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traverse(3wi) [bsd man page]

TRAVERSE(3WI)															     TRAVERSE(3WI)

NAME
traverse - recursively traverse a directory SYNOPSIS
traverse (path, func) char *path; int (*func) (); func (path, filetype, position) char *path; DESCRIPTION
traverse applies its argument function func to its argument file pathname path. If path is a directory, then traverse applies func to all its entries. This traversal is in depth first order so that files are processed in the order that they are stored in the directory. The argument func should take three parameters: a file name, a file type, and a position. The call looks like this for directories: (*func) (path, 'd', position); and like this for other files: (*func) (path, 'f', position); The position is 0 when path is first encountered and 1 when traverse is done. This is used to allow processing before and after a direc- tory is processed. EXAMPLE
list (name, type, pos) char *name; { if (type == 'd') printf ("%s %s ", pos ? "Leaving" : "Entering", name); else /* type == 'f' */ printf (" %s ", name); } AUTHOR
Gary Perlman BUGS
There are no diagnostics when directories cannot be searched. December 16, 1984 TRAVERSE(3WI)

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Forest::Tree::Pure(3pm) 				User Contributed Perl Documentation				   Forest::Tree::Pure(3pm)

NAME
Forest::Tree::Pure - An n-ary tree SYNOPSIS
use Forest::Tree; my $t = Forest::Tree::Pure->new( node => 1, children => [ Forest::Tree::Pure->new( node => 1.1, children => [ Forest::Tree::Pure->new(node => 1.1.1), Forest::Tree::Pure->new(node => 1.1.2), Forest::Tree::Pure->new(node => 1.1.3), ] ), Forest::Tree::Pure->new(node => 1.2), Forest::Tree::Pure->new( node => 1.3, children => [ Forest::Tree::Pure->new(node => 1.3.1), Forest::Tree::Pure->new(node => 1.3.2), ] ), ] ); $t->traverse(sub { my $t = shift; print((' ' x $t->depth) . ($t->node || 'undef') . " "); }); DESCRIPTION
This module is a base class for Forest::Tree providing functionality for immutable trees. It can be used independently for trees that require sharing of children between parents. There is no single authoritative parent (no upward links at all), and changing of data is not supported. This class is appropriate when many tree roots share the same children (e.g. in a versioned tree). This class is strictly a DAG, wheras Forest::Tree produces a graph with back references ATTRIBUTES
node children get_child_at ($index) Return the child at this position. (zero-base index) child_count Returns the number of children this tree has size size has_size height height has_height METHODS
is_leaf True if the current tree has no children traverse (&func) Takes a reference to a subroutine and traverses the tree applying this subroutine to every descendant. (But not the root) visit (&func) Traverse the entire tree, including the root. fmap_cont (&func) A CPS form of "visit" that lets you control when and how data flows from the children. It takes a callback in the form: sub { my ( $tree, $cont, @args ) = @_; ... } and $cont is a code ref that when invoked will apply that same function to the children of $tree. This allows you to do things like computing the sum of all the node values in a tree, for instance: use List::Util qw(sum); my $sum = $tree->fmap_cont(sub { my ( $tree, $cont ) = @_; return sum( $tree->node, $cont->() ); }); And also allows to stop traversal at a given point. add_children (@children) add_child ($child) Create a new tree node with the children appended. The children must inherit "Forest::Tree::Pure" Note that this method does not mutate the tree, instead it clones and returns a tree with the augmented list of children. insert_child_at ($index, $child) Insert a child at this position. (zero-base index) Returns a derived tree with overridden children. set_child_at ($index, $child) Replaces the child at $index with $child. remove_child_at ($index) Remove the child at this position. (zero-base index) Returns a derived tree with overridden children. locate (@path) Find a child using a path of child indexes. These two examples return the same object: $tree->get_child_at(0)->get_child_at(1)->get_child_at(0); $tree->locate(0, 1, 0); descend (@path) Like "lookup" except that it returns every object in the path, not just the leaf. "transform (@path, $method, @args)" Performs a lookup on @path, applies the method $method with @args to the located node, and clones the path to the parent returning a derived tree. This method is also implemented in Forest::Tree by mutating the tree in place and returning the original tree, so the same transformations should work on both pure trees and mutable ones. This code: my $new = $root->transform([ 1, 3 ], insert_child_at => 3, $new_child); will locate the child at the path "[ 1, 3 ]", call "insert_child_at" on it, creating a new version of "[ 1, 3 ]", and then return a cloned version of "[ 1 ]" and the root node recursively, such that $new appears to be a mutated $root. set_node $new Returns a clone of the tree node with the node value changed. "replace $arg" Returns the argument. This is useful when used with "transform". clone Provided by MooseX::Clone. Deeply clones the entire tree. Subclasses should use MooseX::Clone traits to specify the correct cloning behavior for additional attributes if cloning is used. reconstruct_with_class $class Recursively recreates the tree by passing constructor arguments to $class. Does not use "clone". to_mutable_tree Invokes "reconstruct_with_class" with Forest::Tree as the argument. to_pure_tree Returns the invocant. get_child_index ($child) Returns the index of $child in "children" or undef if it isn't a child of the current tree. BUGS
All complex software has bugs lurking in it, and this module is no exception. If you find a bug please either email me, or add the bug to cpan-RT. AUTHOR
Yuval Kogman COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE
Copyright 2008-2010 Infinity Interactive, Inc. <http://www.iinteractive.com> This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under the same terms as Perl itself. perl v5.10.1 2010-09-27 Forest::Tree::Pure(3pm)
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