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losetup(8) [bsd man page]

LOSETUP(8)						       System Administration							LOSETUP(8)

NAME
       losetup - set up and control loop devices

SYNOPSIS
       Get info:

	    losetup [loopdev]

	    losetup -l [-a]

	    losetup -j file [-o offset]

       Detach a loop device:

	    losetup -d loopdev...

       Detach all associated loop devices:

	    losetup -D

       Set up a loop device:

	    losetup [-o offset] [--sizelimit size] [--sector-size size]
		    [-Pr] [--show] -f|loopdev file

       Resize a loop device:

	    losetup -c loopdev

DESCRIPTION
       losetup	is  used  to associate loop devices with regular files or block devices, to detach loop devices, and to query the status of a loop
       device.	If only the loopdev argument is given, the status of the corresponding loop device is shown.  If no  option  is  given,  all  loop
       devices are shown.

       Note that the old output format (i.e., losetup -a) with comma-delimited strings is deprecated in favour of the --list output format.

       It's possible to create more independent loop devices for the same backing file.  This setup may be dangerous, can cause data loss, corrup-
       tion and overwrites.  Use --nooverlap with --find during setup to avoid this problem.

OPTIONS
       The size and offset arguments may be followed by the multiplicative suffixes KiB (=1024), MiB (=1024*1024), and so on for  GiB,	TiB,  PiB,
       EiB, ZiB and YiB (the "iB" is optional, e.g., "K" has the same meaning as "KiB") or the suffixes KB (=1000), MB (=1000*1000), and so on for
       GB, TB, PB, EB, ZB and YB.

       -a, --all
	      Show the status of all loop devices.  Note that not all information is accessible for non-root users.  See  also	--list.   The  old
	      output format (as printed without --list) is deprecated.

       -d, --detach loopdev...
	      Detach the file or device associated with the specified loop device(s). Note that since Linux v3.7 kernel uses "lazy device destruc-
	      tion".  The detach operation does not return EBUSY error anymore if device is actively used by system, but it is marked by autoclear
	      flag and destroyed later.

       -D, --detach-all
	      Detach all associated loop devices.

       -f, --find [file]
	      Find  the  first unused loop device.  If a file argument is present, use the found device as loop device.  Otherwise, just print its
	      name.

       --show Display the name of the assigned loop device if the -f option and a file argument are present.

       -L, --nooverlap
	      Check for conflicts between loop devices to avoid situation when the same backing file is shared between more loop devices.  If  the
	      file is already used by another device then re-use the device rather than a new one. The option makes sense only with --find.

       -j, --associated file [-o offset]
	      Show the status of all loop devices associated with the given file.

       -o, --offset offset
	      The data start is moved offset bytes into the specified file or device.

       --sizelimit size
	      The data end is set to no more than size bytes after the data start.

       -b, --sector-size size
	      Set  the logical sector size of the loop device in bytes (since Linux 4.14). The option may be used when create a new loop device as
	      well as stand-alone command to modify sector size of the already existing loop device.

       -c, --set-capacity loopdev
	      Force the loop driver to reread the size of the file associated with the specified loop device.

       -P, --partscan
	      Force the kernel to scan the partition table on a newly created loop device.

       -r, --read-only
	      Set up a read-only loop device.

       --direct-io[=on|off]
	      Enable or disable direct I/O for the backing file.  The optional argument can be either on or off.  If the argument is  omitted,	it
	      defaults to on.

       -v, --verbose
	      Verbose mode.

       -l, --list
	      If  a loop device or the -a option is specified, print the default columns for either the specified loop device or all loop devices;
	      the default is to print info about all devices.  See also --output, --noheadings, --raw, and --json.

       -O, --output column[,column]...
	      Specify the columns that are to be printed for the --list output.  Use --help to get a list of all supported columns.

       -n, --noheadings
	      Don't print headings for --list output format.

       --raw  Use the raw --list output format.

       -J, --json
	      Use JSON format for --list output.

       -V, --version
	      Display version information and exit.

       -h, --help
	      Display help text and exit.

ENCRYPTION
       Cryptoloop is no longer supported in favor of dm-crypt.	For more details see cryptsetup(8).

RETURN VALUE
       losetup returns 0 on success, nonzero on failure.  When losetup displays the status of a loop device, it returns 1 if  the  device  is  not
       configured and 2 if an error occurred which prevented determining the status of the device.

FILES
       /dev/loop[0..N]
	      loop block devices

       /dev/loop-control
	      loop control device

EXAMPLE
       The following commands can be used as an example of using the loop device.

	      # dd if=/dev/zero of=~/file.img bs=1024k count=10
	      # losetup --find --show ~/file.img
	      /dev/loop0
	      # mkfs -t ext2 /dev/loop0
	      # mount /dev/loop0 /mnt
	       ...
	      # umount /dev/loop0
	      # losetup --detach /dev/loop0

ENVIRONMENT
       LOOPDEV_DEBUG=all
	      enables debug output.

AUTHORS
       Karel Zak <kzak@redhat.com>, based on the original version from Theodore Ts'o <tytso@athena.mit.edu>

AVAILABILITY
       The losetup command is part of the util-linux package and is available from https://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/utils/util-linux/.

util-linux							   November 2015							LOSETUP(8)

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