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libblkid(3) [bsd man page]

LIBBLKID(3)							Programmer's Manual						       LIBBLKID(3)

NAME
       libblkid - block device identification library

SYNOPSIS
       #include <blkid.h>

       cc file.c -lblkid

DESCRIPTION
       The libblkid library is used to identify block devices (disks) as to their content (e.g.  filesystem type) as well as extracting additional
       information such as filesystem labels/volume names, unique identifiers/serial numbers.  A common use is to allow use of	LABEL=	and  UUID=
       tags instead of hard-coding specific block device names into configuration files.

       The low-level part of the library also allows to extract infomation about partitions and block device topology.

       The  high-level	part of the library keeps information about block devices in a cache file /etc/blkid.tab and is verified to still be valid
       before being returned to the user (if the user has read permission on the raw block device, otherwise not).  The  cache	file  also  allows
       unprivileged  users  (normally anyone other than root, or those not in the "disk" group) to locate devices by label/id.	The standard loca-
       tion of the cache file can be overridden by the environment variable BLKID_FILE.

       In situations where one is getting information about a single known device, it does not impact performance whether the cache is used or not
       (unless you are not able to read the block device directly).

       The  high-level part of the library supports two methods to evaluate LABEL/UUID.  It reads information directly from a block device or read
       information from /dev/disk/by-* udev symlinks. The udev is preferred method by default.

       If you are dealing with multiple devices, use of the cache is highly recommended (even if empty) as devices will be  scanned  at  most  one
       time and the on-disk cache will be updated if possible.

       In  some  cases	(modular kernels), block devices are not even visible until after they are accessed the first time, so it is critical that
       there is some way to locate these devices without enumerating only visible devices, so the use of the cache file is required in this situa-
       tion.

CONFIGURATION FILE
       The  standard  location of the /etc/blkid.conf config file can be overridden by the environment variable BLKID_CONF.  The following options
       control the libblkid library:

       SEND_UEVENT=<yes|not>
	      Sends uevent when /dev/disk/by-{label,uuid}/ symlink does not match with LABEL or UUID on the device. Default is "yes".

       CACHE_FILE=<path>
	      Overrides the standard location of the cache file. This setting can be overridden by the environment variable BLKID_FILE. Default is
	      /etc/blkid.tab.

       EVALUATE=<methods>
	      Defines LABEL and UUID evaluation method(s). Currently, the libblkid library supports "udev" and "scan" methods. More than one meth-
	      ods may be specified in a comma separated list. Default is "udev,scan". The "udev" method uses udev /dev/disk/by-* symlinks and  the
	      "scan" method scans all block devices from the /proc/partitions file.

AUTHOR
       libblkid  was  written  by Andreas Dilger for the ext2 filesystem utilties, with input from Ted Ts'o.  The library was subsequently heavily
       modified by Ted Ts'o.

       The low-level probing code was rewritten by Karel Zak.

FILES
       /etc/blkid.tab	 caches data extracted from each recognized block device

       /etc/blkid.conf	 configuration file

AVAILABILITY
       libblkid is part of the util-linux package since version 2.15 and is available from ftp://ftp.kernel.org/pub/linux/utils/util-linux/.

COPYING
       libblkid is available under the terms of the GNU Library General Public License (LGPL), version 2 (or at your  discretion  any  later  ver-
       sion).

SEE ALSO
       blkid(8) findfs(8)

util-linux							     May 2009							       LIBBLKID(3)

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