Unix/Linux Go Back    


CentOS 7.0 - man page for cdparanoia (centos section 1)

Linux & Unix Commands - Search Man Pages
Man Page or Keyword Search:   man
Select Man Page Set:       apropos Keyword Search (sections above)


CDPARANOIA(1)									    CDPARANOIA(1)

NAME
       cdparanoia  10.2 (Paranoia release III) - an audio CD reading utility which includes extra
       data verification features

SYNOPSIS
       cdparanoia [options] span [outfile]

DESCRIPTION
       cdparanoia retrieves audio tracks from CDDA capable CDROM drives.  The data can	be  saved
       to  a file or directed to standard output in WAV, AIFF, AIFF-C or raw format.  Most ATAPI,
       SCSI and several proprietary CDROM drive makes are supported; cdparanoia can determine  if
       the target drive is CDDA capable.

       In  addition  to  simple reading, cdparanoia adds extra-robust data verification, synchro-
       nization, error handling and scratch reconstruction capability.

OPTIONS
       -A --analyze-drive
	      Run and log a complete analysis of drive caching, timing and reading behavior; ver-
	      ifies  that  cdparanoia  is  correctly  modelling a sprcific drive's cache and read
	      behavior. Implies -vQL.

       -v --verbose
	      Be absurdly verbose about the autosensing and reading process. Good for  setup  and
	      debugging.

       -q --quiet
	      Do not print any progress or error information during the reading process.

       -e --stderr-progress
	      Force output of progress information to stderr (for wrapper scripts).

       -l --log-summary [file]
	      Save result summary to file, default filename cdparanoia.log.

       -L --log-debug [file]
	      Save  detailed  device  autosense  and debugging output to a file, default filename
	      cdparanoia.log.

       -V --version
	      Print the program version and quit.

       -Q --query
	      Perform CDROM drive autosense, query and print the CDROM table  of  contents,  then
	      quit.

       -s --search-for-drive
	      Forces a complete search for a cdrom drive, even if the /dev/cdrom link exists.

       -h --help
	      Print a brief synopsis of cdparanoia usage and options.

       -p --output-raw
	      Output headerless data as raw 16 bit PCM data with interleaved samples in host byte
	      order.  To force little or big endian byte order, use -r or -R as described below.

       -r --output-raw-little-endian
	      Output headerless data as raw 16 bit PCM data with interleaved samples in LSB first
	      byte order.

       -R --output-raw-big-endian
	      Output headerless data as raw 16 bit PCM data with interleaved samples in MSB first
	      byte order.

       -w --output-wav
	      Output data in Micro$oft RIFF WAV format (note that WAV data is  always  LSB  first
	      byte order).

       -f --output-aiff
	      Output  data  in Apple AIFF format (note that AIFC data is always in MSB first byte
	      order).

       -a --output-aifc
	      Output data in uncompressed Apple AIFF-C format (note that AIFF-C data is always in
	      MSB first byte order).

       -B --batch

	      Cdda2wav-style  batch  output  flag; cdparanoia will split the output into multiple
	      files at track boundaries.  Output file names are prepended with 'track#.'

       -c --force-cdrom-little-endian
	      Some CDROM drives misreport their endianness (or do not report  it  at  all);  it's
	      possible that cdparanoia will guess wrong.  Use -c to force cdparanoia to treat the
	      drive as a little endian device.

       -C --force-cdrom-big-endian
	      As above but force cdparanoia to treat the drive as a big endian device.

       -n --force-default-sectors n
	      Force the interface backend to do atomic reads of n sectors per read.  This  number
	      can  be  misleading; the kernel will often split read requests into multiple atomic
	      reads (the automated Paranoia code is aware of this) or allow reads  only  wihin	a
	      restricted size range.  This option should generally not be used.

       -d --force-cdrom-device device
	      Force  the  interface  backend  to  read from device rather than the first readable
	      CDROM drive it finds.  This can be used to specify devices of any  valid	interface
	      type (ATAPI, SCSI or proprietary).

       -k --force-cooked-device device
	      This  option  forces use of the old 'cooked ioctl' kernel interface with the speci-
	      fied cdrom device.  The cooked ioctl interface is obsolete in Linux 2.6  if  it  is
	      present at all.  -k cannot be used with -d or -g.

       -g --force-generic-device device
	      This  option  forces  use  of the old 'generic scsi' (sg) kernel interface with the
	      specified generic scsi device.  -g cannot be used with -k.  -g may be used with  -d
	      to  explicitly  set  both  the SCSI cdrom and generic (sg) devices seperately. This
	      option is only useful on obsolete SCSI setups and when using the generic scsi  (sg)
	      driver.

       -S --force-read-speed number
	      Use  this option explicitly to set the read rate of the CD drive (where supported).
	      This can reduce underruns on machines with slow disks, or which are low on memory.

       -t --toc-offset number
	      Use this option to force the entire disc LBA  addressing	to  shift  by  the  given
	      amount;  the  value is added to the beginning offsets in the TOC.  This can be used
	      to shift track boundaries for the whole disc manually on sector  granularity.   The
	      next option does something similar...

       -T --toc-bias
	      Some drives (usually random Toshibas) report the actual track beginning offset val-
	      ues in the TOC, but then treat the beginning of track 1 index 1 as sector 0 for all
	      read  operations.   This results in every track seeming to start too late (losing a
	      bit of the beginning and catching a bit of the next track).  -T accounts	for  this
	      behavior.   Note	that this option will cause cdparanoia to attempt to read sectors
	      before or past the known user data area of the disc, resulting in  read  errors  at
	      disc edges on most drives and possibly even hard lockups on some buggy hardware.

       -O --sample-offset number
	      Use  this  option  to  force the entire disc to shift sample position output by the
	      given amount; This can be used to shift track boundaries for the whole  disc  manu-
	      ally on sample granularity. Note that this will cause cdparanoia to attempt to read
	      partial sectors before or past the known user data area of the disc, probably caus-
	      ing  read  errors on most drives and possibly even hard lockups on some buggy hard-
	      ware.

       -Z --disable-paranoia
	      Disable all data verification and correction features.  When using  -Z,  cdparanoia
	      reads  data exactly as would cdda2wav with an overlap setting of zero.  This option
	      implies that -Y is active.

       -z --never-skip[=max_retries]
	      Do not accept any skips; retry forever if needed.  An optional  maximum  number  of
	      retries can be specified; for comparison, default without -z is currently 20.

       -Y --disable-extra-paranoia
	      Disables	intra-read data verification; only overlap checking at read boundaries is
	      performed. It can wedge if errors occur in the attempted overlap area.  Not  recom-
	      mended.

       -X --abort-on-skip
	      If  the  read  skips due to imperfect data, a scratch, whatever, abort reading this
	      track.  If output is to a file, delete the partially completed file.

OUTPUT SMILIES
	 :-)  Normal operation, low/no jitter

	 :-|  Normal operation, considerable jitter

	 :-/  Read drift

	 :-P  Unreported loss of streaming in atomic read operation

	 8-|  Finding read problems at same point during reread; hard to correct

	 :-0  SCSI/ATAPI transport error

	 :-(  Scratch detected

	 ;-(  Gave up trying to perform a correction

	 8-X  Aborted read due to known, uncorrectable error

	 :^D  Finished extracting

PROGRESS BAR SYMBOLS
       <space>
	      No corrections needed

	  -   Jitter correction required

	  +   Unreported loss of streaming/other error in read

	  !   Errors found after stage 1 correction; the drive is making the same  error  through
	      multiple re-reads, and cdparanoia is having trouble detecting them.

	  e   SCSI/ATAPI transport error (corrected)

	  V   Uncorrected error/skip

SPAN ARGUMENT
       The  span  argument  specifies which track, tracks or subsections of tracks to read.  This
       argument is required.  NOTE: Unless the span is a simple number,  it's  generally  a  good
       idea to quote the span argument to protect it from the shell.

       The  span argument may be a simple track number or an offset/span specification.  The syn-
       tax of an offset/span takes the rough form:

       1[ww:xx:yy.zz]-2[aa:bb:cc.dd]

       Here, 1 and 2 are track numbers; the numbers in brackets provide a  finer  grained  offset
       within  a particular track. [aa:bb:cc.dd] is in hours/minutes/seconds/sectors format. Zero
       fields need not be specified: [::20], [:20], [20], [20.], etc,  would  be  interpreted  as
       twenty  seconds, [10:] would be ten minutes, [.30] would be thirty sectors (75 sectors per
       second).

       When only a single offset is supplied, it is interpreted as a starting offset and  ripping
       will  continue  to the end of the track.  If a single offset is preceeded or followed by a
       hyphen, the implicit missing offset is taken to be the start or end of the  disc,  respec-
       tively. Thus:

       1:[20.35]
	      Specifies ripping from track 1, second 20, sector 35 to the end of track 1.

       1:[20.35]-
	      Specifies ripping from 1[20.35] to the end of the disc

       -2     Specifies ripping from the beginning of the disc up to (and including) track 2

       -2:[30.35]
	      Specifies ripping from the beginning of the disc up to 2:[30.35]

       2-4    Specifies ripping from the beginning of track 2 to the end of track 4.

       Again, don't forget to protect square brackets and preceeding hyphens from the shell.

EXAMPLES
       A few examples, protected from the shell:

       Query only with exhaustive search for a drive and full reporting of autosense:

	      cdparanoia -vsQ

       Extract an entire disc, putting each track in a seperate file:

	      cdparanoia -B

       Extract from track 1, time 0:30.12 to 1:10.00:

	      cdparanoia "1[:30.12]-1[1:10]"

       Extract from the beginning of the disc up to track 3:

	      cdparanoia -- "-3"

       The "--" above is to distinguish "-3" from an option flag.

OUTPUT
       The  output file argument is optional; if it is not specified, cdparanoia will output sam-
       ples to one of cdda.wav, cdda.aifc, or cdda.raw depending on whether -w, -a, -r or  -R  is
       used  (-w is the implicit default).  The output file argument of - specifies standard out-
       put; all data formats may be piped.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
       Cdparanoia sprang from and once drew heavily  from  the	interface  of  Heiko  Eissfeldt's
       (heiko@colossus.escape.de)  'cdda2wav' package. Cdparanoia would not have happened without
       it.

       Joerg Schilling has also contributed SCSI expertise through  his  generic  SCSI	transport
       library.

AUTHOR
       Monty <monty@xiph.org>

       Cdparanoia's homepage may be found at: http://www.xiph.org/paranoia/

					   11 Sep 2008				    CDPARANOIA(1)
Unix & Linux Commands & Man Pages : ©2000 - 2018 Unix and Linux Forums


All times are GMT -4. The time now is 04:25 PM.