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acct(2) [bsd man page]

ACCT(2) 							System Calls Manual							   ACCT(2)

NAME
acct - turn accounting on or off SYNOPSIS
acct(file) char *file; DESCRIPTION
The system is prepared to write a record in an accounting file for each process as it terminates. This call, with a null-terminated string naming an existing file as argument, turns on accounting; records for each terminating process are appended to file. An argument of 0 causes accounting to be turned off. The accounting file format is given in acct(5). This call is permitted only to the super-user. NOTES
Accounting is automatically disabled when the file system the accounting file resides on runs out of space; it is enabled when space once again becomes available. RETURN VALUE
On error -1 is returned. The file must exist and the call may be exercised only by the super-user. It is erroneous to try to turn on accounting when it is already on. ERRORS
Acct will fail if one of the following is true: [EPERM] The caller is not the super-user. [ENOTDIR] A component of the path prefix is not a directory. [EINVAL] The pathname contains a character with the high-order bit set. [ENAMETOOLONG] A component of a pathname exceeded 255 characters, or an entire path name exceeded 1023 characters. [ENOENT] The named file does not exist. [EACCES] Search permission is denied for a component of the path prefix, or the path name is not a regular file. [ELOOP] Too many symbolic links were encountered in translating the pathname. [EROFS] The named file resides on a read-only file system. [EFAULT] File points outside the process's allocated address space. [EIO] An I/O error occurred while reading from or writing to the file system. SEE ALSO
acct(5), sa(8) BUGS
No accounting is produced for programs running when a crash occurs. In particular non-terminating programs are never accounted for. 4th Berkeley Distribution May 22, 1986 ACCT(2)

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ACCT(2) 						      BSD System Calls Manual							   ACCT(2)

NAME
acct -- enable or disable process accounting LIBRARY
Standard C Library (libc, -lc) SYNOPSIS
#include <unistd.h> int acct(const char *file); DESCRIPTION
The acct() call enables or disables the collection of system accounting records. If file is NULL, accounting is disabled. If file is an existing, NUL-terminated, pathname, record collection is enabled, and for every process initiated which terminates under normal conditions an accounting record is appended to file. Abnormal conditions of termination are reboots or other fatal system problems. Records for processes which never terminate can not be produced by acct(). For more information on the record structure used by acct(), see /usr/include/sys/acct.h and acct(5). This call is permitted only to the super-user. NOTES
Accounting is automatically disabled when the file system the accounting file resides on runs out of space; it is enabled when space once again becomes available. For this purpose, acct() creates a kernel thread called ``acctwatch''. RETURN VALUES
On success, zero is returned. Otherwise, -1 is returned and errno is set to indicate the error. ERRORS
acct() will fail if one of the following is true: [EACCES] Search permission is denied for a component of the path prefix, or the path name is not a regular file. [EFAULT] file points outside the process's allocated address space. [EIO] An I/O error occurred while reading from or writing to the file system. [ELOOP] Too many symbolic links were encountered in translating the pathname. [ENAMETOOLONG] A component of a pathname exceeded {NAME_MAX} characters, or an entire path name exceeded {PATH_MAX} characters. [ENOENT] The named file does not exist. [ENOTDIR] A component of the path prefix is not a directory. [EPERM] The caller is not the super-user. [EROFS] The named file resides on a read-only file system. Also, acct() fails if failed to create kernel thread described above. See fork(2) for errno value. SEE ALSO
fork(2), acct(5), sa(8) HISTORY
An acct() function call appeared in Version 7 AT&T UNIX. BSD
June 4, 1993 BSD
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