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Test Your Knowledge in Computers #945
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A Fraggle attack is a variation of the Smurf attack where an attacker sends a large amount of UDP traffic to ports 7 (Echo) and 19 (CHARGEN) to an IP broadcast address with the intended victim's spoofed source IP address.
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lookup_dcookie(2) [bsd man page]

LOOKUP_DCOOKIE(2)					     Linux Programmer's Manual						 LOOKUP_DCOOKIE(2)

NAME
lookup_dcookie - return a directory entry's path SYNOPSIS
int lookup_dcookie(u64 cookie, char *buffer, size_t len); DESCRIPTION
Look up the full path of the directory entry specified by the value cookie. The cookie is an opaque identifier uniquely identifying a par- ticular directory entry. The buffer given is filled in with the full path of the directory entry. For lookup_dcookie() to return successfully, the kernel must still hold a cookie reference to the directory entry. RETURN VALUE
On success, lookup_dcookie() returns the length of the path string copied into the buffer. On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set appropriately. ERRORS
EFAULT The buffer was not valid. EINVAL The kernel has no registered cookie/directory entry mappings at the time of lookup, or the cookie does not refer to a valid direc- tory entry. ENAMETOOLONG The name could not fit in the buffer. ENOMEM The kernel could not allocate memory for the temporary buffer holding the path. EPERM The process does not have the capability CAP_SYS_ADMIN required to look up cookie values. ERANGE The buffer was not large enough to hold the path of the directory entry. VERSIONS
Available since Linux 2.5.43. The ENAMETOOLONG error return was added in 2.5.70. CONFORMING TO
lookup_dcookie() is Linux-specific. NOTES
lookup_dcookie() is a special-purpose system call, currently used only by the oprofile(1) profiler. It relies on a kernel driver to regis- ter cookies for directory entries. The path returned may be suffixed by the string " (deleted)" if the directory entry has been removed. SEE ALSO
oprofile(1) COLOPHON
This page is part of release 4.15 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be found at https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/. Linux 2017-09-15 LOOKUP_DCOOKIE(2)

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LOOKUP_DCOOKIE(2)					     Linux Programmer's Manual						 LOOKUP_DCOOKIE(2)

NAME
lookup_dcookie - return a directory entry's path SYNOPSIS
int lookup_dcookie(u64 cookie, char *buffer, size_t len); DESCRIPTION
Look up the full path of the directory entry specified by the value cookie. The cookie is an opaque identifier uniquely identifying a par- ticular directory entry. The buffer given is filled in with the full path of the directory entry. For lookup_dcookie() to return successfully, the kernel must still hold a cookie reference to the directory entry. RETURN VALUE
On success, lookup_dcookie() returns the length of the path string copied into the buffer. On error, -1 is returned, and errno is set appropriately. ERRORS
EFAULT The buffer was not valid. EINVAL The kernel has no registered cookie/directory entry mappings at the time of lookup, or the cookie does not refer to a valid direc- tory entry. ENAMETOOLONG The name could not fit in the buffer. ENOMEM The kernel could not allocate memory for the temporary buffer holding the path. EPERM The process does not have the capability CAP_SYS_ADMIN required to look up cookie values. ERANGE The buffer was not large enough to hold the path of the directory entry. VERSIONS
Available since Linux 2.5.43. The ENAMETOOLONG error return was added in 2.5.70. CONFORMING TO
lookup_dcookie() is Linux-specific. NOTES
lookup_dcookie() is a special-purpose system call, currently used only by the oprofile(1) profiler. It relies on a kernel driver to regis- ter cookies for directory entries. The path returned may be suffixed by the string " (deleted)" if the directory entry has been removed. SEE ALSO
oprofile(1) COLOPHON
This page is part of release 4.15 of the Linux man-pages project. A description of the project, information about reporting bugs, and the latest version of this page, can be found at https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/. Linux 2017-09-15 LOOKUP_DCOOKIE(2)

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