Visit Our UNIX and Linux User Community

Linux and UNIX Man Pages

Test Your Knowledge in Computers #262
Difficulty: Easy
During the Second World War, Alan Turing worked for the Government Code and Cypher School (GC&CS) at Bletchley Park, Britain's codebreaking centre that produced Ultra intelligence.
True or False?
Linux & Unix Commands - Search Man Pages

dlsym(3) [bsd man page]

DLSYM(3)						     Linux Programmer's Manual							  DLSYM(3)

NAME
dlsym, dlvsym - obtain address of a symbol in a shared object or executable SYNOPSIS
#include <dlfcn.h> void *dlsym(void *handle, const char *symbol); #define _GNU_SOURCE #include <dlfcn.h> void *dlvsym(void *handle, char *symbol, char *version); Link with -ldl. DESCRIPTION
The function dlsym() takes a "handle" of a dynamic loaded shared object returned by dlopen(3) along with a null-terminated symbol name, and returns the address where that symbol is loaded into memory. If the symbol is not found, in the specified object or any of the shared objects that were automatically loaded by dlopen(3) when that object was loaded, dlsym() returns NULL. (The search performed by dlsym() is breadth first through the dependency tree of these shared objects.) Since the value of the symbol could actually be NULL (so that a NULL return from dlsym() need not indicate an error), the correct way to test for an error is to call dlerror(3) to clear any old error conditions, then call dlsym(), and then call dlerror(3) again, saving its return value into a variable, and check whether this saved value is not NULL. There are two special pseudo-handles that may be specified in handle: RTLD_DEFAULT Find the first occurrence of the desired symbol using the default shared object search order. The search will include global sym- bols in the executable and its dependencies, as well as symbols in shared objects that were dynamically loaded with the RTLD_GLOBAL flag. RTLD_NEXT Find the next occurrence of the desired symbol in the search order after the current object. This allows one to provide a wrapper around a function in another shared object, so that, for example, the definition of a function in a preloaded shared object (see LD_PRELOAD in ld.so(8)) can find and invoke the "real" function provided in another shared object (or for that matter, the "next" definition of the function in cases where there are multiple layers of preloading). The _GNU_SOURCE feature test macro must be defined in order to obtain the definitions of RTLD_DEFAULT and RTLD_NEXT from <dlfcn.h>. The function dlvsym() does the same as dlsym() but takes a version string as an additional argument. RETURN VALUE
On success, these functions return the address associated with symbol. On failure, they return NULL; the cause of the error can be diag- nosed using dlerror(3). VERSIONS
dlsym() is present in glibc 2.0 and later. dlvsym() first appeared in glibc 2.1. ATTRIBUTES
For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7). +------------------+---------------+---------+ |Interface | Attribute | Value | +------------------+---------------+---------+ |dlsym(), dlvsym() | Thread safety | MT-Safe | +------------------+---------------+---------+ CONFORMING TO
POSIX.1-2001 describes dlsym(). The dlvsym() function is a GNU extension. NOTES
History The dlsym() function is part of the dlopen API, derived from SunOS. That system does not have dlvsym(). EXAMPLE
See dlopen(3). SEE ALSO
dl_iterate_phdr(3), dladdr(3), dlerror(3), dlinfo(3), dlopen(3), ld.so(8) COLOPHON
This page is part of release 4.15 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be found at https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/. Linux 2017-09-15 DLSYM(3)

Check Out this Related Man Page

DLSYM(3)						     Linux Programmer's Manual							  DLSYM(3)

NAME
dlsym, dlvsym - obtain address of a symbol in a shared object or executable SYNOPSIS
#include <dlfcn.h> void *dlsym(void *handle, const char *symbol); #define _GNU_SOURCE #include <dlfcn.h> void *dlvsym(void *handle, char *symbol, char *version); Link with -ldl. DESCRIPTION
The function dlsym() takes a "handle" of a dynamic loaded shared object returned by dlopen(3) along with a null-terminated symbol name, and returns the address where that symbol is loaded into memory. If the symbol is not found, in the specified object or any of the shared objects that were automatically loaded by dlopen(3) when that object was loaded, dlsym() returns NULL. (The search performed by dlsym() is breadth first through the dependency tree of these shared objects.) Since the value of the symbol could actually be NULL (so that a NULL return from dlsym() need not indicate an error), the correct way to test for an error is to call dlerror(3) to clear any old error conditions, then call dlsym(), and then call dlerror(3) again, saving its return value into a variable, and check whether this saved value is not NULL. There are two special pseudo-handles that may be specified in handle: RTLD_DEFAULT Find the first occurrence of the desired symbol using the default shared object search order. The search will include global sym- bols in the executable and its dependencies, as well as symbols in shared objects that were dynamically loaded with the RTLD_GLOBAL flag. RTLD_NEXT Find the next occurrence of the desired symbol in the search order after the current object. This allows one to provide a wrapper around a function in another shared object, so that, for example, the definition of a function in a preloaded shared object (see LD_PRELOAD in ld.so(8)) can find and invoke the "real" function provided in another shared object (or for that matter, the "next" definition of the function in cases where there are multiple layers of preloading). The _GNU_SOURCE feature test macro must be defined in order to obtain the definitions of RTLD_DEFAULT and RTLD_NEXT from <dlfcn.h>. The function dlvsym() does the same as dlsym() but takes a version string as an additional argument. RETURN VALUE
On success, these functions return the address associated with symbol. On failure, they return NULL; the cause of the error can be diag- nosed using dlerror(3). VERSIONS
dlsym() is present in glibc 2.0 and later. dlvsym() first appeared in glibc 2.1. ATTRIBUTES
For an explanation of the terms used in this section, see attributes(7). +------------------+---------------+---------+ |Interface | Attribute | Value | +------------------+---------------+---------+ |dlsym(), dlvsym() | Thread safety | MT-Safe | +------------------+---------------+---------+ CONFORMING TO
POSIX.1-2001 describes dlsym(). The dlvsym() function is a GNU extension. NOTES
History The dlsym() function is part of the dlopen API, derived from SunOS. That system does not have dlvsym(). EXAMPLE
See dlopen(3). SEE ALSO
dl_iterate_phdr(3), dladdr(3), dlerror(3), dlinfo(3), dlopen(3), ld.so(8) COLOPHON
This page is part of release 4.15 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be found at https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/. Linux 2017-09-15 DLSYM(3)

Featured Tech Videos