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BUNDLE-UPDATE(1)								 BUNDLE-UPDATE(1)

NAME
       bundle-update - Update your gems to the latest available versions

SYNOPSIS
       bundle update *gems [--source=NAME]

DESCRIPTION
       Update  the  gems  specified  (all  gems,  if none are specified), ignoring the previously
       installed gems specified in the Gemfile.lock. In general, you should use bundle install(1)
       bundle-install.1.html to install the same exact gems and versions across machines.

       You would use bundle update to explicitly update the version of a gem.

OPTIONS
       --source=<name>
	      The  name  of  a	:git or :path source used in the Gemfile(5). For instance, with a
	      :git source of http://github.com/rails/rails.git,  you  would  call  bundle  update
	      --source rails

UPDATING ALL GEMS
       If  you run bundle update with no parameters, bundler will ignore any previously installed
       gems and resolve all dependencies again based on the latest versions of all gems available
       in the sources.

       Consider the following Gemfile(5):

	   source "https://rubygems.org"

	   gem "rails", "3.0.0.rc"
	   gem "nokogiri"

       When  you run bundle install(1) bundle-install.1.html the first time, bundler will resolve
       all of the dependencies, all the way down, and install what you need:

	   Fetching source index for https://rubygems.org/
	   Installing rake (10.0.2)
	   Installing abstract (1.0.0)
	   Installing activesupport (3.0.0.rc)
	   Installing builder (2.1.2)
	   Installing i18n (0.4.1)
	   Installing activemodel (3.0.0.rc)
	   Installing erubis (2.6.6)
	   Installing rack (1.2.1)
	   Installing rack-mount (0.6.9)
	   Installing rack-test (0.5.4)
	   Installing tzinfo (0.3.22)
	   Installing actionpack (3.0.0.rc)
	   Installing mime-types (1.16)
	   Installing polyglot (0.3.1)
	   Installing treetop (1.4.8)
	   Installing mail (2.2.5)
	   Installing actionmailer (3.0.0.rc)
	   Installing arel (0.4.0)
	   Installing activerecord (3.0.0.rc)
	   Installing activeresource (3.0.0.rc)
	   Installing bundler (1.0.0.rc.3)
	   Installing nokogiri (1.4.3.1) with native extensions
	   Installing thor (0.14.0)
	   Installing railties (3.0.0.rc)
	   Installing rails (3.0.0.rc)

	   Your bundle is complete! Use `bundle show [gemname]` to see where a bundled gem is installed.

       As you can see, even though you have just two gems in  the  Gemfile(5),	your  application
       actually  needs 25 different gems in order to run. Bundler remembers the exact versions it
       installed in Gemfile.lock. The next time you run bundle install(1)  bundle-install.1.html,
       bundler	skips  the  dependency resolution and installs the same gems as it installed last
       time.

       After checking in the Gemfile.lock into version control and cloning it on another machine,
       running	bundle	install(1)  bundle-install.1.html  will  still	install the gems that you
       installed last time. You don't need to worry that a new release of erubis or mail  changes
       the gems you use.

       However,  from time to time, you might want to update the gems you are using to the newest
       versions that still match the gems in your Gemfile(5).

       To do this, run bundle update, which will ignore the Gemfile.lock,  and	resolve  all  the
       dependencies again. Keep in mind that this process can result in a significantly different
       set of the 25 gems, based on the requirements of new gems that the  gem	authors  released
       since the last time you ran bundle update.

UPDATING A LIST OF GEMS
       Sometimes,  you	want  to update a single gem in the Gemfile(5), and leave the rest of the
       gems that you specified locked to the versions in the Gemfile.lock.

       For instance, in the scenario above, imagine that nokogiri releases version 1.4.4, and you
       want to update it without updating Rails and all of its dependencies. To do this, run bun-
       dle update nokogiri.

       Bundler will update nokogiri and any of its dependencies, but leave alone  Rails  and  its
       dependencies.

OVERLAPPING DEPENDENCIES
       Sometimes,  multiple  gems  declared  in  your  Gemfile(5)  are satisfied by the same sec-
       ond-level dependency. For instance, consider the case of thin and rack-perftools-profiler.

	   source "https://rubygems.org"

	   gem "thin"
	   gem "rack-perftools-profiler"

       The thin gem depends on rack >= 1.0, while rack-perftools-profiler depends on rack ~> 1.0.
       If you run bundle install, you get:

	   Fetching source index for https://rubygems.org/
	   Installing daemons (1.1.0)
	   Installing eventmachine (0.12.10) with native extensions
	   Installing open4 (1.0.1)
	   Installing perftools.rb (0.4.7) with native extensions
	   Installing rack (1.2.1)
	   Installing rack-perftools_profiler (0.0.2)
	   Installing thin (1.2.7) with native extensions
	   Using bundler (1.0.0.rc.3)

       In this case, the two gems have their own set of dependencies, but they share rack in com-
       mon. If you run bundle update thin, bundler will update daemons,  eventmachine  and  rack,
       which  are  dependencies of thin, but not open4 or perftools.rb, which are dependencies of
       rack-perftools_profiler. Note that bundle update thin will update rack  even  though  it's
       also a dependency of rack-perftools_profiler.

       In  short, when you update a gem using bundle update, bundler will update all dependencies
       of that gem, including those that are also dependencies of another gem.

       In this scenario, updating the thin version manually in the Gemfile(5), and  then  running
       bundle install(1) bundle-install.1.html will only update daemons and eventmachine, but not
       rack. For more information, see the CONSERVATIVE UPDATING  section  of  bundle  install(1)
       bundle-install.1.html.

RECOMMENDED WORKFLOW
       In general, when working with an application managed with bundler, you should use the fol-
       lowing workflow:

       o   After you create your Gemfile(5) for the first time, run

	   $ bundle install

       o   Check the resulting Gemfile.lock into version control

	   $ git add Gemfile.lock

       o   When checking out this repository on another development machine, run

	   $ bundle install

       o   When checking out this repository on a deployment machine, run

	   $ bundle install --deployment

       o   After changing the Gemfile(5) to reflect a new or update dependency, run

	   $ bundle install

       o   Make sure to check the updated Gemfile.lock into version control

	   $ git add Gemfile.lock

       o   If bundle install(1) bundle-install.1.html reports a  conflict,  manually  update  the
	   specific gems that you changed in the Gemfile(5)

	   $ bundle update rails thin

       o   If  you  want  to update all the gems to the latest possible versions that still match
	   the gems listed in the Gemfile(5), run

	   $ bundle update

					    March 2013				 BUNDLE-UPDATE(1)
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