mount - mount file systems
mount [ -adfruvw ] [ -t ufs | external_type ]
mount [ -dfruvw ] special | node
mount [ -dfruvw ] [ -o options ] [ -t ufs | external_type ] special node
The mount command calls the mount(2) system call to prepare and graft a special device on
to the file system tree at the point node. If either special or node are not provided,
the appropriate information is taken from the fstab(5) file.
The system maintains a list of currently mounted file systems. If no arguments are given
to mount, this list is printed.
The options are as follows:
-a Causes everything to be done except for the actual system call. This option is
useful in conjunction with the
-v flag to determine what the mount command is trying to do.
-f Forces the revocation of write access when trying to downgrade a filesystem
mount status from read-write to read-only. For 2.11BSD this flag is currently
-o Options are specified with a -o flag followed by a comma separated string of
options. The following options are available:
async All I/O to the file system should be done asynchronously. This is a
dangerous flag to set, and should not be used unless you are prepared
to recreate the file system should your system crash.
force The same as -f; forces the revocation of write access when trying to
downgrade a filesystem mount status from read-write to read-only.
This is not (and likely never will be) supported in 2.11BSD.
nodev Do not interpret character or block special devices on the file sys-
tem. This option is useful for a server that has file systems con-
taining special devices for architectures other than its own.
noexec Do not allow execution of any binaries on the mounted file system.
This option is useful for a server that has file systems containing
binaries for architectures other than its own.
nosuid Do not allow set-user-identifier or set-group-identifier bits to take
rdonly The same as -r; mount the file system read-only (even the super-user
may not write it).
sync All I/O to the file system should be done synchronously.
update The same as -u; indicate that the status of an already mounted file
system should be changed.
Any additional options specific to a filesystem type that is not one of the
internally known types (see the -t option) may be passed as a comma separated
list; these options are distinguished by a leading - (dash). Options that take
a value are specified using the syntax -option=value. At present no 2.11BSD
mount options use the following form, the example has been retained for illus-
trative purposes only. For example, the mount command:
mount -t mfs -o nosuid,-N,-s=4000 /dev/dk0b /tmp
causes mount to execute the equivalent of:
/sbin/mount_mfs -o nosuid -N -s 4000 /dev/dk0b /tmp
-r The file system is to be mounted read-only. Mount the file system read-only
(even the super-user may not write it). The same as the ``rdonly'' argument to
the -o option.
-t "ufs | external type"
The argument following the -t is used to indicate the file system type. The
type ufs is the default. Ufs is also the only value supported by 2.11BSD other
than swap. Thus the -t will rarely be used. The -t option can be used to indi-
cate that the actions should only be taken on filesystems of the specified type.
More than one type may be specified in a comma separated list. The list of
filesystem types can be prefixed with ``no'' to specify the filesystem types for
which action should not be taken. For example, the mount command:
mount -a -t nonfs,mfs
mounts all filesystems except those of type NFS and MFS.
If the type is not one of the internally known types, mount will attempt to exe-
cute a program in /sbin/mount_XXX where XXX is replaced by the type name. For
example, mfs filesystems are mounted by the program /sbin/mount_mfs.
-u The -u flag indicates that the status of an already mounted file system should
be changed. Any of the options discussed above (the -o option) may be changed;
also a file system can be changed from read-only to read-write or vice versa.
An attempt to change from read-write to read-only will fail if any files on the
filesystem are currently open for writing unless the -f flag is also specified.
This is currently not implemented in 2.11BSD. The ability to change the flags
(nodev, nosuid, etc) is however supported. The set of options is determined by
first extracting the options for the file system from the fstab table, then
applying any options specified by the -o argument, and finally applying the -r
or -w option.
-v Verbose mode.
-w The file system object is to be read and write.
file system table
mount(2), fstab(5), umount(8)
It is possible for a corrupted file system to cause a crash.
mount and this manpage were ported from 4.4BSD-Lite to 2.11BSD to gain the ability to set
the various flags such as nodev, nosuid and so on. Multiple filesystem types are not
supported and several of the options and flags are not implemented.
A mount command appeared in Version 6 AT&T UNIX.
4.4 Berkeley Distribution November 16, 1996 MOUNT(8)