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ROUTE(8)										 ROUTE(8)

       route - manually manipulate the routing tables

       /sbin/route [ -f ] [ -n ] [ command args ]

       Route is a program used to manually manipulate the network routing tables.  It normally is
       not needed, as the system routing table management daemon, routed(8), should tend to  this

       Route accepts two commands: add, to add a route, and delete, to delete a route.

       All commands have the following syntax:

	 /sbin/route command [ net | host ] destination gateway [ metric ]

       where  destination  is the destination host or network, gateway is the next-hop gateway to
       which packets should be addressed, and metric is a count indicating the number of hops  to
       the destination.  The metric is required for add commands; it must be zero if the destina-
       tion is on a directly-attached network, and nonzero if the  route  utilizes  one  or  more
       gateways.   If adding a route with metric 0, the gateway given is the address of this host
       on the common network, indicating the interface to be used for transmission.  Routes to	a
       particular  host  are  distinguished  from those to a network by interpreting the Internet
       address associated with destination.  The optional keywords net and host force the  desti-
       nation to be interpreted as a network or a host, respectively.  Otherwise, if the destina-
       tion has a ``local address part'' of INADDR_ANY, or if the  destination	is  the  symbolic
       name of a network, then the route is assumed to be to a network; otherwise, it is presumed
       to be a route to a host.  If the route is to a destination connected via  a  gateway,  the
       metric  should be greater than 0.  All symbolic names specified for a destination or gate-
       way are looked up first as a host name using gethostbyname(3N).	 If  this  lookup  fails,
       getnetbyname(3N) is then used to interpret the name as that of a network.

       Route  uses a raw socket and the SIOCADDRT and SIOCDELRT ioctl's to do its work.  As such,
       only the super-user may modify the routing tables.

       If the -f option is specified, route will ``flush'' the	routing  tables  of  all  gateway
       entries.   If  this  is	used in conjunction with one of the commands described above, the
       tables are flushed prior to the command's application.

       The -n option prevents attempts to print host and network names symbolically when  report-
       ing actions.

       ``add [ host | network ] %s: gateway %s flags %x''
       The specified route is being added to the tables.  The values printed are from the routing
       table entry supplied in the ioctl call.	If the gateway address used was not  the  primary
       address	of  the gateway (the first one returned by gethostbyname), the gateway address is
       printed numerically as well as symbolically.

       ``delete [ host | network ] %s: gateway %s flags %x''
       As above, but when deleting an entry.

       ``%s %s done''
       When the -f flag is specified, each routing table entry deleted is indicated with  a  mes-
       sage of this form.

       ``Network is unreachable''
       An  attempt  to	add  a route failed because the gateway listed was not on a directly-con-
       nected network.	The next-hop gateway must be given.

       ``not in table''
       A delete operation was attempted for an entry which wasn't present in the tables.

       ``routing table overflow''
       An add operation was attempted, but the system was low on  resources  and  was  unable  to
       allocate memory to create the new entry.

       intro(4N), routed(8), XNSrouted(8)

4.2 Berkeley Distribution		November 16, 1996				 ROUTE(8)
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