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vhangup(2) [bsd man page]

VHANGUP(2)							System Calls Manual							VHANGUP(2)

NAME
vhangup - virtually ``hangup'' the current control terminal SYNOPSIS
vhangup() DESCRIPTION
Vhangup is used by the initialization process init(8) (among others) to arrange that users are given "clean"' terminals at login, by revok- ing access of the previous users' processes to the terminal. To effect this, vhangup searches the system tables for references to the con- trol terminal of the invoking process, revoking access permissions on each instance of the terminal that it finds. Further attempts to access the terminal by the affected processes will yield i/o errors (EBADF). Finally, a hangup signal (SIGHUP) is sent to the process group of the control terminal. SEE ALSO
init (8) BUGS
Access to the control terminal via /dev/tty is still possible. This call should be replaced by an automatic mechanism that takes place on process exit. 4th Berkeley Distribution June 30, 1985 VHANGUP(2)

Check Out this Related Man Page

INIT(8) 						      System Manager's Manual							   INIT(8)

NAME
init - grandparent of all processes DESCRIPTION
The first program started by Minix is init. The actions performed by init can be summarized by this pseudo shell program: # Open 0, 1, 2. exec </dev/null >/dev/log 2>&1 # Run the system initialization script. sh /etc/rc $bootopts >/etc/utmp echo reboot >>/usr/adm/wtmp while :; do # Wait for a process to exit, but don't always block. wait # Record logout. (Not in this dumb way, of course.) if "pid is in my tables" $pid then echo "logout $pid" >/etc/utmp echo "logout $pid" >>/usr/adm/wtmp fi # Start a new session. while read line type getty init do if idle $line then $init ... <$tty >$tty $getty <$tty >$tty 2>&1 & pid=$! "add pid to tables" $pid echo "login $line $pid" >/etc/utmp echo "login $line $pid" >>/usr/adm/wtmp fi done < /dev/ttytab done The first action of init is to run /etc/rc to initialize the system as described in boot(8). Init then enters its main loop where it waits for processes to exit, and starts processes on each enabled terminal line. The file /etc/ttytab contains a list of terminal devices, their terminal types, the program to execute on them to allow one to login (usually getty(8)), and the program to execute first to initialize the line (usually stty(1)). These fields may be left out to indicate that a line is disabled or that initialization is not necessary. The commands are searched using the path /sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin. Init accepts several signals that must be sent to process id 1. (It is the first process, so natually its process id is 1.) The signals are: SIGHUP When receiving a hangup signal, init will forget about errors and rescan ttytab for processes to execute. Init normally rescans ttytab each time it feels the need to respawn a process, so the hangup signal is only needed if a line has been shut down, or after a terminate signal. Note that after turning a line off you will have to kill the process running on that line manually, init doesn't do that for you. SIGTERM Normally sent by programs that halt or reboot Minix. Causes init to stop spawning new processes. SIGABRT Sent by the keyboard driver when the CTRL-ALT-DEL key combination is typed. Causes init to run the shutdown command. A second abort signal makes init halt the system directly with a system call. The keyboard driver halts the system, without a sync, after the third CTRL-ALT-DEL. Minix vs. Minix-vmd There are a few differences between standard Minix and Minix-vmd on how init is run. The /etc/rc file is executed under standard Minix with input connected to /dev/console, but under Minix-vmd this is still /dev/null. This means that under Minix-vmd processes must be reconnected to /dev/console with the intr program if they need user interaction. Minix-vmd passes the value of the bootopts boot variable to /etc/rc. Standard Minix does not. FILES
/etc/ttytab List of terminals devices. /etc/utmp List of currently logged in users. /usr/adm/wtmp Login/logout history. SEE ALSO
ttytab(5), utmp(5), getty(8), stty(1), boot(8). AUTHOR
Kees J. Bot (kjb@cs.vu.nl) INIT(8)

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