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DU(1)					  User Commands 				    DU(1)

NAME
       du - estimate file space usage

SYNOPSIS
       du [OPTION]... [FILE]...
       du [OPTION]... --files0-from=F

DESCRIPTION
       Summarize disk usage of each FILE, recursively for directories.

       Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.

       -0, --null
	      end each output line with 0 byte rather than newline

       -a, --all
	      write counts for all files, not just directories

       --apparent-size
	      print apparent sizes, rather than disk usage; although the apparent size is usually
	      smaller, it may be larger due to holes in ('sparse') files, internal fragmentation,
	      indirect blocks, and the like

       -B, --block-size=SIZE
	      scale  sizes  by	SIZE  before  printing them; e.g., '-BM' prints sizes in units of
	      1,048,576 bytes; see SIZE format below

       -b, --bytes
	      equivalent to '--apparent-size --block-size=1'

       -c, --total
	      produce a grand total

       -D, --dereference-args
	      dereference only symlinks that are listed on the command line

       -d, --max-depth=N
	      print the total for a directory (or file, with --all) only if it is N or fewer lev-
	      els below the command line argument;  --max-depth=0 is the same as --summarize

       --files0-from=F
	      summarize  disk usage of the NUL-terminated file names specified in file F; if F is
	      -, then read names from standard input

       -H     equivalent to --dereference-args (-D)

       -h, --human-readable
	      print sizes in human readable format (e.g., 1K 234M 2G)

       --inodes
	      list inode usage information instead of block usage

       -k     like --block-size=1K

       -L, --dereference
	      dereference all symbolic links

       -l, --count-links
	      count sizes many times if hard linked

       -m     like --block-size=1M

       -P, --no-dereference
	      don't follow any symbolic links (this is the default)

       -S, --separate-dirs
	      for directories do not include size of subdirectories

       --si   like -h, but use powers of 1000 not 1024

       -s, --summarize
	      display only a total for each argument

       -t, --threshold=SIZE
	      exclude entries smaller than SIZE if positive, or entries greater than SIZE if neg-
	      ative

       --time show time of the last modification of any file in the directory, or any of its sub-
	      directories

       --time=WORD
	      show time as WORD instead of modification time: atime, access, use, ctime or status

       --time-style=STYLE
	      show times using STYLE, which can be: full-iso, long-iso, iso, or  +FORMAT;  FORMAT
	      is interpreted like in 'date'

       -X, --exclude-from=FILE
	      exclude files that match any pattern in FILE

       --exclude=PATTERN
	      exclude files that match PATTERN

       -x, --one-file-system
	      skip directories on different file systems

       --help display this help and exit

       --version
	      output version information and exit

       Display	values	are  in  units	of  the  first	available SIZE from --block-size, and the
       DU_BLOCK_SIZE, BLOCK_SIZE and BLOCKSIZE environment variables.  Otherwise,  units  default
       to 1024 bytes (or 512 if POSIXLY_CORRECT is set).

       SIZE  is  an integer and optional unit (example: 10M is 10*1024*1024).  Units are K, M, G,
       T, P, E, Z, Y (powers of 1024) or KB, MB, ... (powers of 1000).

       GNU coreutils online help: <http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/> Report du  translation
       bugs to <http://translationproject.org/team/>

PATTERNS
       PATTERN	is  a  shell  pattern (not a regular expression).  The pattern ?  matches any one
       character, whereas * matches any string (composed of zero, one  or  multiple  characters).
       For example, *.o will match any files whose names end in .o.  Therefore, the command

	      du --exclude='*.o'

       will skip all files and subdirectories ending in .o (including the file .o itself).

AUTHOR
       Written by Torbjorn Granlund, David MacKenzie, Paul Eggert, and Jim Meyering.

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright  (C)  2013  Free Software Foundation, Inc.  License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or
       later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>.
       This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.  There is NO	WARRANTY,
       to the extent permitted by law.

SEE ALSO
       The  full documentation for du is maintained as a Texinfo manual.  If the info and du pro-
       grams are properly installed at your site, the command

	      info coreutils 'du invocation'

       should give you access to the complete manual.

GNU coreutils 8.22			    June 2014					    DU(1)
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