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CP(1)					  User Commands 				    CP(1)

NAME
       cp - copy files and directories

SYNOPSIS
       cp [OPTION]... [-T] SOURCE DEST
       cp [OPTION]... SOURCE... DIRECTORY
       cp [OPTION]... -t DIRECTORY SOURCE...

DESCRIPTION
       Copy SOURCE to DEST, or multiple SOURCE(s) to DIRECTORY.

       Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.

       -a, --archive
	      same as -dR --preserve=all

       --attributes-only
	      don't copy the file data, just the attributes

       --backup[=CONTROL]
	      make a backup of each existing destination file

       -b     like --backup but does not accept an argument

       --copy-contents
	      copy contents of special files when recursive

       -d     same as --no-dereference --preserve=links

       -f, --force
	      if  an  existing	destination  file cannot be opened, remove it and try again (this
	      option is ignored when the -n option is also used)

       -i, --interactive
	      prompt before overwrite (overrides a previous -n option)

       -H     follow command-line symbolic links in SOURCE

       -l, --link
	      hard link files instead of copying

       -L, --dereference
	      always follow symbolic links in SOURCE

       -n, --no-clobber
	      do not overwrite an existing file (overrides a previous -i option)

       -P, --no-dereference
	      never follow symbolic links in SOURCE

       -p     same as --preserve=mode,ownership,timestamps

       --preserve[=ATTR_LIST]
	      preserve the specified attributes (default: mode,ownership,timestamps), if possible
	      additional attributes: context, links, xattr, all

       -c     deprecated, same as --preserve=context

       --no-preserve=ATTR_LIST
	      don't preserve the specified attributes

       --parents
	      use full source file name under DIRECTORY

       -R, -r, --recursive
	      copy directories recursively

       --reflink[=WHEN]
	      control clone/CoW copies. See below

       --remove-destination
	      remove  each  existing destination file before attempting to open it (contrast with
	      --force)

       --sparse=WHEN
	      control creation of sparse files. See below

       --strip-trailing-slashes
	      remove any trailing slashes from each SOURCE argument

       -s, --symbolic-link
	      make symbolic links instead of copying

       -S, --suffix=SUFFIX
	      override the usual backup suffix

       -t, --target-directory=DIRECTORY
	      copy all SOURCE arguments into DIRECTORY

       -T, --no-target-directory
	      treat DEST as a normal file

       -u, --update
	      copy only when the SOURCE file is newer than the destination file or when the  des-
	      tination file is missing

       -v, --verbose
	      explain what is being done

       -x, --one-file-system
	      stay on this file system

       -Z, --context[=CTX]
	      set  SELinux  security  context  of  destination file to default type, or to CTX if
	      specified

       --help display this help and exit

       --version
	      output version information and exit

       By default, sparse SOURCE files are detected by a crude heuristic  and  the  corresponding
       DEST  file is made sparse as well.  That is the behavior selected by --sparse=auto.  Spec-
       ify --sparse=always to create a sparse DEST file whenever the SOURCE file contains a  long
       enough sequence of zero bytes.  Use --sparse=never to inhibit creation of sparse files.

       When  --reflink[=always]  is  specified, perform a lightweight copy, where the data blocks
       are copied  only  when  modified.   If  this  is  not  possible	the  copy  fails,  or  if
       --reflink=auto is specified, fall back to a standard copy.

       The  backup  suffix is '~', unless set with --suffix or SIMPLE_BACKUP_SUFFIX.  The version
       control method may be selected via the --backup	option	or  through  the  VERSION_CONTROL
       environment variable.  Here are the values:

       none, off
	      never make backups (even if --backup is given)

       numbered, t
	      make numbered backups

       existing, nil
	      numbered if numbered backups exist, simple otherwise

       simple, never
	      always make simple backups

       As a special case, cp makes a backup of SOURCE when the force and backup options are given
       and SOURCE and DEST are the same name for an existing, regular file.

       GNU coreutils online help: <http://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/> Report cp  translation
       bugs to <http://translationproject.org/team/>

AUTHOR
       Written by Torbjorn Granlund, David MacKenzie, and Jim Meyering.

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright  (C)  2013  Free Software Foundation, Inc.  License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or
       later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>.
       This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.  There is NO	WARRANTY,
       to the extent permitted by law.

SEE ALSO
       The  full documentation for cp is maintained as a Texinfo manual.  If the info and cp pro-
       grams are properly installed at your site, the command

	      info coreutils 'cp invocation'

       should give you access to the complete manual.

GNU coreutils 8.22			    June 2014					    CP(1)
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