LIBINN(3) Library Functions Manual LIBINN(3)
libinn - InterNetNews library routines
HeaderFind(Article, Header, size)
CAlistopen(FromServer, ToServer, request)
struct _DDHANDLE *
inn_lock_file(fd, type, flag)
GetModeratorAddress(FromServer, ToServer, group, moderatormailer)
NNTPlocalopen(FromServerp, ToServerp, errbuff, len)
NNTPremoteopen(port, FromServerp, ToServerp, errbuff, len)
NNTPconnect(host, port, FromServerp, ToServerp, errbuff, len)
NNTPsendarticle(text, ToServer, Terminate)
NNTPsendpassword(server, FromServer, ToServer)
unsigned long value;
struct stat *Sbp;
struct stat *Sbp;
const char *MessageID;
Libinn is a library of utility routines for manipulating Usenet articles and related data.
GenerateMessageID uses the current time, process-ID, and fully-qualified domain name, which is passed as an argument and used if local host
can not be resolved or it is different from ``domain'' set in inn.conf, to create a Message-ID header that is highly likely to be unique.
The returned value points to static space that is reused on subsequent calls.
HeaderCleanFrom removes the extraneous information from the value of a ``From'' or ``Reply-To'' header and leaves just the official mailing
address. In particular, the following transformations are made to the from parameter:
address --> address
address (stuff) --> address
stuff <address> --> address
The transformations are simple, based on RFC 5536 which limits the format of the header.
HeaderFind searches through Article looking for the specified Header. Size should be the length of the header name. It returns a pointer
to the value of the header, skipping leading whitespace, or NULL if the header cannot be found. Article should be a standard C string con-
taining the text of the article; the end of the headers is indicated by a blank line -- two consecutive
CAopen and CAclose provide news clients with access to the active file; the ``CA'' stands for Client Active. CAopen opens the active file
for reading. It returns a pointer to an open FILE, or NULL on error. If a local or NFS-mounted copy exists, CAopen will use that file.
The FromServer and ToServer parameters should be FILE's connected to the NNTP server for input and output, respectively. See NNTPremo-
teopen or NNTPlocalopen, below. If either parameter is NULL, then CAopen will just return NULL if the file is not locally available. If
they are not NULL, CAopen will use them to query the NNTP server using the ``list'' command to make a local temporary copy.
The CAlistopen sends a ``list'' command to the server and returns a temporary file containing the results. The request parameter, if not
NULL, will be sent as an argument to the command. Unlike CAopen, this routine will never use a locally-available copy of the active file.
CAclose closes the active file and removes any temporary file that might have been created by CAopen or CAlistopen.
CloseOnExec can make a descriptor ``close-on-exec'' so that it is not shared with any child processes. If the flag is non-zero, the file
is so marked; if zero, the ``close-on-exec'' mode is cleared.
DDstart, DDcheck, and DDend are used to set the Distribution header; the ``DD'' stands for Default Distribution. The distrib.pats file is
consulted to determine the proper value for the Distribution header after all newsgroups have been checked. DDstart begins the parsing.
It returns a pointer to an opaque handle that should be used on subsequent calls. The FromServer and ToServer parameters should be FILE's
connected to the NNTP server for input and output, respectively. If either parameter is NULL, then an empty default will ultimately be
returned if the file is not locally available.
DDcheck should be called with the handle, h, returned by DDstart and a newgroups, group, to check. It can be called as often as necessary.
DDend releases any state maintained in the handle and returns an allocated copy of the text that should be used for the Distribution
SetNonBlocking enables (if flag is non-zero) or disables (if flag is zero) non-blocking I/O on the indicated descriptor. It returns -1 on
failure or zero on success.
inn_lock_file tries to lock the file descriptor fd. If block is true it will block until the lock can be made, otherwise it will return
false if the file cannot be locked. type is one of: INN_LOCK_READ, INN_LOCK_WRITE, or INN_LOCK_UNLOCK. It returns false on failure or
true on success.
GetFQDN returns the fully-qualified domain name of the local host. Domain is used if local host can not be resolved. The returned value
points to static space that is reused on subsequent calls, or NULL on error.
GetModeratorAddress returns the mailing address of the moderator for specified group or NULL on error. Moderatormailer is used as its
address, if there is no matched moderator. See moderators(5) for details on how the address is determined. GetModeratorAddress does no
checking to see if the specified group is actually moderated. The returned value points to static space that is reused on subsequent
calls. The FromServer and ToServer parameters should be FILE's connected to the NNTP server for input and output, respectively. If either
of these parameters is NULL, then an attempt to get the list from a local copy is made.
GetResourceUsage fills in the usertime and systime parameters with the total user and system time used by the current process and any chil-
dren it may have spawned. If <HAVE_GETRUSAGE in include/config.h> is defined, it gets the values by doing a getrusage(2) system call; oth-
erwise it calls times(2). It returns -1 on failure, or zero on success.
NNTPlocalopen opens a connection to the private port of an InterNetNews server running on the local host, if <HAVE_UNIX_DOMAIN_SOCKETS in
include/config.h> is defined. It returns -1 on failure, or zero on success. FromServerp and ToServerp will be filled in with FILE's which
can be used to communicate with the server. Errbuff can either be NULL or a pointer to a buffer at least 512 bytes long. If not NULL, and
the server refuses the connection, then it will be filled in with the text of the server's reply. Len should be the length of the buffer.
This routine is not for general use. If <HAVE_UNIX_DOMAIN_SOCKETS in include/config.h> is not defined, this is a stub routine, for compat-
ibility with systems that have Unix-domain stream sockets. It always returns -1.
NNTPremoteopen does the same except that it uses ``innconf->server'' as the local server, and opens a connection to the port. Any client
program can use this routine. It returns -1 on failure, or zero on success.
NNTPconnect is the same as NNTPremoteopen except that the desired host is given as the host parameter.
NNTPsendarticle writes text on ToServer using NNTP conventions for line termination. The text should consist of one or more lines ending
with a newline. If Terminate is non-zero, then the routine will also write the NNTP data-termination marker on the stream. It returns -1
on failure, or zero on success.
NNTPsendpassword sends authentication information to an NNTP server by finding the appropriate entry in the passwd.nntp file. Server con-
tains the name of the host; ``innconf->server'' will be used if server is NULL. FromServer and ToServer should be FILE's that are con-
nected to the server. No action is taken if the specified host is not listed in the password file.
Radix32 converts the number in value into a radix-32 string into the buffer pointed to by p. The number is split into five-bit pieces and
each pieces is converted into a character using the alphabet 0..9a..v to represent the numbers 0..32. Only the lowest 32 bits of value are
used, so p need only point to a buffer of eight bytes (seven characters and the trailing ).
ReadInFile reads the file named name into allocated memory, appending a terminating byte. It returns a pointer to the space, or NULL on
error. If Sbp is not NULL, it is taken as the address of a place to store the results of a stat(2) call.
ReadInDescriptor performs the same function as ReadInFile except that fd refers to an already-open file.
HashMessageID returns hashed message-id using MD5.
char buff, errbuff;
int port = 119;
if ((p = HeaderFind(Article, "From", 4)) == NULL)
Fatal("Can't find From line");
if ((F = CAopen(FromServer, ToServer)) == NULL)
Fatal("Can't open active file");
/* Don't pass the file on to our children. */
/* Make a local copy. */
p = ReadInDescriptor(fileno(F), (struct stat *)NULL);
/* Close the file. */
if (NNTPremoteopen(port, &FromServer, &ToServer, errbuff) < 0)
Fatal("Can't connect to server");
if ((p = GetModeratorAddress("comp.sources.unix")) == NULL)
Fatal("Can't find moderator's address");
Written by Rich $alz <firstname.lastname@example.org> for InterNetNews. This is revision 8894, dated 2010-01-17.
active(5), dbz(3z), inn.conf(5), inndcomm(3), moderators(5), passwd.nntp(5).