the format of arg see the
	   PASS PHRASE ARGUMENTS section in openssl(1).

       -des|-des3|-idea
	   These options encrypt the private key with the DES, triple DES, or the IDEA ciphers
	   respectively before outputting it. If none of these options is specified no encryption
	   is used. If encryption is used a pass phrase is prompted for if it is not supplied via
	   the -passout argument.

       -F4|-3
	   the public exponent to use, either 65537 or 3. The default is 65537.

       -rand file(s)
	   a file or files containing random data used to seed the random number generator, or an
	   EGD socket (see RAND_egd(3)).  Multiple files can be specified separated by a OS-
	   dependent character.  The separator is ; for MS-Windows, , for OpenVMS, and : for all
	   others.

       -engine id
	   specifying an engine (by its unique id string) will cause genrsa to attempt to obtain
	   a functional reference to the specified engine, thus initialising it if needed. The
	   engine will then be set as the default for all available algorithms.

       numbits
	   the size of the private key to generate in bits. This must be the last option
	   specified. The default is 512.

NOTES
       RSA private key generation essentially involves the generation of two prime numbers. When
       generating a private key various symbols will be output to indicate the progress of the
       generation. A . represents each number which has passed an initial sieve test, + means a
       number has passed a single round of the Miller-Rabin primality test. A newline means that
       the number has passed all the prime tests (the actual number depends on the key size).

       Because key generation is a random process the time taken to generate a key may vary
       somewhat.

BUGS
       A quirk of the prime generation algorithm is that it cannot generate small primes.
       Therefore the number of bits should not be less that 64. For typical private keys this
       will not matter because for security reasons they will be much larger (typically 1024
       bits).

SEE ALSO
       gendsa(1)

1.0.1e					    2013-02-11					GENRSA(1)
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