SWAT(8) System Administration tools SWAT(8)
swat - Samba Web Administration Tool
swat [-s <smb config file>] [-a] [-P]
This tool is part of the samba(7) suite.
swat allows a Samba administrator to configure the complex smb.conf(5) file via a Web browser. In addition, a swat configuration page has
help links to all the configurable options in the smb.conf file allowing an administrator to easily look up the effects of any change.
swat is run from inetd
-s smb configuration file
The default configuration file path is determined at compile time. The file specified contains the configuration details required by
the smbd(8) server. This is the file that swat will modify. The information in this file includes server-specific information such as
what printcap file to use, as well as descriptions of all the services that the server is to provide. See smb.conf for more
This option disables authentication and places swat in demo mode. In that mode anyone will be able to modify the smb.conf file.
WARNING: Do NOT enable this option on a production server.
This option restricts read-only users to the password management page. swat can then be used to change user passwords without users
seeing the "View" and "Status" menu buttons.
level is an integer from 0 to 10. The default value if this parameter is not specified is 0.
The higher this value, the more detail will be logged to the log files about the activities of the server. At level 0, only critical
errors and serious warnings will be logged. Level 1 is a reasonable level for day-to-day running - it generates a small amount of
information about operations carried out.
Levels above 1 will generate considerable amounts of log data, and should only be used when investigating a problem. Levels above 3 are
designed for use only by developers and generate HUGE amounts of log data, most of which is extremely cryptic.
Note that specifying this parameter here will override the smb.conf.5.html# parameter in the smb.conf file.
Prints the program version number.
-s|--configfile <configuration file>
The file specified contains the configuration details required by the server. The information in this file includes server-specific
information such as what printcap file to use, as well as descriptions of all the services that the server is to provide. See smb.conf
for more information. The default configuration file name is determined at compile time.
Base directory name for log/debug files. The extension ".progname" will be appended (e.g. log.smbclient, log.smbd, etc...). The log
file is never removed by the client.
Print a summary of command line options.
Swat is included as binary package with most distributions. The package manager in this case takes care of the installation and
configuration. This section is only for those who have compiled swat from scratch.
After you compile SWAT you need to run make install to install the swat binary and the various help files and images. A default install
would put these in:
You need to edit your /etc/inetd.conf and /etc/services to enable SWAT to be launched via inetd.
In /etc/services you need to add a line like this:
Note for NIS/YP and LDAP users - you may need to rebuild the NIS service maps rather than alter your local
the choice of port number isn't really important except that it should be less than 1024 and not currently used (using a number above 1024
presents an obscure security hole depending on the implementation details of your inetd daemon).
In /etc/inetd.conf you should add a line like this:
swat stream tcp nowait.400 root /usr/local/samba/sbin/swat swat
Once you have edited /etc/services and /etc/inetd.conf you need to send a HUP signal to inetd. To do this use kill -1 PID where PID is the
process ID of the inetd daemon.
To launch SWAT just run your favorite web browser and point it at "http://localhost:901/".
Note that you can attach to SWAT from any IP connected machine but connecting from a remote machine leaves your connection open to password
sniffing as passwords will be sent in the clear over the wire.
This file must contain suitable startup information for the meta-daemon.
This file must contain a mapping of service name (e.g., swat) to service port (e.g., 901) and protocol type (e.g., tcp).
This is the default location of the smb.conf(5) server configuration file that swat edits. Other common places that systems install
this file are
/usr/samba/lib/smb.conf and /etc/smb.conf . This file describes all the services the server is to make available to clients.
swat will rewrite your smb.conf(5) file. It will rearrange the entries and delete all comments, include= and copy= options. If you have a
smb.conf then back it up or don't use swat!
This man page is correct for version 3 of the Samba suite.
inetd(5), smbd(8), smb.conf(5)
The original Samba software and related utilities were created by Andrew Tridgell. Samba is now developed by the Samba Team as an Open
Source project similar to the way the Linux kernel is developed.
The original Samba man pages were written by Karl Auer. The man page sources were converted to YODL format (another excellent piece of Open
Source software, available at ftp://ftp.icce.rug.nl/pub/unix/) and updated for the Samba 2.0 release by Jeremy Allison. The conversion to
DocBook for Samba 2.2 was done by Gerald Carter. The conversion to DocBook XML 4.2 for Samba 3.0 was done by Alexander Bokovoy.
Samba 3.5 06/18/2010 SWAT(8)